Bulgogi

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Bulgogi
Korean.food-Bulgogi-02.jpg
Korean name
Hangul불고기
Revised RomanizationBulgogi
McCune–ReischauerPulgogi
 
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Bulgogi
Korean.food-Bulgogi-02.jpg
Korean name
Hangul불고기
Revised RomanizationBulgogi
McCune–ReischauerPulgogi

Bulgogi (Korean pronunciation: [pulɡoɡi]; Korean: 불고기) is a Korean dish that usually consists of grilled marinated beef. It is listed at number 23 on the World's 50 most delicious foods readers' poll compiled by CNN Go in 2011.[1]

Etymology[edit]

The word Bulgogi literally means fire meat in Korean, and is derived from the Pyongan dialect. It refers to marinated meat, cooked using traditional grilling techniques such as gridirons or perforated dome griddles that sit on braziers, unlike deep frying or boiling in water. The term is also applied to variations such as dak bulgogi (made with chicken) or dwaeji bulgogi (made with pork), depending on what kind of meat and corresponding seasoning are used.[2]

History[edit]

Bulgogi is believed to have originated from Goguryeo, when it was originally called maekjeok (맥적), with the beef being grilled on a skewer.[3][4] It was called neobiani (너비아니), meaning "thinly spread" meat,[5] in the Joseon Dynasty and was traditionally prepared especially for the wealthy and the nobility.[6]

Preparation and serving[edit]

Bulgogi, Korean grilled beef

Bulgogi is made from thin slices of sirloin or other prime cuts of beef.[7] Before cooking, the meat is marinated to enhance its flavour and tenderness with a mixture of soy sauce, sugar, sesame oil, garlic, pepper and other ingredients such as scallions, ginger, onions or mushrooms, especially white button mushrooms or matsutake. Sometimes, cellophane noodles are added to the dish, which varies by the region and specific recipe.[5][8]

Bulgogi is traditionally grilled, but pan-cooking has become popular as well. Whole cloves of garlic, sliced onions and chopped green peppers are often grilled or fried with the meat.[5] This dish is sometimes served with a side of lettuce or other leafy vegetable, which is used to wrap a slice of cooked meat, often along with a dab of ssamjang, or other side dishes, and then eaten together.[9]

In modern culture[edit]

Bulgogi is served in barbecue restaurants in Korea, and there are bulgogi flavoured fast-food hamburgers sold at many South Korean fast-food restaurants. The hamburger patty is marinated in bulgogi sauce and served with lettuce, tomato, onion, and sometimes cheese. It is similar to a teriyaki burger in flavour.[10][11][12]

The October 2011 issue of Jamie magazine featured a stall selling bulgogi steak baguettes outside Arsenal FC's Emirates Stadium.[13] The same stall was featured in Nicholas Lander's food column in the Financial Times in October 2012.[citation needed]

Texas Rangers outfielder Shin-Soo Choo endorsed bulgogi in an advertisement in the March 12th, 2014 issue of The New York Times.

In the comedy Curb Your Enthusiasm, Larry David mistakenly believes the dish contains the remains of a recently missing pet.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ CNN Go Your pick: World's 50 most delicious foods 7 September 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-11
  2. ^ (Korean) Bulgogi at The National Institute of the Korean Language Dictionary
  3. ^ The origin of bulgogi, official site of the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, South Korea.
  4. ^ (Korean) Bulgogi at Encyclopedia of Korean Culture
  5. ^ a b c (Korean) Bulgogi at Doosan Encyclopedia
  6. ^ (Korean) [1]
  7. ^ Bulgogi, Korean Spirit and Culture Project
  8. ^ (Korean) Bulgogi at Encyclopedia of Korean Culture
  9. ^ (Korean) Bulgogi, Hanwoo Board
  10. ^ (Korean) Bulgogi burger, Sports Seoul, 2009-06-21. Retrieved 2010-06-27.
  11. ^ (Korean) Bulgogi burger, Asia Today, 2009-09-11. Retrieved 2010-06-27.
  12. ^ (Korean) Upgrade burgers, Hankook Ilbo, 2010-06-17.Retrieved 2010-06-27.
  13. ^ (Korean) Bulgogi Baguette recipe, Jamie magazine, 2010-10, Issue 23. Retrieved 2012-03-09.

External links[edit]