Boerne, Texas

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Boerne, Texas
Main Street in Boerne, Texas ca 1890-1900
Location of Boerne, Texas
CountryUnited StatesUnited States
StateTexasTexas
CountiesKendall County
Settled1849
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City CouncilMayor Mike Schultz
Jeff Haberstroh
Nina Woolard
J. Kuper
Ron Cisneros
Jacques DuBose
 • City ManagerRonald Bowman
Population (2010)
 • Total10,471
Websitewww.ci.boerne.tx.us/
 
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Boerne, Texas
Main Street in Boerne, Texas ca 1890-1900
Location of Boerne, Texas
CountryUnited StatesUnited States
StateTexasTexas
CountiesKendall County
Settled1849
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City CouncilMayor Mike Schultz
Jeff Haberstroh
Nina Woolard
J. Kuper
Ron Cisneros
Jacques DuBose
 • City ManagerRonald Bowman
Population (2010)
 • Total10,471
Websitewww.ci.boerne.tx.us/

Boerne (pron.: /ˈbɜrni/ BUR-nee) is a city in and the county seat of Kendall County, Texas, United States,[1] within the Texas Hill Country. Boerne was named in honor of Ludwig Börne, a Jewish German author and publicist, and its population was 10,471 in the 2010 census. The city is noted for the landmark U.S. Supreme Court case City of Boerne v. Flores. Founded in 1849 as Tusculum, the name was changed to Boerne when the town was platted in 1852.

Boerne is part of the San AntonioNew Braunfels Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Boerne is the home of the Guadalupe Valley Poetry Celebration, a regional poetry festival that benefits the Boerne Public Library.

Contents

History

Boerne came into being as an off-shoot of the Texas Hill Country Free Thinker Latin Settlements, resulting from the Revolutions of 1848 in the German states. Those who came were Forty-Eighters, intellectual liberal abolitionists who enjoyed conversing in Latin and who believed in utopian ideals that guaranteed basic human rights to all.[2] They reveled in passionate conversations about science, philosophy, literature, music and philosophy.[3] The Free Thinkers first settled Castell,[4] Bettina,[5] Leningen.[6] and Schoenburg in Llano County. These experimental communities were supported by the Adelsverein[7] for one year. The communities eventually failed due to lack of finances after the Adelsverein funding expired, and conflict of structure and authorities. Many of the pioneers from these communities moved to Sisterdale, Boerne and Comfort.[8]

In 1849 a group of Free Thinker German colonists from Bettina camped on the north side of Cibolo Creek, about a mile west of the site of present Boerne. They named their new community after Cicero's Tusculum home in ancient Rome. In 1852 John James and Gustav Theissen,[2] who helped settle Sisterdale, platted the townsite, renamed it in honor of German author Karl Ludwig Börne,[9][10] with the Anglicized spelling of Boerne. The town was not incorporated until 1909. August Staffell[11] was the original postmaster in 1856.

The 1870 limestone courthouse, second oldest in Texas, was designed by architects Philip Zoeller and J. F. Stendebach, and stands directly across the street from the current 1998 courthouse designed by architects Rehler Vaughn & Koone, Inc.[12]

In the late 1870s, retired British army officers, including Glynn Turquand and Captain Egremont Shearburn, played one of the first polo matches in the United States in Boerne.[13] The polo ground is still visible on Balcones Ranch, bought by Captain Turquand in 1878.[13]

Boerne's robust environment encouraged the health resort industry. Sisters of the Incarnate Word founded the St. Mary's Sanitarium in 1896 for pulmonary patients;[14] Dr. W.E. Wright contracted with the Veterans Administration in 1919 to provide care for World War I veterans suffering from lung ailments;[15] the William L. Sill Tuberculosis Resort operated northwest of Boerne;[16] and Mrs. Adolph (Emilie) Lex opened her home to recovering patients, eventually converting two rooms into operating rooms.[17]

Karl Degener organized the Boerne Gesang Verein (singing club) and the Boerne Village Band[18] in 1860. The family and descendants of Sisterdale resident Baron Ottmar von Behr have included three generations of directors of the Boerne Village Band, and four generations of musicians.[19] The band is billed as "Oldest Continuously Organized German Band in the World outside Germany", and in 1998 [18] the Federal Republic of Germany recognized the Boerne Village Band for its contribution to the German heritage in Texas and America.

Darmstadt Society of Forty

Some of the early settlers in Boerne migrated from the collapsed Fisher-Miller Land Grant experimental colonies of the Darmstadt Society of Forty.

Geography

Boerne is located at 29°47′40″N 98°43′53″W / 29.794445°N 98.731483°W / 29.794445; -98.731483Coordinates: 29°47′40″N 98°43′53″W / 29.794445°N 98.731483°W / 29.794445; -98.731483.[20] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.1 square miles (16 km2), of which 5.8 square miles (15 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) (4.74%) is water.

The town is 30 miles (48 km) northwest of Downtown San Antonio.

Two of Texas' seven show caves are located in Boerne: Cave Without a Name and Cascade Caverns [1]. They are both actively growing limestone solution caves.

Demographics

As of the census[21] of 2000, there were 6,178 people, 2,292 households, and 1,613 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,061.1 people per square mile (409.9/km2). There were 2,466 housing units at an average density of 423.5 per square mile (163.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.76% White, 0.36% African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 3.29% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19.44% of the population.

There were 2,292 households out of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.6% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 84.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $42,009, and the median income for a family was $50,903. Males had a median income of $35,039 versus $25,773 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,251. About 6.5% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.5% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.

School System

Boerne Independent School District has two high schools:

The original high school, Boerne High School, has served the Boerne community for the last 100 years. The colors for Boerne High School are purple and white, with gray or silver used as an accent color; the school mascot is the Greyhound. Boerne Middle School originally had blue and white as their colors with the mascot being the Pups, but they have adopted the same colors and mascot as the high school. In later years Boerne Middle School was divided into two middle schools; Boerne Middle School North and Boerne Middle School South. Boerne Middle School North feeds into BHS. Students living north of HW 46 attend BHS.

Boerne High School has been noted nationwide for its excellent Advanced Placement program, which has unusually high participation and success rates compared to similar schools around the United States.[citation needed] In the year 2007, eight B.H.S. students qualified in the National Merit Scholarship Program, with one receiving a scholarship.

Boerne High School has excelled in its athletic department, being named the best in the region recently by the San Antonio Express-News. The Boerne Greyhounds have won multiple state championships in varying sports over the past few years:

The new high school, Boerne Champion High School, recently opened for the class of 2008-2009. It shares the site with new Cibolo Creek Elementary. The mascot is the Chargers, the colors navy blue and white. It is named after former Boerne High School teacher and principal Samuel V. "Sam" Champion, who died on January 8, 2007 after a long battle with brain cancer. Boerne Middle School South feeds into BCHS. Students living south of HW 46 attend BCHS.

Boerne Champion High School, despite only being open three years, has also had success in its athletic department with state championships, including a national championship in cross country in 2009.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  2. ^ a b Scharf, Edwin E. "Freethinkers of the Early Texas Hill Country". Freethinkers Association of Central Texas. http://www.freethinkersact.org/articles.htm. Retrieved 11 May 2010. Freethinkers Association of Central Texas
  3. ^ Kennedy, Ira. "German Intellectuals on the Texas Frontier". TexFiles. http://www.texfiles.com/texashistory/castell.htm. Retrieved 11 May 2010. TexFiles
  4. ^ "Castell, Texas". Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC.. http://www.texasescapes.com/TexasHillCountryTowns/Castell-Texas.htm. Retrieved 11 May 2010. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC.
  5. ^ "Bettina, Texas - Vanished Sister to Castell". Castell, Texas. http://www.castelltexas.com/bettina.html. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
  6. ^ Brister, Louis E.: Leiningen, Prince Carl from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 30 April 2010. Texas State Historical Association
  7. ^ Brister, Louis E.: Adelsverein from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 11 May 2010. Texas State Historical Association
  8. ^ Scharf, Edwin E.. "Freethinkers of the Early Texas Hill Country". Free Thinkers Association of Texas. http://www.freethinkersact.org/articles.htm. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
  9. ^ "Cimetière du Père Lachaise, Grave of Karl Ludwig Börne". Find A Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=20962. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
  10. ^ "Börne, Karl Ludwig". Jewish Encyclopedia. http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=1342&letter=B. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
  11. ^ "Boerne Postmasters". Jim Wheat. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~txpost/comal.html. Retrieved 11 May 2010.Jim Wheat
  12. ^ "Kendall County Courthouses". Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC.. http://www.texasescapes.com/TOWNS/Boerne/KendallCountyCourthouseBoerneTexas.htm. Retrieved 11 May 2010. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC.
  13. ^ a b Horace A. Laffaye, Polo in Britain: A History, Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, 2012, p. 69
  14. ^ "St. Mary's Sanitarium". Kendall County TxGenWeb Project. http://www.txgenweb2.org/txkendall/stsan.htm. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
  15. ^ "Dr. Wright's Sanitorium". Kendall County TxGenWeb Project. http://www.txgenweb2.org/txkendall/wrigt.htm. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
  16. ^ "William L. Sill Tuberculosis Resort". Kendall County TxGenWeb Project. http://www.txgenweb2.org/txkendall/sill_san.htm. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
  17. ^ "Lex Sanitarium". Kendall County TxGenWeb Project. http://www.txgenweb2.org/txkendall/lex.htm. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
  18. ^ a b "Boerne Village Band". Texas Music History Online. http://ctmh.its.txstate.edu/artist.php?cmd=detail&aid=357&start=0&letter=. Retrieved 11 May 2010. Texas Music History Online
  19. ^ von Behr musicians from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 11 May 2010. Texas State Historical Association
  20. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  21. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

External links