Callander, Ontario

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Municipality of Callander
Main Street in Callander
Motto: Four Seasons of Reasons
Location of Callander
CountryCanada
ProvinceOntario
DistrictParry Sound
Established1891
Government
 • TypeTownship
 • MayorHector Lavigne
 • Governing Body
 • MPJay Aspin
 • MPPVictor Fedeli
Area[1]
 • Land105.97 km2 (40.92 sq mi)
 • Metro788.48 km2 (304.43 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • City3,864
 • Density36.5/km2 (95/sq mi)
Time zoneEST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC−4)
Area code(s)705
WebsiteMunicipality of Callander
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Municipality of Callander
Main Street in Callander
Motto: Four Seasons of Reasons
Location of Callander
CountryCanada
ProvinceOntario
DistrictParry Sound
Established1891
Government
 • TypeTownship
 • MayorHector Lavigne
 • Governing Body
 • MPJay Aspin
 • MPPVictor Fedeli
Area[1]
 • Land105.97 km2 (40.92 sq mi)
 • Metro788.48 km2 (304.43 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • City3,864
 • Density36.5/km2 (95/sq mi)
Time zoneEST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC−4)
Area code(s)705
WebsiteMunicipality of Callander
Marina on Callander Bay

The Municipality of Callander (formerly the Township of North Himsworth) is a township in central Ontario, Canada, located at the southeast end of Lake Nipissing in the District of Parry Sound. The municipality is located on Callander Bay, just south of North Bay.

The municipality renamed itself from North Himsworth to Callander in 2003, adopting the name of its major community because, in the words of then-mayor Bill Brazeau, "Nobody knew where North Himsworth was."[2]

Contents

Communities

The main community of Callander is located in the northeast corner of the municipality, along the eastern shore of Callander Bay.

The south shore of Callander Bay and Lake Nipissing (southwest of the town) represents the rural population of Callander, which primarily runs along Highway 654 West. This area includes the communities of Wisawasa and Lighthouse Beach.

History

Callander Bay is an eroded Proterozoic volcanic pipe formed by the violent, supersonic eruption of a deep-origin volcano, approximately 500 million years ago. It is one of eight known volcanic sites in Ontario, including the Manitou Islands in North Bay.

The first people in the Callander area were of Ojibwa and Algonquin descent who have lived around Lake Nipissing for about 9,400 years. Though in history known by many names, they are currently known as Nipissing First Nation. They are generally considered part of the Anishinaabe peoples, a grouping which includes the Odaawaa, Ojibwe and Algonquins.

In 1610, French explorer Samuel de Champlain sent a young apprentice, Étienne Brûlé, to live with the Huron natives at Georgian Bay. While on route, Brûlé discovered Lake Nipissing via the Lavase River Portage (approximately 3 km north of Callander) and established a major fur trading route linking the Ottawa River with the upper Great Lakes. Other explorers who used the Lavase Portage were Samuel de Champlain in 1615, Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye in 1731, Alexander Henry the elder in 1761 and Sir Alexander MacKenzie in 1802.

In 1880, George Morrison, a bookkeeper from Oxford County in Southern Ontario traveled by ox-cart from Muskoka to Lake Nipissing. There he built a raft and floated his family and possessions across the lake to the south-east bay. Logging companies had taken interest in the abundant Eastern White Pine that grew in the area. He was one of its first pioneers and his wife was the first white woman. On June 1, 1881, he opened a Post Office in his general store and named it after his parents' Scottish birthplace of Callander.

Lumber companies that established mills in Callander included:

Prominent people

Prominent people who have lived in Callander include:

Demographics

According to the Canada 2011 Census [3]:

References

External links

Coordinates: 46°13′N 79°22′W / 46.217°N 79.367°W / 46.217; -79.367