Blumenau

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Blumenau
Itajaí-Açu river seen from the surroundings of Garcia's stream mouth; city centre at left

Flag

Seal
Nickname(s): Cidade Jardim ("Garden City") and Alemanha Tropical ("Tropical Germany")
Location in the state of Santa Catarina and Brazil
Coordinates: 26°55′08″S 49°03′57″W / 26.91889°S 49.06583°W / -26.91889; -49.06583
CountryBrazil
RegionSouth
StateSanta Catarina
FoundedSeptember 2, 1850
Government
 • MayorNapoleão Bernardes (2013-2017)
Area
 • Total519.837 km2 (200.710 sq mi)
Elevation21 m (69 ft)
Population (2010 est)[1]
 • Total309,214
 • Density594.83/km2 (1,540.6/sq mi)
Time zoneGMT-3
Postal code89000-000
Area code(s)(+55) 47
Websitehttp://www.blumenau.sc.gov.br
 
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Blumenau
Itajaí-Açu river seen from the surroundings of Garcia's stream mouth; city centre at left

Flag

Seal
Nickname(s): Cidade Jardim ("Garden City") and Alemanha Tropical ("Tropical Germany")
Location in the state of Santa Catarina and Brazil
Coordinates: 26°55′08″S 49°03′57″W / 26.91889°S 49.06583°W / -26.91889; -49.06583
CountryBrazil
RegionSouth
StateSanta Catarina
FoundedSeptember 2, 1850
Government
 • MayorNapoleão Bernardes (2013-2017)
Area
 • Total519.837 km2 (200.710 sq mi)
Elevation21 m (69 ft)
Population (2010 est)[1]
 • Total309,214
 • Density594.83/km2 (1,540.6/sq mi)
Time zoneGMT-3
Postal code89000-000
Area code(s)(+55) 47
Websitehttp://www.blumenau.sc.gov.br

Blumenau is a city in Vale do Itajaí, state of Santa Catarina, in southern Brazil. It is 130 km away from the state capital, Florianópolis.

History[edit]

The city was founded on September 2, 1850[citation needed] by Dr. Hermann Bruno Otto Blumenau along with 17 German immigrants. A few years later Fritz Müller migrated to Blumenau as well.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2006, Blumenau had an estimated population of 302,000 people, with an area of 519 km². The main ethnic origin of the city inhabitants are German and Italian.[2] The city displays many historical and cultural reminders of their heritage, such as houses and other buildings built in a traditional German style, statues, and memorials.

Blumenau, compared to other Brazilian cities, has a very high standard of living, with a Human Development Index of 0.855 as of 2000.[3]

Ethnic composition[edit]

Race/Skin colorPercentageNumber
Whites94.55%247,527
Pardos (brown)3.50%9,171
Blacks1.16%3,042
Amerindians0.13%340
Asian0.10%252

Source: IBGE 2000.[4]

Religion[edit]

ReligionPercentageNumber
Catholics73.90%193,474
Protestants22.13%57,935
No religion1.22%3,200
Kardecists0.72%1,894

IBGE. Census 2000.[5]

Geography and environment[edit]

Parque Nacional da Serra do Itajaí

The city is located in a valley bisected by the Itajaí-Açu River, surrounded by hills with forests. The lower areas, including towers and tall buildings in the city center, constantly suffer from the threat of floods. Blumenau's first recorded flood took place in the dawn on September 23, 1880. The worst took place in 1983 and 1984, when the city was completely isolated for weeks. Today, Blumenau is well-prepared against such threats, but many citizens prefer to live in higher areas spread into the nearby hills and plains to avoid flooding. However, this planning could not avoid an even worse flooding in late November 2008, that killed over 100 and forced thousands evacuated.

Blumenau's downtown

Climate[edit]

Blumenau
Climate chart (explanation)
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Weather Underground

The climate of Blumenau is considered to be subtropical, a climate of transition between the predominantly tropical climate of Brazil and the predominantly temperate climate of Argentina. Under the Köppen climate classification, the city has a warm, humid subtropical climate.

Blumenau, like the entire state of Santa Catarina is located south of the Tropic of Capricorn; therefore it is mild in the winter with temperatures averaging 16.6°C (61°F) and warm and humid in the summer with temperatures averaging around 30°C (87°F). In July 23, 2013 the downtown of the city got a snow-rain mix and higher neighborhoods had drifting snow. [6]

Economy[edit]

Blumenau's main economic activity is still the textile industry, responsible for large manufacturers such as Cia. Hering, Karsten and Teka.

Another area of focus is that of information technology, and the city the headquarters of the so-called Valley of the software, and many software leaders in its segment, some of whom were born in Blusoft and Instituto Gene, incubators of companies in the sector.

Blumenau is also emphasized in other industrial sectors such as metallurgical, mechanical and electrical equipment, and is the largest producer of pole transformers in Brazil.

It has a strong economy, boosted by strong trade, service and tourism events, with exhibitions of international projection, which are generally held in Vila Germânica (Germanic Ville Park). Additionally, a new but rapidly expanding market is the production of beer craft, such as Eisenbahn.

In 2005, the city has an export of products equivalent to US$405 million (R$820 million), representing 6.1% of exports of the state in this year.

Even though Blumenau has its own airport, normally passengers use scheduled flights operated from Ministro Victor Konder International Airport, located in the nearby municipality of Navegantes. Gol Airlines[7] and Azul Brazilian Airlines[8] offer for its passengers free bus transfers between Navegantes and Blumenau at regular times.

Tourism[edit]

The Secretariat of Tourism of Blumenau maintain 4 tour routes covering different aspects of the city. And besides these, another attraction is the festival of the municipality. Also, the Oktoberfest of Blumenau, held every October attracts over a million tourists every year.

Carlos Gomes Theater

Divisions[edit]

Blumenau has 2 districts and 33 neighbourhoods:

  • Vila Itoupava (District)
  • Itoupava Central
  • Itoupavazinha
  • Testo Salto
  • Badenfurt
  • Salto do Norte
  • Salto
  • Fidélis
  • Fortaleza Alta
  • Salto Weissbach
  • Fortaleza
  • Tribess
  • Nova Esperança
  • Itoupava Norte
  • Boa Vista
  • Itoupava Seca
  • Escola Agrícola
  • Passo Manso
  • Água Verde
  • Velha
  • Velha Central
  • Velha Grande
  • Vila Nova
  • Victor Konder
  • Ponta Aguda
  • Vorstadt
  • Centro (Downtown)
  • Bom Retiro
  • Vila Formosa
  • Jardim Blumenau
  • Ribeirão Fresco
  • Garcia (District)
  • Glória
  • Valparaíso
  • Progresso

Landmark dates[edit]

Famous inhabitants[edit]

Actress Vera Fischer is from Blumenau

Sister city[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 26°56′S 49°03′W / 26.933°S 49.050°W / -26.933; -49.050