In 1976, the Lawrence County School System consolidated Midway School (K-9) and Chalybeate School (K-9) to form East Lawrence Elementary School (K-6), and in 1978 East Lawrence High School (7-12) was established. The two schools were built in Caddo, a small community between Midway and Chalybeate. East Lawrence Middle School (4-8) was later established in 1999. Since the creation of the East Lawrence School District in 1976, Caddo and the East Lawrence community has experienced steady growth. Due to the new growth and their close proximity, Caddo and Midway grew into one community. Today, most residents in Caddo and the East Lawrence community work and shop in nearby Decatur.
Movements to incorporate Caddo have been ongoing since the 1980s, culminating in a controversial petition and subsequent vote for incorporation in 2011; the movement for incorporation was defeated by a wide margin. Those in favor of incorporation argue that Caddo and the East Lawrence community would benefit from city taxes, TVA money, and city services. Many residents in Caddo also fear eventual annexation by the City of Decatur. Those against incorporation argue that residents do not want to be subjected to city ordinances or pay city taxes. Some residents also fear that incorporation would change their rural way of life.
Caddo is represented by Senator Jeff Sessions (R-Mobile), Senator Richard Shelby (R-Tuscaloosa) and Representative Mo Brooks (R-Huntsville) at the federal level. At the state and local level, Caddo is represented by state Senator Paul Bussman (R-Cullman), state Representative Ken Johnson (R-Hillsboro), County Commissioner Joey Hargrove (D-Caddo), county School Board Member Windell Logan (D-Speake), and county Superintendent of Education Heath Grimes (R-Moulton).
Caddo is home to the East Lawrence School District, a member of the Lawrence County School System. East Lawrence Elementary School (K-3), East Lawrence Middle School (4-8), and East Lawrence High School (9-12) make up the East Lawrence School District. East Lawrence High School is a class 4A school. It has not changed classes since the Alabama High School Athletic Association (AHSAA) expanded from 4 classifications to 6 in 1984. East Lawrence is the home of the Eagles and its colors are black and gold.