Bogota, New Jersey

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Bogota, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Bogota
Bogota Borough Hall
Bogota Borough Hall
Map highlighting Bogota's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Map highlighting Bogota's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Bogota, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Bogota, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°52′27″N 74°01′47″W / 40.874287°N 74.029735°W / 40.874287; -74.029735Coordinates: 40°52′27″N 74°01′47″W / 40.874287°N 74.029735°W / 40.874287; -74.029735[1][2]
Country United States of America
State New Jersey
CountyBergen
IncorporatedNovember 14, 1894
Government[7]
 • TypeBorough
 • MayorAntero "Tito" Jackson, Jr. (D, acting mayor for term ending December 31, 2015)[3][4]
 • AdministratorChip Griener[5]
 • ClerkFrancis Garlicki[6]
Area[2]
 • Total2.106 km2 (0.813 sq mi)
 • Land1.981 km2 (0.765 sq mi)
 • Water0.125 km2 (0.048 sq mi)  5.93%
Area rank522nd of 566 in state
69th of 70 in county[2]
Elevation[8]13 m (43 ft)
Population (2010 Census)[9][10][11]
 • Total8,187
 • Estimate (2013[12])8,284
 • Rank281st of 566 in state
47th of 70 in county[13]
 • Density4,132.3/km2 (10,702.5/sq mi)
 • Density rank32nd of 566 in state
8th of 70 in county[13]
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code07603[14][15]
Area code(s)201[16]
FIPS code3400306490[17][2][18]
GNIS feature ID0885163[19][2]
Websitewww.bogota.nj.us
 
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Bogota, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Bogota
Bogota Borough Hall
Bogota Borough Hall
Map highlighting Bogota's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Map highlighting Bogota's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Bogota, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Bogota, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°52′27″N 74°01′47″W / 40.874287°N 74.029735°W / 40.874287; -74.029735Coordinates: 40°52′27″N 74°01′47″W / 40.874287°N 74.029735°W / 40.874287; -74.029735[1][2]
Country United States of America
State New Jersey
CountyBergen
IncorporatedNovember 14, 1894
Government[7]
 • TypeBorough
 • MayorAntero "Tito" Jackson, Jr. (D, acting mayor for term ending December 31, 2015)[3][4]
 • AdministratorChip Griener[5]
 • ClerkFrancis Garlicki[6]
Area[2]
 • Total2.106 km2 (0.813 sq mi)
 • Land1.981 km2 (0.765 sq mi)
 • Water0.125 km2 (0.048 sq mi)  5.93%
Area rank522nd of 566 in state
69th of 70 in county[2]
Elevation[8]13 m (43 ft)
Population (2010 Census)[9][10][11]
 • Total8,187
 • Estimate (2013[12])8,284
 • Rank281st of 566 in state
47th of 70 in county[13]
 • Density4,132.3/km2 (10,702.5/sq mi)
 • Density rank32nd of 566 in state
8th of 70 in county[13]
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code07603[14][15]
Area code(s)201[16]
FIPS code3400306490[17][2][18]
GNIS feature ID0885163[19][2]
Websitewww.bogota.nj.us

Bogota is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 8,187,[9][10][11] reflecting a decline of 62 (-0.8%) from the 8,249 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 425 (+5.4%) from the 7,824 counted in the 1990 Census.[20]

Bogota was formed on November 14, 1894, from portions of Ridgefield Township, based on the results of a referendum held that day.[21] The borough was formed during the "Boroughitis" phenomenon then sweeping through Bergen County, in which 26 boroughs were formed in the county in 1894 alone.[22] Portions of Bogota were taken in 1895 to form part of the newly created Township of Teaneck. Bogota was named in honor of the Bogert family, which had been the first to occupy the area, and may also be a portmanteau of Bogert and Banta, another early family, with an "O" added to ease pronunciation.[23][24][25]

The borough's name is pronounced /bəˈɡtə/ buh-GO-ta, unlike Bogotá, capital city of Colombia, whose name is accented on the final syllable.[24][26] Coincidentally, 1.54% of Bogota's residents are from Colombia.[27]

Geography[edit]

Bogota is located at 40°52′27″N 74°01′47″W / 40.874287°N 74.029735°W / 40.874287; -74.029735 (40.874287,-74.029735), on the east shore of the Hackensack River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 0.813 square miles (2.106 km2), of which, 0.765 square miles (1.981 km2) of it was land and 0.048 square miles (0.125 km2) of it (5.93%) was water.[1][2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
1900337
19101,125233.8%
19203,906247.2%
19307,34187.9%
19407,3460.1%
19507,6624.3%
19607,9654.0%
19708,96012.5%
19808,344−6.9%
19907,824−6.2%
20008,2495.4%
20108,187−0.8%
Est. 20138,284[12]1.2%
Population sources:
1900-1920[28] 1900-1910[29]
1910-1930[30] 1900-2010[31][32][33]
2000[34][35] 2010[9][10][11]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,187 people, 2,773 households, and 2,080 families residing in the borough. The population density was 10,702.5 per square mile (4,132.3 /km2). There were 2,888 housing units at an average density of 3,775.4 per square mile (1,457.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 61.00% (4,994) White, 9.42% (771) Black or African American, 0.78% (64) Native American, 9.81% (803) Asian, 0.09% (7) Pacific Islander, 14.80% (1,212) from other races, and 4.10% (336) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 38.71% (3,169) of the population.[9]

There were 2,773 households, of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.9% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.0% were non-families. 20.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.43.[9]

In the borough, 23.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 28.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.6 years. For every 100 females there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.[9]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $77,375 (with a margin of error of +/- $13,132) and the median family income was $96,563 (+/- $12,361). Males had a median income of $53,460 (+/- $5,549) versus $46,350 (+/- $9,142) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $31,844 (+/- $2,819). About 8.2% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.9% of those under age 18 and 3.4% of those age 65 or over.[36]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 8,249 people, 2,874 households, and 2,126 families residing in the borough. The population density was 10,841.3 people per square mile (4,190.7/km2). There were 2,915 housing units at an average density of 3,831.1 per square mile (1,480.9/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 75.72% White, 5.73% African American, 0.15% Native American, 7.75% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 6.76% from other races, and 3.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21.32% of the population.[34][35]

There were 2,874 households out of which 36.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.0% were non-families. 21.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.38.[34][35]

In the borough the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 32.1% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males.[34][35]

The median income for a household in the borough was $59,813, and the median income for a family was $69,841. Males had a median income of $49,347 versus $36,406 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $25,505. About 2.6% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.3% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over.[34][35]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Bogota is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[7] The Borough form of government used by Bogota, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.[37][38]

As of 2014, the Mayor of the Borough of Bogota is Democrat Antero "Tito" Jackson, Jr., who is serving the unexpired portion of a term of office that expires on December 31, 2015. Members of the Bogota Borough Council are ouncil President Jorge M. Nunez (D, 2015), Evaristo Burdiez, Jr. (D, 2014), Chris Kelemen (R, 2016), Lisa Kohles (D, 2014; serving an unexpired term), John Mitchell (R, 2016) and Robert Robbins (D, 2015).[3][39][40][41][42][43][44]

Citing the bitter political differences in the governing body and the loss of two council seats to Republican challengers in the general election that month, Mayor Patrick McHale resigned from office in November 2013 and was replaced on an acting basis by Council President Tito Jackson, who served in that role until the November 2014 election.[45] In September 2011, the Borough Council appointed Wanda Uceta to fill the vacant seat of Joseph Nooto who had died earlier that month.[46] In December 2013, Lisa Kohles was chosen to fill Jackson's vacant council seat for a term ending in December 2014.[47]

In 2012, Democrats retained full control of borough government, as incumbent Jorge Nunez won re-election along with his running mate Robert Robbins, who won his first term in office.[48]

In the November 2011 election Democrats gained control of all of the borough's elected positions. Patrick McHale was re-elected to a four-year term as mayor. Incumbents Michael Brophy and Tito Jackson were elected to new three-year terms, while Wanda Uceta won a two-year unexpired term and Evaristo Burdiez, Jr. won his first full three-year term, after both Burdiez and Uceta had been appointed to fill vacancies.[49]

In the 2010 General Election, Councilmen Joseph Noto and Michael Brophy won reelection, while first-time candidate Arthur Konigsberg also captured a seat. They defeated Councilwoman Anne Marie Mitchell and challengers Jared Geist and Guillermo Martinez. Brophy led the way with 1,235 votes, followed by Noto with 1,072 and Konigsberg with 1,060. Mitchell received 966 votes, while Geist and Martinez earned 847 and 775 votes, respectively. Noto and Konigsberg won three-year terms, while Brophy — who was appointed to fill a vacancy last year — will serve for an additional year to finish the uncompleted term.[50]

In July 2006, then-Mayor Lonegan created a controversy when he engineered a Borough Council resolution requesting the removal of a Spanish-language billboard in town advertising McDonald's iced coffee. Lonegan said the billboard was "divisive." The story received national publicity, occurring concurrently with a national debate on illegal immigration.[51] The 2003 mayoral election won by Lonegan was the subject of the documentary Anytown, USA.[52]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Bogota is located in the 5th Congressional District[53] and is part of New Jersey's 37th state legislative district.[10][54][55] Prior to the 2010 Census, Bogota had been part of the 9th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[56]

New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Scott Garrett (R, Wantage Township).[57] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[58][59] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[60][61]

The 37th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Loretta Weinberg (D, Teaneck) and in the General Assembly by Valerie Huttle (D, Englewood) and Gordon M. Johnson (D, Englewood).[62] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[63] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[64]

Bergen County is governed by a directly elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders.[65] The County Executive is Kathleen Donovan (R, Rutherford; term ends December 31, 2014).[66] The seven freeholders are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year, with a Chairman, Vice Chairman and Chairman Pro Tempore selected from among its members at a reorganization meeting held each January.[67] As of 2014, Bergen County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chairman David L. Ganz (D, 2014; Fair Lawn),[68] Vice Chairwoman Joan Voss (D, 2014; Fort Lee),[69] Chairman Pro Tempore John A. Felice (R, 2016; River Edge),[70] Maura R. DeNicola (R, 2016; Franklin Lakes),[71] Steve Tanelli (D, 2015; North Arlington)[72] James J. Tedesco, III (D, 2015; Paramus)[73] and Tracy Silna Zur (D, 2015; Franklin Lakes).[74][75] Countywide constitutional officials are County Clerk John S. Hogan (D, Northvale),[76] Sheriff Michael Saudino (R),[77] Surrogate Michael R. Dressler (D, Cresskill)[78][79][65]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 4,345 registered voters in Bogota, of which 1,549 (35.7% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 735 (16.9% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 2,060 (47.4% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There was one voter registered to another party.[80] Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 53.1% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 69.6% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).[80][81]

On the national level, Bogota leans strongly toward the Democratic Party. In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 2,308 votes here (66.7% vs. 54.8% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 1,085 votes (31.4% vs. 43.5%) and other candidates with 30 votes (0.9% vs. 0.9%), among the 3,458 ballots cast by the borough's 4,796 registered voters, for a turnout of 72.1% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County).[82][83] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 2,291 votes here (63.3% vs. 53.9% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 1,270 votes (35.1% vs. 44.5%) and other candidates with 26 votes (0.7% vs. 0.8%), among the 3,619 ballots cast by the borough's 4,759 registered voters, for a turnout of 76.0% (vs. 76.8% in Bergen County).[84][85] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 2,009 votes here (57.2% vs. 51.7% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 1,458 votes (41.5% vs. 47.2%) and other candidates with 16 votes (0.5% vs. 0.7%), among the 3,511 ballots cast by the borough's 4,646 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.6% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).[86]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 1,151 ballots cast (53.1% vs. 48.0% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 856 votes (39.5% vs. 45.8%), Independent Chris Daggett with 119 votes (5.5% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 9 votes (0.4% vs. 0.5%), among the 2,168 ballots cast by the borough's 4,549 registered voters, yielding a 47.7% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).[87]

Education[edit]

Students in Kindergarten through twelfth grade are educated in the Bogota Public Schools. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's three schools had an enrollment of 1,143 students and 87.4 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.08:1.[88] Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics.[89]) are E. Roy Bixby School[90] with 291 students in grades K - 6, Lillian M. Steen School[91] which served 301 students in grades K - 6, and Bogota High School[92] with an enrollment of 551 students on grades 7 through 12.[93]

Public school students from the borough, and all of Bergen County, are eligible to attend the secondary education programs offered by the Bergen County Technical Schools, which include the Bergen County Academies in Hackensack, and the Bergen Tech campus in Teterboro or Paramus. The district offers programs on a shared-time or full-time basis, with admission based on a selective application process and tuition covered by the student's home school district.[94][95]

Saint Joseph Academy is a Catholic school serving students in pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade, operating under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark.[96][97]

Transportation[edit]

As of 2010, the borough had a total of 17.67 miles (28.44 km) of roadways, of which 14.90 miles (23.98 km) were maintained by the municipality, 2.39 miles (3.85 km) by Bergen County and 0.38 miles (0.61 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[98]

Interstate 80 passes through the southern tip of the borough, continuing from Ridgefield Park in the west onto its terminus in Teaneck to the east, and is accessible at Exit 67 in Ridgefield Park, just south of Bogota.[99] Route 4 is accessible in Teaneck. These highways provide access to the George Washington Bridge, the New Jersey Turnpike, the Garden State Parkway and other portions of the area's transportation network. There are several bridges, including the Court Street Bridge, that span the Hackensack River to Hackensack.

Public transportation[edit]

The former New York, Susquehanna and Western Railroad station, as seen in August 2011, has since been integrated into a nearby building

Several New Jersey Transit bus lines travel through Bogota between Hackensack, Jersey City, Paramus and New York City. New Jersey Transit bus service is available to and from the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on the 155 and 168 routes; to the George Washington Bridge Bus Terminal on the 182 route; and to other New Jersey communities served on the 83 (to Jersey City), 751 and 755 routes.[100]

There is no passenger rail service, but the right of way for freight lines of New York, Susquehanna and Western Railroad and the CSX River Subdivision (formerly the West Shore Railroad) run along the riverbank on the west side of town.

Popular culture[edit]

The 2005 documentary film Anytown, USA focused on the 2003 mayoral race between Republican Steve Lonegan, Democrat Fred Pesce and independent Dave Musikant.[52] The film was screened at the Minneapolis-St. Paul International Film Festival on April 9, 2005, where it won the award for Best Documentary.[101]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Bogota include:

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 6, 2013.
  3. ^ a b Elected Officials. Borough of Bogota. Accessed September 5, 2014.
  4. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed December 3, 2013. As of data accessed, the source lists Patrick McHale as mayor
  5. ^ Borough Administrator, Borough of Bogota. Accessed August 13, 2013.
  6. ^ Borough Clerk, Borough of Bogota. Accessed August 13, 2013.
  7. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 157.
  8. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Bogota, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 4, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Bogota borough, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 15, 2011.
  10. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 14. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  11. ^ a b c Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Bogota borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 15, 2011.
  12. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  13. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 11, 2012.
  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Bogota, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed September 11, 2011.
  15. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 27, 2013.
  16. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Bogota, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed August 29, 2013.
  17. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed May 16, 2012.
  19. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  20. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed August 14, 2012.
  21. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 76. Accessed May 16, 2012.
  22. ^ Harvey, Cornelius Burnham. Genealogical History of Hudson and Bergen Counties, New Jersey, p. 11, New Jersey Genealogical Publishing Company, 1900. Accessed September 4, 2013. "For a period of sixteen years following the passage of this act few boroughs were organized in the State, only three of them being in Bergen County.... As it was twenty-six boroughs were in the county from January 23, 1894, to December 18, of the same year."
  23. ^ History of Bergen County p. 339
  24. ^ a b Page, Jeffrey. "Our towns challenge our tongues", The Record (Bergen County), June 17, 2005. Accessed August 27, 2013. "The reason Bogota is called buh-GO-ta - and not the South American sounding bo-go-TA - is that the word has nothing to do with Colombia or its capital, Bogota. The 'Bog' recalls the Bogarts and the 'ta' is for the Bantas, two families that used to own all of what is now Bogota. 'Or so the story goes,' Henry Komorowski, the borough historian, said dryly. In any case, the story explains the first syllable and the last. But what about that 'O' in the middle? It might have come about as a means of making pronunciation easier, Komorowski said."
  25. ^ The Story of Bogota: The "Borough Act" of 1894 allowed Bogota to become a Borough, accessed July 17, 2006.
  26. ^ Brantley, Ben. "THEATER REVIEW; This Girl's Sweet 16 Is Bitter Old Age", The New York Times, February 5, 2003. Accessed August 27, 2013. "Buddy stays drunk and away from the family's Bogota (pronounced buh-GO-ta), N.J., home as much as possible, while Pattie, who is pregnant with her second child, has convinced herself that she's the one who's dying."
  27. ^ Colombian Ancestry, EPodunk. Accessed March 3, 2007.
  28. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed August 13, 2013.
  29. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 335. Accessed May 16, 2012.
  30. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 714. Accessed December 15, 2011.
  31. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed December 15, 2011.
  32. ^ Bergen County Data Book 2003, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed August 13, 2013.
  33. ^ Historical Population Trends in Bergen County (1900-2010), Bergen County Department of Planning & Economic Development, 2011. Accessed December 3, 2013.
  34. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Bogota borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 4, 2013.
  35. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Bogota borough, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 4, 2013.
  36. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Bogota borough, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 16, 2012.
  37. ^ Cerra, Michael F. "Forms of Government: Everything You've Always Wanted to Know, But Were Afraid to Ask", New Jersey State League of Municipalities. Accessed December 10, 2013.
  38. ^ Municipal Government: How Does It Work?, Borough of Bogota. Accessed June 6, 2011.
  39. ^ 2013 Municipal Data Sheet. Borough of Bogota. Accessed December 3, 2013.
  40. ^ Bergen County Directory 2013 - 2014, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed September 5, 2014.
  41. ^ Bergen County Statement of Vote General Election 2012, Bergen County Clerk, November 6, 2012. Accessed December 3, 2013.
  42. ^ Bergen County Statement of Vote General Election 2011, Bergen County Clerk, November 17, 2011. Accessed December 3, 2013.
  43. ^ Bergen County Statement of Vote General Election 2010, Bergen County Clerk, November 10, 2010. Accessed December 3, 2013.
  44. ^ Krulish, mark. "Republicans Kelemen and Mitchell sworn in at Bogota's reorganization meeting", Bogota Bulletin, January 10, 2014. Accessed September 5, 2014. "Republican councilmen Christopher Kelemen and John Mitchell were sworn in at Bogota’s reorganization meeting on Jan. 4, marking the first time since 2010 that a member of the Republican Party has served on the council in Bogota."
  45. ^ Morrison, Aaron. "New mayor seated in Bogota amid simmering conflict among majority Democrats", The Record (Bergen County), November 14, 2013. Accessed December 3, 2013. "Council President Antero “Tito” Jackson became acting mayor at Thursday’s council meeting, following the abrupt resignation of two-term Mayor Patrick McHale.... McHale, who would have been up for reelection in 2015, stepped down saying he’d had enough of divisive politics on the council. The unexpected announcement came one week after a surprising election that unseated Democratic incumbents with victories by two Republican challengers."
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