Buddhism by country

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Percentage of Buddhists by country, according to the Pew Research Center.

Buddhism in the world is practiced by an estimated 488 million,[1] 495 million,[2] or 535 million[3] people as of the 2010s, representing 7% to 8% of the world's total population.

China is the country with the largest population of Buddhists, approximately 244 million or 18.2% of its total population.[1] They are mostly followers of Chinese schools of Mahayana, making this the largest body of Buddhist traditions. Mahayana, also practiced in broader East Asia, is followed by over half of world Buddhists.[1]

The second largest body of Buddhist schools is Theravada, mostly followed in Southeast Asia.[1] The third and smallest body of schools, Vajrayana, is followed mostly in Tibet, Mongolia and parts of Russia,[1] but has been disseminated throughout the world.

According to a demographic analysis reported by Peter Harvey (2013):[3]

By country[edit]

Buddhism by country
Country/TerritoryPopulation (2013)[4] % Buddhist: 1. Pew, 2. ARDA.Number of Buddhists
Afghanistan Afghanistan31,108,077
Algeria Algeria38,087,812
 American Samoa54,719
Angola Angola18,565,269
Argentina Argentina42,610,981
Australia Australia22,262,501
Austria Austria8,221,646
Bahrain Bahrain1,281,332
Bangladesh Bangladesh163,654,860
Belgium Belgium10,444,268
Belize Belize334,297
Bhutan Bhutan725,296
Botswana Botswana2,127,825
Brazil Brazil201,009,622
Brunei Brunei415,717
Bulgaria Bulgaria6,981,642
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso17,812,961
Burma Burma (Myanmar)55,167,330
Cambodia Cambodia15,205,539
Cameroon Cameroon20,549,221
Canada Canada34,568,211
Chad Chad11,193,452
China China1,349,585,838
 Christmas Island1,513
Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo75,507,308
Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo4,492,689
Costa Rica Costa Rica4,695,942
Ivory Coast Côte d'Ivoire22,400,835
Croatia Croatia4,475,611
Czech Republic Czech Republic10,162,921
Denmark Denmark5,556,452
 Dominican Republic10,219,630
 East Timor1,172,390
Egypt Egypt85,294,388
El Salvador El Salvador6,108,590
Ethiopia Ethiopia93,877,025
Falkland Islands Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)3,140
 Federated States of Micronesia106,104
Finland Finland5,266,114
France France65,951,611
 French Guiana239,450
 French Polynesia277,293
Germany Germany81,147,265
Ghana Ghana22,931,299
Greece Greece10,772,967
Guatemala Guatemala14,373,472
Guinea Guinea11,176,026
Honduras Honduras8,448,465
Hong Kong Hong Kong7,182,724
Iceland Iceland315,281
India India1,220,800,359
Indonesia Indonesia251,160,124
Iran Iran79,853,900
Iraq Iraq31,858,481
Israel Israel7,707,042
Italy Italy61,482,297
Japan Japan127,253,075
Jordan Jordan6,482,081
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan17,736,896
Kenya Kenya44,037,656
North Korea North Korea24,720,407
South Korea South Korea48,955,203
Kuwait Kuwait2,695,316
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan5,548,042
Laos Laos6,695,166
Lebanon Lebanon4,131,583
Lesotho Lesotho1,936,181
Liberia Liberia3,989,703
Libya Libya6,002,347
Liechtenstein Liechtenstein37,009
Macau Macau583,003
Madagascar Madagascar22,599,098
Malawi Malawi16,777,547
Malaysia Malaysia29,628,392
Maldives Maldives393,988
Mali Mali15,968,882
Mauritius Mauritius1,322,238
Mexico Mexico116,220,947
Mongolia Mongolia3,226,516
Morocco Morocco32,649,130
Mozambique Mozambique24,096,669
Namibia Namibia2,182,852
Nepal Nepal30,430,267
Netherlands Netherlands16,805,037
 New Caledonia264,022
 New Zealand4,365,113
Nicaragua Nicaragua5,788,531
Nigeria Nigeria174,507,539
 Northern Mariana Islands51,170
Norway Norway4,722,701
Oman Oman3,154,134
Pakistan Pakistan193,238,868
State of Palestine Palestine4,293,313
Panama Panama3,559,408
 Papua New Guinea6,431,902
Philippines Philippines98,215,000
Poland Poland38,383,809
 Puerto Rico3,674,209
Qatar Qatar2,042,444
Réunion Réunion839,500
Russia Russia142,500,482
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia26,939,583
Senegal Senegal12,521,851
Seychelles Seychelles90,846
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone5,612,685
Singapore Singapore5,460,302
Slovakia Slovakia5,488,339
Slovenia Slovenia1,992,690
 Solomon Islands597,248
South Africa South Africa48,601,098
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka21,675,648
Sudan Sudan34,847,910
Swaziland Swaziland1,403,362
Sweden Sweden9,119,423
Switzerland Switzerland7,996,026
Taiwan Taiwan23,299,716
Tajikistan Tajikistan7,910,041
Tanzania Tanzania48,261,942
Thailand Thailand67,448,120
Togo Togo7,154,237
Tunisia Tunisia10,835,873
 Trinidad and Tobago1,225,225
Turkey Turkey80,694,485
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan5,113,040
Uganda Uganda34,758,809
Ukraine Ukraine44,573,205
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates5,473,972
United Kingdom United Kingdom63,395,574
United States United States316,668,567
United States Virgin Islands US Virgin Islands104,737
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan28,661,637
Venezuela Venezuela28,459,085
Vietnam Vietnam92,477,857
Yemen Yemen25,408,288
Zambia Zambia14,222,233
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe13,182,908
TOTAL7,095,217,980Pew: 7.1%Pew: 487,540,000

By region[edit]

Buddhism by region in 2010[1]
RegionEstimated total populationEstimated Buddhist population %
North America344,530,0003,860,0001.1%
Middle East-North Africa341,020,000500,0000.1%
Latin America-Caribbean590,080,000410,000<0.1%

Ten countries with the largest Buddhist populations[edit]

Countries with the largest Buddhist populations as of 2010[1]
CountryEstimated Buddhist population % of the total population of the country % of world Buddhist population
Sri Lanka14,450,00069.3%3%
South Korea11,050,00022.9%2.3%
Subtotal for the ten countries460,620,00015.3%94.5%
Subtotal for the rest of the world26,920,0000.7%5.5%
World total487,540,0007.1%100%

See also[edit]

Other religions:


External links[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g Pew Research Center, Global Religious Landscape: Buddhists.
  2. ^ Johnson, Todd M.; Grim, Brian J. (2013). The World's Religions in Figures: An Introduction to International Religious Demography. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 34–37. Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Harvey, Peter (2013). An Introduction to Buddhism: Teachings, History and Practices (2nd ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. p. 5. ISBN 9780521676748. Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
  4. ^ CIA's The World Factbook: Populations as of July 2013