Caldwell County, Missouri

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Caldwell County, Missouri
Map of Missouri highlighting Caldwell County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
FoundedDecember 29, 1836
Named forJohn Caldwell
Largest cityHamilton
 • Total430 sq mi (1,114 km2)
 • Land426 sq mi (1,103 km2)
 • Water3.2 sq mi (8 km2), 0.8%
 • (2010)9,424
 • Density22/sq mi (8/km²)
Congressional district6th
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5
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Caldwell County, Missouri
Map of Missouri highlighting Caldwell County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
FoundedDecember 29, 1836
Named forJohn Caldwell
Largest cityHamilton
 • Total430 sq mi (1,114 km2)
 • Land426 sq mi (1,103 km2)
 • Water3.2 sq mi (8 km2), 0.8%
 • (2010)9,424
 • Density22/sq mi (8/km²)
Congressional district6th
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5

Caldwell County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the county's population was 9,424.[1] Its county seat is Kingston.[2] The county was organized December 29, 1836 and named by Alexander Doniphan to honor John Caldwell, who participated in the George Rogers Clark Native American Campaign of 1786 and was the second Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky.

It was originally established as a haven for the Mormons, who had been previously driven from Jackson County in November 1833 and had been refugees in adjacent Clay County ever since. The county was one of the principal settings of the 1838 Missouri Mormon War, which led to the expulsion of all Latter-Day Saints from Missouri following the issuance of a so-called "extermination order" by then Governor Lilburn Boggs.

Caldwell County is part of the Kansas City, Missouri, MO-KS Metropolitan Statistical Area.


Mormon settlement[edit]

Caldwell County was originally part of Ray County. The first white settler was Jesse Mann, Sr., who settled one-half mile northeast of the public square of Kingston on Shoal Creek in 1831. The early settlers moved back south in 1832 for better protection during the Black Hawk War uprising.

A few Mormon settlers, who had been evicted from Jackson County, Missouri, moved into the county in 1832, and included Jacob Haun, whose mill on Shoal Creek would become the scene of the bloodiest incident in the Mormon War, known as the Haun's Mill Massacre.

The settlers established Salem, the first town in the county, two miles southeast of Kingston. A larger number of Mormons moved to the county in the fall of 1836. The Missouri General Assembly created Caldwell County in December 1836, with the understanding that it would be dedicated to Mormon settlers. Its county seat was Far West, Missouri. By 1838 Far West reported a population of 4,000.[3]

The major figures of early Mormon history, including Joseph Smith, Jr., Hyrum Smith, Brigham Young, John Taylor, Edward Partridge, Sidney Rigdon, Parley P. Pratt and John D. Lee, were included in the migration.

Mormon War[edit]

Mormon settlers moved further north into Daviess County, particularly at Adam-ondi-Ahman after Smith proclaimed that it was the Biblical place where Adam and Eve were banished after leaving the Garden of Eden. He said it would be a gathering place on the Judgement Day. The Mormon War erupted following a skirmish between original Missouri settlers and Mormon settlers in the Gallatin Election Day Battle.

After the Missouri militia was routed in the Battle of Crooked Creek, Governor Lilburn Boggs issued Missouri Executive Order 44 to evict the Mormons from the state. Three days later, a group from Livingston County killed 18 Mormons in the Haun's Mill massacre. Troops laid siege to Far West, where Smith surrendered in October 1838. The settlers agreed to leave; they abandoned Far West and regrouped in Nauvoo, Illinois.

Following the dissolution of Far West, the county seat was moved to present-day Kingston.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 430 square miles (1,100 km2), of which 426 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2) (0.8%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]


Historical population
Est. 20139,097−3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 8,969 people, 3,523 households, and 2,501 families residing in the county. The population density was 8/km² (21/mi²). There were 4,493 housing units at an average density of 4/km² (10/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.56% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. 0.75% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,523 households out of which 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.00% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51, and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.10% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 17.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,240, and the median income for a family was $37,087. Males had a median income of $28,710 versus $19,523 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,343. 11.90% of the population and 9.70% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 15.10% of those under the age of 18 and 12.90% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.


Public Schools[edit]



The Republican Party controls politics at the local level in Caldwell County. Republicans hold all but four of the elected positions in the county.

Caldwell County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
AssessorBeverly AldenRepublican
Circuit ClerkCarrie MillerDemocratic
County ClerkBeverly BryantDemocratic
CollectorJune GroomsRepublican
C.R. (Bud) MotsingerRepublican
(District 1)
Donald Raymond CoxDemocratic
(District 2)
Gerald McBrayerRepublican
CoronerDana BrownDemocratic
Prosecuting AttorneyBrady C. KopekRepublican
Public AdministratorRichard LeeRepublican
RecorderJulie HillRepublican
SheriffJerry GallowayRepublican
TreasurerJune GroomsRepublican


Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
YearRepublicanDemocraticThird Parties
200844.58% 2,01452.26% 2,3613.16% 143
200456.40% 2,41941.87% 1,7961.73% 74
200052.01% 2,00644.10% 1,7013.89% 150
199638.04% 1,31458.80% 2,0313.16% 109

All of Caldwell County is a part of Missouri’s 8th District in the Missouri House of Representatives and is currently represented by Jim Neely (R-Cameron).

Missouri House of Representatives - District 8 – Caldwell County (2012)
RepublicanJames W. (Jim) Neely2,68767.67-1.63
DemocraticJames T. (Jim) Crenshaw1,28432.34+1.63

All of Caldwell County is a part of Missouri’s 21st District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by David Pearce (R-Warrensburg).

Missouri Senate - District 21 – Caldwell County (2012)
RepublicanDavid Pearce2,66966.74-33.26
DemocraticElGene Ver Dught1,03925.98+25.98
LibertarianSteven Hedrick2917.28+7.28


All of Caldwell County is included in Missouri’s 6th Congressional District and is currently represented by Sam Graves (R-Tarkio) in the U.S. House of Representatives.

U.S. House of Representatives – Missouri’s 6th Congressional District – Caldwell County (2012)
RepublicanSam Graves2,89870.60-4.80
DemocraticKyle Yarber1,02725.01+0.47
LibertarianRuss Lee Monchil1804.38+4.38

All of Caldwell County, along with the rest of the state of Missouri, is represented in the U.S. Senate by Claire McCaskill (D-Kirkwood) and Roy Blunt (R-Strafford). McCaskill was elected to a second term in 2012, although Caldwell County was carried by her Republican opponent, Congressman Todd Akin.

U.S. Senate - Class I - Caldwell County (2012)
RepublicanTodd Akin1,88045.48-2.53
DemocraticClaire McCaskill1,83244.32-2.04
LibertarianJonathan Dine42210.21+5.71

Blunt was elected in 2010 over Missouri Secretary of State Robin Carnahan.

U.S. Senate - Class III - Caldwell County (2010)
RepublicanRoy Blunt2,08362.70-0.92
DemocraticRobin Carnahan97929.47-5.28
LibertarianJonathan Dine1494.49+3.59
ConstitutionJerry Beck1113.34+2.61
Past Presidential Elections Results
YearRepublicanDemocraticThird Parties
200858.15% 2,65439.75% 1,8142.10% 96
200460.75% 2,59338.54% 1,6450.61% 30
200057.66% 2,22038.65% 1,4883.69% 142
199642.21% 1,46442.88% 1,48714.91% 517

Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)[edit]

Caldwell County, Missouri
2008 Republican primary in Missouri
John McCain363 (36.05%)
Mike Huckabee302 (29.99%)
Mitt Romney242 (24.03%)
Ron Paul77 (7.65%)
Caldwell County, Missouri
2008 Democratic primary in Missouri
Hillary Rodham Clinton616 (59.40%)
Barack Obama379 (36.55%)
John Edwards (withdrawn)37 (3.57%)



Ghost town[edit]


Caldwell County is divided into 12 townships:

Notable natives[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ [1][dead link]
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 


External links[edit]

Media related to Caldwell County, Missouri at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 39°40′N 93°59′W / 39.66°N 93.98°W / 39.66; -93.98