Brooke Shields

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Brooke Shields
Brooke Shields 2011 (Cropped).jpg
Brooke Shields at Make Believe On Broadway, November 23, 2011
BornBrooke Christa Shields[1]
(1965-05-31) May 31, 1965 (age 48)
Manhattan, New York City
Alma materPrinceton University
OccupationActress, model
Years active1966–present
Spouse(s)Andre Agassi (1997–1999)
Chris Henchy (2001–present); 2 daughters, Rowan and Grier
ParentsFrank Shields
Teri Shields
 
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Brooke Shields
Brooke Shields 2011 (Cropped).jpg
Brooke Shields at Make Believe On Broadway, November 23, 2011
BornBrooke Christa Shields[1]
(1965-05-31) May 31, 1965 (age 48)
Manhattan, New York City
Alma materPrinceton University
OccupationActress, model
Years active1966–present
Spouse(s)Andre Agassi (1997–1999)
Chris Henchy (2001–present); 2 daughters, Rowan and Grier
ParentsFrank Shields
Teri Shields

Brooke Shields (born May 31, 1965) is an American actress, model and former child star.[2] Shields, initially a child model, gained critical acclaim for her leading role in Louis Malle's controversial film Pretty Baby (1978), in which she played a child prostitute in New Orleans at the turn of the 20th century. The role garnered Shields widespread notoriety, and she continued to model into her late teenage years and starred in several dramas in the 1980s, including The Blue Lagoon (1980), and Franco Zeffirelli's Endless Love (1981).

In 1983, Shields abandoned her career as a model to attend Princeton University, where she graduated with a bachelor's degree in French literature. In the 1990s, Shields returned to acting, appearing in minor roles in films, and starred in the titular role of the sitcom Suddenly Susan, which ran for four seasons between 1996 and 2000. Most recently, Shields has made appearances in other television shows, including That '70s Show and Lipstick Jungle.[1]

Early life

Brooke Christa Shields was born in New York City[2] to Frank (1941-2003) and Teri (née Schmon; 1933-2012) Shields. Through her father's side, she has Italian, French, Irish, and English roots, along with high social position and relations to nobility.[3] According to a research by William Addams Reitwiesner published in 1995, Brooke Shields has ancestral links with a number of noble families from Italy, in particular from Genoa and Rome.[4] These are namely (in chronological order of descent from 1355 to 1965) the Gattilusi-Palaiologos-Savoy; Grimaldi; Imperiali; Carafa; Doria; Doria-Pamphili-Landi; Chigi-Albani; and Torlonia dynasties.[4] Her paternal grandmother was the Italian princess Donna Marina Torlonia (Donna Marina was the daughter of an Italian nobleman and an American socialite).[4] Shields' mother was of German, English, Scots-Irish, and Welsh descent.[5][6] Shields was raised in the Roman Catholic faith.[7]

When her mother Teri first announced that she was pregnant, her father Frank's family paid her a sum to terminate the pregnancy. Teri took the money, but also gave birth to their daughter Brooke.[8] Frank married Teri, but they were divorced when Brooke was five months old.[9] She has two stepbrothers and three half-sisters.[10][11]

When Shields was five days old, her mother openly stated she wanted her to be active in show business: "She's the most beautiful child and I'm going to help her with her career."[12]

For her confirmation in the Roman Catholic Church at age 10, she took the name "Camille". While attending high school, she resided in Haworth, New Jersey.[13]

Education

She attended the New Lincoln School until eighth grade.[14][15] Shields graduated from The Dwight-Englewood School in Englewood, New Jersey, in 1983.[1] She moved to a dorm at Princeton University to pursue her bachelor's degree in French literature, where she graduated in 1987.[16][17]

At Princeton, she spoke openly about her sexuality and virginity. Shields was a member of the Princeton Triangle Club and the Cap and Gown Club. Her autobiography, On Your Own, was published in 1985.[18] Her 1987 senior thesis was titled "The Initiation: From Innocence to Experience: The Pre-Adolescent/Adolescent Journey in the Films of Louis Malle, Pretty Baby and Lacombe Lucien."[1]

On the op-ed page of The New York Times, her academic record was scrutinized after she had publicized her school records in the July 1987 edition of Life Magazine shortly after graduation from Princeton. Shields was criticized for not having taken any courses in history, mathematics, philosophy, economics, world literature or science with laboratory experience.[19]

Career

Early work

Shields with Princeton University Band for taping of Sally Jessy Raphael's Show (Feb 1991)

Shields began her career as a model in 1966, when she was 11 months old. Her first job was for Ivory Soap, shot by Francesco Scavullo.[1] She continued as a successful child model with model agent Eileen Ford, who, in her Lifetime Network biography, stated that she started her children's division just for Shields. In 1978, when she was 12-years-old, Shields played a child prostitute her age in film Pretty Baby. Eileen Ford, founder of the Ford Modeling Agency, said of Brooke Shields: "She is a professional child and unique. She looks like an adult and thinks like one."[20]

In 1980, the 14-year-old Shields was the youngest fashion model ever to appear on the cover of Vogue. Later that same year, Shields appeared in controversial print and TV ads for Calvin Klein jeans. The TV ad included her saying the famous tagline, "You want to know what comes between me and my Calvins? Nothing."[1][21][22] Brooke Shields ads would help catapult Klein's career to super-designer status.[23]

From 1981 to 1983, Shields, her mother, photographer Gary Gross, Playboy Press and the New York City Courts were involved in litigation over the rights to some photographs her mother had signed away to the photographer (when dealing with models who are also minors, a parent or legal guardian must sign such a release form while other agreements are subject to negotiation) which were originally intended to appear in a book titled Sugar and Spice to be published by Playboy Press. The courts ruled in favor of the photographer, but due to a strange twist in New York law, it would have been otherwise had Brooke Shields been considered a child "performer" rather than a model.[24]

By the age of 16, Shields had become one of the most recognizable faces in the world, because of her dual career as a provocative fashion model and controversial child actress.[1] Time magazine reported, in its February 9, 1981, cover story, that her day rate as a model was $10,000. In 1983, Shields appeared on the cover of the September issue of Paris Vogue, the October and November issues of American Vogue and the December edition of Italian Vogue.[16] During that period Shields became a regular at New York City's nightclub Studio 54.[25] In 2009, a naked picture of Brooke Shields, taken when she was 10, and included in a work by Richard Prince, Spiritual America, created a row. It was removed from an exhibition at the Tate Modern after a warning from the police.[26]

Film

Brooke Shields at the 1998 Cannes Film Festival

Shields' first major film role was an appearance in Louis Malle's Pretty Baby (1978), a movie in which she played a child who lived in a brothel (in which there were numerous nude scenes).[1] As she was only 12 years old when the film was released, controversy regarding child pornography arose.[27][28][29] This was followed by a slightly less controversial and less notable film, Wanda Nevada (1979).

After two decades of movies, her best known films are still arguably The Blue Lagoon (1980), which included nude scenes between teenage lovers on a tropical island (Shields later testified before a U.S. Congressional inquiry that older body doubles were used in some of them), and Endless Love (1981). The MPAA initially rated Endless Love with an X rating. The film was re-edited to earn an R rating.[30] She won the People's Choice Award in the category of Favorite Young Performer in four consecutive years from 1981 to 1984. In 1998, she played a lesbian, Lily, in The Misadventures of Margaret.[31]

In 2001, Lifetime aired the film What Makes a Family, starring Brooke Shields and Cherry Jones in a true-to-life story of two married lesbian mothers and a baby versus the adoption laws of Florida.[32]

Television appearances

Shields has appeared in a number of television shows. In 1980, she was the youngest guest star to ever appear on The Muppet Show, in which she and the Muppets put on their own version of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. She was also the youngest person to host ABC's Fridays, a Saturday Night Live-like sketch comedy show, in 1981. In one episode of the popular comedy sitcom Friends, Shields played Joey's stalker. This role led directly to her being cast in the NBC sitcom Suddenly Susan, in which she starred from 1996 until 2000, and which earned a People's Choice Award in the category of Favorite Female Performer in a New Television Series for her, in 1997, and two Golden Globe nominations.[1]

In the early 1980s, she starred in the USPHS PSA sponsored by the American Lung Association as an initiative that VIPs should become examples and advocates of non-smoking.[33] In the mid-1980s, Brooke began her support of the USO by touring with Bob Hope.[34]

Brooke Shields aboard the USS Midway (CV-41) during a USO tour on January 1, 1991

Shields made a couple of guest appearances on That '70s Show. She played Pam Burkhart, Jackie's (Mila Kunis) mother, who later was briefly involved with Donna's (Laura Prepon) father (played by Don Stark). Shields left That '70s Show when her character was written out. Shields recorded the narration for the Sony/BMG recording of The Runaway Bunny, a Concerto for Violin, Orchestra and Reader, by Glen Roven. It was performed by the Royal Philharmonic and Ittai Shapira.

In the late 2000s, Shields guest-starred on shows like FX's Nip/Tuck and CBS' Two and a Half Men. In 2005, Shields appeared in a season-two episode of HBO's Entourage, entitled "Blue Balls Lagoon." In 2007, she made a guest appearance on Disney's Hannah Montana, playing Susan Stewart, Miley and Jackson's mother, who died in 2004. In 2008, she returned in the primetime drama Lipstick Jungle. The series ended a year later.[1]

In 2010 and 2012, she made guest appearances on The Middle as the mother of a brood of terror-inducing children and the nemesis of Frankie Heck (played by Patricia Heaton).[35][36] She also appeared as a featured celebrity in NBC's genealogy documentary reality series, Who Do You Think You Are?, where it was revealed that, through her father's ancestry, she is the distant cousin (many generations removed) of King Louis XIV of France, and thus a descendant of both Saint Louis and Henry IV of France.[37]

Starting in 2013, Shields has been an occasional guest co-host in the 9:00 hour of Today on NBC.

Theatre

Shields has appeared in several Broadway theatre productions, including the musicals Grease (1994 revival) as Betty Rizzo, the 1998 revival of Cabaret (in 2001), the 2003 revival of Wonderful Town (in 2004-2005) and Chicago.[1] She also performed in Chicago in London's West End. She took over the role of "Morticia" in the Broadway musical The Addams Family on June 28, 2011.[38]

Personal life

In the June 2009 issue of Health magazine, Shields related that she lost her virginity at age 22. She said it would have occurred earlier had she had a better self-image.[39]

In the mid-1980s while at Princeton, Shields dated classmate Dean Cain.[40] Shields has also been linked to John F. Kennedy Jr,[41] actor Liam Neeson[42] and singer George Michael.[43] She was also a favorite date of Prince Naruhito of Japan.[44] After a romantic interlude with John Travolta, the 16-year-old Brooke Shields dated 18-year-old Mohammed, son of the arms-dealer billionaire Adnan Khashoggi, in Cannes where they first met.[45] At 18, Brooke Shields met Dodi Fayed and they became friends. Shields was 24 years old when she spent the evening with Dodi Fayed in Paris to celebrate his 33rd birthday.[46]

In the 1990s, Shields promoted physical fitness as an extension of femininity, maintaining that femininity and athletics are compatible. Although she was not the only woman doing so, Shields had what was required to promote women's athletics.[47][48]

Shields is also a well-known vegan[49] and an animal rights activist. However, despite coming out against the fur industry in 1989,[50] Shields later went on to create her own mink fur coat at Kopenhagen Fur.[51] She came under the scrutiny of animal rights organizations such as PETA for this visit, which prompted media attention.[52]

Shields has been married twice. From April 19, 1997, to April 9, 1999, she was married to professional tennis player Andre Agassi; the couple had been together since 1993.[53] On April 4, 2001, she married television writer Chris Henchy after they met in 1999 through mutual friends.[54] The couple has two daughters.[55] She is a spokeswoman for Tupperware's Chain of Confidence SMART Girls campaign, a program that teaches girls to nurture their mental and physical well-being.

Postpartum depression

Between April and May 2005, Shields spoke to magazines (such as Guideposts) and appeared on The Oprah Winfrey Show to publicize her battle with postpartum depression, an experience that included depression, thoughts of suicide, an inability to respond to her baby's needs and delayed maternal bonding.[56][57] The illness may have been triggered by a traumatic childbirth, the death of her father three weeks earlier, stress from in vitro fertilization, a miscarriage and a family history of depression, as well as the hormones and life changes which were brought on by childbirth. Her book, Down Came the Rain, discusses her experience,[58] contributing to a greater public awareness of postpartum depression.[59]

In May 2005, Tom Cruise, a Scientologist whose beliefs frown upon psychiatry, condemned Brooke, both personally and professionally, for both using and speaking in favor of the antidepressant drug Paxil. As Cruise said, "Here is a woman and I care about Brooke Shields, because I think she is an incredibly talented woman, you look at [and think], where has her career gone?" Shields responded that Cruise's statements about anti-depressants were "irresponsible" and "dangerous." She said that he should "stick to fighting aliens" (a reference to Cruise's starring role in War of the Worlds as well as some of the more exotic aspects of Scientology doctrine and teachings), "and let mothers decide the best way to treat postpartum depression." The actress responded to a further attack by Cruise in an essay "War of Words" published in The New York Times on July 1, 2005, in which she made an individual case for the medication and said, "In a strange way, it was comforting to me when my obstetrician told me that my feelings of extreme despair and my suicidal thoughts were directly tied to a biochemical shift in my body. Once we admit that postpartum is a serious medical condition, then the treatment becomes more available and socially acceptable. With a doctor's care, I have since tapered off the medication but, without it, I wouldn't have become the loving parent I am today."[60] On August 31, 2006, according to USAToday.com,[61] Cruise privately apologized to Shields for the incident and Shields accepted and said that it was "heartfelt." Three months later, she and her husband attended the wedding of Cruise and Katie Holmes, in November 2006.

Relationship with Michael Jackson

Brooke Shields spoke at the memorial service for Michael Jackson on July 7, 2009.[62] Shields stated in that speech that she first met Michael when she was 13 years old, and the two instantly became friends.[63] Shields said:

Thinking back to when we met and the many times that we spent together and whenever we were out together, there would be a caption of some kind, and the caption usually said something like 'an odd couple' or 'an unlikely pair,' but to us it was the most natural and easiest of friendships... Michael always knew he could count on me to support him or be his date and that we would have fun no matter where we were. We had a bond... Both of us needed to be adults very early, but when we were together, we were two little kids having fun.[64]

In her eulogy, she shared anecdotes, including an occasion in which she was his date for one of Elizabeth Taylor's weddings, and the pair sneaked into Taylor's room to get the first look at her dress, only to discover Taylor asleep in the bed. Shields gave a tearful speech, referring to the many times she and Michael Jackson shared and briefly joked about his famous sequin glove. She also mentioned Jackson’s favorite song "Smile" by Charlie Chaplin which was later sung in the memorial service by Jermaine Jackson.[65]

New York Times columnist Gail Collins wrote that "it was a little peculiar hearing Brooke Shields’s weepy testimony about her deep friendship with Jackson given the fact that she told reporters that the last time she saw him was at Elizabeth Taylor’s eighth wedding in 1991."[66] Jackson stated in his 1993 interview with Oprah Winfrey that he was dating Shields at the time.[67] Shields has stated that Jackson asked her to marry him numerous times and to adopt a child together.[68][dead link]

Jackson said of Shields in a conversation with Rabbi Shmuley Boteach in 2001:

That was one of the loves of my life. I think she loved me as much as I loved her, you know? We dated a lot. We, we went out a lot. Her pictures were all over my wall, my mirror, everything. And I went to the Academy Awards with Diana Ross and this girl walks up to me and says 'Hi, I'm Brooke Shields.' Then she goes, 'Are you going to the after-party?' I go, 'Yeah.' 'Good, I'll see you at the party.' I'm going, 'Oh my God, does she know she's all over my room?' So we go to the after-party. She comes up to me she goes, 'Will you dance with me?' I went, 'Yes. I will dance with you.' Man, we exchanged numbers and I was up all night, singing, spinning around my room, just so happy. It was great.[69]

Filmography

Film

YearTitleRoleNotes
1976Alice, Sweet AliceKaren Spages
1978Pretty BabyViolet
1978King of the GypsiesTita
1979TiltTilt
1979Wanda NevadaWanda Nevada
1979Just You and Me, KidKate
1980The Blue LagoonEmmeline LestrangeGolden Raspberry Award for Worst Actress
1981Endless LoveJade ButterfieldNominated—Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Actress
1983SaharaDaleGolden Raspberry Award for Worst Supporting Actor
Nominated—Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Actress
1984The Muppets Take ManhattanCustomer
1989Speed ZoneStewardessGolden Raspberry Award for Worst Supporting Actress
1989Brenda StarrBrenda Starr
1990Backstreet DreamsStevie
1992Running WildChristine Shaye
1993FreakedSkye Daley
1994The PostgraduateFantasy Wife
1994The Seventh FloorKate Fletcher
1996FreewayMimi Wolverton
1998The Misadventures of MargaretLily
1999The WeekendNina
1999Black and WhiteSam Donager
1999The BachelorBuckley Hale-Windsor
1999The Disenchanted ForestHerself
2000After SexKate
2004Our Italian HusbandCharlene Taylor
2004The Easter Egg AdventureHorrible Harriet Hare
2005Bob the ButlerAnne Jamieson
2007National Lampoon's Bag BoyMrs. Hart
2008Justice League: The New FrontierCarol FerrisDirect-to-DVD release
2008The Midnight Meat TrainSusan Hoff
2008Unstable Fables: Goldilocks & 3 Bears ShowRuby Bear
2009Hannah Montana: The MovieSusan StewartUncredited
2010Furry VengeanceTammy Sanders
2010The Other GuysHerself
2010The Boy Who Cried WerewolfMadame VarcolacTelevision Movie
2011Chalet GirlCarolineTelevision Movie
2011The Greening of Whitney BrownJoan Brown
2013The Hot FlashesBeth Humphrey

Television

YearTitleRoleNotes
1974After the FallQuentin's DaughterTelevision movie
1977The Prince of Central ParkKristinTelevision movie
1982The DoctorsElizabeth HarringtonUnknown episodes
1984Wet GoldLauraTelevision movie
1984Blondes vs. Brunettes (TV Special)HerselfABC television special
1988The Diamond TrapTara HoldenTelevision movie
1992Quantum LeapVanessa FosterEpisode: "Leaping of the Shrew"
1993I Can Make You Love MeLaura BlackTelevision movie
1993Tales from the CryptNormaEpisode: "Came the Dawn"
1994An American LoveGretaTelevision movie
1995Nothing Lasts ForeverDr. Beth TaftTelevision movie
1996FriendsErika FordEpisode: "The One After the Superbowl:: Part 1"
1996–2000Suddenly SusanSusan Keane93 episodes, producer
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Musical or Comedy (1997-1998)
Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Actress – Television Series Musical or Comedy (1998-1999)
1998The Almost Perfect Bank RobberyCyndee LafranceTelevision movie
2001What Makes a FamilyJanine NielssenTelevision movie
2001Just Shoot Me!Erlene NoodlemanEpisode: "Erlene and Boo"
2003Miss Spider's Sunny Patch KidsMiss SpiderTelevision movie
2003Gary the RatCassandra HarrisonEpisode: "Future Ex-Wife"
2004Gone, But Not ForgottenBetsy TannenbaumTelevision movie
2004I'm with HerIvy TylerEpisode: "Poison Ivy"
2004That 70s ShowPamela Burkhart7 episodes
2005New Car SmellAprilTelevision movie
2006Law & Order: Criminal IntentKelly Sloane-RainesEpisode: "Siren Call"
2006Nip/TuckFaith Wolper3 episodes
2007Two and a Half MenDanielle StewertEpisode: "That's Summer Sausage, Not Salami"
2007The BatmanJulieEpisode: "Riddler's Revenge"
2007–2009Hannah MontanaSusan Stewart3 episodes
2008WidowsShirley HellerTelevision movie
2008–2009Lipstick JungleWendy Healy20 episodes
2010–2012The MiddleRita Glossner2 episodes
2010Who Do You Think You Are?HerselfEpisode: "Brooke Shields"
2013Army WivesCol. Kat YoungRecurring, Season 7

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Stated on Inside the Actors Studio, 2008
  2. ^ a b Shields' bio at Biography.com
  3. ^ Boston Herald.com: Brooke Shields
  4. ^ a b c William Addams Reitwiesner (1995): "The Lesbian ancestors of Prince Rainier of Monaco, Dr. Otto von Habsburg, Brooke Shields and the Marquis de Sade" (Part IV)
  5. ^ http://www.rte.ie/ten/2010/0705/blog_tv_tvwatch.html
  6. ^ http://www.maryellenmark.com/text/magazines/life/905W-000-017.html
  7. ^ "Brooke Shields". Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved 2010-07-04. 
  8. ^ "The Lives They Lived". New York Times. Retrieved December 30, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Brooke Shields's Mother, Teri Shields, Dies at 79". People. November 6, 2012.
  10. ^ Shields, B (2008). Welcome to Your World, Baby. HarperCollins. p. 6. 
  11. ^ Churches of the Stars: St. Monica's Church parishioners
  12. ^ Conner, Floyd (2002). Hollywood's Most Wanted. Brassey's. p. 107. ISBN 1-57488-480-8. "...Her beauty was going to contribute to mankind." 
  13. ^ Rondinaro, Gene. "IF YOU THINK OF LIVING IN; HAWORTH", The New York Times, January 26, 1986. Accessed February 19, 2007.
  14. ^ People.com: Brooke Shields Retrieved June 28, 2011
  15. ^ Celebrity Prep Schools
  16. ^ a b New York Fashion Brooke Shields career
  17. ^ Brooke Shields: Snapshot
  18. ^ Shields, Brooke (1985) On Your Own New York: Villard Books pp. 220 ISBN 0-394-54460-9 OCLC 11915327
  19. ^ Koppett, Leonard (1987). At Princeton, They Call it an Education. 
  20. ^ Handel, Gerald (2006). Childhood socialization. Aldine Transaction. p. 37. ISBN 0-202-30641-0. 
  21. ^ Vanity Fair Calvin Kline
  22. ^ Style.com Brooke Shields
  23. ^ Hall, Ann C. (1998). Delights, desires and dilemmas: essays on women and the media. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. xii. ISBN 0-275-96156-7. 
  24. ^ Siegel, Paul (2007). Communication Law in America. pp. 193–194. ISBN 0-7425-5387-6. 
  25. ^ Shields, Brooke (2011-02-07). Interview with Jimmy Fallon. Late Night with Jimmy Fallon. NBC. New York. http://www.latenightwithjimmyfallon.com/video/brooke-shields-part-1-2711/1287260/. Retrieved 2011-07-21.
  26. ^ Tate Modern removes naked Brooke Shields picture after police visit - Charlotte Higgins and Vikram Dodd - The Guardian - Sept 30 2009
  27. ^ McMurran, Kristen. "Pretty Brooke", People (May 29, 1978).
  28. ^ Canby, Vincent. "Critic's Pick: Pretty Baby," New York Times (April 5, 1978).
  29. ^ Ebert, Roger."Pretty Baby," Chicago Sun-Times (June 1, 1978).
  30. ^ Weekly World News. July 14, 1981. p. 46. "... She's never been turned on by a kiss..." 
  31. ^ The Advocate. December 23, 1997. 
  32. ^ The Advocate. January 31, 2001. pp. 28–30. "'I really believe that if you are against gays and lesbians adopting and you watch this movie,' you will never feel that way again, promises executive producer Craig Zadan." 
  33. ^ Campbell, George (1984). Health, education and youth: a review of research and development. Taylor & Francis. p. 189. ISBN 0-905273-54-0. 
  34. ^ USO History Retrieved February 11, 2011
  35. ^ Brooke Shields to appear on 'The Middle'
  36. ^ "The Middle: A Double Whammie" 30 December 2009, TV Grapevine
  37. ^ Bio Who Do You Think You Are, NBC web site
  38. ^ Allen, Olivia.Brooke Shields plays Morticia in Broadway's musical comedy 'The Addams Family" ontheredcarpet.com, June 29, 2011
  39. ^ Huffington Post.com, May 25, 2009 Brooke Shields: I Lost My Virginity At 22 and Health Magazine, June 2009.
  40. ^ "Celebrity Central / Top 25 Celebs: Brooke Shields" Bio at People Magazine
  41. ^ "John Fitzgerald Kennedy Jr. Biography Biography.com
  42. ^ Bio Trivia Biography.com
  43. ^ "Being Brooke" U.Magazine, Colleges.com
  44. ^ Weekly World News. Dec 7, 1993. p. 43. 
  45. ^ Weekly World News. September 15, 1981. 
  46. ^ Weekly World News. June 6, 1989. p. 13. 
  47. ^ Jeynes, William (2007). American educational history: school, society and the common good. SAGE. p. 270. ISBN 1-4129-1421-3. "Several female athletes demonstrated that femininity and athleticism were consistent." 
  48. ^ American Educational History: School, Society, and the Common Good. 2007. p. 270. 
  49. ^ "A Vegan Meat Locker with a Heartbeat". 
  50. ^ "Activists Aim to Skin the Fur Industry". 
  51. ^ "Brooke Shields’ Inner Child Dreams Of Fur". 
  52. ^ "Brooke Shields: Fur Nightmare". 
  53. ^ People.com "Double Fault"
  54. ^ "Brooke Shields battles postpartum depression". MSNBC. May 7, 2009. Retrieved June 20, 2010.
  55. ^ Shields, Brooke (2005). Down Came the Rain: My Journey Through Postpartum Depression. Hyperion. p. 63. ISBN 1-4013-0189-4. "Rowan Francis" 
  56. ^ "Postpartum Depression". The Oprah Winfrey Show. May 4, 2005. Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  57. ^ Mann, Denise. "Out of the Blue: Brooke Shields discusses her painful struggle with postpartum depression". WebMD. Retrieved 27 July 2013. 
  58. ^ Shields, Brooke (2005). Down Came the Rain: My Journey Through Postpartum Depression. Hyperion. ISBN 1-4013-0189-4
  59. ^ Rosenfield, Adrian I. (2006). New Research on Postpartum Depression. Nova Publishers. p. 64. ISBN 1-60021-284-0. "Several popular books have been published in recent years... These include personal accounts... by... Brooke Shields." 
  60. ^ Shields, Brooke (July 1, 2005). "War of Words". The New York Times. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  61. ^ "Shields: Cruise apology was 'heartfelt'". USA Today. September 2, 2006. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  62. ^ Billion watch Jackson send-off on TV Jack Bremer, The First Post, JULY 8, 2009
  63. ^ Brooke Shields talks about `asexual' Jackson Associated Press, 07.06.09
  64. ^ "Brooke Shields Remembers Her Friend At Michael Jackson Memorial" Jul 7 2009, MTV.com
  65. ^ Michael Jackson memorial: moments to remember Helen Pidd, The Guardian, Tuesday 7 July 2009
  66. ^ Collins, Gail (July 9, 2009). "Michael, a Foreign Affair". The New York Times. Retrieved April 27, 2010. 
  67. ^ "Michael Jackson Interview with Oprah Winfrey" All Michael Jackson web site
  68. ^ "Michael Jackson Remembered: Brooke Shields on King of Pop's Pure Soul" Rolling Stone
  69. ^ "Children 'saved me,' Michael Jackson said - Taped talks between King of Pop, spiritual adviser released for first time", NBC Dateline, September 25, 2008 (transcript)

External links