Bombardier CRJ200

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CRJ100 / CRJ200
UsairwaysN419aw 07302009.jpg
An Air Wisconsin (d/b/a US Airways Express) CRJ200 landing at Portland International Jetport.
RoleRegional jet/Business jet
ManufacturerBombardier Aerospace
First flight10 May 1991
Introduction1992 (Lufthansa)
StatusOut of production, active service
Primary usersSkyWest Airlines
Endeavor Air
ExpressJet
Air Wisconsin
Number built1,021 as of 31 July 2010[1]
Unit cost
US$24-39.7 million (2006)
Developed fromBombardier Challenger 600
VariantsCRJ700/900/1000
 
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CRJ100 / CRJ200
UsairwaysN419aw 07302009.jpg
An Air Wisconsin (d/b/a US Airways Express) CRJ200 landing at Portland International Jetport.
RoleRegional jet/Business jet
ManufacturerBombardier Aerospace
First flight10 May 1991
Introduction1992 (Lufthansa)
StatusOut of production, active service
Primary usersSkyWest Airlines
Endeavor Air
ExpressJet
Air Wisconsin
Number built1,021 as of 31 July 2010[1]
Unit cost
US$24-39.7 million (2006)
Developed fromBombardier Challenger 600
VariantsCRJ700/900/1000

The Bombardier CRJ100 and CRJ200 are a family of regional airliners manufactured by Bombardier, and based on the Canadair Challenger business jet.

Development[edit]

CRJ cockpit

The aircraft was based on the Canadair Challenger design, which was purchased by Canadair from Bill Lear in 1976.

The wide fuselage of the Challenger which seats 2 passengers on each side of the aisle suggested early on to Canadair officials that it would be straightforward to stretch the aircraft to accomomodate more seats, and there was a plan for a Challenger 610E, which would have had seating for 24 passengers. That lengthening did not occur, the effort being canceled in 1981, but the idea did not disappear.

In 1987, studies began for a much more ambitious stretched configuration, leading to the formal launch of the Canadair Regional Jet program in the spring of 1989. The "Canadair" name was retained despite the fact that Bombardier had bought out the company. The first of three development machines for the initial CRJ100 performed its first flight on 10 May 1991, though the first prototype (C-FCRJ) was lost in a spin mishap on July 26, 1993 near Wichita, Kansas.[2][3] The type obtained certification in late 1992, with initial delivery to customers late in that year.

CRJ100[edit]

A Lufthansa CRJ100 landing

The CL-600 design was stretched 5.92 meters (19 feet 5 inches) to create the CRJ100, with fuselage plugs fore and aft of the wing, two more emergency exit doors, plus a reinforced and modified wing. Typical seating was 50 passengers, the maximum load being 52 passengers. The CRJ100 featured a Collins ProLine 4 avionics suite, Collins weather radar, GE CF34-3A1 turbofans with 41.0 kN (4,180 kgp / 9,220 lbf), new wings with extended span, more fuel capacity, and improved landing gear to handle the higher weights. It was followed by the CRJ100 ER subvariant with 20% more range, and the CRJ100 LR subvariant with 40% more range than the standard CRJ100. The CRJ 100 SE sub-variant was produced to more closely meet the needs of corporate and executive operators.

CRJ200[edit]

The CRJ200 is identical to the 100 model except for more efficient engines.

Pinnacle Airlines had operated some with 44 seats, designated as CRJ440, with closets in the forward areas of the passenger cabin though these were converted to 50 seat airplanes. These modifications were designed to allow operations under their major airline contract "scope clause" which restricts major airlines' connection carriers from operating equipment carrying 50 or more passengers to guard against usurpation of Air Line Pilots Association and Allied Pilots Association pilots' union contract. Similarly, Comair's fleet of 40-seat CRJ200s were sold at a discounted price to discourage Comair from purchasing the less expensive and smaller Embraer 135.

There is also a CRJ200 freighter version which is designated CRJ200 PF (Package Freighter) which was developed in cooperation with Cascade Aerospace on the request of West Air Sweden.[4][5]

Variants[edit]

CRJ-100SE corporate aircraft at Kenosha, Wisconsin in 1997
Canadair CL-600-2B19 Regional Jet CRJ-200LR of Austrian Arrows (with superseded "tyrolean" colour scheme) on the way to its parking spot at Linz Hörsching.

Several models of the CRJ have been produced, ranging in capacity from 40 to 50 passengers. The Regional Jet designations are marketing names and the official designation is CL-600-2B19.

CRJ100 
The CRJ100 is the original 50-seat version. It is equipped with General Electric CF34-3A1 engines. Operators include Jazz Aviation and RwandAir, among others.
CRJ100SF 
Passenger-to-freighter conversion of CRJ100.
CRJ200 
The CRJ200 is identical to the CRJ100 except for its engines, which were upgraded to the CF34-3B1 model, offering improved efficiency.
CRJ200PF 
Package freighter version of CRJ200.
CRJ200SF 
Passenger-to-freighter conversion of CRJ200.
CRJ440 
Certified up to 44-seat, this version was designed with fewer seats in order to meet the needs of some major United States airlines.
Challenger 800/850 
A business jet variant of the CRJ200
CRJ500 
Proposed 50-seat version with wing and cabin improvements based on the CRJ700/900. Cancelled in 2001.

Retirement trend[edit]

U.S. airlines are accelerating retirement of these 50-seat regional jets because rising fuel prices are making them uneconomical to operate. The retirements are also reducing the value of their parts.[6]

Operators[edit]

Air Canada Jazz CRJ200 being fueled at La Guardia Airport

As of August 2006 a total of 938 CRJ100 and CRJ200 aircraft (all variants) are in airline service, with 8 further firm orders.

Major operators include Air Nostrum (35, Plus 7 orders), Air Wisconsin (71), Expressjet (99), Jazz Aviation (43), Lufthansa CityLine (26), Mesa Airlines (60), Endeavor Air (131), PSA Airlines (35), Republic Airways Holdings (20), Voyageur Airways (9) and SkyWest Airlines (159). Some 20 other airlines also operate smaller fleets of the type.[7]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

Specifications[edit]

VariantCRJ100 ER/LRCRJ200 ER/LR
Crew3-4 (2 pilots + 1-2 cabin crew)
Seating capacity50
Length
Wing span
Height
26.77 m (87 ft 10 in)
21.21 m (69 ft 7 in)
6.22 m (20 ft 5 in)
Wing area (net)
Fuselage maximum diameter
Turning circle
48.35 m2 (520.4 sq ft)
2.69 m (8 ft 10 in)
22.86 m (75 ft 0 in)
Engines (2x)
Takeoff thrust (2x)
Thrust APR (2x)
GE CF34-3A1
38.83 kN (8,729 lbf)
41.01 kN (9,220 lbf)
GE CF34-3B1
38.83 kN (8,729 lbf)
41.01 kN (9,220 lbf)
Max Zero Fuel Weight (ZFW)19,958 kg (44,000 lb)
Max payload weight6,124 kg (13,500 lb)
Max Take Off Weight (MTOW)24,041 kg (53,000 lb)
Maximum rangeER: 3,000 km (1,864 mi, 1,620 nmi)
LR: 3,710 km (2,305 mi, 2,003 nmi)
ER: 3,045 km (1,895 mi, 1,644 nmi)
LR: 3,713 km (2,307 mi, 2,004 nmi)
Basic cruising speedMach .74 [488 mph, 424 knots]
Flight ceiling12,496 m (41,000 ft)
Number of Orders1054
Certification DateunknownJuly 1992

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

References[edit]

  1. ^ Program Status Report - Bombardier CRJ Series. Bombardier, 31 July 2010.
  2. ^ "The History of Canadair Regional Jet MSN 7001". Winglets. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  3. ^ Harro Ranter (26 July 1993). "ASN Aircraft accident Canadair CL-600-2B19 Regional Jet CRJ-100 C-FCRJ Byers, KS". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  4. ^ "West Air launches cargo CRJ as Cascade aims for kit deal". Flightglobal. 
  5. ^ "Bombardier - CRJ - 200". AirTeamImages.com. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  6. ^ Compart, Andrew, Young at part, Aviation Week and Space Technology, April 15, 2013, pp. 44-46
  7. ^ Flight International, 3–9 October 2006
  8. ^ Harro Ranter (20 May 2007). "ASN Aircraft accident Canadair CL-600-2B19 Regional Jet CRJ-100ER C-FRIL Toronto-Pearson International Airport, ON (YYZ)". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  9. ^ "Probable Cause, DCA08FA018". Ntsb.gov. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  10. ^ "Accident: PSA Airlines CRJ2 at Charleston on Jan 19th 2010, overran runway on takeoff". The Aviation Herald. Retrieved 20 January 2010. 
  11. ^ "Georgian Airways CRJ1 at Kinshasa on Apr 4th 2011, missed the runway and broke up". The Aviation herald. Retrieved 5 April 2011. 
  12. ^ "Airport closed after emergency landing". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Jun 6, 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2011. 
  13. ^ Hradecky, Simon. "Accident: Atlantic Southeast CRJ2 at Baton Rouge on Sep 1st 2011, left main gear up landing". The Aviation Herald. Retrieved 2 September 2011. 
  14. ^ ""-"". Interfax.ru. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  15. ^ "Man takes control of SkyWest jet at Utah airport". USATODAY.COM. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  16. ^ "21 Dead in Kazakhstan Plane Crash". The Gazette of Central Asia (Satrapia). 29 January 2013. 

The initial version of this article was based on a public domain article from Greg Goebel's Vectorsite.

Bibliography[edit]

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