Cadmium pigments

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Cadmium OrangeHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#ED872D
sRGBB  (rgb)(237, 135, 45)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 43, 81, 7)
HSV       (h, s, v)(28°, 81%, 93%)
SourceThe Mother of All HTML Color Charts
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
 
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Cadmium OrangeHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#ED872D
sRGBB  (rgb)(237, 135, 45)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 43, 81, 7)
HSV       (h, s, v)(28°, 81%, 93%)
SourceThe Mother of All HTML Color Charts
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
Cadmium RedHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#E30022
sRGBB  (rgb)(227, 0, 34)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 100, 85, 11)
HSV       (h, s, v)(351°, 100%, 89%)
SourceThe Mother of All HTML Color Charts
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
Cadmium GreenHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#006B3C
sRGBB  (rgb)(0, 107, 60)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(100, 0, 44, 58)
HSV       (h, s, v)(154°, 100%, 42%)
SourceThe Mother of All HTML Colo(u)r Charts
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Cadmium pigments are a class of pigments that have cadmium as one of the chemical components. Most of cadmium produced worldwide is used in the production of nickel-cadmium batteries, but about half the remaining consumption, which is about 2,000 tons annually, is used to produce colored cadmium pigments. The principal pigments are a family of yellow/orange/red cadmium sulfides and sulfoselenides as well as compounds with metals other than Cd.[1]

Artists' paints[edit]

Cadmium-rich hemimorphite crusted on smithsonite
Cadmium sulfide

Brilliantly colored, with good permanence and tinting power, Cadmium Yellow, Cadmium Orange, and Cadmium Red are familiar artists' colors, as well as being frequently employed as architectural paints, since they can add life and vibrancy to renderings. Their greatest use is in the coloring of plastics and specialty paints which must resist processing or service temperatures up to 3000°C.[2] The color-fastness or permanence of cadmium requires protection from a tendency to slowly form carbonate salts with exposure to air. Most paint vehicles accomplish this, but cadmium colors will fade in fresco or mural painting.

The following are commonly used as pigments in artists' paints:

When first introduced, there were hardly any stable pigments in the yellow to red range, with orange and bright red being very troublesome. The cadmium pigments eventually replaced compounds such as mercury sulfide (the original vermilion) with greatly improved light-fastness.

Cadmium pigments are known for excellent light-fastness, although the lighter shades can fade in sunlight.[3]

Safety[edit]

Cadmium orange cast iron pot

Cadmium sulfide is not very toxic (LD50 > 5000 mg/kg) when used as a pigment, although acute exposure to cadmium vapors from welding is harmful.[1]

The cadmium pigments have been partially replaced by azo pigments. These have significantly inferior lightfastness,[4] but still good,[5] and they have the advantage of both being cheaper and non-toxic. In some countries, consumer activists such as Michael Vernon in Australia were successful in banning the use of cadmium pigments in plastics that could be used for toy manufacture, owing to the toxicity of cadmium.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hugo Müller, Wolfgang Müller, Manfred Wehner, Heike Liewald "Artists' Colors" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry 2002, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. doi:10.1002/14356007.a03_143.pub2
  2. ^ "Cadmium Pigments". Retrieved 30 November 2010. 
  3. ^ Michael Douma, curator (2008), "History of Cadmium Yellow", Pigments Through the Ages, retrieved 2013-07-31 
  4. ^ Tony Johansen (2006-05-06), "Yellow", Making Artist's Paint, retrieved 2013-07-31 
  5. ^ Jill (2010-01-06), "Yellow", Art School at Home (blog), retrieved 2013-07-31 

External links[edit]