Boulevard, California

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Boulevard, California
census-designated place
Boulevard, California is located in California
Boulevard, California
Boulevard, California
Location within the state of California
Coordinates: 32°39′50″N 116°17′23″W / 32.66389°N 116.28972°W / 32.66389; -116.28972Coordinates: 32°39′50″N 116°17′23″W / 32.66389°N 116.28972°W / 32.66389; -116.28972
Country United States
State California
CountySan Diego
Area[1]
 • Total3.904 sq mi (10.110 km2)
 • Land3.904 sq mi (10.110 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation[2]3,638 ft (1,109 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total315
 • Density81/sq mi (31/km2)
Time zonePacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes91905
Area code(s)619
GNIS feature ID2582949
U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Boulevard, California
 
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Boulevard, California
census-designated place
Boulevard, California is located in California
Boulevard, California
Boulevard, California
Location within the state of California
Coordinates: 32°39′50″N 116°17′23″W / 32.66389°N 116.28972°W / 32.66389; -116.28972Coordinates: 32°39′50″N 116°17′23″W / 32.66389°N 116.28972°W / 32.66389; -116.28972
Country United States
State California
CountySan Diego
Area[1]
 • Total3.904 sq mi (10.110 km2)
 • Land3.904 sq mi (10.110 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation[2]3,638 ft (1,109 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total315
 • Density81/sq mi (31/km2)
Time zonePacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes91905
Area code(s)619
GNIS feature ID2582949
U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Boulevard, California

Boulevard is a census-designated place (CDP)[2] in the Mountain Empire area of southeastern San Diego County. At the 2010 census, it had a population of 315. The area is rural desert along the Mexican border near the eastern extent of San Diego County.

The Boulevard area encompasses the communities of Manzanita, Live Oak Springs and Tierra Del Sol. Nearby communities in the same wire center (central office) for wired telephones include: Calexico Lodge, Jacumba, Live Oak Springs, Manzanita, Pueblo Siding, and Tierra del Sol. Default wired telephone numbers for this area follow the format (619) 766-xxxx. The ZIP code is 91905.

History[edit]

The Kumeyaay and Cocopah Indians were Boulevard's earliest inhabitants, and the area is rich in Native American history, culture and archeological resources. Today Boulevard is the headquarters of the Manzanita Band of Diegueno Mission Indians.[3]

In January 2007, the La Posta Casino, owned and operated by the La Posta Band of Mission Indians,[4] opened.[5] It was the smallest casino in the county until it closed in 2012 due to its financial situation.[6][7]

2013 kidnapping and murder[edit]

On August 4, 2013, an Amber Alert was issued for 16-year-old Hannah Anderson and her 8-year-old brother, Ethan, after they were reported missing by their grandparents. Their mother was found burned to death inside a Boulevard house, along with Ethan Anderson, who was initially believed to have been abducted. The house was owned by James DiMaggio, who was named a suspect in the two murders and abduction of Hannah Anderson. On August 8, DiMaggio's car was found near Cascade, Idaho. On August 10, DiMaggio was found with Hannah Anderson at a campsite at Frank Church-River of No Return Wilderness in Idaho, and was fatally shot by an FBI agent during a confrontation. Hannah Anderson was unharmed.[8][9]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP covers an area of 3.9 square miles (10.1 km²), all land.

Located in the East County section of San Diego county, Boulevard with its unique transitional location straddles the Tecate Divide, between the Laguna Mountains above and the desert below, providing views of the surrounding Laguna, In-Ko-Pah and Sierra de Juarez mountains.

The community is south of Interstate 8 about 38 miles (61 km) west of El Centro. The US Post Office is plotted at 32°39′50″N 116°16′30″W / 32.66389°N 116.27500°W / 32.66389; -116.27500.[10] This location is along State Route 94 and inside ZIP Code 91905.[11]

Regulatory filings show a California Department of Transportation facility described as a highway maintenance station in Boulevard. It was located in the 40000-block of Old Highway 80 on the south side at 32°39′46″N 116°15′58″W / 32.66278°N 116.26611°W / 32.66278; -116.26611 as of 1993.

Demographics[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[12] reported that Boulevard had a population of 315. The population density was 80.7 people per square mile (31.2/km²). The racial makeup of Boulevard was 272 (86.3%) White, 2 (0.6%) African American, 7 (2.2%) Native American, 3 (1.0%) Asian, 0 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 14 (4.4%) from other races, and 17 (5.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 44 persons (14.0%).

The Census reported that 315 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 135 households, out of which 35 (25.9%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 66 (48.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 12 (8.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 5 (3.7%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 7 (5.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 1 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 46 households (34.1%) were made up of individuals and 17 (12.6%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33. There were 83 families (61.5% of all households); the average family size was 2.96.

The population was spread out with 71 people (22.5%) under the age of 18, 9 people (2.9%) aged 18 to 24, 59 people (18.7%) aged 25 to 44, 123 people (39.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 53 people (16.8%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49.2 years. For every 100 females there were 114.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.5 males.

There were 218 housing units at an average density of 55.8 per square mile (21.6/km²), of which 83 (61.5%) were owner-occupied, and 52 (38.5%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 17.5%. 186 people (59.0% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 129 people (41.0%) lived in rental housing units.

Education[edit]

Local students attend Cover Flat Elementary School, Mountain Empire Junior High School, and Mountain Empire High School.

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Boulevard, California
  3. ^ "Tribal Governments by Area." National Congress of American Indians. (retrieved 31 May 2010)
  4. ^ Barfield, Chet (12 January 2006) "Little La Posta band starts on little casino; 349 slots are planned; East County tribe has 26 members" San Diego Union-Tribune pp. B-4, col. 1 and B-2, col. 2
  5. ^ Barfield, Chet (16 January 2007) "Small casino has big opening day" San Diego Union-Tribune p. B-2
  6. ^ Staff (23 August 2008) "Casinos help shelter East County from economic downturn" San Diego Union-Tribune p. EZ-6
  7. ^ http://www.utsandiego.com/news/2012/Oct/24/la-posta-casino-closes-down/
  8. ^ Holland, Leslie (August 10, 2013). "http://www.cnn.com/2013/08/10/us/california-amber-alert-timeline". CNN. 
  9. ^ Boone, Rebecca (August 11, 2013). "Hannah Anderson, Kidnap Victim, Found Safe In Idaho; Abductor James Dimaggio Killed". Huffington Post. 
  10. ^ See: USGS Live Oak Springs, California 7.5-minute quadrangle (map), 1975. The USGS National Geographic Names Database shows this community as feature ID 239605.
  11. ^ US Department of Education, National Center for Educational Statistics, Common Core of Data files, 2006.
  12. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.