Brazilian Highlands

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Brazilian Highlands
Region
Pedra da Mina.jpg
Pedra da Mina, a mountain in the state of São Paulo.
CountryBrazil
Borders onAmazon Basin & Rainforest (W & NW)
Atlantic coastal strip (SE)
PartsCaatinga, Cerrado, Pantanal
Highest pointPico da Bandeira
 - elevation2,891 m (9,485 ft)
 - coordinates22°28′S 45°00′W / 22.467°S 45.000°W / -22.467; -45.000
Length3,500 km (2,175 mi), SW x NE
Area5,000,000 km2 (1,930,511 sq mi)
Topographic map of Brazil
 
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Brazilian Highlands
Region
Pedra da Mina.jpg
Pedra da Mina, a mountain in the state of São Paulo.
CountryBrazil
Borders onAmazon Basin & Rainforest (W & NW)
Atlantic coastal strip (SE)
PartsCaatinga, Cerrado, Pantanal
Highest pointPico da Bandeira
 - elevation2,891 m (9,485 ft)
 - coordinates22°28′S 45°00′W / 22.467°S 45.000°W / -22.467; -45.000
Length3,500 km (2,175 mi), SW x NE
Area5,000,000 km2 (1,930,511 sq mi)
Topographic map of Brazil

The Brazilian Highlands or Brazilian Plateau (Portuguese: Planalto Brasileiro) are an extensive geographical region, covering most of the eastern, southern and central portions of Brazil, in all approximately half of the country's land area, or some 4,500,000 km² (1,930,511 sq mi). In addition, the vast majority of Brazil's population (190.755.799 2010 census) lives in the highlands or on the narrow coastal region immediately adjacent to it.

Ancient basaltic lava flows gave birth to much of the region. However, the time of dramatic geophysical activity is long past, as there is now no seismic or volcanic activity. Erosion has also played a large part in shaping the Highlands, forming extensive sedimentary deposits and wearing down the mountains.

The Brazilian Highlands are notable for the great diversity to be found there: within the region there are several different biomes, vastly different climatic conditions, many types of soil, and thousands of animal and plant species.

Major divisions[edit]

Due to their size and diversity, the Brazilian Highlands are usually divided into three main areas:

In addition to the plateau regions, several adjoining or enclosed mountain ranges are considered to be part of the Brazilian Highlands. Some of the most important are (from north to south):

The highest point of the Brazilian Highlands is the Pico da Bandeira in the Serra do Caparaó, which stands at 2,891 meters (9,485 ft).

See also[edit]