British Columbia Highway 5

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Highway 5 shield

Highway 5
Southern Yellowhead Highway
Coquihalla Highway
Route information
Length:524 km (326 mi)
Existed:1941 – present
Major junctions
South end: BC 3 near Hope
  BC 5A / BC 8 / BC 97C in Merritt
BC 1 / BC 97 in Kamloops
BC 5A in Kamloops
BC 24 in Little Fort
North end: BC 16 near Tête Jaune Cache
Location
Major cities:Hope
Merritt
Kamloops
Highway system

British Columbia provincial highways

BC 4BC 5A
 
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Highway 5 shield

Highway 5
Southern Yellowhead Highway
Coquihalla Highway
Route information
Length:524 km (326 mi)
Existed:1941 – present
Major junctions
South end: BC 3 near Hope
  BC 5A / BC 8 / BC 97C in Merritt
BC 1 / BC 97 in Kamloops
BC 5A in Kamloops
BC 24 in Little Fort
North end: BC 16 near Tête Jaune Cache
Location
Major cities:Hope
Merritt
Kamloops
Highway system

British Columbia provincial highways

BC 4BC 5A

Highway 5 is a north-south route in southern British Columbia, Canada. It connects the southern Trans-Canada route (Highway 1) with the northern Yellowhead route (Highway 16), providing the shortest land connection between Vancouver and Edmonton. It is 524 km (326 mi) in total length. The portion of Highway 5 south of Kamloops is also known as the Coquihalla Highway, while its northern portion is known as the Southern Yellowhead Highway. The Coquihalla section was a toll road until 2008.

A plaque commemorating the opening of the Coquihalla Highway in Hope, British Columbia.

The current Highway 5 is not the first highway in B.C. to have this designation. Between 1941 and 1953, the section of present-day Highway 97 and Highway 97A between Kaleden, just north of Osoyoos, and Salmon Arm was Highway 5. In 1953, the '5' designation was moved to the route designated today as Highway 5A to the south of Kamloops, and its current route north of Kamloops. In 1986, Highway 5 was re-routed to its present alignment between Hope and Merritt. The direct route between Merritt and Kamloops was completed in 1987. The total cost for the highway between Hope and Merritt was approximately $848 million.[1]

South of Kamloops, Highway 5 is known as the Coquihalla Highway (colloquially "the Coke"), and is a 186 km (116 mi)-long freeway, varying between four and six lanes and having a posted speed limit of 110 km/h (68 mph). The route that the Coquihalla follows through the Cascade Mountains is approximately the same route traced out by the former Kettle Valley Railway, which existed on this route between 1912 and 1958. It is so-named because it generally follows the Coquihalla River for about 60 km (37 mi) near Hope and also uses the Coquihalla Pass.

In 2003, Premier Gordon Campbell announced that his Liberal government was going to turn over the operation and maintenance of the Coquihalla, as well as the toll revenue, to a private operator. The public and numerous businesses in the Interior of British Columbia were strongly opposed to this plan, so the provincial government shelved it three months after its announcement.

On September 26, 2008, the provincial government lifted the Coquihalla tolls permanently, effective 1:00 pm that day.[1][2] The toll station and signs have since been dismantled.[3]

Although the Yellowhead Highway system is considered part of the Trans-Canada Highway network, the Highway 5 segment is not marked as such.

Contents

Route details[edit]

Great Bear snow shed, approaching from the North.
Yellowhead Highway 5, southbound

Highway 5 begins in the south at its junction with Highway 3 at an uninhabited location known as "Othello," 7 km (4 mi) east of Hope (named after a nearby siding on the Kettle Valley Railway, which used many Shakespearean names). The exit numbers on the Coquihalla are a continuation of those on Highway 1 west of Hope. The speed limit on the Coquihalla Highway south of Merritt is 110 km/h. 35 km (22 mi) north of Othello, after passing through five interchanges, Highway 5 reaches the Great Bear snow shed, a landmark on the route. 13 km (8 mi) north of the snow shed, after passing through another interchange and the 1244 m (4,147 ft) Coquihalla Pass, Highway 5 reaches the former toll booth; it was the only highway in British Columbia to have tolls. The toll for a typical passenger vehicle on the highway was C$10. The toll has been removed, and is free to drive. At the Coquihalla Lakes junction, the highway crosses from the Fraser Valley Regional District into the Thompson-Nicola Regional District. 61 km (38 mi) and five interchanges north of the former toll plaza, the Coquihalla enters the city of Merritt at its south junction with Highway 5A and Highway 97C.

This diagram illustrates the wrong-way concurrency between Highways 5 and 97 through Kamloops. Example of road sign

Highway 5 then goes 4 km (2½ mi) through the eastern area of Merritt before reaching its northern junction with Highway 5A. The Coquihalla has three more interchanges and one mountain pass, the Surrey Lake Summit, in its remaining 72 km (45 mi) between Merritt and its end at a junction with Highways 1 and 97 within the Afton area of Kamloops. Highway 5 continues east for 7 km (4 mi) concurrent with Highways 1 and 97 through Kamloops. This stretch of road, which carries 97 South and 5 North on the same lanes (and vice versa), is the only wrong-way concurrency in British Columbia.

After separating from Highways 1 and 97, Highway 5 proceeds north for approximately 19 km (12 mi), temporarily leaving Kamloops city limits as a four-lane highway, before re-entering the city at the Rayleigh community and continuing north. It becomes a two-lane highway at Heffley Creek and the exit to Sun Peaks resorts, both of which indicate the final northern boundary of Kamloops.

Highway 5 follows the North Thompson River north from Heffley Creek for approximately 54 km (34 mi), along a parallel course with a branch of the Canadian National Railway, passing through Barriere, to a junction with Highway 24 at Little Fort. 30 km (19 mi) north of Little Fort, while continuing to follow the North Thompson and the CN Railway, Highway 5 reaches the community of Clearwater. It proceeds northeast for another 107 km (67 mi), passing Vavenby en route, to the community of Blue River, and then 109 km (68 mi) further north through the Columbia Mountains, crossing into the Regional District of Fraser-Fort George along the way, passing by the community of Valemount to its northern terminus at Tête Jaune Cache, where it meets Highway 16.

Exit list[edit]

From south to north, the following intersections are observed along Highway 5:[4]

Regional districtLocationkmMileExitDestinationsNotes
Freeway and exit numbers handed off from Highway 1 from Vancouver (Trans-Canada Highway)
Fraser Valley
Hope170 BC 1 east (Trans-Canada Highway) – Lytton, Cache CreekContinuation beyond exit 177
1713rd AvenueWestbound exit only
173Old Hope-Princeton WayNo westbound entrance
Othello0.00.0177 BC 3 east (Crowsnest Highway) – Princeton, Penticton, Osoyoos
Nicolum River Bridge
Coquihalla River Bridge
6.23.9183Othello Road, Kawkawa Lake
 15.29.4192Sowaqua Creek Road
 19.011.8195Carolin Mines Road
 Ladner Creek Bridge
 23.414.5200Shylock RoadSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
 24.415.2202PortiaNo southbound exit
 Great Bear Snowshed
 38.423.9217Zopkios rest area
 44.227.5221Falls Lake Road
 Coquihalla Summit (1244 m)
 Dry Gulch Bridge
Thompson-Nicola
 50.331.3228Coquihalla Lakes Road, Britton Creek Rest Area
 54.734.0231Mine Creek Road (U-turn)Southbound exit and northbound entrance
 61.238.0238Juliet Creek Road, Murray Lake Road, Coldwater River Provincial Park
 Larson Creek Bridge
 72.445.0250Larson Hill, Fig Lake Road, Brodie Siding Road
Kingsvale79.249.2256Coldwater Road
 99.361.7276Comstock Road
Merritt286 BC 5A / BC 8 / BC 97C north (Nicola Avenue) – Spences Bridge, Logan Lake
BC 5A / BC 97C east (Okanagan Connector) – Princeton, Kelowna
Bridge over Nicola River
290 BC 5A (Voght Street) – Quilchena, Kamloops
 315Helmer Road
 Surrey Lake Summit (1444 m)
Lac Le Jeune336 BC 97D south (Meadow Creek Road) / Lac Le Jeune Road – Logan Lake
 355Inks Lake Road
Kamloops362 BC 1 west (Trans-Canada Highway) / BC 97 north – Cache Creek, Lytton, Vancouver, Prince George
South end of Hwy 1/Hwy 97 overlap
366Copperhead Drive, Lac le Jeune Road
367Pacific Way
368 BC 5A south (Hillside Avenue) – Merritt
369Columbia Street W, Notre Dame Drive, Kamloops City CentreEastbound exit and westbound entrance
370Notre Dame Drive, Summit Drive, Kamloops City CentreWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
374 BC 1 east (Trans-Canada Highway) / BC 97 south – Vernon, Salmon Arm, Golden, CalgaryHighway 5 exits freeway, Hwy 1 continues freeway and exit numbers
North end of Hwy 1/Hwy 97 overlap
 Yellowhead Bridge over South Thompson River
Highway 5 continues toward Clearwater, Valemount as 2/4 lane highway
  •       Concurrency terminus
  •       Closed/former
  •       HOV only
  •       Incomplete access
  •       Tolled/ETC
  •       Unopened

Name[edit]

Kw'ikw'iya:la (Coquihalla) in the Halq'emeylem language of the Stó:lō, is a place name meaning "stingy container". It refers specifically to a fishing rock near the mouth of what is now known as the Coquihalla River. This rock is a good platform for spearing salmon. According to Stó:lō oral history, the skw'exweq (water babies, underwater people) who inhabit a pool close by the rock, would swim out and pull the salmon off the spears, allowing only certain fisherman to catch the salmon.[5]

The route is also often referred to simply as "The Coke." A popular song by country singer Corb Lund, entitled "Hurtin' Albertan", makes reference to this, with the lyric "...there's good weather up on the Coke."

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Tolls taken off Coquihalla
  2. ^ Premier Announces End of Tolls
  3. ^ Coquihalla Tollbooths Demolished
  4. ^ Highway 5 Exits at BC Ministry of Transportation web site
  5. ^ B.C. Ministry of Transportation - Coquihalla Rates and Information