Bound Brook, New Jersey

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Bound Brook, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Bound Brook
Map showing location of Bound Brook in Somerset County. Inset: Location of Somerset County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map showing location of Bound Brook in Somerset County. Inset: Location of Somerset County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Bound Brook, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Bound Brook, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°34′04″N 74°32′14″W / 40.567749°N 74.53725°W / 40.567749; -74.53725Coordinates: 40°34′04″N 74°32′14″W / 40.567749°N 74.53725°W / 40.567749; -74.53725[1][2]
Country United States of America
State New Jersey
CountySomerset
IncorporatedFebruary 11, 1891
Government[6]
 • TypeBorough
 • MayorMark Hasting (Interim; term ends November 2014)[3]
 • AdministratorRandy W. Bahr[4]
 • ClerkDonna Marie Godleski[5]
Area[2]
 • Total1.695 sq mi (4.389 km2)
 • Land1.659 sq mi (4.297 km2)
 • Water0.036 sq mi (0.092 km2)  2.10%
Area rank433rd of 566 in state
18th of 21 in county[2]
Elevation[7]43 ft (13 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total10,402
 • Estimate (2013[11])10,487
 • Rank236th of 566 in state
10th of 21 in county[12]
 • Density6,269.6/sq mi (2,420.7/km2)
 • Density rank79th of 566 in state
3rd of 21 in county[12]
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code08805[13][14]
Area code(s)732/848
FIPS code3403506790[15][2][16]
GNIS feature ID885166[17][2]
Websitewww.boundbrook-nj.org
 
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For the stream named Bound Brook, see Bound Brook (Raritan River).
Bound Brook, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Bound Brook
Map showing location of Bound Brook in Somerset County. Inset: Location of Somerset County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map showing location of Bound Brook in Somerset County. Inset: Location of Somerset County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Bound Brook, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Bound Brook, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°34′04″N 74°32′14″W / 40.567749°N 74.53725°W / 40.567749; -74.53725Coordinates: 40°34′04″N 74°32′14″W / 40.567749°N 74.53725°W / 40.567749; -74.53725[1][2]
Country United States of America
State New Jersey
CountySomerset
IncorporatedFebruary 11, 1891
Government[6]
 • TypeBorough
 • MayorMark Hasting (Interim; term ends November 2014)[3]
 • AdministratorRandy W. Bahr[4]
 • ClerkDonna Marie Godleski[5]
Area[2]
 • Total1.695 sq mi (4.389 km2)
 • Land1.659 sq mi (4.297 km2)
 • Water0.036 sq mi (0.092 km2)  2.10%
Area rank433rd of 566 in state
18th of 21 in county[2]
Elevation[7]43 ft (13 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total10,402
 • Estimate (2013[11])10,487
 • Rank236th of 566 in state
10th of 21 in county[12]
 • Density6,269.6/sq mi (2,420.7/km2)
 • Density rank79th of 566 in state
3rd of 21 in county[12]
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code08805[13][14]
Area code(s)732/848
FIPS code3403506790[15][2][16]
GNIS feature ID885166[17][2]
Websitewww.boundbrook-nj.org
Queen's Bridge over Raritan River, Bound Brook, New Jersey

Bound Brook is a borough in Somerset County, New Jersey. At the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 10,402,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 247 (+2.4%) from the 10,155 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 668 (+7.0%) from the 9,487 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

Bound Brook was originally incorporated as a town by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 24, 1869, within portions of Bridgewater Township. On February 11, 1891, it was reincorporated as a borough, based on the results of a referendum held on the previous day.[19][20]

History[edit]

The area was first settled in 1681 and a community was established near the Bound Brook stream of the same name, which flows into the Raritan River via the Green Brook on the eastern side of the borough.[21]

A wooden bridge over the Raritan River was erected as early as 1761 and named Queen's Bridge in 1767. Later, it became a covered bridge. During the American Revolutionary War the bridge was used repeatedly by both sides including during the Battle of Bound Brook in 1777. In 1875, the wooden bridge was replaced by a steel pipe truss bridge.[22] More than 100 years later, that bridge was itself replaced by a steel girder bridge in 1984, still using the old pillars.[23] The bridge was renovated and paved in 2007.

The Battle of Bound Brook, one of the battles in the New York and New Jersey campaign during the American Revolutionary War, occurred on April 13, 1777, and resulted in a defeat for the Continental Army, who were routed by about 4,000 troops under British command.[24]

Geography[edit]

Bound Brook is located at 40°34′04″N 74°32′14″W / 40.567749°N 74.53725°W / 40.567749; -74.53725 (40.567749,-74.53725). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 1.695 square miles (4.389 km2), of which, 1.659 square miles (4.297 km2) of it was land and 0.036 square miles (0.092 km2) of it (2.10%) was water.[1][2]

As the southern portion of the borough (including the downtown area) is a low-lying natural flood plain of the Raritan River, Bound Brook suffers occasional flooding after heavy rain. Flood control protection is now in place on the western and eastern sides of Bound Brook; however, the main flood levee that will protect the borough from damaging flood waters from the Raritan River is not expected to be completed until at least 2012. The flood levee is expected to provide protection from 150-year floods.[25]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
1870556
188093468.0%
18901,46256.5%
19002,62279.3%
19103,97051.4%
19205,90648.8%
19307,37224.8%
19407,6163.3%
19508,37410.0%
196010,26322.6%
197010,4501.8%
19809,710−7.1%
19909,487−2.3%
200010,1557.0%
201010,4022.4%
Est. 201310,487[11]0.8%
Population sources: 1870-1920[26]
1870[27] 1880-1890[28]
1890-1910[29] 1910-1930[30]
1930-1990[31] 2000[32][33] 2010[8][9][10]

Bound Brook has become a Hispanic enclave, with many businesses in the downtown area, including restaurants and small markets, owned by Latinos. It had the highest Costa Rican population (more than 500) of any municipality in the United States, with 14.7% of residents in the 2000 Census reporting that they were of Costa Rican ancestry.[34]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 10,402 people, 3,586 households, and 2,435 families residing in the borough. The population density was 6,269.6 per square mile (2,420.7/km2). There were 3,816 housing units at an average density of 2,300.0 per square mile (888.0/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 69.73% (7,253) White, 5.74% (597) Black or African American, 0.54% (56) Native American, 2.57% (267) Asian, 0.05% (5) Pacific Islander, 17.48% (1,818) from other races, and 3.90% (406) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 48.66% (5,062) of the population.[8]

There were 3,586 households, of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.1% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.28.[8]

In the borough, 22.6% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 34.2% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.1 years. For every 100 females there were 109.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.4 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $67,056 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,450) and the median family income was $68,315 (+/- $7,489). Males had a median income of $33,462 (+/- $4,681) versus $35,261 (+/- $7,245) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $25,015 (+/- $2,011). About 3.4% of families and 3.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.0% of those under age 18 and 2.5% of those age 65 or over.[35]

Census 2000[edit]

At the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 10,155 people, 3,615 households and 2,461 families residing in the borough. The population density was 5,953.7 per square mile (2,292.9/km2). There were 3,802 housing units at an average density of 2,229.0 per square mile (858.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 82.57% White, 2.52% African American, 0.31% Native American, 2.88% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 8.67% from other races, and 2.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 34.87% of the population.[32][33]

There were 3,615 households of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.9% were non-families. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.21.[32][33]

21.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 36.2% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 107.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.7 males.[32][33]

The median household income was $46,858 and the median family income was $51,346. Males had a median income of $32,226 versus $28,192 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $22,395. About 6.9% of families and 10.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.8% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.[32][33]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Bound Brook is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government by a mayor and a six-member borough council, all elected at-large in partisan elections. The mayor is directly elected by the voters to a four-year term of office. Members of the borough council serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[6][36]

As of 2014, the Interim Mayor of Bound Brook is Republican Mark Hasting, who was appointed in January 2014 to fill the vacant seat of Carey Pilato with a term ending December 31, 2015; Pilato left office in December 2013 and Hasting will fill the seat until the November 2014 general election.[37][38] Members of the Borough Council are Lisa Bogart (D, 2015), Peter Lazarro (D, 2016), John-Paul Levin (R, 2014), Vinnie Petti (D, 2015), Beverly Pranzatelli (D, 2016) and Daniel Wright (R, 2014).[39][40][41][42] Daniel Wright was sworn into office in December 2013 to fill the vacant seat of John Miller, who had resigned during the previous month.[43]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Bound Brook is located in the 12th Congressional District[44] and is part of New Jersey's 23rd state legislative district.[9][45][46] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Bound Brook had been in the 16th state legislative district.[47] Prior to the 2010 Census, Bound Brook had been part of the 7th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[47]

New Jersey's Twelfth Congressional District is represented by Rush D. Holt, Jr. (D, Hopewell Township).[48] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[49][50] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[51][52]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 23rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Michael J. Doherty (R, Washington Township, Warren County) and in the General Assembly by John DiMaio (R, Hackettstown) and Erik Peterson (R, Franklin Township, Hunterdon County).[53][54] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[55] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[56]

Somerset County is governed by a five-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Director and Deputy Director from among its members.[57] As of 2014, Somerset County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Patrick Scaglione (R, Bridgewater Township, 2015),[58] Freeholder Deputy Director Mark Caliguire (R, Skillman in Montgomery Township, 2015),[59] Peter S. Palmer (R, Bernardsville, term ends December 31, 2014),[60] Patricia L. Walsh (R, Green Brook Township, 2016)[61] and Robert Zaborowski (R, Somerset in Franklin Township, 2014),[62][63] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Brett A. Radi (R, Somerville, 2017),[64] Sheriff Frank J. Provenzano (R, Raritan, 2016)[65][66] and Surrogate Frank Bruno (R, Branchburg, 2015).[67]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 4,162 registered voters in Bound Brook, of which 1,149 (27.6% vs. 26.0% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 955 (22.9% vs. 25.7%) were registered as Republicans and 2,050 (49.3% vs. 48.2%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 8 voters registered to other parties.[68] Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 40.0% (vs. 60.4% in Somerset County) were registered to vote, including 51.7% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 80.4% countywide).[68][69]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 1,593 votes here (53.5% vs. 52.1% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 1,312 votes (44.0% vs. 46.1%) and other candidates with 45 votes (1.5% vs. 1.1%), among the 2,979 ballots cast by the borough's 3,990 registered voters, for a turnout of 74.7% (vs. 78.7% in Somerset County).[70] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 1,474 votes here (49.6% vs. 47.2% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 1,440 votes (48.5% vs. 51.5%) and other candidates with 25 votes (0.8% vs. 0.9%), among the 2,970 ballots cast by the borough's 3,882 registered voters, for a turnout of 76.5% (vs. 81.7% in the whole county).[71]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 1,074 votes here (52.2% vs. 55.8% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 749 votes (36.4% vs. 34.1%), Independent Chris Daggett with 172 votes (8.4% vs. 8.7%) and other candidates with 32 votes (1.6% vs. 0.7%), among the 2,056 ballots cast by the borough's 4,138 registered voters, yielding a 49.7% turnout (vs. 52.5% in the county).[72]

Education[edit]

The Bound Brook School District serves students in pre-Kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's two schools had an enrollment of 1,541 students and 111.3 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.85:1.[73] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[74]) are Bound Brook Elementary School[75] (grades PreK-8; 1,064 students) and Bound Brook High School[76] (9-12; 477).[77][78]

Students from South Bound Brook, New Jersey, attend the district's high school as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the South Bound Brook School District.[79][80] At the beginning of the 2011-12, the school joined the Interdistrict Public School Choice Program, which allows students from other area communities to attend the Bound Brook schools.[81] In the 2011-12 school year, the high school started a biomedical program from Project Lead the Way in addition to the existing engineering academy program.[82]

There was also an Interparochial Catholic School in the borough, Holy Family Academy (for pre-K to grade 8) serving the local and surrounding communities with an estimated enrollment of 150 prior to closure. The school was one of three in the area closed by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Metuchen at the end of the 2010-11 school year, with plans to feed remaining students to a school facility in South Plainfield.[83]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

The borough had a total of 25.37 miles (40.83 km) of roadways, of which 20.56 miles (33.09 km) are maintained by the municipality, 2.73 miles (4.39 km) by Somerset County and 2.08 miles (3.35 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[84]

Route 28 travels east-west through the center of Bound Brook, while U.S. Route 22 clips the northern portion of the borough. County Route 527 also passes through.

Public transportation[edit]

The borough is served by the Bound Brook train station, which offers New Jersey Transit service on the Raritan Valley Line to Newark Penn Station.[85] The station is located at 350 E. Main Street and was constructed in 1913.[86] The station building on the north side of the tracks is now a restaurant; the other station building on the south side is now privately owned.[87] A tunnel connects the south and north sides of the tracks. There are also Conrail tracks going through this station, used for freight trains going to Newark.

NJ Transit offers bus service to and from the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on the 114 and 117 routes, along with local service to Newark available on the 65 and 66 routes.[88]

Bound Brook is also served by DASH, CAT, and SCOOT lines.[89][90][91]

Flooding[edit]

Aftermath of Hurricane Irene flooding on East Main Street (CR 533)

The lower downtown area of the city has been infamous for flooding of the Raritan River. A major flood in 1896 caused major fires.[92] In September 1999, many structures in Bound Brook near the commercial zone were damaged or destroyed by floods from the Raritan River resulting from Hurricane Floyd. The flooding from this hurricane reinvigorated a long-planned effort called the Green Brook Flood Control Project that would protect Bound Brook from up to a 150 year flooding event from the Raritan River and its tributaries the Middle Brook and Green Brook that comprise the western and eastern boundaries of the town. The highest flooding level since 1800 in Bound Brook was reached during Hurricane Floyd in September 1999 (42.13 feet, according to the U.S. Geological Survey[93]). The second highest recorded level was after the April 2007 nor'easter, when the Raritan River crested above 38 feet, at two inches above the level set during Tropical Storm Doria in 1971. Main Street was also flooded in March 2010 and October 1996. Bound Brook's downtown flooding has led to several out-of-control fires over its history, including the fires of 1881 and 1887 which led to the formation of the Bound Brook Fire Department. During Hurricane Floyd in 1999, a fire began in Otto Williams Harley Davidson on Main Street. With the building cut off by flood water, the fire spread quickly to two other structures before being stopped by the efforts of the Bound Brook Fire Department, then under the command of Chief Richard S. Colombaroni. Using fire boats from the New York City Fire Department as well as extensive help from mutual aid companies, the fire was stopped before two other buildings on Main St. and others nearby on Mountain Avenue, could be affected. During the April 2007 Nor'easter, the BBFD stopped another fire from spreading through an area of close residential construction. Under the command of Chief James Knight, and again with the assistance of mutual aid companies including the Finderne Fire Department, fire loss was restricted to three residential buildings.

Flooding of downtown occurred again in August 2011 when Hurricane Irene passed along the East Coast.[94][95]

Around 2010, Bound Brook built a suspendable wall to protect Main Street and the rest of Bound Brook from future floods.

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Bound Brook include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 6, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed February 22, 2014. As of date accessed, Carey Pilato is listed as mayor with a term-end date of December 31, 2015.
  4. ^ Borough Directory, Welcome to Historic Bound Brook. Accessed February 10, 2013.
  5. ^ Office of the Municipal Clerk, Welcome to Historic Bound Brook. Accessed February 10, 2013.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 77.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Bound Brook, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 4, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Bound Brook borough, Somerset County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 10, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 10. Accessed January 6, 2013.
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  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Bound Brook, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed August 30, 2011.
  14. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 27, 2013.
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  43. ^ Borough of Bound Brook Regular Meeting Minutes – December 17, 2013, Borough of Bound Brook. Accessed February 22, 2014. "Letter received on 12/13/13 from the Bound Brook Republican Committee offered into nomination the following three (3) names as candidates to fill the vacant council position due to the resignation of John Miller effective 11/30/13.... Motion was moved by C. Pranzatelli; second by C. Levin to appoint Daniel Wright to fill council vacancy to December 31, 2014."
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