Burnage

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Burnage
Burnage.png
A view over Burnage, towards Manchester city centre. The Beetham Tower and Owens Park are two buildings prominent in the image.
Burnage is located in Greater Manchester
Burnage

 Burnage shown within Greater Manchester
Population13,706 
OS grid referenceSJ865925
Metropolitan boroughManchester
Metropolitan countyGreater Manchester
RegionNorth West
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townMANCHESTER
Postcode districtM19
Dialling code0161
PoliceGreater Manchester
FireGreater Manchester
AmbulanceNorth West
EU ParliamentNorth West England
UK ParliamentManchester Withington
List of places
UK
England
Greater Manchester
 
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Coordinates: 53°25′33″N 2°12′39″W / 53.4258°N 2.2108°W / 53.4258; -2.2108

Burnage
Burnage.png
A view over Burnage, towards Manchester city centre. The Beetham Tower and Owens Park are two buildings prominent in the image.
Burnage is located in Greater Manchester
Burnage

 Burnage shown within Greater Manchester
Population13,706 
OS grid referenceSJ865925
Metropolitan boroughManchester
Metropolitan countyGreater Manchester
RegionNorth West
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townMANCHESTER
Postcode districtM19
Dialling code0161
PoliceGreater Manchester
FireGreater Manchester
AmbulanceNorth West
EU ParliamentNorth West England
UK ParliamentManchester Withington
List of places
UK
England
Greater Manchester

Burnage is a suburb in the city of Manchester in North West England. Historically a part of Lancashire, it became part of the county of Greater Manchester which was created in 1974. It is about 4 miles (6.4 km) south of Manchester city centre, bisected by the busy dual carriageway of Kingsway, part of the A34. It lies between Withington in the west, Heaton Chapel in the east and Didsbury and Heaton Mersey in the south.

Contents

History

Toponymy

The name Burnage is thought to have stemmed from "Brown Hedge", from the old brown stone walls or "hedges" which were common there in medieval times. In a survey of 1320, the district is referred to as "Bronadge".[1]

Middle Ages

The crest of the Mosley Family, former Lords of the Manor of Withington, was adopted in the 20th century as the badge of Burnage High School. The old Withington Town Hall (1881) on Lapwing Lane, West Didsbury, bears a carved Mosley crest above its door.[1]

During the Middle Ages, Burnage was common pasture and marsh land, shared between the farmers from the manors of Withington and Heaton Norris. As the local population began to expand, this land was gradually reclaimed for arable land. In a survey of 1322, the Lord of Manchester was permitted to appropriate more land for arable use, provided that he left enough common pasture land for the "commoners" to graze their animals.[1]

19th century

In 1894 George Bernard Shaw described Burnage as the prettiest village in Manchester.[2] In spite of the industrialisation of Manchester, Burnage had an established cottage industry in hand weaving. Many of the original weavers' cottages still survive today.

20th century

1906 saw plans to build a so-called "garden suburb" in the district. Burnage Garden Village, as it was called, was created by building many new semi-detached houses as well as open recreational spaces, including lawns, gardens, a bowling green, tennis courts, allotments and a children's playground.

Hans Renold established a large engineering works at Burnage from 1906 to manufacture roller chain. The factory closed during the late 1980s. The site lay abandoned for several years, but now has been developed and a Tesco supermarket and a development of flats and retail units sit on the site.

The 1920s saw the construction of Kingsway (the A34) and the building of the Kingsway Housing Estate and building has continued apace since then - only parts of Burnage Lane still survive as original weavers' cottages.

Mauldeth Hall in Green End was the dwelling of the Bishop of Manchester for more than 20 years, before his move to Higher Broughton.

Aviation

On 28 April 1910, French pilot Louis Paulhan landed his Farman biplane in Barcicroft Fields, Pytha Fold Farm, on the borders of Withington, Burnage and Didsbury. This completed the first ever powered flight from London to Manchester, with a short overnight stop at Lichfield, (195 miles/298 km), and he won a £10,000 prize offered by the Daily Mail, beating the British contender, Claude Grahame-White.[3] Two special trains were chartered to Burnage Station to take spectators to the landing, with other spectators waiting through the previous night. Paulhan was followed throughout by a train carrying his wife, Henri Farman and his supporting mechanics. Today, a blue plaque recording Paulhan's achievement is displayed on a house in Paulhan Road, which forms part of the site where he landed.

Babies' Hospital

In 1919 the Manchester Babies' Hospital (founded 1914) moved to Cringle Hall in Burnage having previously been in Levenshulme and Chorlton on Medlock. It then had 50 beds; the number of patients increased from 82 in the first year to 430 in 1929. After the building of a new pavilion on the open-air principle with glass wards specially designed for the treatment of rickets in 1925 the number of cots rose to 80. In 1935 a new hospital wing with much improved surgical facilities was opened by the Duchess of York in June 1935. The name of the hospital was changed to the Duchess of York Hospital for Babies. Until the creation of the National health Service in 1948 the hospital was supported by the Corporation of Manchester and by voluntary contributions. It closed in 1986 and a new Duchess of York ward was then opened in Withington Hospital.[4][5]

Present day

Burnage is a mainly residential area, mostly semi-detached houses built in the 1930s and 1940s.

The area is served by two railway stations, Burnage and Mauldeth Road on the Styal Line.

Governance

Civic history

Burnage was a township in the ancient parish of Manchester in the Salford Hundred of Lancashire (historic boundaries). In the early 13th century it lay within the Manor of Withington, a feudal estate which also encompassed the townships of Withington, Didsbury, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Moss Side, Rusholme, Denton and Haughton, ruled by the Hathersage, Longford, Mosley and Tatton families. Burnage remained under the manor of Withington for several centuries.[6]

Burnage was in Chorlton Poor Law Union (together with most of south Manchester but named after Chorlton on Medlock) from 1837 to 1915, and in Manchester Poor Law Union from 1915 to 1930. In 1876 it was included in the area of Withington Local Board of Health. Under the Divided Parishes Act 1882 there was an exchange of areas with Withington township and part of Didsbury township was added to Burnage township. In 1894 it became part of Withington Urban District in the administrative county of Lancashire.[7]

In 1904 it became part of the City of Manchester, which later in 1974 became a metropolitan borough within the metropolitan county of Greater Manchester.

Political representation

The city councillors for the ward are Bill Fisher (Liberal Democrat), Bev Craig (Labour) and Carl Austin (Labour).[8]

Burnage is one of seven Manchester City Council wards in the parliamentary constituency of Manchester Withington, represented by John Leech MP (Liberal Democrat).

Public services

Police

Burnage is covered by the South Manchester division of Greater Manchester Police. Didsbury neighbourhood policing team covers Burnage, Didsbury, Withington and Old Moat and is headed by Inspector Dave Nutsey.[9] Didsbury police station is in the centre of Didsbury village on Wilmslow Road.

Notable people

The district is most notable for being the childhood home of Liam and Noel Gallagher, of the British rock band Oasis, who attended St. Bernard's Primary school and the Barlow RC High School, in Didsbury (formerly St. Mark's RC High School). The writer Frances Hodgson Burnett, who wrote Little Lord Fauntleroy, spent most of her early childhood in Burnage. Actors David Threlfall and Max Beesley are from Burnage, and fellow thespian John Thaw also lived in the area. Islamic scholar Martin Lings (Shaykh Abu Bakr Siraj al-Din) is from Burnage.

Alumni of Burnage High School (including the old Burnage Grammar School) include Roger Byrne, captain of the Manchester United "Busby Babes" and England international who was one of the victims of the 1958 Munich air disaster; Norman Foster, Baron Foster of Thames Bank, noted international architect; Wes Brown, current Sunderland and England player; Ian Wilson, guitarist and member of 70s rock band Sad Cafe. Dave Rowbotham, former guitarist of local post-punk groups Durutti Column, The Invisible Girls and The Mothmen, lived there in a flat, where, in November 1991, his dead body was found, after being killed by an axe murderer.[10]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Sussex & Helm (1988). Looking Back at Withington and Didsbury. Willow. p. 45. ISBN 0-946361-25-8. 
  2. ^ "Looking back at Levenshulme and Burnage" Willow Publishing 1987 ISBN 0-946361-22-3, page 8.
  3. ^ "London to Manchester". www.thosemagnificentmen.co.uk. Archived from the original on 20 September 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060920184133/http://www.thosemagnificentmen.co.uk/manchester/. Retrieved 26 December 2006. 
  4. ^ Mohr, Peter D. "Dr Catherine Chisholm (1879-1952)", in: Manchester Memoirs; vol. 140 (2001-02), pp. 21-30
  5. ^ The Book of Manchester and Salford. Manchester: George Falkner & Sons, 1929; pp. 135-36
  6. ^ Sussex & Helm (1988). Looking Back at Withington and Didsbury. Altrincham: Willow. p. 45. ISBN 0-946361-25-8. 
  7. ^ "Greater Manchester Gazetteer". Greater Manchester County Record Office. Places names - B. http://www.gmcro.co.uk/Guides/Gazeteer/gazzb.htm. Retrieved 20 February 2007. 
  8. ^ "Councillors by name". manchester.gov.uk. Manchester City Council. http://www.manchester.gov.uk/councillors/name. 
  9. ^ Didsbury neighbourhood policing team, Greater Manchester Police website, http://www.gmp.police.uk/live/nhoodv3.nsf/index-communities.html?ReadForm&Division=South%20Manchester&Area=Didsbury%20and%20Withington, retrieved 24 September 2009 
  10. ^ Larkin, Colin. The Guinness Encyclopedia of Popular Music. pg. 1274. Guinness Pub., 1995. ISBN 1-56159-176-9, ISBN 978-1-56159-176-3. On 8 November 1991, former Durutti guitarist Dave Rowbotham was discovered dead at his Manchester home killed by a lathe hammer. A murder hunt followed.

External links