Bulgarian cuisine

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Tarator is a cold soup made of yogurt and cucumber (dill, garlic, walnuts and sunflower oil are sometimes added) and is popular in Bulgaria.
Traditional Bulgarian Christmas Eve dish Sarmi

Bulgarian cuisine (Bulgarian: българска кухня, balgarska kuhnya) is a representative of the cuisine of Southeastern Europe. Essentially South Slavic[citation needed][clarification needed][vague], it shares characteristics with other Balkans cuisines. Owing to the relatively warm climate and diverse geography affording excellent growth conditions for a variety of vegetables, herbs and fruits, Bulgarian cuisine is diverse.

Famous for its rich salads required at every meal, Bulgarian cuisine is also noted for the diversity and quality of dairy products and the variety of Bulgarian wines and local alcoholic drinks such as rakia, mastika and menta. Bulgarian cuisine features also a variety of hot and cold soups, an example of a cold soup being tarator. There are many different Bulgarian pastries as well such as banitsa.

Most Bulgarian dishes are oven baked, steamed, or in the form of stew. Deep-frying is not very typical, but grilling - especially different kinds of meats - is very common. Pork meat is the most common meat in the Bulgarian cuisine. Oriental dishes do exist in Bulgarian cuisine with most common being moussaka, gyuvetch, and baklava. A very popular ingredient in the Bulgarian white brine cheese called "sirene" (сирене). It is the main ingredient in many salads, as well as in a variety of pastries. Fish and chicken are widely eaten and while beef is less common as most cattle are bred for milk production rather than meat, veal is a natural byproduct of this process and it is found in many popular recipes. Bulgaria is a net exporter of lamb and its own consumption of the meat is prevalent during its production time in spring.[1]

Traditionally Bulgarians have consumed a notable quantity of yogurt per head and is noted historically for the production of high quality yogurt, including using a unique variety of micro-organism called Lactobacillus bulgaricus in the manufacturing process.[2] Bulgaria has been part of a region that has cultivated and consumed yogurt from as far back as 3000 BC.[3]

Certain entrees, salads, soups and dishes go well with alcoholic beverages and the alcohol of choice for some is Bulgarian wine.

Holiday meals[edit]

There are several holidays that are characterized by specific meals. On Christmas Eve, it is a tradition to have vegetarian stuffed peppers and vegetarian stuffed vine leaves. On New Year's Eve, there are dishes made with cabbage. On Nikulden (Nicholay's Day; December 6), people usually cook fish, while on Gergyovden (George’s Day; May 6), it is a tradition to eat roast lamb.

Traditional Bulgarian foods[edit]

Traditional bulgarian cold cut - Lukanka
Traditional bulgarian soup Telesko vareno
Soup Topcheta (left) and Shkembe chorba (right)
Green salad (left) and Shopska salad(right)
Stuffed peppers

Cold cuts[edit]


Salads and relishes[edit]

Sauces and appetizers[edit]

Lyutenica is a traditional Bulgarian sauce made from tomatoes and peppers

Hot appetizers[edit]

Grill (Bulgarian: Skara)[edit]


Main dishes[edit]

Traditional Bulgarian grill (Skara)- Tatarsko kufte
Cheverme from Rhodopes.
Bulgarian Kavarma (left) and Yahniya (right)

Breads and pastries[edit]

Traditional bulgarian pogacha (left) and a pile of mekitsi with jam (right)
  • Pita
  • Sweet Pita
  • Pita with Meat ( Or/and with Mushrooms or with Tomatoes and Onion.)
  • Pogacha (Usual ritual bread.)
  • Kravai (Usual ritual bread.)
  • Kolak (Usual ritual bread.)
  • Banitsa (The most popular pastry in Bulgaria with countless varieties.)
  • Tikvenik
  • Zelnik
  • Baklava
  • Saraliya
  • Parlenki
  • Patatnik
  • Kachamak
  • Byal Maj
  • Tutmanik
  • Milinka
  • Gevrek
  • Kozunak
  • Mekitsa (- traditional Bulgarian dish made of kneaded dough made with yogurt that is deep fried.)
  • Marudnitsi
  • Katmi (Kind of Pancakes.)
  • Palachinki (Kind of Pancakes.)
  • Langidi
  • Tiganitsi
  • Dudnik
  • Popara
  • Sulovar
  • Parjeni filii
  • Kiflichki with jam or white cheese
  • Solenki
  • Yufka
  • Trienitsa or Skrob
  • Trahana

Cheeses and other dairy products[edit]

Vacuum packed Kashkaval cheese in Bulgarian store.

Bulgaria as a homeland of yogurt has a strong tradition in the making of a variety of dairy products.


Baked pumpkin with walnuts.
A tahini-based halva with pistachios
Kozunak as prepared in Bulgaria for orthodox Easter
Kazanlak donuts.

Halva is a popular dessert in Bulgaria, and the term 'halva' (халва) is used for several varieties of the dessert. Tahini halva (тахан халва) is most popular and can be found in all food stores. Two different types of tahini halva are made - one using sunflower seed tahini and another using sesame seed tahini. Traditionally, the regions of Yablanitsa and Haskovo are famous for their halva.

Spices and herbs[edit]

Other staples[edit]

Traditional Bulgarian drinks[edit]

Mavrud wine on the shelves in a supermarket in Plovdiv, Bulgaria. This particular wine is from Perushtitsa.
A bottle of Bulgarian beer in a traditional mehana
Pelin is a bitter liqueur based on wormwood


Distilled liquors[edit]


Fermented beverages[edit]

  • Boza (Most popular recipes are from Radomir and Lyubimets)
  • Ayran or Ayryan
  • Matenitsa (Bulgarian Buttermilk)
  • Etar
  • Pitie (Drinks prepared from different squeezed fruit or herbs, whose juice is usually kept for several days to a month before consumption)

Hot beverages[edit]

  • Tea (Tea usually prepared with one or several herbs and/or fruits)
  • Greyana Rakiya (Mulled Rakiya - A winter alcoholic beverage)
  • Greyano Vino (Kind of mulled wine - A winter alcoholic beverage)

See also[edit]


External links[edit]