Bonham, Texas

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Bonham, Texas
—  City  —
Fannin County Courthouse, Bonham, Texas. Built in 1889.
Location of Bonham, Texas
Coordinates: 33°35′2″N 96°10′54″W / 33.58389°N 96.18167°W / 33.58389; -96.18167Coordinates: 33°35′2″N 96°10′54″W / 33.58389°N 96.18167°W / 33.58389; -96.18167
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyFannin
Area
 • Total9.4 sq mi (24.2 km2)
 • Land9.4 sq mi (24.2 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation610 ft (186 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total10,127
 • Density1,100/sq mi (420/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code75418
Area code(s)903
FIPS code48-09328[1]
GNIS feature ID1352653[2]
Websitewww.cobon.net
 
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Bonham, Texas
—  City  —
Fannin County Courthouse, Bonham, Texas. Built in 1889.
Location of Bonham, Texas
Coordinates: 33°35′2″N 96°10′54″W / 33.58389°N 96.18167°W / 33.58389; -96.18167Coordinates: 33°35′2″N 96°10′54″W / 33.58389°N 96.18167°W / 33.58389; -96.18167
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyFannin
Area
 • Total9.4 sq mi (24.2 km2)
 • Land9.4 sq mi (24.2 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation610 ft (186 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total10,127
 • Density1,100/sq mi (420/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code75418
Area code(s)903
FIPS code48-09328[1]
GNIS feature ID1352653[2]
Websitewww.cobon.net

Bonham is a city in Fannin County, Texas, United States. The population was 10,127 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Fannin County.[3] James Bonham (the city's namesake) sought the aid of James Fannin (the county's namesake) at the Battle of the Alamo. Bonham is often unofficially described as "Booming Bonham" for its consistent rapid growth and development.

Contents

Geography

Bonham is centrally located in Fannin County in Northeastern Texas, about 25 km south of Oklahoma and has a total area of 9.4 square miles (24 km2), with negligible water cover. The distance to Dallas in the Southeast is about 68 miles (110 km).

History

Bonham, one of the oldest cities in Texas, dates back to 1837 when Bailey Inglish built a two-story block house named Fort Inglish. It was located about 2 miles (3 km) from the current downtown. Inglish and other acquaintances settled there in the summer of 1837 and the settlement was named Bois D'Arc. In 1843, the Congress of the Republic of Texas assigned the name Bloomington to the city, but finally renamed it Bonham, in honor of James Butler Bonham, a hero and defender of the Alamo. On February 2, 1848, Bonham was incorporated as a city.

After the connection to the Texas and Pacific Railway the city began to grow, and in 1885 there were six churches, three colleges, two public schools, three weekly newspapers, a saw mill, two grain mills, a power plant and 2300 inhabitants. 1890 saw the addition of streetcars, an ice plant, and the opening of the Texas Power and Light Company, a utility provider to the area. In 1925, the city was connected to natural gas lines.

During the Second World War, there was a training camp and an aviation school for the US Air Force in the vicinity of Bonham, as well as a prisoner-of-war camp for Germans and German soldiers. Parts of the camp, located approximately 0.5 miles north of US HWY 82, can still be visited today.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2010, there were 10,127 people, 2,959 households, and 1,861 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,067.1 people per square mile (412.1/km²). There were 2,959 housing units. The racial makeup of the city was 75.4% White, 14.8% African American, 1% Native American, .4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 6.7% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.4% of the population.

There were 2,884 households out of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.3% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 32.3% had someone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.4 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the city the population was spread out with 21% under the age of 19, 9% from 20 to 24, 31% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,277, and the median income for a family was $35,721. Males had a median income of $26,035 versus $21,897 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,301. About 22.5% of the population were below the poverty line.

Education

The City of Bonham is served by the Bonham Independent School District. In addition, Grayson County College operates a branch campus in Bonham, its only campus outside its namesake county.

Notable people

By far Bonham's most famous resident was "Mr. Sam," Sam Rayburn, the longtime Speaker of the United States House of Representatives. Rayburn's house and a library featuring memorabilia from his Congressional terms are popular museums in the city, and State Highway 56 through town (the former U.S. Highway 82) is named Sam Rayburn Boulevard (and runs beside both the house and library).

References

External links