Broadcom

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Broadcom Corporation
TypePublic
Traded asNASDAQBRCM
NASDAQ-100 Component
S&P 500 Component
IndustrySemiconductors
Electronics
FoundedAugust 1991
Founder(s)Henry Nicholas (also former CEO)
Henry Samueli
HeadquartersIrvine, California, U.S.
Key peopleHenry Samueli
(Chairman & CTO)
Scott A. McGregor
(President & CEO)
ProductsIntegrated Circuits
Cable Converter Boxes
Gigabit Ethernet
Wireless networks
Cable modems
Mobile communications
Network Switches
Digital Subscriber Line
Server farms
Processors
Bluetooth
VoIP
Near Field Communication
GPS
Metropolitan Area Network
RevenueIncrease US$8.01 billion (2012)
Net incomeIncrease US$719 million (2012)
Employees~11,750 (Q2 2013)
Websitewww.broadcom.com
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Broadcom Corporation
TypePublic
Traded asNASDAQBRCM
NASDAQ-100 Component
S&P 500 Component
IndustrySemiconductors
Electronics
FoundedAugust 1991
Founder(s)Henry Nicholas (also former CEO)
Henry Samueli
HeadquartersIrvine, California, U.S.
Key peopleHenry Samueli
(Chairman & CTO)
Scott A. McGregor
(President & CEO)
ProductsIntegrated Circuits
Cable Converter Boxes
Gigabit Ethernet
Wireless networks
Cable modems
Mobile communications
Network Switches
Digital Subscriber Line
Server farms
Processors
Bluetooth
VoIP
Near Field Communication
GPS
Metropolitan Area Network
RevenueIncrease US$8.01 billion (2012)
Net incomeIncrease US$719 million (2012)
Employees~11,750 (Q2 2013)
Websitewww.broadcom.com
Broadcom headquarters at UC Irvine's University Research Park

Broadcom Corporation is an American fabless semiconductor company in the wireless and broadband communication business. The company is headquartered in Irvine, California. Broadcom was founded by a professor-student pair Henry Samueli and Henry T. Nicholas III from the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) in 1991. In 1995, the company moved from its Westwood, Los Angeles, office to Irvine, California.[1] In 1998, Broadcom became a public company on the NASDAQ exchange (ticker symbol: BRCM) and now employs approximately 11,750 people worldwide in more than 15 countries.

Broadcom is among Gartner's Top 10 Semiconductor Vendors by revenue.[2] In 2012, Broadcom's total revenue was $8.01 billion. In 2013, Broadcom was No. 327 on the Fortune 500, climbing 17 places from its 2012 ranking of No. 344.[3] Broadcom first landed on the Fortune 500 in 2009. The Broadcom logo was designed by Eliot Hochberg, based on the logo for the company's previous name, Broadband Telecom. The Broadband Telecom logo was designed by co-founder Henry Nicholas' then-wife Stacey Nicholas, who was inspired by the mathematical sinc function.

Products[edit]

Broadcom's product line spans computer and telecommunication networking: the company has products for enterprise/metropolitan high-speed networks, as well as products for SOHO (small-office, home-office) networks. Products include transceiver and processor ICs for Ethernet and wireless LANs, cable modems, digital subscriber line (DSL), servers, home networking devices (router, switches, port-concentrators) and cellular phones (GSM/GPRS/EDGE/W-CDMA/LTE). It is also known for a series of high-speed encryption co-processors, offloading this processor-intensive work to a dedicated chip, thus greatly speeding up tasks that utilize encryption. This has many practical benefits for e-commerce, and PGP or GPG secure communications.

The company also produces ICs for carrier access equipment, audio/video processors for digital set-top boxes and digital video recorders, Bluetooth and Wi-Fi transceivers, and RF receivers/tuners for satellite TV. Major customers include Apple, Hewlett-Packard, Motorola, IBM, Dell, Lenovo, Linksys, Logitech, Nintendo, Nokia Siemens Networks, Nortel(Avaya), TiVo, Tenda, and Cisco Systems. In September 2011, Broadcom shut down its digital TV operations.[4] Broadcom also shut down its Blu-ray chip business. The closure of these businesses began on September 19, 2011.

On June 2, 2014, Broadcom announced intentions to exit the cellular baseband business.[5]

NICs and networking[edit]

Vendors have included Broadcom NICs in their products. For example the Dell blade-server M610 has two embedded Gigabit NetXtreme 5709 NICs.[6]

Trident+ ASIC[edit]

Another large market is hardware for switches: some vendors offer switching equipment based on Broadcom hardware and firmware (e.g. Dell PowerConnect classics) while other well-known vendors do use the Broadcom hardware but write their own firmware. The latest Broadcom Trident+ ASIC is used in many high-speed 10Gb+ switches from the largest switch-vendors such as Cisco Nexus switches running NX-OS,[7] Dell Force10 (now Dell Networking) running FTOS/DNOS,[8][9] all Arista 7050-series switches,[10] the IBM/BNT 8264, and Juniper QFX3500.[11]

The latest 'member' of the Trident family is the Trident II XGS which can support up to 32 x 40G ports or 104 x 10G ports (or a mix of both) on a single chip.[12][13] Examples of switches using this Trident II XGS chip are the Dell Networking S6000,[14] Cisco Nexus 9000[15] and some smaller vendors like: EdgeCore AS6700, Penguin Arctica 3200XL or QuantaMesh T5032[16]

Graphics processing unit[edit]

VideoCore is GPU found on some SoCs by Broadcom, the most widely known one being the BCM2835 containing VideoCore IV found in the Raspberry Pi.

Video acceleration[edit]

Broadcom Crystal HD does video acceleration.

Consumer design components[edit]

Broadcom also provides components for a number of high-profile consumer devices:

Notable employees[edit]

Broadcom and Linux[edit]

Some free and open source drivers are available and included in the Linux kernel source tree for the 802.11b/g/a/n family of wireless chips Broadcom produces.[18] Since the release of the 2.6.26 kernel some Broadcom chips have kernel support but require external firmware to be built.

In 2003 the Free Software Foundation accused Broadcom of not complying with the GNU General Public License as Broadcom distributed GPL code in a driver for its 802.11g router chipset without making that code public.

The chipset was adopted by Linksys which was later purchased by Cisco. Cisco eventually published source code for the firmware for its WRT54G wireless broadband router under the GPL-license.[19][20]

In 2012 the Linux Foundation listed Broadcom as one of the Top 10 companies contributing to the development of the Linux Kernel for 2011, placing it in the top 5 percent of an estimated 226 contributing companies. The foundation's Linux Kernel Development report also noted that, during the course of the year, Broadcom submitted 2,916 changes to the kernel. In October, Broadcom's commitment to the free software community was underlined when the previously proprietary parts of the Raspberry Pi userland were released under a BSD-style license, making it "the first ARM-based multimedia SoC with fully functional, vendor-provided (as opposed to partial, reverse-engineered) fully open-source drivers", although this claim has not been universally accepted.[21]

Broadcom provided a Linux driver for their Broadcom Crystal HD, and they also hired Eric Anholt, a former Intel employee, to work on a free and open-source graphics device driver for their VideoCore IV.

Manufacturing[edit]

Broadcom is known as a fabless company. It outsources all semiconductor manufacturing to Asian merchant foundries, such as GlobalFoundries, Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corporation, Silterra, TSMC, and United Microelectronics Corporation. The company is based in Irvine, California, in the University Research Park on the University of California, Irvine campus, after a 2007 move from its previous campus near the Irvine Spectrum. It has many other research and development sites including Silicon Fen, Cambridge (UK), Bangalore and Hyderabad in India, Richmond (near Vancouver) and Markham (near Toronto) in Canada, and Sophia Antipolis in France.

Stock options scandal[edit]

On July 14, 2006, Broadcom announced it had to subtract $750,000,000 from earnings due to stock options irregularities. On September 8, 2006, the amount was doubled to $1.5 billion. The company may also owe additional taxes.[22] On January 24, 2007, it announced a restatement of its financial results from 1998 to 2005 that totaled $2.22 billion.[23]

On May 15, 2008, Broadcom CTO Samueli resigned as chairman of the board and took of a leave of absence as Chief Technology Officer after being named in a civil complaint by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

On June 5, 2008, Broadcom co-founder and former CEO Henry Nicholas and former CFO William Ruehle were indicted on charges of illegal stock-option backdating. Nicholas was also indicted for violations of federal narcotics laws.[24] However, in December 2009, federal judge Cormac J. Carney threw out the options backdating charges against Nicholas and Ruehle after finding that federal prosecutors improperly tried to prevent three defense witnesses from testifying.[25]

Qualcomm litigation and settlement[edit]

On April 26, 2009, Broadcom settled four years of legal battles over wireless and other patents with Qualcomm Inc., another fabless semiconductor company headquartered in San Diego, California.[26]

The deal ended the patent litigation as well as complaints of anti-competitive behavior before trade commissions in the United States, Europe, and South Korea. As part of the settlement, Qualcomm paid $891 million in cash to Broadcom over a four-year period ending June 2013.[27]

In June 2007, the U.S. International Trade Commission blocked the import of new cell phone models based on particular Qualcomm microchips. They found that these Qualcomm microchips infringe patents owned by Broadcom.

BroadVoice[edit]

For other uses, see BroadVoice.

Broadcom authored its own VoIP codecs in 2002, and released them as open source with LGPL license in 2009:[28]

Acquisitions[edit]

In September 2011, Broadcom bought NetLogic Microsystems for a $3.7 billion deal in cash, excluding around $450 million of NetLogic employee shareholdings, which will transfer to Broadcom.[29]

Besides the NetLogic Microsystems acquisition, through the years, Broadcom has acquired many smaller companies to quickly enter new markets.[30]

DateAcquired companyAmountExpertise
January 1999Maverick Networks$104M in StockMulti-layer switches for corporate networks
April 1999Epigram$316M in stockHome networking using telephone wiring, WiFi
June 1999Armedia Inc.$67.2M in stockDigital Video Decoders[31]
August 1999HotHaus Technologies$280M in stockDSP software for VOIP
August 1999Altocom$180M in stockSoftware modem software
January 2000BlueSteel Networks$123M in stockSecurity processors
March 2000Digital Furnace Corp$136M in stockData compression software
March 2000Stellar Semiconductor$162M in stock3D graphics processors
June 2000Pivotal Technologies$242M in stockDigital video chips
July 2000Innovent Systems$500M in stockBluetooth radios
August 2000Puyallup Integrated Circuit CompanyIC design and IC macro blocks
July 2000Altima Communications$533M in stockNetworking chips
October 2000Newport Communications$1240M in stock10Gbit Ethernet transceivers
October 2000Silicon Spice$1000M in stockDSP chips for VOIP
November 2000Element 14$594M in stockDSL chipsets
November 2000SiByte, Inc$2060M in stock[32]MIPS, Broadband microprocessors
December 2000Allayer Communications$271M in stockEnterprise and optical networking chips
January 2001VisionTech, Ltd.$777M in stockMPEG-2 compression/decompression of PVRs
January 2001ServerWorks Corp.$1003M in stockI/O controllers for servers and workstations
July 2001PortaTec CorporationMobile devices
July 2001KimalinkWireless and mobile ICs
May 2002Mobilink Telecom, Inc.$5.6M shares of stockBaseband processors for cellphones
March 2003Gadzoox Networks$5.8M in cashStorage-area networks
January 2004RAIDCore, Inc.$16.5M in cashRAID software
April 2004M-Stream Inc.$8.7M in cash and 27000 shares of stockTechnology to improve wireless reception
April 2004Sand Video, Inc.$77.5M in stock and $7.4M in cashVideo compression technology
April 2004WIDCOMM, Inc.$49M in cashSoftware for Bluetooth systems
April 2004Zyray Wireless, Inc.$96M in stockBaseband processors for WCDMA
September 2004Alphamosaic, Ltd.$123M in stockVideo processors for mobile devices
February 2005Alliant Networks, Inc.Cellular gateway products
March 2005Zeevo, Inc.$26.4M in cash and $2.6M in stockBluetooth headset products
July 2005Siliquent Technologies, Inc.$76M in cash10Gbit Ethernet interface controllers
October 2005Athena Semiconductors, Inc.$21.6M in cashDigital TV tuners and Wifi technology
January 2006Sandburst Corporation$75M in cash and $5M in stockSOC chips for Ethernet packet switching
November 2006LVL7 Systems, Inc.$62M in cashNetworking software
May 2007Octalica, Inc.$31M in cashMultimedia Over Coax technology
June 2007Global Locate, Inc.$146M in cashGPS chips and software
March 2008Sunext Design, Inc.$48M in cashOptical disk drive technologies
August 2008AMD (DTV Processor Division)$141.5M in cash (Original deal was $192.8M)[33]Xilleon DTV processor chips, software and TV tuners
December 2009Dune Networks[34]$178M in cashHigh speed network switches
February 2010Teknovus[35]$123M in cashEthernet Passive Optical Network (EPON) chipsets and software
June 2010Innovision Research & Technology plc[36]$47.5M in cashNear field communication expertise and IP
October 2010Beceem Communications[37]$316M in cash4G LTE/WiMax expertise
November 2010Gigle Networks[38]$75M in cashMultimedia home networking
April 2011Provigent Ltd.[39]$313M in cashMicrowave Backhaul
May 2011SC Square Ltd.[40]$41.9M in cashIsrael-based security software developer
September 2011NetLogic Microsystems$3.7 billionNext-generation Internet networks
March 2012BroadLight[41]$230M in cashIsrael-based fiber access PON developer
June 2012Wisair$1M in cashShort-range Wireless data transmission
January 2013BroadLogicvideo encoders/decoders,[42] QAM modulation and wideband receivers
September 2013Renesas Mobile Corporation$164M in cashMobile chipset platforms (LTE-Related Assets)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kotkin, Joel (January 24, 1999). "Grass Roots Business; A Place To Please The Techies - New York Times". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-04-25. 
  2. ^ Deffree, Suzanne (April 19, 2011). "Broadcom moves on to top 10 list as 2010 semi revenue records more than 30% growth". EDN.com. Retrieved 2011-05-05. 
  3. ^ "Broadcom - Fortune 500 2013 - Fortune". Fortune. May 6, 2013. Retrieved 2013-05-06. 
  4. ^ Junko Yoshida, EE Times. "Broadcom closes DTV, Blu-ray chip businesses." September 22, 2011. Retrieved October 4, 2011.
  5. ^ http://investor.broadcom.com/releasedetail.cfm?ReleaseID=851659
  6. ^ Technical specs on the Dell PowerEdge M610, visited January 27, 2012
  7. ^ Cisco rolls out Nexus 3000, visited January 28, 2012
  8. ^ The Register on Force10 cranks Ethernet switches to 40 Gigabits, April 23, 2011; visited January 28, 2012
  9. ^ Jason Edelman Blog on 40 Gbps datacenter switching, December 10, 2011. Retrieved May 17, 2012
  10. ^ The Register: Arista punts 10/40 GbE juice-sipper, visited May 18, 2012
  11. ^ Lightreading Re:Some Pizza, April 30, 2012. Visited: May 18, 2012
  12. ^ The Register: Broadcom launches Trident 2 chip, 27 August 2012. Visited: 29 April 2014
  13. ^ Broadcom presentation/press-release: STRATAXGS® TRIDENT II, created: 24 August 2012. Embargoed till: 28 August 2012. Visited: 28 April 2014
  14. ^ SDN Central: VMWare bridges NSXS..., published September 2013. Visited: 28 April 2014
  15. ^ Lippis Report, published on Cisco website:Cisco Nexus 9000, visited: 28 April 2014
  16. ^ Cumulus Networking 40Gbps Quick Reference Guide, visited: 28 April 2014
  17. ^ Broadcom To Give Rival A Run For Its Money. UTSanDiego.com (2013-05-09). Retrieved on 2013-12-08.
  18. ^ b43 Sipsolutions.net, Linux Wireless
  19. ^ "Linksys routers caught up in open source dispute". TechTarget. October 20, 2003. 
  20. ^ Lyons, Daniel (October 14, 2003). "Linux's Hit Men - Forbes.com". Forbes. Retrieved January 28, 2012. 
  21. ^ "Raspberry Pi maker says code for ARM chip is now open source". Ars Technica. Retrieved 3 November 2012. 
  22. ^ "Broadcom's Options Bombshell". BusinessWeek. September 9, 2006. Retrieved 2006-09-09. 
  23. ^ "A $2.2 Billion Charge at Broadcom". The New York Times. January 24, 2007. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  24. ^ "Drugs, hookers and cranked customers: Ex-Broadcom boss indicted". The Register. June 5, 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-06. 
  25. ^ Flaccus, Gillian. Broadcom backdating case dismissed. Associated Press via San Francisco Chronicle, 2009-12-16.
  26. ^ Jones, Ashby (April 27, 2009). "All Quiet on the Western Front: Broadcom, Qualcomm Reach $891M Deal". Law Blog (The Wall Street Journal). Retrieved 2011-08-06. 
  27. ^ "Qualcomm and Broadcom Reach Settlement and Patent Agreement". Broadcom. Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  28. ^ "Broadcom offers LGPL Voice Codecs". 
  29. ^ "Broadcom buys NetLogic for $3.7bn". Retrieved September 12, 2011. 
  30. ^ "A list of acquisitions". Broadcom.com. 
  31. ^ Broadcom Acquires Armedia, Maker of Digital Video Decoders | http://articles.latimes.com/1999/jun/02/business/fi-43234
  32. ^ Broadcom acquires MIPS core provider SiByte. Design-reuse.com. Retrieved on 2013-12-08.
  33. ^ "Broadcom Completes Acquisition of Digital TV Business from AMD for $50M less". Broadcom.com. October 28, 2008. 
  34. ^ "Broadcom to buy Dune Networks for cloud switches". News.techworld.com. 
  35. ^ "Broadcom to acquire Teknovus". Broadcom.com. March 8, 2010. 
  36. ^ "Broadcom to enter NFC market, buys Innovision for $47.5m". Nearfieldcommunicationsworld.com. 
  37. ^ "Broadcom.com". Broadcom.com. October 13, 2010. 
  38. ^ "Broadcom.com". Broadcom.com. November 22, 2010. 
  39. ^ "Broadcom.com". Broadcom.com. 
  40. ^ / Broadcom Completes Acquisition of SC Square Ltd.[dead link]
  41. ^ "/ Broadcom Enters Agreement to Acquire BroadLight". Broadcom.com. 
  42. ^ Broadcom snags BroadLogic. Cedmagazine.com (2013-01-30). Retrieved on 2013-12-08.

External links[edit]