Bluffdale, named for its geography of bluffs and dales, was first settled in 1848–1849 when the area was originally part of West Jordan. On July 29, 1858, Orrin Porter Rockwell paid five- hundred dollars to Evan M. Green for sixteen acres of land near the Crystal Hot Lakes (adjacent to the present Utah State Prison). This land included a hotel with dining facilities, stable, brewery, and pony express station. As the community expanded, the Bluffdale area became part of South Jordan, then Riverton. In 1883 the Bluffdale School Precinct was formed from parts of Herriman, South Jordan and Draper. On August 1, 1886, the Bluffdale Ward of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was organized with Lewis H. Mousley as Bishop. For a short time the town was called Mousley. There are seven irrigation canals that originate at the Jordan Narrows in the Bluffdale area and serve the Salt Lake Valley. One of the earliest was the Utah and Salt Lake Canal started in 1862. Some of the early buildings included an adobe church, built in 1887–1888, a tithing house, and a three-room schoolhouse constructed in 1893. 
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.22 square miles (26.47 km²), all of it land. Bluffdale is predominately located in Salt Lake County, though a portion of the city is located in Utah County. Bluffdale shares city borders with Herriman to the west, Riverton to the north, Draper to the east, and Lehi to the south.
There were 1,112 households out of which 61.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 86.1% were married couples living together, 3.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 7.5% were non-families. 5.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.23 and the average family size was 4.39.
In the city the population was spread out with 41.3% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 16.2% from 45 to 64, and 4.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 101.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was US$66,615, and the median income for a family was $66,910. Males had a median income of $50,136 versus $23,469 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,813. None of the families and 0.2% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and none of those over 64.
The planned structure is 1 million or 1.5 million square feet and it is projected to cost from $1.5 billion to $2 billion when finished in September 2013. One report suggested that it will cost another $2 billion for hardware, software, and maintenance. The completed facility is expected to have a power demand of 65 megawatts, costing about $40 million per year.