List of bridges and tunnels in New York City

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The Manhattan and Brooklyn bridges on the East River, 1981

New York City is home to over 2,000 bridges and tunnels. Several agencies manage this network of crossings, including the New York City Department of Transportation, Metropolitan Transportation Authority, Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, New York State Department of Transportation and Amtrak.

Nearly all of the city's major bridges, and several of its tunnels, have broken or set records. The Holland Tunnel was the world's first vehicular tunnel when it opened in 1927. The Brooklyn Bridge, Williamsburg Bridge, George Washington Bridge, and Verrazano–Narrows Bridge were the world's longest suspension bridges when opened in 1883,[1] 1903,[2] 1931,[3] and 1964[4] respectively.


New York's crossings date back to 1693, when its first bridge, known as the King's Bridge, was constructed over Spuyten Duyvil Creek between Manhattan and the Bronx, located in the present-day Kingsbridge neighborhood. The bridge, composed of stone abutments and a timber deck, was demolished in 1917. The oldest crossing still standing is High Bridge which connects Manhattan to the Bronx over the Harlem River.[5] This bridge was built to carry water to the city as part of the Croton Aqueduct system.

Ten bridges and one tunnel serving the city have been awarded some level of landmark status. The Holland Tunnel was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1993 in recognition of its pioneering role as the first mechanically ventilated vehicular underwater tunnel, operating since 1927. The George Washington, High Bridge, Hell Gate, Queensboro, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Macombs Dam, Carroll Street, University Heights and Washington bridges have all received landmark status as well.[5]

New York features bridges of all lengths and types, carrying everything from cars, trucks and subway trains to pedestrians and bicycles. The George Washington Bridge, spanning the Hudson River between New York City and Fort Lee, New Jersey, is the world's busiest bridge in terms of vehicular traffic.[6][7] The George Washington Bridge, Verrazano Narrows Bridge and the Brooklyn Bridge are considered among the most beautiful in the world. Others are more well known for their functional importance such as the Williamsburg Bridge which has two heavy rail transit tracks, eight traffic lanes and a pedestrian sidewalk.

Bridges by water body[edit]

East River[edit]

J train on the Williamsburg Bridge

From south to north:

NameOpening yearLengthComments
Brooklyn Bridge18831,825 metres (5,988 ft)Oldest suspension bridge. Also oldest suspension/cable-stayed hybrid bridge.
Manhattan Bridge19092,089 metres (6,854 ft)(B D N Q trains)
Williamsburg Bridge19032,227.48 metres (7,308.0 ft)(J M Z trains)
Ed Koch Queensboro Bridge19091,135 metres (3,724 ft)NY-25
Also known as 59th Street Bridge
Roosevelt Island Bridge1955876.91 metres (2,877.0 ft)East channel only
Robert F. Kennedy Bridge (Suspension Bridge)1936850 metres (2,790 ft)I-278
Formerly known as the Triborough Bridge
Hell Gate Bridge19165,181.6 metres (17,000 ft)Rail only (Northeast Corridor/New York Connecting Railroad)
Rikers Island Bridge19661,280.16 metres (4,200.0 ft)Only connects Rikers Island to Queens
Bronx–Whitestone Bridge19391,149.10 metres (3,770.0 ft)I-678
Throgs Neck Bridge1961886.97 metres (2,910.0 ft)I-295

Harlem River[edit]

Wards Island Bridge in "open" position

From south to north, east to west:

NameOpening yearLengthComments
Wards Island Bridge1951285.6 metres (937 ft)Pedestrians and bicycles only
Robert F. Kennedy Bridge (Vertical-Lift Bridge)1936230 metres (750 ft)Formerly known as the Triborough Bridge
Willis Avenue Bridge1901979 metres (3,212 ft)Northbound traffic only
Third Avenue Bridge1898853.44 metres (2,800.0 ft)Southbound traffic only
Park Avenue Bridge1954100 metres (330 ft)Metro-North only
Madison Avenue Bridge1910577 metres (1,893 ft)
145th Street Bridge1905489 metres (1,604 ft)
Macombs Dam Bridge1895774 metres (2,539 ft)
High Bridge1848600 metres (2,000 ft)Oldest surviving bridge in New York City; Currently closed for repairs.
Alexander Hamilton Bridge1963724 metres (2,375 ft)I-95 US-1
Washington Bridge1888723.9 metres (2,375 ft)
University Heights Bridge190882 metres (269 ft)
Broadway Bridge1962170.08 metres (558.0 ft)Also known as Harlem Ship Canal Bridge
(1 train)
Henry Hudson Bridge1936673 metres (2,208 ft)Henry Hudson Parkway
Spuyten Duyvil Bridge1899186 metres (610 ft)Rail only

Hudson River[edit]

George Washington Bridge, spanning the Hudson River between New York City and New Jersey. Historic American Engineering Record photo
Verrazano-Narrows Bridge
NameOpening yearLengthComments
George Washington Bridge19311,450.85 metres (4,760.0 ft)I-95, US-1, US-9 US-46
Handles 280,718 vehicles per day (2010)[8]

New York Bay[edit]

NameOpening yearLengthComments
Verrazano-Narrows Bridge19642,039.1 metres (6,690 ft)I-278

Newtown Creek[edit]

Borden Avenue, Long Island City
NameOpening yearLengthComments
Kosciuszko Bridge19391,835 metres (6,020 ft)I-278
Pulaski Bridge1954860 metres (2,820 ft)McGuinness Boulevard
J. J. Byrne Memorial Bridge1987[9]55 metres (180 ft)a.k.a. Greenpoint Avenue Bridge; Greenpoint Avenue
Grand Street Bridge1903[9]69.2 metres (227 ft)Grand Avenue
Metropolitan Avenue Bridge1933[9]33.8 metres (111 ft)Grand Street and Metropolitan Avenue; crosses English Kills, a tributary of Newtown Creek[9]


The Bronx[edit]

NameOpening yearLengthComments
Bronx Kill
Robert F. Kennedy Bridge (Truss bridge)1936490 metres (1,610 ft)I-278
Formerly known as the Triborough Bridge
Hutchinson River (heading downriver)
Eastchester BridgeUS-1
Pelham Bridge1908272 metres (892 ft)Shore Road
Hutchinson River Parkway Bridge1941205 metres (673 ft)Hutchinson River Parkway
Westchester Creek
Unionport Bridge1953160.3 metres (526 ft)Bruckner Boulevard
Bronx River
Eastern Boulevard Bridge1953193.2 metres (634 ft)I-278
Pelham Bay
City Island Bridge1901290 metres (950 ft)City Island Avenue


Ninth Street Bridge, spanning Gowanus Canal in Brooklyn.
NameOpening yearLengthComments
Gowanus Canal
Union Street Bridge1905[10]Union Street
Carroll Street Bridge1889[10]Carroll Street; New York City Designated Landmark and one of four retractable bridges in the country[11]
Third Street Bridge1905[10]Third Street
Ninth Street Bridge1999[10]Ninth Street
Culver Viaduct1938[12]IND Culver Line (F G trains)
Hamilton Avenue Bridge1942[10]I-278 service road
Gowanus Expressway1941[13]I-278
Mill Basin
Mill Basin BridgeBelt Parkway
Rockaway Inlet (Brooklyn and Queens)
Marine Parkway–Gil Hodges Memorial Bridge19371226 mFlatbush Avenue


NameOpening yearLengthComments
Dutch Kills
Borden Avenue Bridge1908[9]Borden Avenue; one of four retractable bridges in the country[11]
Hunters Point Avenue Bridge1910[9]Hunters Point Avenue
Jamaica Bay
Cross Bay Veterans Memorial Bridge1970Cross Bay Boulevard
The Joseph P. Addabbo Memorial BridgeCross Bay Boulevard
North Channel Swing Bridge(A train)
Not actually a movable bridge.
Howard Beach to Broad Channel.
Beach Channel Drawbridge(A S trains)
Broad Channel to The Rockaways
102nd Street BridgeConnecting Hamilton Beach at Russell Street with Howard Beach, also known as "Lenihan's Bridge".
Hawtree Creek Bridge163rd Avenue and 99th Street in Howard Beach across to Hamilton Beach at Rau Court and Davenport Court
Rockaway Inlet (Brooklyn and Queens)
Marine Parkway-Gil Hodges Memorial Bridge19371226 m

Staten Island[edit]

NameOpening yearLengthComments
Arthur Kill
Goethals Bridge19282164.08 mI-278
Arthur Kill Vertical Lift Bridge1959170.08 mCSX and M&E rail lines
Outerbridge Crossing19283093 mNJ 440/NY 440
Kill Van Kull
Bayonne Bridge19311761.74 mNY 440/NJ 440


Each of the tunnels that run underneath the East and Hudson Rivers were marvels of engineering when first constructed. The Holland Tunnel is the oldest of the vehicular tunnels, opening to great fanfare in 1927 as the first mechanically ventilated underwater tunnel. The Queens Midtown Tunnel was opened in 1940 to relieve the congestion on the city's bridges. Each of its tubes were designed 1½ feet wider than the Holland Tunnel in order to accommodate the wider cars of the period. When the Hugh L. Carey Tunnel opened in 1950 as the Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel, it was the longest continuous underwater vehicular tunnel in the world, a title which it still holds. The Lincoln Tunnel has three tubes linking midtown Manhattan to New Jersey, a configuration which provides the flexibility to provide four lanes in one direction during rush-hour or three lanes in each direction.

All four underwater road tunnels were built by Ole Singstad: the Holland Tunnel's original chief engineer Clifford Milburn Holland died, as did his successor, Milton H. Freeman, after which Singstad became chief engineer, finishing the Holland Tunnel and then building the remaining tunnels.

East River[edit]

PATH train emerging from the Hudson tubes, into the Exchange Place station
Traveling through the Holland Tunnel, from Manhattan to Jersey City, New Jersey.

From south to north:

NameOpening yearLengthComments
Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel19502,779 m (9,117 ft)I-478
Joralemon Street Tunnel19082,709 m (8,888 ft)IRT Lexington Avenue Line (4 5 trains)
Montague Street Tunnel19202,136 m (7,009 ft)BMT Broadway Line (N R trains)
Clark Street Tunnel19191,800 m (5,900 ft)IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line (2 3 trains)
Cranberry Street Tunnel1933IND Eighth Avenue Line (A C trains)
Rutgers Street Tunnel1936IND Sixth Avenue Line (F train)
14th Street Tunnel1924BMT Canarsie Line (L train)
East River Tunnels19101,204 m (3,949 ft)part of the New York Tunnel Extension
Amtrak and Long Island Rail Road (Northeast Corridor)
Queens–Midtown Tunnel19401,955 m (6,414 ft)I-495
Steinway Tunnel1915IRT Flushing Line (7 <7> trains)
53rd Street Tunnel1933IND Queens Boulevard Line (E M trains)
60th Street Tunnel1920BMT Broadway Line (N Q R trains)
63rd Street Tunnel1989960 m (3,140 ft)upper level: IND 63rd Street Line (F train)
lower level: future LIRR to Grand Central Terminal

Harlem River[edit]

From south to north:

NameOpening yearLengthComments
Lexington Avenue Tunnel1918391 m (1,283 ft)IRT Lexington Avenue Line (4 5 6 <6> trains)
149th Street Tunnel1905195 m (641 ft)IRT White Plains Road Line (2 train)
Concourse Tunnel1933IND Concourse Line (B D trains)

Hudson River[edit]

From south to north:

NameOpening yearLengthComments
Downtown Hudson Tubes19091,720 m (5,650 ft)Montgomery-Cortlandt Tunnels
Port Authority Trans-Hudson
Holland Tunnel1955south tube: 2,551 m (8,371 ft)
north tube: 2,608 m (8,558 ft)
Uptown Hudson Tubes19081,700 m (5,500 ft)Hoboken-Morton Tunnels
Port Authority Trans-Hudson
North River Tunnels19101,900 m (6,100 ft)part of New York Tunnel Extension
Amtrak and New Jersey Transit (Northeast Corridor)
Lincoln Tunnelsouth tube: 1957
center tube: 1937
north tube: 1945
south tube: 2,440 m (8,006 ft)
center tube: 2,504 m (8,216 ft)
north tube: 2,281 m (7,482 ft)
NJ 495/I-495

Newtown Creek[edit]

NameOpening yearComments
Greenpoint Tube1933IND Crosstown Line (G train)

Other bridges and tunnels[edit]

Bridges and tunnels by use[edit]

The relative average number of inbound vehicles between 5 a.m. and 11 a.m. to Midtown and Lower Manhattan is:

  1. Queensboro Bridge: 31,000
  2. Lincoln Tunnel: 25,944
  3. Brooklyn Bridge: 22,241
  4. Williamsburg Bridge: 18,339
  5. Queens-Midtown Tunnel: 17,968
  6. Holland Tunnel: 16,257
  7. Brooklyn Battery Tunnel: 14,496
  8. Manhattan Bridge: 13,818

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "NYC DOT - Brooklyn Bridge". Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  2. ^ "NYC DOT - Williamsburg Bridge". Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  3. ^ "History - George Washington Bridge - The Port Authority of NY & NJ". Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  4. ^ "Verrazano-Narrows Bridge". Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  5. ^ a b "NYC DOT - Frequently Asked Questions about Bridges". Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  6. ^ "Port Authority of New York and New Jersey - George Washington Bridge". The Port Authority of New York & New Jersey. Retrieved September 13, 2013. 
  7. ^ Bod Woodruff, Lana Zak, and Stephanie Wash (November 20, 2012). "GW Bridge Painters: Dangerous Job on Top of the World's Busiest Bridge". ABC News. Retrieved September 13, 2013. 
  8. ^ "2008 NYSDOT Traffic Data Report". New York State Department of Transportation. Appendix C. Retrieved 2010-02-27. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f "Movable Bridges over Newtown Creek and its Tributaries". New York City. Retrieved 20 September 2013. 
  10. ^ a b c d e New York City Dept. of Transportation. "Bridges over the Gowanus Canal". New York City. Retrieved 20 September 2013. 
  11. ^ a b Berger, Joseph (May 13, 2013). "Antique Bridge Closed to Traffic While It’s Open for Repairs". New York Times. Retrieved 20 September 2013. 
  12. ^ McGill, John. "Underline: The Culver Viaduct". Urban Omnibus. Retrieved 20 September 2013. 
  13. ^ [1]

External links[edit]