Bungay

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Bungay
Bungay, Flixton Road Mill.jpg
The windmill
Bungay is located in Suffolk
Bungay

 Bungay shown within Suffolk
Population4,895 (2001 Census)
OS grid referenceTM342891
DistrictWaveney
Shire countySuffolk
RegionEast
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBUNGAY
Postcode districtNR35
Dialling code01986
PoliceSuffolk
FireSuffolk
AmbulanceEast of England
EU ParliamentEast of England
UK ParliamentWaveney
List of places
UK
England
Suffolk
 
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Coordinates: 52°26′59″N 1°26′52″E / 52.4496°N 1.4477°E / 52.4496; 1.4477

Bungay
Bungay, Flixton Road Mill.jpg
The windmill
Bungay is located in Suffolk
Bungay

 Bungay shown within Suffolk
Population4,895 (2001 Census)
OS grid referenceTM342891
DistrictWaveney
Shire countySuffolk
RegionEast
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBUNGAY
Postcode districtNR35
Dialling code01986
PoliceSuffolk
FireSuffolk
AmbulanceEast of England
EU ParliamentEast of England
UK ParliamentWaveney
List of places
UK
England
Suffolk

Bungay (/ˈbʌŋɡi/)[1] is a market town in the English county of Suffolk. It lies in the Waveney valley, 5.5 miles (9 km) west of Beccles on the edge of The Broads, and at the neck of a meander of the River Waveney.

Contents

Early history

The origin of the name of Bungay is thought to derive from the Anglo-Saxon title 'Bunincga-haye', signifying the land belonging to the tribe of Bonna, a Saxon chieftain. Due to its high position, protected by the River Waveney and marshes, the site was in a good defensive position and attracted settlers from early times. Roman artifacts have been found in the region.

Bungay Castle was built by the Normans, but was later rebuilt by Roger Bigod[disambiguation needed] and his family, who also owned Framlingham Castle. Bungay's village sign shows the castle. The Church of St. Mary was once the church of the Benedictine Priory, founded by Gundreda, wife of Roger de Glanville.[2] It was here that one of the most famous episodes in Bungay's history occurred:

Black Shuck

On Sunday August 4, 1577 at St Mary's Church during a service, the ghostly hound Black Shuck, also known as 'The Black Dog of Bungay' is said to have killed two and left another injured. The dog was later believed to have visited the Cathedral of the Marshes at Blythburgh (Holy Trinity Church) during the same thunderstorm within an hour of the appearance at Bungay. In that appearance the hound, after charging down the aisle, fled through the North door of the church. Large black scorched gouges can still be seen on the door.

The legend of Black Shuck has inspired several of the town's sporting events. An annual marathon "The Black Dog Marathon" begins in Bungay, and follows the course of the River Waveney and the town's football club is nicknamed the "Black Dogs". Black Shuck was also the subject of a song by The Darkness.

Later history

Bungay's Buttercross

The town was almost destroyed by a great fire in 1688. The central Buttercross was constructed in 1689 and was the place where local farmers displayed their butter and other farm produce for sale. Until 1810, there was also a Corn Cross, but this was taken down and replaced by a pump.

The railway arrived with the Harleston to Bungay section of the Waveney Valley Line opening in November 1860 and the Bungay to Beccles section in March 1863. Bungay had its own railway station near Clay's Printers. The station closed to passengers in 1953 and freight in 1964.

Second World War

Bungay police authority (on the back of a Beccles Hospital's identity card) for the hospital's physiotherapist and part-time coastal Observer to access the local coastal area under threat of invasion

The Suffolk coast with few cliffs could have been an invasion landing area for the Germans. The police controlled access to the coast.

Modern Bungay

Bungay has an unusually large number of hairdressers, antique shops, food outlets and pubs and a wide range of specialist shops.[citation needed] Local firms also include the printers, Clays, and St. Peter's Brewery, which is based at St. Peter's Hall.

In 2008 Sustainable Bungay became Suffolk's first Transition Town and part of a global network of communities that have started up projects in the areas of food, transport, energy, education, housing, waste, arts etc. as small-scale local responses to the global challenges of climate change, economic hardship and shrinking supplies of cheap energy.

Sports

The local football club, Bungay Town, currently play in the Anglian Combination, having previously been members of the Eastern Counties League.

Godric Cycling Club is based in Bungay.[3] It organises a number of events each year, including weekly 'club runs'.

Notable residents

Past

Bungay was home to several literary figures. Thomas Miller (1731–1804), the bookseller and antiquarian, settled in the village. His publisher son, William Miller (1769–1844), was born there. The Strickland family, which according to the Canadian Dictionary of Biography was as prolific as the Brontës, Edgeworths and Trollopes, settled in the village 1802-1808. Its daughters included Agnes, a historian; Catharine Parr Traill, who concentrated on children's literature; and Susanna Moodie, who emigrated to Canada and wrote Roughing it in the Bush (1852) as a warning to others. The novelist Sir H. Rider Haggard (1856–1925) was born nearby in Bradenham and presented St. Mary's Church with a wooden panel, displayed behind the altar. Religious writer Margaret Barber (1869–1901), author of the posthumously published best-selling book of meditations, The Roadmender, settled in Bungay.

Bernie Ecclestone was brought up in Bungay.

Julian Assange (Internet activist, confined largely to Ellingham Hall, Norfolk)

Present

References

  1. ^ G.M. Miller, BBC Pronouncing Dictionary of British Names (Oxford UP, 1971), p. 22.
  2. ^ Page.W (1975) 'Houses of Benedictine nuns: Priory of Bungay', A History of the County of Suffolk: Volume 2, pp. 81-83 (available online). Retrieved 2011-04-30.
  3. ^ Waveney Rural Community Partnership - Sports Information. Retrieved 2010-05-10.
  4. ^ In defence of Kingsley Amis: The letters
  5. ^ At home with Louis de Bernières

External links