Brielle, New Jersey

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Brielle, New Jersey
—  Borough  —
Motto: "A Community By the River"[1]
Map of Brielle in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Monmouth County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Brielle, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°06′18″N 74°03′46″W / 40.105062°N 74.062755°W / 40.105062; -74.062755Coordinates: 40°06′18″N 74°03′46″W / 40.105062°N 74.062755°W / 40.105062; -74.062755
CountryUnited States
StateNew Jersey
CountyMonmouth
IncorporatedJune 3, 1919
Government[2]
 • TypeBorough (New Jersey)
 • MayorThomas B. Nicol (term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Administrator / ClerkThomas F. Nolan[4]
Area[5]
 • Total2.375 sq mi (6.151 km2)
 • Land1.757 sq mi (4.550 km2)
 • Water0.618 sq mi (1.601 km2)  26.02%
Elevation[6]20 ft (6 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total4,774
 • Density2,717.5/sq mi (1,049.2/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code08730[10]
Area code(s)732/848
FIPS code3402507750[11][5][12]
GNIS feature ID0885170[13][5]
Websitehttp://www.briellenj.com/
 
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Brielle, New Jersey
—  Borough  —
Motto: "A Community By the River"[1]
Map of Brielle in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Monmouth County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Brielle, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°06′18″N 74°03′46″W / 40.105062°N 74.062755°W / 40.105062; -74.062755Coordinates: 40°06′18″N 74°03′46″W / 40.105062°N 74.062755°W / 40.105062; -74.062755
CountryUnited States
StateNew Jersey
CountyMonmouth
IncorporatedJune 3, 1919
Government[2]
 • TypeBorough (New Jersey)
 • MayorThomas B. Nicol (term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Administrator / ClerkThomas F. Nolan[4]
Area[5]
 • Total2.375 sq mi (6.151 km2)
 • Land1.757 sq mi (4.550 km2)
 • Water0.618 sq mi (1.601 km2)  26.02%
Elevation[6]20 ft (6 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total4,774
 • Density2,717.5/sq mi (1,049.2/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code08730[10]
Area code(s)732/848
FIPS code3402507750[11][5][12]
GNIS feature ID0885170[13][5]
Websitehttp://www.briellenj.com/

Brielle is a Borough located in southern Monmouth County, New Jersey along the Manasquan River. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough population was 4,774,[7][8][9] reflecting a decline of 119 (-2.4%) from the 4,893 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 487 (+11.1%) from the 4,406 counted in the 1990 Census.[14]

Brielle was formed as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 10, 1919, from portions of Wall Township, based on the results of a referendum passed on June 3, 1919.[15]

Contents

Geography

Brielle welcome sign at the border with Manasquan on Union Avenue.

Brielle is located at 40°06′18″N 74°03′46″W / 40.105062°N 74.062755°W / 40.105062; -74.062755 (40.105062,-74.062755). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 2.375 square miles (6.151 km2), of which, 1.757 square miles (4.550 km2) of it is land and 0.618 square miles (1.601 km2) of it (26.02%) is water.[5][16]

Brielle is bordered to the north and east by the borough of Manasquan, to the west by Wall Township and to the south by the borough of Point Pleasant Beach across the Manasquan River. Route 35 runs through the middle of the town and Route 70 runs along its western edge.

The town is primarily a residential community of single homes, with a few condominiums; there are almost no undeveloped lots of land left. There are several businesses located along Union Avenue and Higgins Avenue and some marinas along the Manasquan River. Ripley's Believe It or Not! once stated that Brielle has "16 bars and no churches".[17] It currently has one church, The Church in Brielle (formerly the Dutch Reformed Church) and several restaurants that have a liquor license, but no true bars. There is also a 140 acres (0.57 km2) 18 hole Manasquan River Golf Club.

The town has approximately 6.4 kilometers (4.0 mi) of waterfront along the Manasquan River, Glimmerglass, and Debbie's Creek, all of which are salt water and tidal. Brielle's borders extend to an 8-acre (32,000 m2) island in the Manasquan River.

History

Archaeological excavations along what is now Birch Drive reveal temporary Lenape Native American settlements. The Lenape practiced farming in other parts of Monmouth County much of the year, and they visited this wooded area for hunting and fishing.

The area was originally part of Shrewsbury Township and the first settlers were primarily farmers, and the area became known as Union Landing. In colonial times, salt was an important preservative, and before the American Revolutionary War, most of it was imported from Great Britain. The Union Salt Works opened around the outbreak of the war, and on April 5, 1778, several British Loyalists attacked and burned the salt works and other buildings. A year later, the salt works reopened and continued to operate through the duration of the war.

Early in the 19th century, Shrewsbury Township was divided, and the area became part of Howell Township which was further divided in 1851, when the area became part of Wall Township. On July 7, 1881, a group of businessmen purchased several acres of land and formed the Brielle Land Association with the intention of building vacation homes. The quaint riverside charm of the area reminded one of the developers of another pastoral town on a river which he had visited, Brielle, in the Netherlands.[18]

Demographics

Historical populations
CensusPop.
1920392
193068474.5%
194096140.5%
19501,32838.2%
19602,61997.2%
19703,59437.2%
19804,06813.2%
19904,4068.3%
20004,89311.1%
20104,774−2.4%
Population sources:1920-1930[19]
1930-1990[20] 2000[21] 2010[7][8][9]

Census 2010

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,774 people, 1,805 households, and 1,336 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,717.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,049.2 /km2). There were 2,034 housing units at an average density of 1,157.8 per square mile (447.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 94.64% (4,518) White, 2.53% (121) African American, 0.10% (5) Native American, 0.94% (45) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.46% (22) from other races, and 1.32% (63) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.18% (152) of the population.[7]

There were 1,805 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.4% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.0% were non-families. 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.13.[7]

In the borough the age distribution of the population shows 26.1% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 18.7% from 25 to 44, 32.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.9 years. For every 100 females there were 97.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $98,419 (with a margin of error of +/- $10,635) and the median family income was $108,818 (+/- $11,831). Males had a median income of $84,568 (+/- $8,259) versus $53,041 (+/- $4,411) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $45,445 (+/- $5,694). About 0.0% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.0% of those under age 18 and 2.9% of those age 65 or over.[22]

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census[11] there were 4,893 people, 1,938 households, and 1,414 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,754.4 people per square mile (1,061.3/km2). There were 2,123 housing units at an average density of 1,195.1 per square mile (460.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 93.05% White, 3.52% African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 1.61% from other races, and 1.08% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.31% of the population.[21][23]

There were 1,938 households out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.0% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 23.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.00.[21]

In the borough the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 29.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.[21]

The median income for a household in the borough was $178,368, and the median income for a family was $172,867. Males had a median income of $98,828 versus $72,156 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $105,785. About 2.6% of families and 3.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.9% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.[21]

Government

Local government

Brielle Borough Hall, at the corner of Union Avenue and Union Lane.

Brielle is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The government consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at large. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year.[2]

As of 2012, the Mayor of the Borough of Brielle is Thomas B. Nicol. Members of the Brielle Borough Council are Council President John V. Visceglia, Frank A. Garruzzo, Cort Gorham, Paul K. Nolan, Ann D. Scott and Timothy A. Shaak.[24]

Federal, state, and county representation

Brielle is in the 4th Congressional district[25] and is part of New Jersey's 30th state legislative district.[8][26] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Brielle had been in 11th state legislative district.[25]

New Jersey's Fourth Congressional District is represented by Christopher Smith (R). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken).

The 30th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Robert Singer (R, Lakewood Township) and in the General Assembly by Sean T. Kean (R, Wall Township) and Dave Rible (R, Wall Township).[27] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[28] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[29]

Monmouth County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members who are elected at-large to serve three year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting, the board selects one of its members to serve as Director and another as Deputy Director. [30] As of 2012, Monmouth County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director John P. Curley (R, Middletown Township; 2012),[31] Freeholder Deputy Director Thomas A. Arnone (R, Neptune City; 2013),[32] Lillian G. Burry (R, Colts Neck Township; 2014),[33] Serena DiMaso (R, Holmdel Township; 2013)[34] and Gary J. Rich, Sr. (R, Spring Lake; 2014).[35][36][37]

Education

Brielle Elementary School.

The Brielle School District serves public school students in pre-kindergarten through eighth grade. Brielle Elementary School had an enrollment of 729 students in the 2009–10 school year.[38]

For grades 9–12, public school students attend Manasquan High School in Manasquan, as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Manasquan Public Schools.[39]

The Brielle Public Library, which is located at 610 South Street, claims to have been the first library in New Jersey to have offered public access to the Internet.[40]

Transportation

New Jersey Transit provides bus transportation to Philadelphia on the 317 route and local service on the 830 route.[41]

Notable people

Notable current and former residents of Brielle include:

References

  1. ^ "Borough of Brielle, New Jersey". Borough of Brielle, New Jersey. http://www.briellenj.com/. Retrieved August 10, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 58.
  3. ^ 2012 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, dated August 9, 2012. Accessed October 25, 2012.
  4. ^ Borough Phone Directory, Borough of Brielle. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  5. ^ a b c d Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 17, 2012.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Brielle, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed September 5, 2011.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Brielle borough, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 13. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Brielle borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  10. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Brielle, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  11. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  12. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. accessed July 29, 2012.
  13. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  14. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  15. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 178. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  16. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  17. ^ Biese, Alex. "It's a Special Year", Asbury Park Press, April 26, 2007. Accessed July 29, 2012. "Fifty years ago, the borough of Brielle held a dubious distinction. 'There were 17 bars and no churches in Brielle,' said the Rev. Paul Walther, 57, of Brielle."
  18. ^ Martin, Patti. "BRIELLE Community spirit shines through", Asbury Park Press, November 28, 2003. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  19. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 717. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  20. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  21. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Brielle borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  22. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Brielle borough, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 21, 2012.
  23. ^ DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Brielle borough, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  24. ^ Brielle Mayor and Council, Borough of Brielle. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  25. ^ a b 2011 New Jersey Citizen’s Guide to Government, p. 55, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  26. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  27. ^ Legislative Roster 2012-2013 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 11, 2012.
  28. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. http://www.nj.gov/governor/about/. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  29. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. http://www.nj.gov/governor/lt/. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  30. ^ Monmouth County Government, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed April 2, 2012.
  31. ^ Freeholder Director John P. Curley, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed April 1, 2012.
  32. ^ Freeholder Deputy Director Thomas A. Arnone, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed April 1, 2012.
  33. ^ Freeholder Lillian G. Burry, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed April 1, 2012.
  34. ^ Freeholder Serena DiMaso, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed April 1, 2012.
  35. ^ Freeholder Gary J. Rich Sr., Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed April 1, 2012.
  36. ^ Board of Chosen Freeholders, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed April 1, 2012.
  37. ^ Staff. "Curley named director of Monmouth freeholders", Tri-Town News, January 19, 2012. Accessed April 2, 2012. "John P. Curley took the reins of the Monmouth County Board of Freeholders on Jan. 5 at Monmouth County’s annual Organization Day held at Biotechnology High School, Freehold Township, pledging to hold the line on spending and provide more oversight over county government... Freeholders Lillian G. Burry and Gary J. Rich Sr. were sworn in to office on Jan. 5. Burry begins her third three-year term; for Rich, it is his first.... Freeholder Thomas A. Arnone was selected to serve as deputy director of the board.... On Jan. 14, Monmouth County Republican representatives elected Holmdel Township Committeewoman Serena DiMaso to take Clifton’s seat. Republicans have 5-0 control of the freeholder board."
  38. ^ Data for the Brielle Elementary School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed July 1, 2011.
  39. ^ Brielle School District 2010 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed July 29, 2012. "Brielle Borough is a shore residential community covering 1.78 square miles in Monmouth County, New Jersey. The Board of Education maintains one school in a K-8 district. Students in grades 9 through 12 attend Manasquan High School."
  40. ^ Brielle Public Library, Borough of Brielle
  41. ^ Monmouth County Bus / Rail connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 26, 2010. Accessed August 5, 2012.
  42. ^ Borowski, Greg. "Ideals bind history major to urban policing; City's next chief cherishes duel with civic problems", Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, January 6, 2008. Accessed August 10, 2012. "Flynn grew up in Brielle, N.J., a shore town about 60 south of New York City.... Education was at St. Catherine's School in nearby Spring Lake, then Christian Brothers Academy for high school, graduating in 1966."
  43. ^ Angermiller, Michele Amabile. "Skrillex Scares Dolphins, Draws Revelers to Seaside Bamboozle Fest; The electronic artist's set concerned oceanographers, who feared the musical bombast would affect dolphins.", The Hollywood Reporter, May 19, 2012. Accessed July 29, 2012. "The night was a homecoming for many of the artists. Incubus bassist Ben Kenney hails from Brielle, N.J."
  44. ^ Geiser, John. "Jaws", Asbury Park Press, June 15, 2001. Accessed January 1, 2001. "Capt Frank Mundus the legendary shark hunter who once lived in Brielle and fished in Shore area waters for sharks..."
  45. ^ Article lists Brielle as home and William Rae as father."Monmouth County Army Casualties". Red Bank Register (Red Bank, New Jersey): p. 2. 1945-03-29. Vol. LXVII., No. 40. http://209.212.22.88/data/rbr/1940-1949/1945/1945.03.29.pdf. Retrieved 2011-01-01. 
  46. ^ Staff. "EX-ACTOR KILLED IN ACTION; Sgt. Nelson Rae an Army Casualty in Belgium, Parents Learn", The New York Times, January 27, 1945. Accessed July 29, 2012. "BRIELLE, NJ, Jan. 26-Sgt. Nelson Rae, former radio and musical comedy player who was last featured as a vocalist in the Broadway production of Pal Joey, has been killed in action on the Belgian front, according to a War Department message received here by his parents, Mr. and Mrs. William Rae, today."

External links