British Museum tube station

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British Museum
Location
PlaceHolborn
Local authorityCamden
History
Opened byCentral London Railway
Platforms2
Key datesOpened 30 July 1900
Closed 24 September 1933
Replaced byHolborn
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British Museum
Location
PlaceHolborn
Local authorityCamden
History
Opened byCentral London Railway
Platforms2
Key datesOpened 30 July 1900
Closed 24 September 1933
Replaced byHolborn
Portal icon London Transport portal

British Museum was a station on the London Underground, located in Holborn, central London. It was latterly served by the Central line and took its name from the nearby British Museum in Great Russell Street.

The station was opened by the Central London Railway in 1900. In 1933, with the expansion of Holborn station, less than 100 yards away, British Museum station was permanently closed. It was subsequently utilised as a military office and command post, but in 1989 the surface building was demolished and the remainder of the station is wholly disused.

History[edit]

British Museum station was opened on 30 July 1900 by the Central London Railway (CLR; now the Central line), with its entrance located at No. 133, High Holborn (now a building society), near the junction with New Oxford Street.[1] In December 1906, Holborn station was opened by the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway (GNP&BR; now the Piccadilly line) less than 100 yards away. Despite being built and operated by separate companies, it was common for the underground railways to plan routes and locate stations so that interchanges could be easily formed between services. This had been done by other lines connecting with the CLR stations at Oxford Circus and Tottenham Court Road, but an interchange station was not initially constructed between the GNP&BR and the CLR because the tunnel alignment to British Museum station would not have been suitable for the GNP&BR's route to its Strand station (later renamed Aldwych). The junction between High Holborn and the newly constructed Kingsway was also a more prominent location for a station than that chosen by the CLR.

British Museum station featured on an old version of the Tube map

The possibility of an underground passageway was initially mooted, but the idea suffered from the complexity of tunneling between the stations. Holborn station was, in any case, better situated than British Museum, as it had better tram connections (Holborn had a stop on the now defunct Kingsway tramway subway). A proposal to enlarge the tunnels under High Holborn to create new platforms at Holborn station for the CLR and to abandon the British Museum station was originally included in a private bill submitted to parliament by the CLR in November 1913,[2] although the First World War prevented any work taking place. The works were eventually carried out as part of the modernisation of Holborn station at the beginning of the 1930s when escalators were installed in place of lifts. British Museum station was duly closed on 24 September 1933, with the new platforms at Holborn opening the following day.[1]

A building society now occupies the site of the former British Museum station

British Museum station was subsequently re-used up to the 1960s as a military administrative office and emergency command post, but it is now wholly disused. It can no longer be accessed from street level and the surface station building was demolished in 1989. The platforms have been removed, thus lowering the entire tunnel floor to track level. This portion of the eastbound tunnel is now used by engineers to store sleepers and other parts of track, which can be seen from passing trains.

In popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Rose, Douglas (1999). The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History. Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-219-4. 
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28776. pp. 8539–8541. 25 November 1913. Retrieved 2007-09-18.
  3. ^ "London Underground Ghosts - British Museum Station". www.ghost-story.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2012-04-25. Retrieved 2 May 2013. 

External links[edit]

Preceding station Underground no-text.svg London Underground Following station
Central line

Coordinates: 51°31′03″N 0°07′22″W / 51.51750°N 0.12278°W / 51.51750; -0.12278