Blue balls is a slang term for the condition of temporary fluid congestion (vasocongestion) in the testicles and prostate region, accompanied by acute testicular pain, or a prolonged dull aching pain emanating from the prostate, caused by prolonged and unsatisfied sexual arousal in the human male. The term is thought to have originated in the United States, first appearing in 1916. Some urologists call the condition "epididymal hypertension". The condition is not universally experienced by all males.
Although widely discussed, there had been scant information in the medical research literature until an article by Chalett and Nerenberg in Pediatrics 2000, which found little formal data regarding the condition but concluded that "The treatment is sexual release, or perhaps straining to move a very heavy object." 
Common forms of treatment
The easiest way to relieve the symptoms of blue balls is ejaculating. The resultant ejaculation jump-starts the sympathetic nervous system, which increases blood flow through the penis area, dissipating the fluid buildup. Even without ejaculation, the symptoms of blue balls usually subside within an hour of onset, but they can also last much longer, up to 24–48 hours or longer. Simply lying down can also sometimes help the pain associated with blue balls.
One folk remedy for blue balls is the cold shower. Putting cold substances on the crotch supposedly helps stimulate the muscles that control blood flow.
- ^ Fergusson, Rosalind; Eric Partridge, Paul Beale (December 1993). Shorter Slang Dictionary. Routledge . p. 21. ISBN 978-0-415-08866-4.
- ^ Yazmajian, Richard V. (1967). "The Influence of Testicular Sensory Stimuli on the Dream". Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association 15 (1): 83–98. doi:10.1177/000306516701500103. PMID 6032147. http://www.pep-web.org/document.php?id=apa.015.0083a.
- ^ Glenn, Jules (1969). "Testicular and Scrotal Masturbation". International Journal of Psycho-Analysis 50 (3): 353–362. PMID 5387383. http://www.pep-web.org/document.php?id=ijp.050.0353a.
- ^ Dalzell, Tom; Victor, Terry (December 2007). Sex Slang. Routledge . p. 16. ISBN 978-0-415-37180-3.
- ^ Rockney, Randy; Alario, Anthony J.; Weinzimer, S. A.; Thornton;, P. S.; Chalett, J. M.; Nerenberg, L. T. (November 2001). "Blue Balls. To the Editor". Pediatrics 108 (5): 1233–1234. doi:10.1542/peds.108.5.1233. PMID 11694711. http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/content/extract/108/5/1233.
- ^ Komisaruk, Barry R.; Beverly Whipple, Sara Nasserzadeh, Carlos Beyer-Flores (November 2009). The Orgasm Answer Guide. The Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 70. ISBN 978-0-8018-9396-4. http://www.docstoc.com/docs/57696975/The-Orgasm-Answer-Guide.
- ^ a b c Chalett, J.M.; Nerenberg, L.T. (2000). "Blue Balls": A Diagnostic Consideration in Testiculoscrotal Pain in Young Adults: A Case Report and Discussion". Pediatrics 106 (4): 843. PMID 11015532. http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/content/full/106/4/843.