Boyle Heights is a working class, heavily Latino, youthful neighborhood of almost a hundred thousand residents east of Downtown Los Angeles in the City of Los Angeles . The district has more than twenty public schools and ten private schools. It has notable buildings and sites, and a number of notable people have lived in Boyle Heights or have been connected with it. Boyle Heights is not part of East Los Angeles, California.
Boyle Heights was once called Paredon Blanco (White Bluff) when California was part of Mexico.
Plan of Boyle Heights in 1877, with the Los Angeles River across the center and Los Angeles city in the background
Boyle Heights today Los Angeles Times
1950s In the 1950s, Boyle Heights was racially and ethnically diverse, with Jews, Latinos and Japanese Americans living in the neighborhood. Bruce Phillips, a sociologist who tracked Jewish communities across the United States, said that Jewish families did not leave Boyle Heights because of racism, but instead because of redlining and the construction of several freeways through the community; which led to the loss of many houses.
2000 As of the census of 2000, there were 92,785 people in the neighborhood, which was considered "not especially diverse" ethnically, with the racial identification of the neighborhood at 94.0% Latino, 2.3% Asian, 2.0% White (non-Hispanic), 0.9% African American, and 0.8% other races. The household median income was $33,235, low in comparison to the rest of the city. Its population was also one of the youngest in the city, with a median age of just 25.
2011 As of 2011, 95% of the community was Hispanic and Latino. The community had Mexican Americans, Mexican immigrants, and Central American ethnic residents. Hector Tobar of the Los Angeles Times said "The diversity that exists in Boyle Heights today is exclusively Latino".
From 1889 through 1909 the city was divided into nine wards. In 1899 a motion was introduced at the Ninth Ward Development Association to use the name Boyle Heights to apply to all the highlands of the Ninth Ward, including Brooklyn Heights, Euclid Heights and the aforementioned Boyle Heights.
Just 5% of Boyle Heights residents aged 25 and older had earned a four-year degree by 2000, a low percentage for the city and the county. The percentage of residents in that age range who had not earned a high school diploma was high for the county.
The schools within Boyle Heights are as follows:
^ Diversity "measures the probability that any two residents, chosen at random, would be of different ethnicities. If all residents are of the same ethnic group it's zero. If half are from one group and half from another it's .50." —Los Angeles Times