Brussels Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Brussels Airport
Luchthaven Brussel-Nationaal (Dutch)
Aéroport de Bruxelles-National (French)
Brussels Airport official logo.png
Brussels Airport Prasertwit-1.jpg
IATA: BRUICAO: EBBR
Summary
Airport typePublic & Military
OperatorBrussels Airport Company
ServesBrussels, Belgium
LocationZaventem, Diegem and Machelen
Hub for
Elevation AMSL184 ft / 56 m
Coordinates50°54′05″N 004°29′04″E / 50.90139°N 4.48444°E / 50.90139; 4.48444Coordinates: 50°54′05″N 004°29′04″E / 50.90139°N 4.48444°E / 50.90139; 4.48444
Websitewww.brusselsairport.be
Maps
Airport diagram
Airport diagram
BRU is located in Belgium
BRU
BRU
Location in Belgium
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
mft
01/19[1]2,9879,800Asphalt
07R/25L3,21110,535Asphalt
07L/25R3,63811,936Asphalt
Statistics (2013)
Passengers19,133,222
Freight (tonnes)429,938
Aircraft movements216,678
Sources: Brussels Airport,[2] AIP[3]
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Brussels South Charleroi Airport.
Brussels Airport
Luchthaven Brussel-Nationaal (Dutch)
Aéroport de Bruxelles-National (French)
Brussels Airport official logo.png
Brussels Airport Prasertwit-1.jpg
IATA: BRUICAO: EBBR
Summary
Airport typePublic & Military
OperatorBrussels Airport Company
ServesBrussels, Belgium
LocationZaventem, Diegem and Machelen
Hub for
Elevation AMSL184 ft / 56 m
Coordinates50°54′05″N 004°29′04″E / 50.90139°N 4.48444°E / 50.90139; 4.48444Coordinates: 50°54′05″N 004°29′04″E / 50.90139°N 4.48444°E / 50.90139; 4.48444
Websitewww.brusselsairport.be
Maps
Airport diagram
Airport diagram
BRU is located in Belgium
BRU
BRU
Location in Belgium
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
mft
01/19[1]2,9879,800Asphalt
07R/25L3,21110,535Asphalt
07L/25R3,63811,936Asphalt
Statistics (2013)
Passengers19,133,222
Freight (tonnes)429,938
Aircraft movements216,678
Sources: Brussels Airport,[2] AIP[3]

Brussels Airport (IATA: BRUICAO: EBBR) (also called Brussel Nationaal/Bruxelles-National/Brussel-Zaventem (Brussels National)) is an international airportNM (11 km; 6.9 mi) northeast[3] of Brussels, the capital of Belgium. In 2013, over 19 million passengers arrived or departed at Brussels Airport, making it the 25th busiest airport in Europe.

The airport is located partially in Zaventem, partially in the Diegem area of Machelen,[4] and partially in Steenokkerzeel, in the Flemish Region of Belgium. It is home to around 260 companies, together directly employing 20,000 people. The company operating the airport is known as "The Brussels Airport Company N.V./S.A."; before 19 October 2006, the name was BIAC (Brussels International Airport Company), which was created by Belgian law through a merger of BATC with the ground operations departments of the RLW/RVA. Since 2011, the airport is owned by the Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan (39%), Macquarie European Infrastructure Fund I and Macquarie European Infrastructure Fund III (36%) and the Belgian State (25%).[5]

History[edit]

The origins of Brussels Airport at Zaventem date back to 1940, when the German occupying force laid claim to 600 ha (1,500 acres) of agricultural fields reserved as back-up airfield "Steenokkerzeel". There, the Luftwaffe established Fliegerhorst Melsbroek and constructed 3 runways in the shape of a triangle: runway 02/20, runway 07L/25R (both of which are still in use today) and runway 12/30. The airfield buildings however were constructed within the territory of the nearby municipality of Melsbroek and not of Zaventem, which is why the airfield was known to the locals as the airfield of Melsbroek, or "Fliegerhorst Melsbroek" to the Germans. There is an urban legend that the site of the airport was chosen by the Germans after asking locals where to build it – the Belgians then pointed to this location as it was often foggy.

After the liberation (3 September 1944), the German infrastructure at Melsbroek fell into the hands of the British. When the old civilian airport in Haren became too small, the Belgian authorities decided to use the aerodrome at Melsbroek for the new national airport. By 1948, a new terminal building was constructed to replace the old wooden building. In the same year, the length of both runways 02/20 and 07L/25R were increased to 1,200 m (3,900 ft) and 2,450 m (8,040 ft) respectively, whereas 12/30 remained at 1,300 m (4,300 ft). The civil aerodrome of Melsbroek was officially opened by Prince Charles, Count of Flanders, the Prince Regent on 20 July 1948. From 1948 to 1956 many more buildings and facilities were erected, but almost always on the Melsbroek side of the site.

In 1955, a train line connecting the city centre of Brussels with the airport was constructed. The line was officially opened by King Baudouin on 15 May 1955.

In 1956 a new 2,300 m (7,500 ft) runway was constructed, the 07R/25L which runs parallel with 07L/25R. The runway is still in use today and saw its length later increased to 3,200 m (10,500 ft). In April 1956 the Belgian government decided to build a new airport, using the same runways, but with the buildings located within the territory of the municipality of Zaventem. In April 1957, construction started of the new terminal, preparing the airport for the 1958 World Fair. The grass runway 12/30 had to make way to allow for the new passenger terminal. This new airport was inaugurated 5 July 1958, almost just in time for the 1958 World Fair. So historically, the birth date of Zaventem Airport is 5 July 1958. Incidentally, the buildings on the Melsbroek side are still in use by the Belgian Air Force (15th Air Transport Wing), and is still known as Melsbroek airfield. Both Zaventem Airport and Melsbroek Air Base, the military airfield, share the same runways.

During the boom of commercial aviation in the 1960s and 1970s, several hangars were constructed. A new cargo terminal was constructed in 1976. In 1994, a brand new terminal was constructed adjacent to the old 1958 building. Two old piers were torn down and replaced by modern ones. In 2002, amidst the turmoil engulfing the demise of the national airline Sabena, a new pier was opened.

In 2005, the airport was awarded Best Airport in Europe by Airports Council International/International Air Transport Association (ACI/IATA), based on a survey conducted with over 100,000 passengers worldwide. Brussels Airport continues to appear in top airports lists as of 2012. Also a direct train link with Leuven and Liège was opened on 12 December 2005.

In 2007, the airport served 17.8 million passengers, an increase of 7% over 2006. The cargo volume in the same year amounted to 780,000 tonnes, an increase of 8.9% over 2006. In 2008, the airport served 18,5 million passengers, which was an increase of 3.7% over the previous year.[6]

Sabena's demise meant a sharp fall in passenger traffic, a blow the airport only slowly recovered from. The airport's future is threatened by disagreement between the governments of Flanders and the Brussels Capital Region concerning nocturnal air traffic routes.

In March 2009, the old mechanical Flight information display system were replaced by electronic ones.[7] In September 2009, CEO Wilfried Van Assche resigned. One of the (unofficial) reasons is the delay of the construction of the low-cost terminal and the possible lawsuit by 52 airlines active at Brussels Airport, because of the tax-discrimination. It was Van Assche who started expanding the Long-Haul network (Jet Airways, Hainan Airlines, Etihad Airways, US Airways) at Brussels Airport. In February 2010 Arnaud Feist was appointed CEO. The company president is Luc Van den Bossche (former Belgian government minister).

On 18 February 2013, in the 2013 Belgium diamond heist, eight men armed with automatic weapons and dressed in police uniforms seized 120 small parcels containing an estimated US$50 million worth of diamonds off of a Helvetic Airways Fokker 100 passenger plane loaded with passengers preparing for departure to Zurich, Switzerland. The men drove two vehicles through a hole they had cut in the airport's perimeter fence to Flight LX789, which had just been loaded with diamonds from a Brink's armored van from Antwerp, Belgium. The men were able to execute the operation within five minutes with no injuries and without firing a shot.[8][9][10]

Infrastructure[edit]

Entrance to the airport

Brussels Airport uses a one terminal concept, meaning that all the facilities (with the exception of Pier A) are located under a single roof. The terminal building consists of several levels. The railway station is located on −1, busses and taxis arrive at 0, arrivals are located on level 2 and departures on level 3. Levels 2 and 3 are connected to the airport's two piers (A and B).[11]

Departure Halls[edit]

Brussels Airport has two departure halls. The main hall is used by all airlines, with the exception of Jetairfly and Thomas Cook Airlines Belgium. Those two airlines operate from a smaller departure hall next to departure hall 1 as of 30 March 2010. From both the departure halls, both piers can be reached. Brussels Airport currently consists of 54 contact gates, and a total of 109 gates.

Pier A[edit]

Pier A

Pier A is the newest pier on Brussels Airport and was opened on 15 May 2002. This pier was destined to support flights from and to the Schengen countries (A-gates). However, since 15 October 2008 all Brussels Airlines flights to African destinions are also handled at this pier. Therefore, border control was installed towards the end of the pier in order to create a new pier. As a result, gates A61-72 were renamed T61-72.

Pier A is connected to the main building via a 400 metres (1,300 ft) long tunnel under the tarmac. Each pier has its own security zone, so transfer between the terminals involves a security check. By 2015,[12] this tunnel will be replaced by the "Connector", a new building that is to link the main building to Pier A above-ground. The connector will allow passengers to walk straight from the check-in desk to their gate in pier A or B, without changing floors. In the opposite direction, the building will provide the arriving passenger with a smooth and convenient passage to the baggage reclaim hall and the exit.

Pier B[edit]

Pier B is the oldest pier that is still in use at Brussels Airport and is only used for flights outside the Schengen Area. Pier B is connected immediately to the main departure hall and consists of two decks. The upper deck (level 3) is at the same level as the departure halls and is used for the departing passengers, whereas the lower deck (level 2) is used for arriving passengers and connects immediately to border control and the baggage claim area.

Planned[edit]

Pier A West[edit]

Pier A West is a planned expansion of Pier A, and is meant to relieve Pier B by also handling flights from non-Schengen countries. Pier A West was due to open in 2016, but because of the slow passenger growth, Brussels Airport announced in July 2013 that the works will be delayed until further notice.

Low-cost pier[edit]

Just as is the case for Pier A West, the construction of a new low-cost pier is currently on hold. It will be built roughly where the old south pier used to be. At present, several low-cost airlines including Ryanair and Wizz Air fly to Brussels-South Charleroi Airport, 40 km (25 mi) away from Brussels.[13] In autumn 2013, low-cost carrier Pegasus Airlines has announced it will end its flights between Brussels Airport and Turkey. The service between Brussels and Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen will relocate to Brussels-South Charleroi Airport. However, Turkish Airlines announced on 26 November 2013 it will offer one daily flight on the same route, starting one month after Pegasus terminates its operations at the airport.[14] One day later, Ryanair announced the opening of a second Belgian base at Brussels Airport, giving a boost to low-cost traffic at Brussels Airport. Ryanair announced on 27 November 10 new routes from Brussels Airport,[15] although Brussels-South Charleroi Airport will remain the low-cost carrier's primary Belgian base.

Services[edit]

Shops, bars and restaurants are scattered throughout the building. A small amount of facilities is located in the departure area. These are mostly convenience stores and small shops such as the airport shop, a pharmacy, Relay stores, Starbucks, and so forth. The majority of the facilities, however, can only be accessed after Security control – and are tax free. Several brands and chains have a branch in both piers, however several only operate in pier A.

The airport also features places of worship (for Catholics, Jews, Muslims, Orthodox Christians and Protestants), as well as a place for mediation for humanists.

From 6 December 2013, all passengers have 30 minutes free Wi-Fi access. After this period, passengers can buy additional Wi-Fi access using their credit card. Telenet, Boingo and iPass customers have unlimited free Wi-Fi access at Brussels Airport.

Furthermore, the airport provides meeting facilities and has the ability to host congresses up to 600 participants. These facilities are located either in the Regus Skyport Meeting Center or the Sheraton Brussels Airport Hotel. The latter is also the only hotel located on the airport grounds, opposite the terminal. Shuttle services are provided to 14 nearby hotels.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Countries served by direct flights from Brussels Airport
A Jetairfly Boeing 787-8 Dreamliner at Brussels Airport
A Brussels Airlines Airbus A330-300 departing from Brussels Airport
A Blue1 Boeing 717-200 departing from Brussels Airport
A Qatar Airways Airbus A330-200 operating the inaugural flight from Doha to Brussels in 2011
An Ethiopian Airlines Boeing 787-8 Dreamliner taxiing at Brussels Airport
An Air Europa Embraer 195 taxiing at Brussels Airport
A Brussels Airlines Airbus A319-100 at Brussels Airport
A Finnair Airbus A340-300 in Marimekko livery at Brussels Airport
An El Al Boeing 737 at Pier B
A United Airlines Boeing 777-200ER being pushed back from a parking slip in heavy fog at Brussels Airport
Jet Airways planes lined up at Pier B of Brussela Airport
A Delta Air Lines Boeing 757-200 depaeting from Brussels
AirlinesDestinationsPier
Adria AirwaysLjubljanaA
Aegean AirlinesAthens, Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion, Rhodes[16]
A
Aer LingusCork, DublinB
AeroflotMoscow-SheremetyevoB
Air AlgérieAlgiers
Seasonal: Oran
B
Air Arabia MarocCasablanca, Nador, TangierB
Air CanadaMontreal-TrudeauB
Air EuropaMadridA
Air France
operated by HOP!
Lyon, Bordeaux, NantesA
Air LituanicaVilnius[17]A
Air MaltaMaltaA
Air SerbiaBelgradeB
Air TransatSeasonal: Montreal-TrudeauB
airBalticRigaA
AlitaliaMilan-Linate, Rome-FiumicinoA
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
ViennaA
Blue AirBacău, BucharestB
BMI RegionalEast Midlands, Newcastle upon TyneB
British AirwaysLondon-HeathrowB
British Airways
operated by Sun Air of Scandinavia
BillundA
Brussels AirlinesAlicante, Athens, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin-Tegel, Bilbao, Bologna, Budapest, Copenhagen, Geneva, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Hamburg, Kraków, Lisbon, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Marseille, Milan-Linate, Milan-Malpensa, Nice, Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Riga (begins 26 October 2014), Rome-Fiumicino, Stockholm-Bromma, Turin, Toulouse, Venice-Marco Polo, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw-Chopin (resumes 14 September 2014)
Seasonal: Ajaccio, Bari, Bastia, Cagliari, Catania, Faro, Figari, Florence, Lamezia Terme, Malta, Montpellier, Naples, Palermo, Porto, Sevilla
A
Brussels AirlinesEdinburgh, London-Heathrow, Manchester, Moscow-Domodedovo, New York-JFK, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Seasonal: Agadir, Marrakech, Washington-Dulles
B
Brussels AirlinesAbidjan, Banjul, Bujumbura, Conakry, Cotonou, Douala, Dakar, Entebbe, Freetown-Lungi, Kigali, Kinshasa-N'djili, Lomé, Luanda, Monrovia, Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta, Ouagadougou, YaoundéT
Brussels Airlines
operated by Flybe/Tyrolean Airways[18]
Hamburg, Hanover, Lyon, Prague, Strasbourg, Toulouse, TurinA
Brussels Airlines
operated by BMI Regional
BristolB
Brussels Airlines
operated by Flybe/Tyrolean Airways[19]
Birmingham, ManchesterB
Bulgaria AirSofiaB
Corendon AirlinesAntalya, Bodrum, DalamanB
Croatia AirlinesZagrebB
Czech AirlinesPragueA
Delta Air LinesAtlanta, New York-JFKB
easyJetBerlin-Schönefeld, Bordeaux, Lyon, Milan-Malpensa, Naples, Nice, ToulouseA
easyJetLondon-GatwickB
easyJet SwitzerlandBasel/Mulhouse, GenevaA
EgyptAirCairoB
El AlTel Aviv-Ben GurionB
EmiratesDubai-International (begins 5 September 2014)[20]B
Estonian AirTallinnA
Ethiopian AirlinesAddis AbabaB
Etihad AirwaysAbu DhabiB
EurolotGdańsk, WrocławA
FinnairHelsinkiA
Freebird AirlinesSeasonal charter: Antalya, BodrumB
GermanwingsStuttgartA
Germanwings
operated by Eurowings
StuttgartA
Hainan AirlinesBeijing-CapitalB
IberiaMadridA
IcelandairSeasonal: Reykjavík-KeflavíkA
Jet AirwaysDelhi, Mumbai, Newark, Toronto-PearsonB
JetairflyAlicante, Almería, Arrecife, Faro, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Málaga, Murcia, Santa Cruz de la Palma, Tenerife-South, Toulon
Seasonal: Ajaccio, Athens, Bastia, Brindisi, Burgas, Catania, Chania, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Girona, Heraklion, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Lourdes, Menorca, Mykonos, Naples, Nice, Ohrid, Olbia, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Ponta Delgada, Porto Santo, Reus, Rhodes, Samos, Santorini, Skopje, Varna, Zakynthos
A
JetairflyAgadir, Algiers, Antalya, Aqaba, Béjaïa, Boa Vista, Cancún, Casablanca, Djerba, Enfidha, Hurghada, Marrakech, Marsa Alam, Miami, Mombasa, Montego Bay, Nador, Oran, Orlando-Sanford (begins 20 October 2014),[21] Paphos, Pristina, Punta Cana, Sal, Santo Domingo-Las Américas, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tétouan, Tirana, Varadero, Zanzibar
Seasonal: Al Hoceima, Bodrum, Dalaman, Fes, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Oujda, Izmir, Rabat, Tangier, Taba
B
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
AmsterdamA
LOT Polish AirlinesWarsaw-ChopinA
LufthansaFrankfurt, MunichA
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Frankfurt, MunichA
MeridianaSeasonal: Olbia[22]A
Middle East AirlinesBeirutB
NouvelairSeasonal charter: Djerba, MonastirB
Onur AirAntalyaB
Pegasus AirlinesSeasonal: AntalyaB
Qatar AirwaysDohaB
Royal Air MarocCasablanca, Nador, Tangier
Seasonal: Al Hoceima, Oujda
B
RyanairAlicante, Barcelona, Lisbon, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca, Porto, Rome-Fiumicino, Treviso, Valencia
Seasonal: Ibiza
A
Scandinavian AirlinesCopenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-ArlandaA
Swiss International Air LinesZürichA
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Helvetic Airways
ZürichA
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss European Air Lines
ZürichA
Tailwind AirlinesAntalyaB
TAP PortugalLisbonA
TAP Portugal
operated by Portugália
PortoA
TAROMBucharestB
Thai AirwaysBangkok-SuvarnabhumiB
Thomas Cook Airlines BelgiumCharter: Alicante, Almería, Athens, Barcelona, Bastia, Biarritz, Burgas, Cagliari, Catania, Chania, Chios, Corfu, Enfidha, Faro, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Girona, Heraklion, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Santa Cruz de la Palma, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Lesbos, Lisbon, Málaga, Malta, Menorca, Mykonos, Naples, Nice, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Palermo, Rhodes, Rimini, Reus, Santorini, Split, Croatia, Tenerife-South, Venice-Marco Polo, Zakynthos
Seasonal charter: Ajaccio, Reykjavík-Keflavík, Tivat
A
Thomas Cook Airlines BelgiumCharter: Agadir, Alanya, Antalya, Boa Vista, Bodrum, Burgas, Cairo, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Hurghada, Izmir, Larnaca, Luxor, Marrakech, Marsa Alam, Monastir, Oujda, Paphos, Sal, Sharm el-Sheikh, Taba, Tunis, VarnaB
Transavia.comSeasonal charter: Heraklion, Tenerife-SouthA
TunisairDjerba, Enfidha (begins 28 October 2014), Monastir, TunisB
Turkish AirlinesAnkara, Eskişehir, Istanbul-Atatürk, Istanbul-Sabiha GökçenB
Ukraine International AirlinesKiev-BoryspilB
United AirlinesChicago-O'Hare, Newark, Washington-DullesB
US AirwaysPhiladelphia
Seasonal: Charlotte[23]
B
VuelingAlicante, Barcelona, Catania (begins 25 October 2014), Florence (begins 27 October 2014), Lisbon, Málaga, Porto, Prague (begins 24 October 2014), Rome-Fiumicino, Valencia, Venice-Marco Polo
Seasonal: Ibiza, Palma de Mallorca, Santiago de Compostela
A

Cargo[edit]

A DHL Aviation Boeing 757-200F at Brussels Airport
A Saudia Cargo Boeing 747-800F at Brussels Airport
AirlinesDestinations
Air AlgérieAlgiers, Casablanca
Asiana CargoAnchorage, Halifax, London-Stansted, New York-JFK, Seoul-Incheon
Cathay Pacific CargoDubai-International
Cargojet Airways[24]Cologne, Halifax, Hamilton
DHL Aviation
operated by DHL Air UK
Lagos, Leipzig/Halle
DHL Aviation
operated by EAT Leipzig
Bergamo, Budapest, East Midlands, Leipzig/Halle, Lisbon, London-Heathrow, Vitoria
DHL Aviation
operated by Swiftair
Bratislava, Madrid
Ethiopian Airlines CargoAddis Ababa, Dubai-International, Hong Kong
Korean Air CargoMiami, Navoiy, New York-JFK, Seoul-Incheon, Vienna, Zaragoza
Nordic Global AirlinesHelsinki, New York-JFK, Chicago-O'Hare, Hong Kong
Royal Air MarocCasablanca
Saudia CargoDammam, Dubai-World Central, Guangzhou, Houston-Intercontinental, Jeddah, New York-JFK, Riyadh, Vienna
Singapore Airlines CargoAmsterdam, Chicago-O'Hare, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Mumbai, Sharjah, Singapore
TNT AirwaysHelsinki

Statistics[edit]

Busiest European routes from Brussels Airport[25]
RankCityPassengers 2011Passengers 2012Passengers 2013Top carriers
1Madrid, Spain580,280561,757661,101Air Europa, Brussels Airlines, Iberia
2London, UK[26]517,519548,544569,541British Airways, Brussels Airlines, easyJet
3Geneva, Switzerland514,158514,159536,833Brussels Airlines, easyJet Switzerland
4Istanbul, Turkey[27]410,583460,024516,225Jetairfly, Turkish Airlines
5Barcelona, Spain508,726523,191509,505Brussels Airlines, Thomas Cook Airlines Belgium, Vueling
6Antalya, Turkey432,922450,386492,316Corendon Airlines, Freebird Airlines, Jetairfly, Onur Air, Pegasus Airlines, Tailwind Airlines, Thomas Cook Airlines Belgium
7Milan, Italy[28]469,198459,383491,385Alitalia, Brussels Airlines, easyJet
8Rome, Italy514,507486,410466,692Alitalia, Brussels Airlines
9Frankfurt, Germany462,180450,607459,555Lufthansa
10Copenhagen, Denmark437,424481,591458,147Brussels Airlines, Scandinavian Airlines
Busiest Intercontinental routes from Brussels Airport[25]
RankCityPassengers 2011Passengers 2012Passengers 2013Top carriers
1New York City, USA[29]581,658664,152574,106Brussels Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Jet Airways, United Airlines
2Washington, D.C., USA152,754159,764201,144United Airlines, Brussels Airlines
3Tel-Aviv, Israel169,098187,786187,433Brussels Airlines, El Al, Jetairfly
4Abu Dhabi, UAE148,916171,619170,743Etihad Airways
5Casablanca, Morocco192,835194,262170,076Air Arabia Maroc, Jetairfly, Royal Air Maroc
6Mumbai, India130,071151,670157,029Jet Airways
7Montréal, Canada149,420150,033145,729Air Canada, Air Transat
8Toronto, Canada136,630145,089144,394Jet Airways
9Delhi, India130,601127,714136,071Jet Airways
10Chicago, USA236,840104,317134,294United Airlines
Traffic by calendar year[25][30]
YearPassenger volumeChange over previous yearAircraft operationsChange over previous yearCargo (tonnes)Change over previous year
201319,133,222Increase00.90%216,678Decrease03.00%429,938Decrease06.40%
201218,971,332Increase01.00%223,431Decrease04.00%459,265Decrease03.30%
201118,786,034Increase09.30%233,758Increase03.60%475,124Decrease00.20%
201017,180,606Increase01.10%225,682Decrease02.60%476,135Increase06.00%
200916,999,154Decrease08.20%231,668Decrease010.5%449,132Decrease032.1%
200818,515,730Increase03.40%258,795Decrease02.10%661,143Decrease015.6%
200717,900,000Increase07.10%264,366Increase03.80%783,727Increase08.90%
200616,707,892Increase03.30%254,772Increase00.60%719,561Increase02.40%
200516,179,733Increase03.50%253,255Decrease00.30%702,819Increase05.80%
200415,632,773Increase02.90%254,070Increase00.70%664,375Increase09.40%
200315,194,097Increase05.40%252,249Decrease01.80%607,136Increase013.1%
200214,410,555Decrease026.8%256,889Decrease015.9%536,826Decrease08.00%
200119,684,867Decrease09.00%305,532Decrease06.30%583,729Decrease015.1%
200021,637,003Increase07.90%352,972Increase04.20%687,385Increase01.90%
199920,048,532Increase015.7%312,892Increase04.30%674,837
199818,400,000Increase015.7%300,000Increase08.30%
199715,900,000Increase018.7%277,000Increase04.90%
199613,400,000Increase07.20%264,000
199512,500,000Increase011.6%
199411,200,000
199310,000,000+
1950240,000+

Other facilities[edit]

Brussels Airlines has its corporate head office in the b.house, Airport Building 26, located in Diegem, Machelen.[4][31] Brussels Airlines formed in 2006 as a result of a merger between SN Brussels and Virgin Express.[32] European Air Transport had its head office in Building 4–5, in Zaventem.[33]

Before Sabena went out of business, its head office was in the Sabena House on the grounds of Brussels Airport.[34] When it existed, Virgin Express had its head office in Building 116 in Zaventem.[35] SN Brussels, which formed in 2002, had its head office in Airport Building 117 in Zaventem when it existed.[36] Prior to its disestablishment, Sobelair had its head office in Building 45 in Zaventem.[37][38]

Ground transportation[edit]

Road[edit]

Brussels Airport bus service

Brussels Airport can be reached by car via the A201, which is directly connected to the R0 highway. From there, the main highways of Belgium can directly be accessed. Private partners provide three car parks at the airport, offering in total 10,600 parking spaces. Shell operates a self-service gas station near the exit of the airport complex.

Several car rental services are located in the airport as well. Europcar, Hertz, Sixt and Thrifty all operate at Brussels Airport.

De Lijn provides bus transportation to and from various cities in Flanders from platforms A and B (via Brucargo). The MIVB/STIB provides transportation into Brussels city centre at Brussels Luxembourg Station via line 12 (weekdays before 8 pm) or line 21 (weekends and evenings after 8 pm) from platform C. Platform E is used by the Hotel Shuttles, offering shuttle services to several hotels near the area.

Taxis are permanently available in front of the arrivals hall. The fare from the airport to the city centre of Brussels is normally around €45. Licensed taxis can be recognized by the blue and yellow emblem.

Rail[edit]

The Airport Railway Station is located under the airport building at level −1. The train station has direct services to Antwerp, Brussels, De Panne, Ghent, Hasselt, Landen, Leuven, Mechelen, Nivelles and Quévy. At least four trains per hour serve the most used link to Brussels South Railway Station, where international connections are offered by Eurostar (to London), Thalys (to Amsterdam, Avignon, Cologne, Essen, Lille, Marseille, Paris, and Valence), ICE (to Cologne and Frankfurt) and Eurocity (to Basel, Bern, Chur, Luxembourg and Zürich). There is now also a direct train from the Airport to Paris once a day with Thalys. There is a special agreement with Brussels Airlines and Jet Airways for use of this service.

A direct train link with Leuven was opened on 12 December 2005. A direct link with Antwerp and Mechelen via the so-called Diabolo line was opened for public service on 10 June 2012. The Diabolo project is a public-private partnership. It has been decided that all rail passengers to the Brussels National Airport railway station station pay a "Diabolo supplement" to finance the ongoing and planned work. As of December 2014, a direct train link between Bruges and the Airport will be offered.[39] A through service to Schiphol and Amsterdam is due to be introduced by the end of 2015.

Bicycle[edit]

Brussels Airport has a special separated road that provides access to the airport for bikers and pedestrians. There is also a special place to park bikes.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

The Boeing 747 that overran the runway in 2008

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. ^ http://www.brusselsairport.be/en/mediaroom/news/39971/
  2. ^ "BRUtrends 2010 by Johan Bockstaele". ISSUU. 
  3. ^ a b "EBBR – Brussels / Brussels-National" (PDF). AIP Belgium and G.D. of Luxembourg (Available at Eurocontrol website, free registration required). Steenokkerzeel: Belgocontrol AIM. 26 July 2012. part AD 2.EBBR. Retrieved 4 August 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "bedrijf.jpg." Retrieved on 25 April 2010.
  5. ^ Moody's
  6. ^ Expatica: Record numbers of passengers at Brussels Airport
  7. ^ http://www.hln.be/hln/nl/942/Economie/article/detail/782602/2009/03/20/Brussels-Airport-vervangt-borden-met-vluchtinformatie.dhtml
  8. ^ Higgins, Andrew (18 February 2013). "Brazen Jewel Robbery at Brussels Airport Nets $50 Million in Diamonds". New York Times. Retrieved 20 February 2013. 
  9. ^ Casert, Raf (19 February 2013). "Casert, Raf, , "Robbers Snatch $50 Million of Diamonds Off Plane in Belgium," Associated Press, February 19, 2013, 4:13 a.m". Worldnews.nbcnews.com. 
  10. ^ Casert, Raf (19 February 2013). "Smith, Vicky, "The Great Plane Robbery: Gang of Fake Police Officers Steal £32m of Diamonds in Airport Heist," Associated Press, February 19, 2013, 18:49". Worldnews.nbcnews.com. 
  11. ^ http://www.brusselsairport.be/nl/passngr/at_the_airport/airport_map/
  12. ^ http://www.brusselsairport.be/en/corporate/connector/
  13. ^ Shuttles Brussels – Charleroi Airport[dead link]
  14. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2013/11/26/tk-brutxl-s14/
  15. ^ http://www.ryanair.com/en/news/ryanair-announces-brussels-zaventem-base-from-feb-2014
  16. ^ https://e-ticket.aegeanair.com/pl/A3Online/wds/Override.action?WDS_JS_TRACE_OFF
  17. ^ http://www.webcitation.org/6I3Sm5LBM
  18. ^ http://www.planespotters.net/Airline/Brussels-Airlines
  19. ^ http://www.planespotters.net/Airline/Brussels-Airlines
  20. ^ Emirates to start services to Brussels
  21. ^ https://www.jetairfly.com/en/Destinations/united-states/orlando-sanford
  22. ^ Meridiana expands international network from Olbia, Sardinia
  23. ^ JL (19 October 2013). "US Airways Expands Trans-Atlantic Service from Charlotte in S14; Airline Route – Worldwide Airline Route Updates". Airlineroute.net. Retrieved 19 October 2013. 
  24. ^ "– Canada's rocky cargo landscape". Aircargoworld.com. 25 July 2012. 
  25. ^ a b c http://www.brusselsairport.be/nl/cf/res/pdf/corp/en/brutrends2012
  26. ^ London Heathrow & London Gatwick
  27. ^ Istanbul Atatürk Airport & Sabiha Gökçen International Airport
  28. ^ Milan Malpensa & Milan Linate
  29. ^ New York – JFK & Newark Liberty International Airport
  30. ^ The relapse in 2001/2002 is due to the combined effects of the September 11 Attacks and the Sabena's bankruptcy that also happened in the last quarter of 2001. The Cargo relapse in 2008/2009 is due to the combined effects of the Financial crisis of 2007–08 and the relocation of DHL Aviation to Leipzig/Halle Airport.
  31. ^ "Corp – Contact Us." Brussels Airlines. Retrieved on 23 October 2009.
  32. ^ "Sabena reborn: SN Brussels-Virgin Express merger 'set to take former Belgian flag carrier brand'." Flight Global. 27 October 2006. Retrieved on 23 October 2009.
  33. ^ "General Conditions of Carriage." DHL. Retrieved on 27 June 2010. "European Air Transport N.V./S.A., a company registered in Belgium with its business address at Building 4–5, Brussels Airport, 1930 Zaventem, Belgium;"
  34. ^ Von Schreiber, Sylvia. "Organisierte Pleite." Der Spiegel. 26 November 2001. "Wenige Stunden vorher geschah noch weit Merkwürdigeres: Polizisten der Brüsseler "Aufspürungsbrigade 4" drangen in die Privatwohnungen von vier Managern und in das Firmengebäude Sabena House am Flughafen Zaventem ein."
  35. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight Global. 30 March – 5 April 2004. 92.
  36. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 30 March – 5 April 2004. 71.
  37. ^ "Survey: World Airlines." Flight International. 1–7 April 2003. 74.
  38. ^ "Contact Us." Sobelair. 5 December 2002. Retrieved on 27 May 2010.
  39. ^ http://www.internationalmeetingsreview.com/benelux/benelux-bruges-adds-direct-train-connection-brussels-airport-97346
  40. ^ "AirDisaster.Com". AirDisaster.Com. 15 February 1961. 
  41. ^ "Plane comes off Brussels runway". BBC News. 25 May 2008. Retrieved 31 December 2009. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Brussels Airport at Wikimedia Commons