Bujumbura

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Bujumbura
Central Bujumbura, with Lake Tanganyika in the background
Bujumbura is located in Burundi
Bujumbura
Coordinates: 3°23′S 29°22′E / 3.383°S 29.367°E / -3.383; 29.367Coordinates: 3°23′S 29°22′E / 3.383°S 29.367°E / -3.383; 29.367
Country Burundi
ProvinceBujumbura Mairie Province
Area
 • Total86.54 km2 (33.41 sq mi)
Elevation774 m (2,539 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total800,000
 • Density2,720.6/km2 (7,046/sq mi)
Time zoneCAT (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST)none (UTC+2)
WebsiteOfficial site
 
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Bujumbura
Central Bujumbura, with Lake Tanganyika in the background
Bujumbura is located in Burundi
Bujumbura
Coordinates: 3°23′S 29°22′E / 3.383°S 29.367°E / -3.383; 29.367Coordinates: 3°23′S 29°22′E / 3.383°S 29.367°E / -3.383; 29.367
Country Burundi
ProvinceBujumbura Mairie Province
Area
 • Total86.54 km2 (33.41 sq mi)
Elevation774 m (2,539 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total800,000
 • Density2,720.6/km2 (7,046/sq mi)
Time zoneCAT (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST)none (UTC+2)
WebsiteOfficial site

Bujumbura (/ˌbəmˈbʊərə/; French pronunciation: ​[buʒumbuʁa]) is the capital, largest city, and main port of Burundi. It ships most of the country's chief export, coffee, as well as cotton, skins, and tin ore. It is on the northeastern shore of Lake Tanganyika.

Description[edit]

Bujumbura Cathedral

The city center is a colonial town with a large market, the national stadium, a large mosque, and the cathedral for the Archdiocese of Bujumbura. Museums in the city include the Burundi Museum of Life and the Burundi Geological Museum. Other nearby attractions include the Rusizi National Park, the Livingstone-Stanley Monument at Mugere (where David Livingstone and Henry Morton Stanley visited 14 days after their first historic meeting at Ujiji in Tanzania), the presidential palace and the source of the southernmost tributary of the Nile, described locally as the source of the Nile.

Ferries sail from Bujumbura to Kigoma in Tanzania. The city is home to the Bujumbura International Airport and the University of Burundi.

History[edit]

Astronaut View of Bujumbura

Bujumbura grew from a small village after it became a military post in German East Africa in 1889. After World War I it was made the administrative center of the Belgian League of Nations mandate of Ruanda-Urundi. The name was changed from Usumbura to Bujumbura when Burundi became independent in 1962. Since independence, Bujumbura has been the scene of frequent fighting between the country's two main ethnic groups, with Hutu militias opposing the Tutsi-dominated Burundi army. Bujumbura today stands as an undeveloped city but remains to develop with its country.

A view of Bujumbura Beach, west of the city

Administration[edit]

Bujumbura is governed by a community council and community administrator. It is further divided into 13 communes, or neighborhoods, each with its own council and boss.[1]

It is its own province: the Bujumbura Mairie Province.

Economy[edit]

Air Burundi, the national airline, has its head office in Bujumbura.[2][3]

Climate[edit]

Bujumbura features a tropical savanna climate with distinct wet and dry seasons. Its wet season is from October through April, while the dry season covers the remaining five months. Despite being located close to the equator, Bujumbura is not nearly as warm as one might expect, due to its altitude. Average temperatures are constant throughout the course of the year with the high temperature at around 29°C and the low temperature at around 19°C.

Climate data for Bujumbura
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)34
(93)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
33
(91)
33
(91)
33
(91)
33
(91)
34
(93)
34
(93)
Average high °C (°F)28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
30
(86)
28
(82)
28
(82)
29
(84)
Average low °C (°F)19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
18
(64)
17
(63)
18
(64)
19
(66)
20
(68)
19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
Record low °C (°F)14
(57)
15
(59)
14
(57)
15
(59)
16
(61)
13
(55)
11
(52)
13
(55)
14
(57)
14
(57)
15
(59)
16
(61)
11
(52)
Precipitation mm (inches)94
(3.7)
109
(4.29)
121
(4.76)
125
(4.92)
57
(2.24)
11
(0.43)
5
(0.2)
11
(0.43)
37
(1.46)
64
(2.52)
100
(3.94)
114
(4.49)
796
(31.34)
Source: BBC Weather [4]

Communes[edit]

The province is divided administratively into the following communes:

Education[edit]

The University of Burundi is in Bujumbura, as are Hope Africa University and Université du Lac Tanganyika.

References[edit]

  1. ^ L’administration de la Municipalité de Bujumbura, official city website
  2. ^ World Airline Directory. Flight International. 31 March - 6 April 1999. "51.
  3. ^ World Airline Directory. Flight International. 16–22 March 2004. "58."
  4. ^ "Average Conditions Bujumbura, Burundi". BBC Weather. Retrieved September 2, 2009. 

External links[edit]