Broughton Castle

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Broughton Castle vista
Broughton Castle
The Great Hall
The Gatehouse
Formal garden

Broughton Castle is a medieval manor house located in the village of Broughton which is about two miles south-west of Banbury, Oxfordshire, England on the B4035 road (grid reference SP418382). It is the home of the Fiennes family, Barons Saye and Sele.

Contents

History

It was built as a manor house by Sir John de Broughton in 1300 at a location where the confluence of three streams created a natural site for a moated manor. The house was sold in 1377 to William of Wykeham, Bishop of Winchester. The original house was crenellated by Sir Thomas Wykeham in 1406. In 1451 it passed by inheritance to the Fiennes family, Barons Saye and Sele. Beginning in 1550 Richard Fiennes transformed the medieval manor into a house in the Tudor style.[1]

In the 17th century William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele was one of the leading activists against Charles I. He raised troops to fight against the king at the inconclusive Battle of Edgehill in 1642. Royalist troops later besieged the castle, overcoming the defenders and occupying the castle for a time.

Broughton fell into decay in the 19th century, but was eventually rescued by Frederick Fiennes, 16th Lord Saye and Sele, who brought in the prominent Victorian architect Sir George Gilbert Scott.

It is still the home of the Fiennes family and currently lived in by the 21st Baron and his wife.

Filming

Parts of the films Oxford Blues (1984),The Scarlet Pimpernel (1982), Three Men and a Little Lady (1990), The Madness of King George (1994) and Shakespeare in Love (1998) were shot in the castle. TV filming for parts of Elizabeth The Virgin Queen, Friends and Crocodiles, 1975 Morecambe and Wise Christmas Show and the titles of Noel's House Party also took place there. The castle has been used as the location for several other films and TV programmes.[2]

Concerts

In August 1981, the electric folk band Fairport Convention held their annual reunion concert at Broughton Castle, rather than the usual Cropredy location.[3] The concert was recorded, and released on the album Moat on the Ledge (1982).

Fiction

Published in April 2009, The Music Room is a novel by William Fiennes. This fictionalized memoir of his childhood and his epileptic brother is set in (the never identified) Broughton Castle. It has been described as "a beautiful poem of a tribute to his family, his parents, the magical, moated castle that was his home".[4]

References

  1. ^ Fry, Plantagenet Somerset, The David & Charles Book of Castles, David & Charles, 1980. ISBN 0-7153-7976-3
  2. ^ Allen, Nicholas (2010). "Appendix III". Broughton Castle and the Fiennes Family. Adderbury, Oxfordshire: Wykeham Press. pp. 62–63. ISBN 978-0-9566059-0-0. 
  3. ^ Humphries, Patrick (1982). Meet on the Ledge - a history of Fairport Convention. London: Eel Pie. p. 103. ISBN 0-906008-46-8. 
  4. ^ Scotland on Sunday: "Here be gargoyles: An interview with William Fiennes"

External links

Coordinates: 52°02′26″N 1°23′31″W / 52.04063°N 1.39199°W / 52.04063; -1.39199