Cabinet Office

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Cabinet Office
Cabinet Office logo.png
Logo of the Cabinet Office
Department overview
FormedDecember 1916
Preceding DepartmentCommittee of Imperial Defence
JurisdictionUnited Kingdom
Headquarters70 Whitehall, London, England
Employees1963.26[1] FTE
Annual budget£2.1 billion (current) & £400 million (capital) for 2011-12 [2]
Minister responsibleThe Rt Hon. Francis Maude MP, Minister for the Cabinet Office
Department executivesSir Jeremy Heywood, KCB CVO, Cabinet Secretary
Richard Heaton, CB, Cabinet Office Permanent Secretary
Child DepartmentGovernment Procurement Service
Website
www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk
 
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Cabinet Office
Cabinet Office logo.png
Logo of the Cabinet Office
Department overview
FormedDecember 1916
Preceding DepartmentCommittee of Imperial Defence
JurisdictionUnited Kingdom
Headquarters70 Whitehall, London, England
Employees1963.26[1] FTE
Annual budget£2.1 billion (current) & £400 million (capital) for 2011-12 [2]
Minister responsibleThe Rt Hon. Francis Maude MP, Minister for the Cabinet Office
Department executivesSir Jeremy Heywood, KCB CVO, Cabinet Secretary
Richard Heaton, CB, Cabinet Office Permanent Secretary
Child DepartmentGovernment Procurement Service
Website
www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk
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The Cabinet Office is a department of the Government of the United Kingdom responsible for supporting the Prime Minister and Cabinet of the United Kingdom.[3] It is composed of various units that support Cabinet committees and which co-ordinate the delivery of government objectives via other departments. It currently has just over 2,000 staff, most of whom work in Whitehall. Staff working in the Prime Minister's Office are part of the Cabinet Office.

Contents

Responsibilities

The Cabinet Office's core functions are:[4]

Deputy Prime Minister

Within the department the Deputy Prime Minister has special responsibility for political and constitutional reform:

He also has policy responsibility for the Electoral Commission, the Boundary Commissions and the Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority.

History

The department was formed in December 1916 from the secretariat of the Committee of Imperial Defence[5] under Sir Maurice Hankey, the first Cabinet Secretary.

Traditionally the most important part of the Cabinet Office's role was facilitating collective decision-making by the Cabinet, through running and supporting Cabinet-level committees. This is still its principal role, but since the absorption of some of the functions of the Civil Service Department in 1981 the Cabinet Office has also helped to ensure that a wide range of Ministerial priorities are taken forward across Whitehall.

It also contains miscellaneous units that do not sit well in other departments. For example:

In modern times the Cabinet Office often takes on responsibility for areas of policy that are the priority of the Government of the time. The units that administer these areas migrate in and out of the Cabinet Office as government priorities (and governments) change.

Ministers

The Cabinet Office Ministers are as follows: [7]

MinisterRankPortfolio
The Rt Hon David Cameron MPPrime Minister
First Lord of the Treasury
Minister for the Civil Service
Head of government
The Rt Hon Nick Clegg MPDeputy Prime Minister
Lord President of the Council
Deputy head of government, political and constitutional reform
The Rt Hon Francis Maude MPMinister for the Cabinet Office
Paymaster General
Civil Service, efficiency and reform
The Rt Hon Oliver Letwin MPMinister of StateGovernment policy, Coalition Agreement
The Rt Hon Ken Clarke MPMinister of State
Minister without Portfolio
Government policy, Economic affairs
The Rt Hon Grant Shapps MPMinister of State
Minister without Portfolio
Chairman of the Conservative Party
Relations between government and Conservative Party
The Rt Hon David Laws MPMinister of StateCoordinating and developing Coalition Agreement policy across government - working to the Deputy PM Nick Clegg and alongside Cabinet Office Minister, Oliver Letwin MP.
Chloe Smith MPParliamentary Secretary (Minister for Political & Constitutional Reform)Political and constitutional reform (supporting the Deputy Prime Minister); supporting the Minister for the Cabinet Office on some aspects of the Efficiency and Reform and Civil Service Reform agenda, as well as Cyber Security and Civil Contingencies.
Nick Hurd MPParliamentary Secretary (Civil society)Big Society agenda; Charities; Volunteering; Social Enterprise
KeyConservative
Liberal Democrat

All of the Cabinet Office's ministers, excluding the two Parliamentary Under-Secretaries, are Cabinet members; or are allowed to attend Cabinet when their brief is on the agenda.[8]


The Cabinet Secretary is Sir Jeremy Heywood; the Permanent Secretary is Richard Heaton; the Head of the Home Civil Service is Sir Bob Kerslake, who is concurrently also Permanent Secretary at the Department for Communities and Local Government.

The Cabinet Office also supports the work of:

Committees

Cabinet Committees have two key purposes:[9]

Buildings

The entrance to the Cabinet Office.

The main building of the Cabinet Office is at 70 Whitehall, adjacent to Downing Street and was built in 1847. Remains of Henry VIII's tennis courts from the Palace of Whitehall can be seen within the building.

The building was originally the Cockpit, used for cock fighting in the Tudor period. It was then converted into a private residence by Charles II for Princess Anne, the future Queen Anne, when she married in 1683. In 1689, both Anne and her closest friend (and later most influential adviser), Sarah, Lady Churchill were imprisoned here by James II after he lost support to Prince William of Orange in the period just before the Glorious Revolution. After Anne's accession in 1702, she gave the Cockpit to Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough and her husband, John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough. They were the last private residents before it became the Treasury, and was being used as a Cabinet office by 1719.

The department occupies other buildings in Whitehall and the surrounding area, including 22 Whitehall, Admiralty Arch, parts of Government Offices Great George Street and Aviation House, as well as sites in other parts of the country.

Devolution

The Cabinet Office has the following responsibilities at a UK national level.

Its main counterparts in the devolved nations are as follows:

Scotland

Northern Ireland [10]

Wales

See also

Executive agencies

References

External links

Coordinates: 51°30′13″N 0°7′36″W / 51.50361°N 0.12667°W / 51.50361; -0.12667