Bombardier 415

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Bombardier 415
I-DPCN at work 03 (4203528315).jpg
RoleAmphibious water bomber
ManufacturerCanadair
Bombardier Aerospace
First flight6 December 1993
Introduction1994
StatusActive service
Primary usersCanada
Italy
France
Greece
[1]
Number built88[2]
Unit cost
$32 million CAD [3]
Developed fromCanadair CL-215
 
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Bombardier 415
I-DPCN at work 03 (4203528315).jpg
RoleAmphibious water bomber
ManufacturerCanadair
Bombardier Aerospace
First flight6 December 1993
Introduction1994
StatusActive service
Primary usersCanada
Italy
France
Greece
[1]
Number built88[2]
Unit cost
$32 million CAD [3]
Developed fromCanadair CL-215

The Bombardier 415 Superscooper (formerly Canadair CL-415 SuperScooper) is a Canadian amphibious aircraft purpose-built as a water bomber. It is an aircraft designed and built specifically for aerial firefighting and is based on the company's CL-215 flying boat. It is marketed in the United States as the "Superscooper."

Design and development[edit]

In 1987, following market trends towards more efficient, powerful and reliable turboprop powerplants, Canadair undertook the task of retrofitting 17 CL-215 airframes with the Pratt & Whitney Canada PW123AF engines, providing a 15% power increase over the original piston engines as well as enhanced reliability and safety. The retrofitted aircraft were designated CL-215T and also featured many aerodynamic and systems improvements including powered flight controls, cockpit air conditioning, as well as upgraded electrical and avionics systems. The most notable external features of the CL-215T retrofit were the aerodynamic additions to the wings and empennage.

Based on the success of the CL-215, the company introduced the CL-415, a new-build production series beginning in 1993. The 415 has an updated cockpit, aerodynamics enhancements and changes to the water-release system as well, creating a modern firefighting amphibious flying boat for use in detecting and suppressing forest fires.

Compared to the CL-215, the 415 has increased operating weight and speed, yielding improved productivity and performance. The 415 can scoop up to 6,140 litres (1350 Imperial gal or 1,620 US gal) of water from a nearby water source, mix it with a chemical foam if desired, and drop it on a fire without having to return to base to refill its tanks. The 415 was specifically developed to provide the capability to deliver massive quantities of suppressant in quick response to fires. The aircraft is built for reliability and longevity, with use of corrosion-resistant materials. The new 415GR has higher operating weights while the Bombardier 415 multi-role is available for use in a paramilitary search and rescue role and utility transport.

The 415 is currently assembled at the Bombardier Aerospace facility near North Bay/Jack Garland Airport in North Bay, Ontario, where the planes can occasionally be seen testing on Lake Nipissing.

Operational history[edit]

The 415 first flew on December 6, 1993, with the first deliveries in November 1994.[4] Orders from several countries soon followed. Derived from its predecessor's nickname, it acquired the name, "Super Scooper" in light of its greatly enhanced performance as a water bomber and fire suppresser. In recognition of its abilities, the aircraft was awarded the prestigious Batefuegos de oro (gold fire extinguisher). The award citation in part read "This is the most efficient tool for the aerial combat of forest fires, key to the organization of firefighting in a large number of countries. The continuous improvements to meet the needs of forest firefighting have made these aircraft the aerial means most in demand over more than 30 years."[5]

Of the 76 built, seven have been removed from service due to accidents.[6]

The aircraft requires 1,340 metres (4,400 ft) of flyable area to descend from 15 metres (49 ft) altitude, scoop 6,137 litres of water during a 12-second 410 metres (1,350 ft) long run on the water at 70 knots (130 km/h; 81 mph), then climb back to 15 m altitude. The aircraft can also pick up partial loads in smaller areas and can turn while scooping, if necessary.[7]

Variants[edit]

415
415 MP
(Multi-Purpose)
415 GR

Operators[edit]

World operators of the Bombardier 415
A Bombardier 415 firefighting aircraft right before refilling its water tank in Živogošće, Croatia [8]
Ontario MNR 415 at Johnstown, PA (KJST)
A Ministry of Natural Resources (Ontario) Bombardier 415 empties its tanks into Lake Ontario.
Two Hellenic Air Force Bombardier 415 refilling their water tanks off the coast of Atlit, while in operation fighting the 2010 Mount Carmel forest fire
A CL-415 of the French Sécurité Civile dropping water over a fire
 Canada
 Croatia
 France
 Greece
 Italy
 Malaysia
 Morocco
 Spain
 United States

Incidents[edit]

Specifications (415)[edit]

Bombardier 415 of the Spanish Air Force

Data from Bombardier Aerospace Website

General characteristics

Performance

Avionics

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Specs
  2. ^ 84+4 Aircraft delivered worldwide
  3. ^ Bombardier CL 415 cost
  4. ^ "Bombardier 415." aerospace.bombardier.com. Retrieved: April 13, 2010.
  5. ^ "Bombardier 415 SuperScooper Amphibious Aircraft." gizmag.com. Retrieved: April 13, 2010.
  6. ^ "Canadair CL-415." baaa-acro.com. Retrieved: July 29, 2011.
  7. ^ "Firefighting Techniques and Technologies: Water scooping." bombardier.com. Retrieved: April 13, 2010.
  8. ^ "Croatia." deagel.com. Retrieved: July 29, 2011.
  9. ^ Provincial Aerospace | Provincial Aerospace Awarded $4M Contract to Modify Maritime Surveillance Aircraft
  10. ^ Keijsper 2008, p. 40.
  11. ^ Keijsper 2008, p. 41.
  12. ^ Vogelaar, Rob."Bombardier Sells Four Bombardier 415 Amphibious Firefighting Aircraft to an Undisclosed Customer." aviationnews.eu, March 28, 2011. Retrieved: July 29, 2011.
  13. ^ a b Keijsper 2008, p. 43.
  14. ^ "Fighting fire with some super friends". Los Angeles County. September 14, 2011. Retrieved January 16, 2014. 
  15. ^ Bartholomew, Dana (August 26, 2013). "Canadian Super Scoopers arrive early in L.A. County to take on fire season". Los Angeles Daily News. Retrieved January 16, 2014. 
  16. ^ "County leases fire-fighting planes from Quebec." SignOnSanDiego. Retrieved: July 29, 2011.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]