Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling

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Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling

Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling - Emblem.png

Part of Air Force District of Washington (AFDW)
Located near: Washington, D.C.
Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling - Photo.jpg
Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling (JBAB) color guard
Coordinates38°50′34″N 077°00′58″W / 38.84278°N 77.01611°W / 38.84278; -77.01611 (JB Anacostia-Bolling)
Built1918
In use1918-Present
Controlled byUnited States Navy
OccupantsDefense Intelligence Agency
 
  (Redirected from Bolling Air Force Base)
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Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling

Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling - Emblem.png

Part of Air Force District of Washington (AFDW)
Located near: Washington, D.C.
Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling - Photo.jpg
Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling (JBAB) color guard
Coordinates38°50′34″N 077°00′58″W / 38.84278°N 77.01611°W / 38.84278; -77.01611 (JB Anacostia-Bolling)
Built1918
In use1918-Present
Controlled byUnited States Navy
OccupantsDefense Intelligence Agency
JB Anacostia-Bolling is located in the District of Columbia
JB Anacostia-Bolling
Location of Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling, D.C.
Image of Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling

Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling is a 905 acres (366 ha) military installation, located in Southeast Washington, D.C.,[1] established on 1 October 2010 in accordance with congressional legislation implementing the recommendations of the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure Commission.[2] The legislation ordered the consolidation of Naval Support Facility Anacostia (NSF) and Bolling Air Force Base (BAFB), which were adjoining, but separate military installations, into a single Joint Base, one of 12 formed in the country as a result of the law.[2] The only aeronautical facility at the base is a 100 by 100 feet (30 by 30 m) helipad (ICAO: KBOF).

Overview[edit]

Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling (JBAB) is responsible for providing installation support to 17,000 military, civilian employees and their families, 48 mission and tenant units, including ceremonial units (United States Air Force Honor Guard, USAF Band, USAF Chaplains, the Navy Ceremonial Guard), various Army, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, Joint Service commands and other DOD and federal agencies.[2]

Bolling Field units also provide ceremonial support to the White House, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Secretary of the Air Force and the Air Force Chief of Staff, mainly through 11th Wing, the United States Air Force Honor Guard and The United States Air Force Band.

NSF Anacostia falls under the command of Naval District Washington. The tenant commands for the navy aspect of the base include:

Additionally, the Defense Intelligence Agency Headquarters has been located at Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling since 1987, and Coast Guard Station Washington, D.C., is located on the post next to the Capitol Cove Marina. The Naval Research Laboratory is not part of the Joint Base but is located immediately adjacent to it.

History[edit]

Naval Support Facility Anacostia[edit]

The Navy began testing sea planes at this facility in 1918 and it eventually became a naval air station supporting conventional aircraft. Located immediately north of Bolling Air Force Base, NAS Anacostia remained in service as an active naval air station until 1962, when its runways were deactivated concurrent with Bolling's due to traffic pattern issues with nearby Washington National Airport.

Redesignated as a naval support facility, NSF Anacostia serves as headquarters for Commander, Naval Installations, Navy Office of the Chief of Information and continues to maintain a large heliport facility, primarily used by Marine Helicopter Squadron One (HMX-1) in support of "Marine One" presidential transport operations with VH-3D and VH-60N aircraft.[3]

The Naval Media Center disappeared in 2012.[citation needed]

Bolling Air Force Base[edit]

Bolling Field and Anacosta Naval Air Station, mid-1940s
The last fixed-wing flight out of Bolling Air Force Base, 1962.

Bolling's property has been a Department of Defense (DOD) asset since 1917. From its beginning, the installation has included the Army Air Corps (predecessor to today’s Air Force) and Navy aviation and support elements. The tract of land selected for the base was scouted by William C. Ocker at the direction of General Billy Mitchell. The base began near Anacostia in 1918, as the only military airfield near the United States Capitol and was originally named The Flying Field at Anacostia on 2 October 1917. It was renamed Anacostia Experimental Flying Field in June 1918.[2]

Not long after its acquisition by the military, the single installation evolved into two separate, adjoining bases; one Army (later Air Force) and one Navy. Bolling Field was officially opened 1 July 1918 and was named in honor of the first high-ranking air service officer killed in World War I, Colonel Raynal C. Bolling. Colonel Bolling was the Assistant Chief of the Air Service, and was killed in action near Amiens, France, on 26 March 1918 while defending himself and his driver, Private Paul L. Holder, from an attack by German soldiers.[2]

In the late 1940s, Bolling Field’s property became Naval Air Station Anacostia and a new Air Force base, named Bolling Air Force Base, was constructed just to the south on 24 June 1948.[2]

Bolling AFB has served as a research and testing ground for new aviation equipment and its first mission provided aerial defense of the capital. It moved to its present location, along the Potomac in the city's southwest quadrant, in the 1930s.[2]

Over the years, Marine Corps, Coast Guard and National Guard units, as well as DOD and federal agencies also found the installation to be an ideal place from which to operate.[2]

Although fixed-wing aircraft operations ceased, the installations continued their important service to the country and the world, serving in many capacities, including service with the Military Airlift Command (MAC); the headquarters for the Air Force District of Washington; the Air Force 11th Wing; Commander, Naval Installations Command, Naval Media Center (now, Defense Media Activity-Navy) and many other military commands and federal agencies[2]

The Air Force District of Washington (AFDW) was created and activated at Bolling on 1 October 1985 with the mission of providing administrative support to Air Force members. On 15 July 1994, AFDW was inactivated, but was reactivated 5 January 2005 to "provide a single voice for Air Force requirements in the National Capital Region" according to the base's website.[2]

Major commands assigned included:

Redesignated Air Force Combat Command, 20 June 1941
Redesignated: Strategic Air Command, 21 March 1946
Redesignated Headquarters Command, United States Air Force, 17 March 1958

[4]

Major units assigned included:

Redesignated, Transatlantic Sector, Air Transport Command, 21 February 1942-15 April 1943
Redesignated Air Force Base Unit 1, 1 April 1944-1 April 1948
  • 503d Army Air Force Base Unit, 21 February 1944
Redesignated: 503d Air Force Base Unit, 27 September 1947-1 April 1948
Redesignated: Headquarters Command, USAF, 17 March 1958-1 July 1976
  • 1st Special Air Missions Squadron
Redesignated: 1111th Special Air Mission Squadron
Redesignated: 1299th Air Transport Squadron, 10 March 1948 - 10 July 1961
  • 16th Special Air Missions Group
Redesignated: 1100th Special Air Missions Group
Redesignated: 2310th Air Transport Group, 10 March 1948-29 November 1952
  • 1100th Air Base Wing, 16 March 1949-30 September 1977
Redesignated: 1100th Air Base Group, 30 September 1977-15 December 1980
Redesignated: 1100th Air Base Wing, 15 December 1980-15 July 1994

[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j CNIC Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling
  3. ^ United States Navy. "NSF Anacostia", Naval District Washington website. Retrieved on November 18, 2007.
  4. ^ a b Mueller, Robert, Air Force Bases Volume I, Active Air Force Bases Within the United States of America on 17 September 1982, Office of Air Force History, 1989

External links[edit]