Bowie, Maryland

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Bowie, Maryland
City
City of Bowie
Old Town Bowie, as seen from the intersection of Maryland Route 564 and Chapel Avenue in January 2008
Old Town Bowie, as seen from the intersection of Maryland Route 564 and Chapel Avenue in January 2008
Official seal of Bowie, Maryland
Seal
Motto: "Growth, Unity and Progress"
Location of Bowie in the State of Maryland
Location of Bowie in the State of Maryland
Coordinates: 38°57′53″N 76°44′40″W / 38.96472°N 76.74444°W / 38.96472; -76.74444Coordinates: 38°57′53″N 76°44′40″W / 38.96472°N 76.74444°W / 38.96472; -76.74444
Country United States of America
State Maryland
County Prince George's
Incorporated1916
Government
 • MayorG. Frederick Robinson
Area[1]
 • Total18.51 sq mi (47.94 km2)
 • Land18.43 sq mi (47.73 km2)
 • Water0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)
Elevation154 ft (47 m)
Population (2010 U.S. Census)[2]
 • Total54,727
 • Estimate (2012[3])56,129
 • Density2,969.5/sq mi (1,146.5/km2)
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes20715-20721
Area code(s)301
FIPS code24-08775
GNIS feature ID0597104
Websitewww.CityofBowie.org
 
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Bowie, Maryland
City
City of Bowie
Old Town Bowie, as seen from the intersection of Maryland Route 564 and Chapel Avenue in January 2008
Old Town Bowie, as seen from the intersection of Maryland Route 564 and Chapel Avenue in January 2008
Official seal of Bowie, Maryland
Seal
Motto: "Growth, Unity and Progress"
Location of Bowie in the State of Maryland
Location of Bowie in the State of Maryland
Coordinates: 38°57′53″N 76°44′40″W / 38.96472°N 76.74444°W / 38.96472; -76.74444Coordinates: 38°57′53″N 76°44′40″W / 38.96472°N 76.74444°W / 38.96472; -76.74444
Country United States of America
State Maryland
County Prince George's
Incorporated1916
Government
 • MayorG. Frederick Robinson
Area[1]
 • Total18.51 sq mi (47.94 km2)
 • Land18.43 sq mi (47.73 km2)
 • Water0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)
Elevation154 ft (47 m)
Population (2010 U.S. Census)[2]
 • Total54,727
 • Estimate (2012[3])56,129
 • Density2,969.5/sq mi (1,146.5/km2)
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes20715-20721
Area code(s)301
FIPS code24-08775
GNIS feature ID0597104
Websitewww.CityofBowie.org

Bowie /ˈbi/ is a city in Prince George's County, Maryland.[4] The population was 54,727 at the 2010 U.S. Census. Bowie has grown from a small railroad stop to the largest municipality in Prince George's County, and the fifth most populous city[5] and third largest city by area in the U.S. state of Maryland.

History[edit]

19th century[edit]

The city of Bowie owes its existence to the railway. In 1853, Colonel William Duckett Bowie obtained a charter from the Maryland legislature to construct a rail line into Southern Maryland. In 1869, the Baltimore & Potomac Railroad Company began the construction of a railroad from Baltimore to Southern Maryland, terminating in Pope's Creek. The area had already been dotted with small farms and large tobacco plantations in an economy based on agriculture and slavery. In 1870, Ben Plumb, a land speculator and developer, sold building lots around the railroad junction and named the settlement Huntington City. By 1872, the line was completed, together with a "spur" to Washington, D.C. and the entire line through Southern Maryland was completed in 1873.

Huntington City was renamed in honor of the son of William Duckett Bowie and his business partner, Oden Bowie,[6][7][8][9] who was President of the Baltimore & Potomac Railroad at the time,[10] and previously Governor of Maryland.[11] The town was subsequently rechartered as Bowie in 1880. In the early days the land was subdivided by developers into more than 500 residential building lots, to create a large town site at a junction of the Baltimore and Potomac's main line to southern Maryland, and the branch line to Washington, D.C.

20th century[edit]

By 1902, the Baltimore & Potomac was purchased by the powerful Pennsylvania Railroad. A second railroad entered the community when the Washington, Baltimore and Annapolis Electric Railway electric trolley line commenced service in 1908. The large interurban cars brought rapid transit to the area, with trains running hourly. Bowie area stations included High Bridge, Hillmeade, and the Race Track.

The convergence of the two rail systems induced the Southern Maryland Agricultural Society to build the Bowie Race Track in 1914. The track enabled the Belair Stud to become one of Maryland's premier areas for thoroughbreds. Also in 1914, a teacher-training college, or normal school as it was referred to then, was built for African-Americans, just outside the town. This now has become Bowie State University. The town of Bowie was incorporated in 1916.

In 1957, the firm of Levitt and Sons acquired the nearby Belair Estate, the original colonial plantation of the Provincial Governor of Maryland, Samuel Ogle, and developed the residential community of Belair at Bowie. Two years later the town of Bowie annexed the Levitt properties, and then re-incorporated the now-larger area as a city in 1963. The overwhelming majority of Bowie residents today live in this 1960s Levitt planned community, whose street names are arranged in alphabetical sections.[citation needed] Levitt & Sons had a long history of prohibiting the sale of houses (including resale by owners) to African Americans which led to civil rights protests in Bowie in 1963.[12]

Bowie enjoys a rich and diverse historic and cultural heritage. The original Belair Estate contains the Belair Mansion (circa 1745), the beautiful five-part Georgian plantation house of Governor Samuel Ogle and his son Governor Benjamin Ogle. It was purchased in 1898 by the wealthy banker James T. Woodward who, on his passing in 1910, left it to his nephew, William Woodward, Sr., who became a famous horseman. Restored to reflect its 250-year-old legacy, the Mansion is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Belair Stable, on the Estate, was part of the famous Belair Stud, one of the premier racing stables in the 1930s, '40s, and '50s. Owned and operated by William Woodward, Sr. (1876–1953), it closed in 1957 following the death of his son, Billy Woodward. Belair had been the oldest continually operating thoroughbred horse farm in the country. It is said that the blood of Belair horses flows through the veins of every American race horse of distinction.[citation needed]

21st century[edit]

Honoring the tradition of a rail town, the City of Bowie has preserved this piece of its history in the Huntington Railroad Museum, which includes historic materials displayed in the station's restored railroad buildings. In 2006, the City reopened the Bowie Building Association building as a Welcome Center. This building is a small brick and block structure constructed circa 1930. It originally housed the Bowie Building Association, which helped finance much of the development in the early days of the community.

Bowie has grown from a small agricultural and railroad town to one of the largest and fastest growing cities in Maryland. It is a city of 16 square miles (41 km2) and approximately 50,000 residents. It has nearly 2,000 acres (8.1 km2) set aside as parks or open space. It has 72 ball fields, three community centers, an ice arena at Allen Pond Park, the Bowie Town Center, the 800-seat Bowie Center for the Performing Arts, a 150-seat theatrical playhouse, a golf course, and three museums. Bowie is home to the Bowie Baysox, a Class AA Eastern League professional baseball team affiliated with the Baltimore Orioles. The Baysox currently play their home games at Prince George's Stadium. The city has recently added a state-of-the-art senior citizens center and a gymnasium for community programs. The city is a family-oriented community[citation needed] whose motto is "Growth, unity and progress".


Geography[edit]

Detailed census map of Bowie, MD and surrounding areas. The city is in orange.

Bowie is located at 38°57′53″N 76°44′40″W / 38.96472°N 76.74444°W / 38.96472; -76.74444 (38.964727, -76.744531).[13]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.51 square miles (47.94 km2), of which, 18.43 square miles (47.73 km2) is land and 0.08 square miles (0.21 km2) is water.[1]

Bordering areas[edit]

Zip codes[edit]

20715, 20716, 20717, 20718, 20719, 20720, 20721

Demographics[edit]

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $99,105, and the median income for a family was $109,157.[14] Males had a median income of $52,284 versus $40,471 for females. The per capita income for the city was $30,703. About 0.7% of families and 1.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.0% of those under age 18 and 1.8% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 54,727 people, 19,950 households, and 14,264 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,969.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,146.5 /km2). There were 20,687 housing units at an average density of 1,122.5 per square mile (433.4 /km2). The ethnic makeup of the city was 41.4% White, 48.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, 4.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.9% from other races, and 3.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.6% of the population.

There were 19,950 households of which 37.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.2% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.5% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.23.

The median age in the city was 40.1 years. 24.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.2% were from 25 to 44; 30.1% were from 45 to 64; and 11.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.9% male and 53.1% female.

Government[edit]

The City of Bowie operates under a council-manager government as established by the city charter. This means that the mayor and council are responsible for making policy, passing ordinances, voting appropriations, and having overall supervisory authority in the city government.

City council[edit]

The council appoints a professional city manager responsible for supervising government operations and implementing the policies adopted by the council. As of the November 2011 election, the members of the council are:

Law enforcement[edit]

The primary law enforcement agency for the city is the Bowie Police Department. The Bowie Police Department is also aided by the Prince George's County Police and the Sheriff's Office as directed by authority.

Crime[edit]

Despite its low crime rate, Bowie has seen high profile criminal activity.

Michael Bray was co-pastor at the Reformation Lutheran Church in Bowie when he conspired to bomb 10 clinics and offices of abortion supporters in three states and the District of Columbia from January 1984 through January 1985. He eventually served almost 4 years in prison for these crimes.[15]

On October 7, 2002, a 13-year old boy, Iran Brown, was critically wounded by a sniper soon after he was dropped off at Benjamin Tasker Middle School in Bowie. This shooting was one in a series of murders and attempted murders referred to collectively as the Beltway sniper attacks.[16]

Although relatively low compared to surrounding areas, Bowie has an average of 91 vehicle thefts per year.[17]

Economy[edit]

Largest employers[edit]

According to the City's 2012 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[18] the largest employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1Prince George's County Public Schools1,063
2Inovalon625
3City of Bowie418
4Wal-Mart370
5Target300

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Bowie is within the Prince George's County Public Schools system.

Area residents are zoned to Benjamin Tasker Middle School or Samuel Ogle Middle School, and Bowie High School.

Elementary schools in Bowie include Heather Hills, High Bridge, Kenilworth, Northview, Pointer Ridge, Rockledge, Tulip Grove, Whitehall, and Yorktown Elementary Schools. Two special education centers are Chapel Forge and C. Elizabeth Reig. A voc/tech school is located at Tall Oaks High School.

Private schools[edit]

Bowie is home to several private schools:

Colleges and universities[edit]

Bowie State University, located north of Bowie, has been open since 1865.

Notable people[edit]

Sports[edit]

TeamSportLeagueChampionshipsVenue
Bowie BaysoxBaseballEastern League; South Division0Prince George's Stadium

Historic sites[edit]

The following is a list of historic sites in the city of Bowie and vicinity identified by the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission:[22]

Site NameImageLocationM-NCPPC Inventory NumberComments
1BelairBelair Mansion 1.jpgTulip Grove and Belair Drives71B-004Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, 1977-09-16
2Belair StablesBelair Stables.jpgBelair Drive71B-005Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, 1973-05-08
3Bowie Railroad BuildingsBowie Rail Station.jpg8614 Chestnut Ave.71B-002-09Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, 1998-11-04
4Boyden House6501 Hillmeade Road71A-034
5Fair Running (Maenner House)7704 Laurel-Bowie Road71B-015
6Fairview PlantationFairiew 1936.jpg4600 Fairview Vista Drive71A-013
7Don S. S. Goodloe HouseGoodloe House Dec 08.JPG13809 Jericho Park Rd.71A-030Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, 1988-10-13; African American Heritage site
8Governor's BridgePatuxent.River.jpgGovernors Bridge Road at Patuxent River74B-001Historic American Engineering Record,[23]

Maryland Historical Trust[24]

9Harmon-Phelps House8706 Maple Avenue71B-002-08
10Holy Trinity Episcopal ChurchHoly Trinity Episcopal Church 2.jpg13104 Annapolis Road71A-009a
11Holy Trinity Church Rectory13106 Annapolis Road71A-009b
12Ingersoll House9006 Laurel-Bowie Road71A-003
13Knights of St. John Hall13004 12th Street71B-002-23
14MelfordMelford Dec 08.JPG17107 Melford Boulevard71B-016Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, 1988-04-06; also listed at Mitchellville
15Mitchellville Storekeeper's House and Store Site2608 Mitchellville Road71B-007
16Ryon House13125 11th Street71B-002-03
17Sacred Heart Catholic ChurchSacred Heart 1.jpg16101 Annapolis Road71A-019Site where the Catholic Church in America was first organized, and the first US Catholic Bishop, John Carroll was petitioned, then named by the Vatican.
18Albert Smith House9201 Laurel-Bowie Road71A-002
19St. James Episcopal Chapel13010 8th Street71B-002-05
20Straining House13005 7th Street71B-002-01
21Williams PlainsWilliams Plains South Dec 08.JPGMD 3, White Marsh Recreational Park71B-003Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, 1980-11-28

See also[edit]

Bowie travel guide from Wikivoyage

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-25. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-25. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-26. 
  4. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Bowie, Maryland
  5. ^ [1][dead link]
  6. ^ "Revitalization of Old Town Bowie". City of Bowie, Maryland. Retrieved 2007-10-02. 
  7. ^ "The Prince George's Hall of Fame". Prince George's County Historical Society. 2003. Retrieved 2007-08-16. 
  8. ^ "Prince George's County: Over 300 years of History – Oden Bowie". Prince George's County Historical Society. 1996. Retrieved 2007-10-02. 
  9. ^ Wilson, William Bender (1895). History of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company: With Plan of Organization. Henry T. Coates & Company. p. 279. 
  10. ^ Wilson, William Bender (1895). History of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company: With Plan of Organization. Henry T. Coates & Company. pp. 333–334. 
  11. ^ "Governor's Information: Maryland Governor Oden Bowie". National Governors Association. Retrieved 2007-10-02. 
  12. ^ Suburban Legend WILLIAM LEVITT
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  14. ^ American FactFinder. Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  15. ^ Sanchez, Rene (January 15, 1999). "Abortion Foes' Internet Site on Trial". Washington Post (The Washington Post). pp. A03. 
  16. ^ "10 Years Later: Profiles of Sniper Victims". WUSA 9. CBS. October 2, 2012. Retrieved May 4, 2013. "The sniper's eighth victim was a 13-year-old boy who was shot in the abdomen October 7 after his aunt dropped him off at Benjamin Tasker Middle School in Prince George's County. His aunt, a nurse, rushed him to a hospital clinic in Bowie. He was airlifted to a Washington hospital, where doctors removed his spleen and parts of his stomach and pancreas." 
  17. ^ "Bowie, MD Vehicle Theft Statistics". 
  18. ^ "City of Bowie 2012 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report" (PDF). 
  19. ^ Cruz, Anne Marie (April 5, 2004). "Hit Single". People (Time, Inc.). Retrieved December 21, 2013. "As a kid in suburban Bowie, Md...." 
  20. ^ Songbird Sherri Dalphonse, Washingtonian, May 1, 2001. Retrieved on September 3, 2013.
  21. ^ Gleick, Elizabeth (November 2, 1992). "Kathie Lee's Story". People (Time, Inc) 38 (18). Retrieved December 21, 2013. "When Kathie Lee was 4, the family... set up house in Bowie, Md." 
  22. ^ M-NCPPC Illustrated Inventory of Historic Sites (Prince George's County, Maryland), 2006.
  23. ^ Lavoie, Catherine C. (1992). Historic American Engineering Record, Governor's Bridge, HAER NO. MD-85. Washington, D.C.: National Park Service, Department of the Interior. pp. 1, 2. 
  24. ^ Maryland Historical Trust Property Number PG-74B-1 & AA-85I, Maryland Inventory of Historic Bridges, retrieved 5 January 2013 

External links[edit]