Boyle Heights, Los Angeles

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Boyle Heights
Neighborhood of Los Angeles
Breed Street Shul
Breed Street Shul
Boyle Heights, Los Angeles is located in Los Angeles
Boyle Heights
Location within Los Angeles
Coordinates: 34°02′02″N 118°12′16″W / 34.03389°N 118.20444°W / 34.03389; -118.20444
Government
 • City CouncilJosé Huizar
 • State AssemblyJohn Pérez (D)
 • State SenateGil Cedillo (D)
 • U.S. HouseLucille Roybal-Allard (D)
Area[1]
 • Total17 km2 (6.5 sq mi)
Population (2000)[1]
 • Total92,785
 • Density5,507/km2 (14,262/sq mi)
ZIP Code90023, 90033, 90063
Area code(s)213, 323
 
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Boyle Heights
Neighborhood of Los Angeles
Breed Street Shul
Breed Street Shul
Boyle Heights, Los Angeles is located in Los Angeles
Boyle Heights
Location within Los Angeles
Coordinates: 34°02′02″N 118°12′16″W / 34.03389°N 118.20444°W / 34.03389; -118.20444
Government
 • City CouncilJosé Huizar
 • State AssemblyJohn Pérez (D)
 • State SenateGil Cedillo (D)
 • U.S. HouseLucille Roybal-Allard (D)
Area[1]
 • Total17 km2 (6.5 sq mi)
Population (2000)[1]
 • Total92,785
 • Density5,507/km2 (14,262/sq mi)
ZIP Code90023, 90033, 90063
Area code(s)213, 323

Boyle Heights is a working class, heavily Latino, youthful neighborhood of almost a hundred thousand residents east of Downtown Los Angeles in the City of Los Angeles . The district has more than twenty public schools and ten private schools. It has notable buildings and sites, and a number of notable people have lived in Boyle Heights or have been connected with it. Boyle Heights is not part of East Los Angeles, California.

History[edit]

Boyle Heights was once called Paredon Blanco (White Bluff) when California was part of Mexico.[2]

Plan of Boyle Heights in 1877, with the Los Angeles River across the center
and Los Angeles city in the background
Boyle Heights today
Los Angeles Times

Population[edit]

1950s In the 1950s, Boyle Heights was racially and ethnically diverse, with Jews, Latinos and Japanese Americans living in the neighborhood. Bruce Phillips, a sociologist who tracked Jewish communities across the United States, said that Jewish families did not leave Boyle Heights because of racism, but instead because of redlining and the construction of several freeways through the community; which led to the loss of many houses.[3]

2000 As of the census of 2000, there were 92,785 people in the neighborhood, which was considered "not especially diverse" ethnically,[4] with the racial identification of the neighborhood at 94.0% Latino, 2.3% Asian, 2.0% White (non-Hispanic), 0.9% African American, and 0.8% other races. The household median income was $33,235, low in comparison to the rest of the city. Its population was also one of the youngest in the city, with a median age of just 25.[1]

2011 As of 2011, 95% of the community was Hispanic and Latino. The community had Mexican Americans, Mexican immigrants, and Central American ethnic residents. Hector Tobar of the Los Angeles Times said "The diversity that exists in Boyle Heights today is exclusively Latino".[3]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Central Health Center in Downtown Los Angeles, serving Boyle Heights.[5]

The United States Postal Service Boyle Heights Post Office is located at 2016 East 1st Street.[6]

From 1889 through 1909 the city was divided into nine wards. In 1899 a motion was introduced at the Ninth Ward Development Association to use the name Boyle Heights to apply to all the highlands of the Ninth Ward, including Brooklyn Heights, Euclid Heights and the aforementioned Boyle Heights.[7]

Education[edit]

Just 5% of Boyle Heights residents aged 25 and older had earned a four-year degree by 2000, a low percentage for the city and the county. The percentage of residents in that age range who had not earned a high school diploma was high for the county.[8]

Schools[edit]

The schools within Boyle Heights are as follows:[9]

Public[edit]

Private[edit]

Geography[edit]

Boyle Heights' relation to other places, not necessarily contiguous:

Notable places[edit]

Existing[edit]

Demolished[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

Politics[edit]

Sports[edit]

Arts and culture[edit]

Publishing[edit]

Other[edit]

  • Victor Manuel Lopez, former Guinness World Record holder[35]

Notable places[edit]

The Mariachi Plaza station, 2009, one of two underground stations in Boyle Heights
Hollenbeck Home for the Aged, 573 S Boyle Ave. Built in 1918, photo taken 1956.

Film and video[edit]

  • 1917 Nuts in May[36]
  • 1957 The Pajama Game[37]

See also[edit]

Latino communities

These were the ten cities or neighborhoods in Los Angeles County with the largest percentage of Latino residents, according to the 2000 census:[§ 1]

  1. ^ [1] "Latino," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Los Angeles Times Neighborhood Project". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-04-11. 
  2. ^ George J. Sanchez, "What's Good for Boyle Heights is Good for the Jews: Creating Multiculturalism on the Eastside during the 1950s," American Quarterly 56.3 (2004) 663-661
  3. ^ a b Tobar, Hector. "A look back at the Boyle Heights melting pot." Los Angeles Times. December 9, 2011. Retrieved on December 10, 2011.
  4. ^ [2] Diversity "measures the probability that any two residents, chosen at random, would be of different ethnicities. If all residents are of the same ethnic group it's zero. If half are from one group and half from another it's .50." —Los Angeles Times
  5. ^ "Central Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
  6. ^ "Post Office Location - BOYLE HEIGHTS." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 7, 2008.
  7. ^ "WHAT'S IN A NAME Ninth Ward Citizens Vote in Favor of Boyle Heights", "Los Angeles Herald" 24 May 1899
  8. ^ "Boyle Heights," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
  9. ^ [3] "Boyle Heights Schools," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
  10. ^ The City Project. "Historic - Cultural Monuments (HCM) Listing". Retrieved 9 September 2012. 
  11. ^ [4] Jewish Journal
  12. ^ Kevin Roderick, "Andelson Dies of AIDS; Gay Regent, Activist," Los Angeles Times, December 30, 1987
  13. ^ Dade Hayes, "Reward Offered in Sexual Assault Case," Los Angeles Times, April 24, 1997
  14. ^ Online Archive of California
  15. ^ An Unofficial Guide to Los Angeles County Law Enforcement and Fire Department History Through Photos, Badges, and Patches
  16. ^ Los Angeles Public Library reference file This file was compiled in 1937 by Works Progress Administration worker Clare Wallace from an interview with Dorsey on June 23 of that year and from newspaper articles.
  17. ^ Now part of North Cummings Street.[5] Location of the Oscar Macy home here on Mapping L.A.
  18. ^ "Southland Mourns Death of Edward Roybal," ABC-7 News
  19. ^ Devin Carroll, Brian Carroll and Wayne Raymond, Winfred and Mamie Sanborn (privately printed)
  20. ^ Rebecca Spence (2008-02-20). "L.A.'s Latino Mayor Welcomed as One of the Tribe". The Jewish Daily Forward. Retrieved 2009-06-03. 
  21. ^ Amy Klein, "Aliyah Perspectives," Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles, May 9, 2003
  22. ^ Los Angeles Times – January 29, 2011 Obituary
  23. ^ Franz Lidz, "Up and Down in Beverly Hills," Sports Illustrated, April 17, 2000
  24. ^ Yoli Martinez, "Iconic Hispanic Angelenos in History: Oscar Zeta Acosta", "KCET Departures" Oct 2, 2012
  25. ^ David Kamp "Live at the Whisky"
  26. ^ Tere Tereba "Mickey Cohen: The Life and Crimes of L.A.'s Notorious Mobster" ECW Press 2012
  27. ^ John Thurber "Norman Granz, 83; Visionary of the Jazz World Was Producer, Promoter and Social Conscience", "Los Angeles Times" November 24, 2001
  28. ^ [6] Lopez website
  29. ^ "LifeChums: Be Chums 4 Life"
  30. ^ Mary Melton, "Lens Master", "Los Angeles Magazine" Jan 1, 2009
  31. ^ Taboo; Steve Dennis (February 8, 2011). Fallin' Up: My Story. Touchstone. pp. 1, 3–4. ISBN 1-4391-9206-5. 
  32. ^ Dennis, Steve; Taboo (2011). Fallin' Up: My Story. New York City: Simon & Schuster. p. 56. Retrieved 2012-02-18. 
  33. ^ Will.i.am on Living in East Los Angeles | Exclusive Interview | NELA TV (Web video). Los Angeles, CA: egentertainment.net. 2011-02-17. 
  34. ^ Christian Comics Pioneers
  35. ^ [7]
  36. ^ Ted Okuda, James L. Neibaur "Stan Without Ollie: The Stan Laurel Solo Films, 1917-1927", McFarland, 2012
  37. ^ David Parkinson "The Rough Guide to Film Musicals", Rough Guides, 2007

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°02′02″N 118°12′16″W / 34.03389°N 118.20444°W / 34.03389; -118.20444