Bonnie Prince Charlie (1948 film)

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Bonnie Prince Charlie
Bonnie Prince Charlie FilmPoster.jpeg
Directed byAnthony Kimmins
Alexander Korda (uncredited)
Leslie Arliss (uncredited)
Robert Stevenson (uncredited)
Produced byEdward Black
Alexander Korda
Written byClemence Dane
StarringDavid Niven
Margaret Leighton
Judy Campbell
Jack Hawkins
Music byIan Whyte
CinematographyRobert Krasker
Editing byGrace Garland
StudioLondon Films
Distributed byBritish Lion Films
Release dates
  • 26 October 1948 (1948-10-26)
Running time140 minutes (original cut)
118 mins
CountryUnited Kingdom
LanguageEnglish
Budget£600,000[1]
Box office£175,311 (UK)[2]
 
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Bonnie Prince Charlie
Bonnie Prince Charlie FilmPoster.jpeg
Directed byAnthony Kimmins
Alexander Korda (uncredited)
Leslie Arliss (uncredited)
Robert Stevenson (uncredited)
Produced byEdward Black
Alexander Korda
Written byClemence Dane
StarringDavid Niven
Margaret Leighton
Judy Campbell
Jack Hawkins
Music byIan Whyte
CinematographyRobert Krasker
Editing byGrace Garland
StudioLondon Films
Distributed byBritish Lion Films
Release dates
  • 26 October 1948 (1948-10-26)
Running time140 minutes (original cut)
118 mins
CountryUnited Kingdom
LanguageEnglish
Budget£600,000[1]
Box office£175,311 (UK)[2]

Bonnie Prince Charlie is a 1948 British historical film depicting the 1745 Jacobite Rebellion and the role of Bonnie Prince Charlie within it. Filmed in Technicolor, it starred David Niven, Jack Hawkins and Margaret Leighton.

Plot[edit]

In 1745, Flora MacDonald plays a Jacobite song on the piano and is scolded by her stepfather for its seditious nature. In Italy, James, the Old Pretender, wants to make another attempt at regaining the English throne but is worried that he is too old. It is decided to send his son, Charles.

Charles arrives in Scotland and meets Donald, a Scottish shepherd, who he asks to send a message to the Scottish nobles, asking them to meet him at his ship. King George II is warned about the impending invasion but is not worried. Charles tries to persuade the nobles to fight for him and most agree, except for Lord MacDonald, who is concerned about the lack of French support. The clans rally to Charles, including Lord George Murray, and proclaim their loyalty to James. The rebellion begins. Charles is accompanied by another shepherd, Blind Jimmie.

Charles and his men enter Edinburgh in triumph. Clementina Walkinshaw throws him a rose and they meet at a dance and begin a romance. General Cope arrives with government troops and Lord Murray does not want to tell Charles about it, thinking little of his military ability, but the prince finds out. Charles recommends they attack and the Highlanders defeat the British at the Battle of Prestonpans in seven minutes.

Charles and his forces then invade England. King George II starts to panic and sends his son, the Duke of Cumberland, to fight him. At Derby, only 127 miles from London, Lord Murray and the army council recommend a retreat, as further support has failed to materialise. Charles opposes this but the retreat goes ahead anyway. Charles is upset and seeks solace with Clementina, who encourages him to leave for France with her, but he elects to stay with his men.

The Duke of Cumberland defeats the Highlanders at the Battle of Culloden (which is not seen in the film) but is unable to find and capture Charles. Charles flees to the islands with Donald, and is hidden by Flora MacDonald. MacDonald helps him evade the government troops looking for him, during the course of which at one stage he has to dress as a woman. MacDonald keeps Charles' spirits high, and he manages to get on a boat to take him back to Italy.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

A movie about Bonnie Prince Charlie was a dream project of Leslie Howard prior to his death. The role was taken by David Niven, who had been a friend of Howard's.[3]

At the time, David Niven said he was keen to make the movie as it gave him the chance to return to England, and he did not enjoy being in Hollywood after the tragic death of his first wife. He was so enthusiastic he did a screen test in costume to persuade Samuel Goldwyn, who had Niven under contract, to loan him out to Alexander Korda, who was producing the film.[4][5] Later on, however, Niven alleged he had been forced by Goldwyn to take the role.[6] It was one of the few roles Niven played in his career without his moustache.[7] He says Goldwyn received $150,000 from Korda for his services, although Niven only got a fraction of that.[8]

Michael Powell was originally named as the director.[9]

Kora's original choice to play Flora MacDonald was Deborah Kerr, but she accepted a Hollywood contract and was unavailable for filming.[10] Stage actor Margaret Leighton was cast instead.

Filming took place on location in Scotland and at Shepperton studios in London. Soldiers in the British army were hired as extras, but complained they were not paid.[11] The film ended up taking two years to make. Portions of the film were also directed by Robert Stevenson, Leslie Arliss and Alex Korda.[12] Producer Edward Black died not long after the premiere.

Niven later recalled the movie without affection:

Bonnie Prince Charlie was one of those huge, florid extravaganzas that reek of disaster from the start. There was never a completed screenplay, and never during the eight months we were shooting were the writers more than two days ahead of the actors. In confusion we suffered three changes of directors, with Korda himself desperately taking over, and at one point I cabled Goldwyn: "I have now worked every day for five months on this picture and nobody can tell me how story ends. Advise." He didn't. He didn't even bother to answer. I loved Alex Korda, a brilliant, generous creature, but with this film he was wallowing in confusion. I felt sorry for him, but sorrier for myself as the Bonnie Prince who would assuredly bear the blame for the impending debacle.[6]

However, Niven did meet his second wife during filming.[13]

Reception[edit]

The film was poorly reviewed by London critics, most criticising the movie as dull and claiming that David Niven was miscast. However, Margaret Leighton received acclaim for her performance.[14] Alex Korda took out paid advertisements defending the movie and criticising the critics.[15] The film still failed to recoup its cost at the box office.

Born to be King[edit]

A film about the making of Bonnie Prince CharlieBorn to be King – is to begin filming at Pinewood Studios in Buckinghamshire in January 2014. It is written and will be directed by Peter Capaldi and will star Ewan McGregor and Kate Hudson.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "THE STARRY WAY.". The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld. : 1933 – 1954) (Brisbane, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 13 March 1948. p. 2. Retrieved 6 July 2012. 
  2. ^ Vincent Porter, 'The Robert Clark Account', Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, Vol 20 No 4, 2000
  3. ^ "THE ARGUS introduces the exciting story of LESLIE HOWARD...AND THE MYSTERY OF FLIGHT 777.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 – 1956) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 22 September 1956. p. 9. Retrieved 6 July 2012. 
  4. ^ C.A. Lejeune, 'ACTIVITIES IN LONDON STUDIOS: HISTORY VS. TRADITION PROSPECTUS', New York Times (1923–Current file) [New York, N.Y] 26 May 1946: X3.
  5. ^ "PETER KINGSTON'S FILMS.". The Daily News (Perth, WA: National Library of Australia). 8 June 1946. p. 26 Edition: FIRST EDITION. Retrieved 6 July 2012. 
  6. ^ a b "DAVID NIVEN'S OWN STORY.". The Australian Women's Weekly (1933–1982) (1933–1982: National Library of Australia). 15 September 1971. p. 15. Retrieved 6 July 2012. 
  7. ^ "Australian director may return home.". The Australian Women's Weekly (1933–1982) (1933–1982: National Library of Australia). 30 August 1947. p. 40. Retrieved 6 July 2012. 
  8. ^ Phiip Scheuer, 'Niven, Liberated, Revels in Leisure: Fourteen Years of Taking Orders From Goldwyn or Army at End', Los Angeles Times (1923–Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 21 August 1949: D1.
  9. ^ "Prince Charlie" Film Will Wait for Niven K M G. Times Pictorial (1941–1955) [Dublin, Ireland] 5 January 1946: 9.
  10. ^ "Korda Film Postponed.". The Mail (Adelaide, SA : 1912 – 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 24 May 1947. p. 3 Supplement: SUNDAY MAGAZINE. Retrieved 6 July 2012. 
  11. ^ "Soldiers Dislike Being Unpaid Film Extras.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 – 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 22 August 1946. p. 3. Retrieved 6 July 2012. 
  12. ^ "British Film News 17-YEARS-OLD OPHELIA FOR SCREEN "HAMLET".". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 – 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 15 May 1947. p. 10. Retrieved 6 July 2012. 
  13. ^ "FANS AT WEDDING OF FILM STAR.". The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1931 – 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 15 January 1948. p. 3. Retrieved 6 July 2012. 
  14. ^ "Not Pleased With Critics.". Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 – 1954) (Broken Hill, NSW: National Library of Australia). 31 January 1949. p. 3. Retrieved 6 July 2012. 
  15. ^ 'LONDON CRITICS REBUKED', New York Times (1923–Current file) [New York, N.Y] 28 November 1948: X5.

External links[edit]