Blink (Doctor Who)

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186 – "Blink"
Doctor Who episode
Blink (Doctor Who).jpg
Sally Sparrow (Carey Mulligan), unaware she is being watched by the statue-like Weeping Angels.
Cast
Others
Production
WriterSteven Moffat
DirectorHettie MacDonald
Script editorHelen Raynor
ProducerPhil Collinson
Executive producer(s)Russell T Davies
Julie Gardner
Incidental music composerMurray Gold
Production code3.10
SeriesSeries 3
Length45 minutes
Originally broadcast9 June 2007
Chronology
← Preceded byFollowed by →
"The Family of Blood""Utopia"
 
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186 – "Blink"
Doctor Who episode
Blink (Doctor Who).jpg
Sally Sparrow (Carey Mulligan), unaware she is being watched by the statue-like Weeping Angels.
Cast
Others
Production
WriterSteven Moffat
DirectorHettie MacDonald
Script editorHelen Raynor
ProducerPhil Collinson
Executive producer(s)Russell T Davies
Julie Gardner
Incidental music composerMurray Gold
Production code3.10
SeriesSeries 3
Length45 minutes
Originally broadcast9 June 2007
Chronology
← Preceded byFollowed by →
"The Family of Blood""Utopia"

"Blink" is the tenth episode of the third series of the British science fiction television series Doctor Who. It was first broadcast on 9 June 2007 on the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). The episode was directed by Hettie MacDonald and is the only episode in the 2007 series written by Steven Moffat. The episode is based on a previous short story written by Moffat for the 2006 Doctor Who Annual, entitled "'What I Did on My Christmas Holidays' By Sally Sparrow".

In the episode, the Doctor—a time travelling alien played by David Tennant—and his companion Martha Jones (Freema Agyeman) are trapped in the past and try to warn a young woman, Sally Sparrow (Carey Mulligan), how to prevent the Weeping Angels from taking control of the TARDIS. In order to solve the case, Sparrow, along with her best friend's brother Larry Nightingale (Finlay Robertson), must unravel a set of cryptic clues sent through time by the marooned Doctor.

The Doctor and his companion have very little screen time, which allowed for another episode to be filmed simultaneously, "Blink" is consequently referred to as a "Doctor-lite" episode. The scenes at Wester Drumlins were actually shot in a derelict house in Newport. To create the angels, two actresses wore makeup and prosthetics. The episode was seen by 6.62 million viewers in the United Kingdom.

"Blink" received overwhelmingly positive reviews from critics. Moffat won the BAFTA Craft and BAFTA Cymru awards for Best Writer, and the Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation, Short Form, while for her single performance in the series, Mulligan won the Constellation Award for Best Female Performance in a 2007 Science Fiction Television Episode. In 2009 the episode was voted the second best Doctor Who story ever in history by readers of Doctor Who Magazine.

Plot[edit]

In 2007, Sally Sparrow enters an abandoned house to look for subjects to photograph. Instead she finds eerie statues and a message from the Doctor behind peeling wallpaper addressed to her, warning her about the Weeping Angels. Sally returns the next day with her friend Kathy Nightingale to explore further, but Kathy disappears at the same time a young man knocks at the door. He claims to be Kathy's grandson, and delivers a letter to Sally. The letter explains that Kathy suddenly found herself in the 1920s in Hull. She settled down with a husband and led a peaceful life and requests that Sally tell Kathy's brother Larry of her disappearance. Sally finds a Yale key hanging from the hand of one of the statues and takes it before leaving.

Sally visits Larry at a DVD shop and finds that he has been documenting an "Easter egg" across seventeen unrelated DVDs. The egg contains video clips of a man calling himself The Doctor having half of a conversation with the viewer. Larry gives Sally a list of the DVDs and she leaves for the police station. There she meets DI Billy Shipton, who explains that there have been several disappearances at the abandoned house and shows her an impound lot containing a locked fake police box. Sally leaves, but remembers the key she found and returns to find that Billy and the phone box have disappeared. She immediately receives a call from a much older Billy, who is on his death bed at the hospital. She visits him, and he explains that after she left the lot he discovered the Angels trying to retrieve the police box. He then suddenly found himself in 1969, where he met the Doctor and was asked to relay a message to Sally decades later. Billy subsequently married and started a video production house that was responsible for putting the Easter egg on the DVDs. Before Billy dies he tells Sally the Doctor's message, which instructs her to look at the list. Sally realises that the list is her own DVD collection and that the Easter egg is meant for her.

Sally and Larry return to the house with a portable DVD player and watch the Easter egg. Sally discovers she is having a conversation with the Doctor in the past, as he possesses a transcript that is currently being compiled by Larry as he listens. The Doctor explains that he and Martha were transported to the past by the Weeping Angels. The Angels are "quantum locked", allowing them to move incredibly fast when unobserved but when they are seen they literally turn to stone. They cover their eyes to avoid looking at each other, giving them their weeping appearance. He warns Sally not to look away or even blink when they are around. The Doctor tells them they are seeking his TARDIS to acquire its potential power. The Doctor comes to the end of the transcript, and Sally realises Larry has stopped writing it due to the presence of an Angel in the room. They make their way to the basement of the house and discover the Angels and the TARDIS. The Angels attack, and Sally and Larry use Sally's key to hide inside the TARDIS. Once in the control room, a hologram of the Doctor informs them that they have a control disk with them and they should insert it into the console. Upon doing so the TARDIS dematerialises, leaving a panicked Sally and Larry behind. With the TARDIS gone, the Angels have been tricked into looking at each other and have become permanently frozen as statues.

One year later, Sally and Larry have opened a DVD store together. Sally insists on keeping a folder of the events, but Larry wants her to move on and indicates he has feelings for her. Sally gently rebuffs him, and Larry steps out for an errand. Sally sees the Doctor and Martha hurriedly leave a taxi in front of the shop and goes outside to meet them. They don't recognise her, and she realises that they have yet to experience the events that sent them to the past. She hands the Doctor the folder, warning him that he will need it in his future. The Doctor and Sally say goodbye as Larry returns, surprised to see the man from the Easter egg. Sally and Larry return to the shop hand in hand, hinting that she is now ready for a romantic relationship. The episode ends with a repeat of the Doctor's warning to Sally, this time directed at the viewer and overlaid with flashes of famous statues.

Production[edit]

Writing[edit]

You have to remember that being scared of the dark and being scared of monsters is basically a childish impulse. There's always something of the nursery about horror....Adults never quite grow out of their childhood fears. They just belong in a different part of our heads. Doctor Who isn't a childish programme, but it is childlike: it's a programme for children. And many, many adults who watch and love it watch it as that: as something like Harry Potter.

Steven Moffat on writing horror fiction for Doctor Who.[3]
A man at ComicCon
The episode was written by Steven Moffat.

"Blink" was written by Steven Moffat. Part of the story for "Blink" is based on Moffat's own Ninth Doctor short story from the Doctor Who Annual 2006 called "'What I Did on My Christmas Holidays' by Sally Sparrow".[4] The short story is presented as a homework essay from Sally, though only 12 years old, who encounters evidence of the Doctor's presence from the past in her aunt's house while visiting. "What I Did" includes several elements that are reused in "Blink", including messages under the wallpaper and an ontological paradox involving a conversation between Sally and the Doctor, prerecorded on a video cassette, based on a written transcript—the essay itself; however, instead of the Angels, "What I Did" features the Doctor and the TARDIS inadvertently separated twenty years in time by a fault in the time machine, and the Doctor is able to instruct Sally how to bring it back to him in the past.[5]

Moffat had held the idea of the Weeping Angels since seeing an angel statue in a graveyard whilst on a family holiday, and had planned to use them for the next series in the episodes that became "Silence in the Library" and "Forest of the Dead". However, after withdrawing from the writing of series three's first two-part story—Helen Raynor took over these episodes, writing "Daleks in Manhattan" and "Evolution of the Daleks"—Moffat volunteered to write the series' Doctor-lite episode and opted to use the Weeping Angels in what would become "Blink".[6] Moffat was also inspired to write the episode based on the popular children's game Statues,[7] which he always found "frightening".[8] Murray Gold, the composer for the series, later compared the creatures to the moving ghostly topiary animals in Stephen King's 1977 horror novel The Shining.[9]

"Blink" is the third story of the revived series to be adapted for television by the same writer from a piece of their spin-off writing. It follows the "Human Nature" and "The Family of Blood" story arc, which was adapted by Paul Cornell from his 1995 novel Human Nature;[10] and "Dalek", which used the basic premise as well as several scenes and lines of dialogue adapted by Robert Shearman from his 2003 audio drama Jubilee.[11] "Blink" is referred to as a "Doctor-Lite" episode because the Doctor and his companion have very little screen time.[12] This process allowed two episodes to be filmed simultaneously,[1][3][13] a process known as "double banking".[9] This practice had begun with the 2006 entry "Love & Monsters", and would continue for episodes such as "Turn Left", "Midnight",[14] and "The Girl Who Waited".[15] Moffat stated that, due to the "Doctor-lite" structure of the episode, he felt relaxed when he was writing the script for "Blink".[16] Due to the show's tight schedule, "Blink" had only one script meeting.[9]

Filming[edit]

A woman stands and smiles, holding a microphone
Actress Carey Mulligan appeared in the episode as Sally Sparrow.

"Blink" was directed by Hettie MacDonald, making her the first female director of a Doctor Who episode since the Sixth Doctor serial The Mark of the Rani.[17] Russell T Davies, the series' executive producer, later noted that, due to MacDonald's work, the episode included some of "the most beautiful [visuals] we've ever had".[9] British actress Carey Mulligan was chosen to play Sally Sparrow; Mulligan was reportedly ecstatic to have been cast in the series. She was initially concerned with the fact that Tennant would have little screen time, but after the episode aired was very pleased with the final result.[8]

Location shooting for scenes set at the Police Station Garage took place at the Coal Exchange and Mount Stuart Square, Cardiff Bay on 21 November 2006.[18] Fields House, located in Newport, filled in for Wester Drumlins.[8][19] The house was already abandoned and falling into disrepair when the filming crews arrived. Moffat noted that "very little of it was tarted up" for the shoot; Moffat later called the location "the creepiest house" he had ever seen.[9] The name was taken from a previous residence that Moffat lived in during the late 1990s.[20] Larry describes the residence as "Scooby-Doo's house", a reference to the dilapidated mansions that the Scooby-Doo gang would usually visit.[21] The BBC Fact File for the episode notes that 1969—the year Martha, the Doctor and Billy are sent to—is the first year Scooby-Doo, Where Are You! aired.[4]

Originally, the producers considered having Michael Obiora play both the young and old version of Billy Shipton. However, it was decided that Obiora in makeup would look too fake, and so Louis Mahoney was cast to play the older version. Initially, Obiora played the role with a London accent; Mahoney, however, has a thick accent. Obiora had to re-dub his lines to match.[9] Billy mentions that the windows of the TARDIS are the wrong size for a real police box. In 2004, when the first photographs of the new series' TARDIS prop were revealed, there was a vigorous discussion of the box's dimensions on the Outpost Gallifrey Doctor Who discussion forum, in which some fans complained that the prop's windows were too big.[9] Moffat has confirmed that this line is an in-joke aimed at the Outpost Gallifrey forum.[9][22]

Effects[edit]

Moffat joked that "since I was a kid, I've been thinking of Doctor Who monsters, just now when I do, it costs the art department […] a lot of money".[8] To create the rigid structure of the angels' dresses, prosthetics supervisors Rob Mayor soaked fabric in fibreglass resin, which was then painted over.[8] Although they are never shown moving on screen, all of the Weeping Angels were played by actresses Aga Blonska and Elen Thomas wearing makeup and prosthetics.[2][8] The actresses wore two distinct masks: one that was more docile looking, and one with fangs bared.[8] Blonska later noted that "I'm partly painted, partly glued into the costume, but it's quite comfortable."[23] Although the actresses were slightly "wobbly" when they stood still, the producers used digital effects to, in essence, freeze the angels on film.[9] Moffat was very pleased with the results, and called them "fantastic".[8] Mulligan later called the effects "so good" and "really creepy".[8]

To create the effect of the Angels rocking the TARDIS Mulligan and Robertson threw themselves around the ship's set. The camera's operator then shook the camera in the opposite direction that Mulligan and Robertson threw themselves.[8] The scene wherein the Doctor talks to Sally via a DVD extra was created by writing a conversation, removing Sally's lines, then having David Tennant record his lines. Moffat felt that this one-way filming made the performance more "authentic".[9] Moffat initially wrote placeholder dialogue in the script for the scene where the Doctor tells Sally that he can hear her in the DVD shop, because he knew the lines that appeared would have to play "double duty later on" and be authentic and fresh both times.[9] Gold called the sequences "the heart of the Chinese puzzle".[9]

Broadcast and reception[edit]

"Blink" was first broadcast in the United Kingdom on BBC One on 9 June 2007. Overnight ratings showed that it was watched by 6.1 million viewers, which rose to 6.62 once time-shifted viewers were taken into account.[4] The episode was the seventh most watched episode on BBC One for the week ending 10 June and was the lowest-rated episode of Doctor Who's third series.[24] It received an Appreciation Index of 87, considered "excellent".[4] In its initial broadcast, a short clip of a card reading "One Year Later" was shown before the episode's denouement. In the syndicated and the DVD version, this shot has been removed.[25]

A Region 2 DVD containing "Blink" together with the episodes "Human Nature" and "The Family of Blood" was released on 23 July 2007.[26] It was re-released as part of the complete series three DVD on 5 November 2007.[27]

Critical reception and accolades[edit]

"Blink" has been praised by critics. The Guardian's Stephen Brook called it a "wonderfully creepy episode" that "ultimately made sense" despite "barely featur[ing] the Doctor and Martha".[28] David Bradley of SFX awarded "Blink" five out of five stars, saying that it could have featured any of the previous Doctors and predicted that its "timelessness" would ensure that it would "[go] down as one of the finest, scariest, cleverest Who episodes ever".[29] IGN's Travis Fickett gave the episode 9.1 out of 10, praising the way the audience felt they had known Sally Sparrow for a while, as well as the strength of Mulligan's performance, although he noted that "all of the performances in this episode are exceptional".[30] He concluded that, "it's difficult to believe that so much was accomplished in such a short amount of time. The story of not one, but two relationships was told, several time lines intersected and a new and rather frightening enemy was vanquished without The Doctor ever coming face to face with them".[30] Ross Ruedinger of Slant Magazine believed that the episode was not just the best Doctor Who episode, but also a great episode of the science fiction and horror genre that could allow it to stand alone. He also praised the fear-inducing concept of the Weeping Angels as well the "tenderness of the story and the characters" which were "quite intricate given how much is going on in these 45 minutes".[31] The Daily Telegraph named the episode the tenth best of the show in 2008, noting that, while the Doctor "is somewhat on the periphery here", it "adds to the threat".[32]

Many critics consider the episode one of the strongest during Tennant's time as the Doctor. IGN's Matt Wales named it the sixth best episode of Tennant's tenure,[33] while Sam McPherson of TVOvermind listed it as the second best Tenth Doctor episode.[34] In 2011, before the second half of the sixth series, The Huffington Post labelled "Blink" as one of the five essential episodes for new viewers to watch.[35] The Weeping Angels also received critical praise. In 2009 SFX named the climax with the Weeping Angels advancing on Sally and Larry the scariest moment in Doctor Who's history, describing it as "a terrifying combination of scary concept and perfect direction".[36] The Weeping Angels came in at number three in Neil Gaiman's "Top Ten New Classic Monsters" in Entertainment Weekly,[37] while TV Squad named them the third scariest television characters.[38] They were also rated the third "baddie" in Doctor Who by The Daily Telegraph, behind the Nestene Consciousness and Daleks.[39] In 2009 SFX listed the Angels in their list of favourite things of the revival of Doctor Who, writing, "Scariest. Monsters. Ever."[40]

Writer Steven Moffat was awarded the 2008 BAFTA Craft and BAFTA Cymru awards for Best Writer for his work on this episode.[41][42] It also won the Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation, Short Form,[43] and Carey Mulligan received the Constellation Award for Best Female Performance in a 2007 Science Fiction Television Episode.[44] The episode was nominated for the Nebula Award for Best Script,[45] but lost to Pan's Labyrinth by Guillermo del Toro.[46]

Legacy[edit]

"Blink" also received the award for Best Story in the Doctor Who Magazine 2007 Survey.[12] In Doctor Who Magazine's 2009 poll to find the greatest Doctor Who story ever, "Blink" came in second place after Peter Davison's final story, The Caves of Androzani.[47] In a 2007 poll conducted by the BBC, taking votes from 2,000 readers of the Doctor Who Adventures magazine, the Weeping Angels were voted the scariest monsters of 2007 with 55% of the vote; the Master and the Daleks took second and third place with 15% and 4% of the vote.[48] In a 2012 poll of over ten thousand respondents conducted by the Radio Times, the Weeping Angels were again voted the best Doctor Who monster with 49.4% of the vote.[49] Moffat, after becoming lead writer of the programme, wrote "The Time of Angels"/"Flesh and Stone" for the fifth series as a more action-oriented sequel, believing that good monsters should come back with a different style of story.[50] They also returned in "The Angels Take Manhattan", seventh series episode,[51][52] and have featured in "Good as Gold", a mini-episode written by children for a Blue Peter contest,[53] and the New Series Adventures novel Touched by an Angel by Jonathan Morris.[54]

A line spoken by the Doctor, "The angels have the phone box",[55] is rhetorically repeated by Larry and prompts him to say "I've got that on a T-shirt". As expected by Moffat and Gold,[9] this led online retailers such as ThinkGeek,[56] and Zazzle,[57] among others, to offer versions of such a product for sale. In addition, the "wibbly-wobbly timey-wimey" line has been used to describe several of Moffat's complex time travel stories, such as "Let's Kill Hitler" and "The Big Bang".[58][59][60] The line was also referenced in the first episode of the fifth series, "The Eleventh Hour", when the Eleventh Doctor (Matt Smith) scans the crack in young Amelia Pond's (Caitlin Blackwood) wall with his sonic screwdriver.[61] BBC America created a series of four specials prior to the seventh series premiere of Doctor Who, including one entitled "The Timey-Wimey Stuff of Doctor Who".[62]

British "Timelord rock" band Chameleon Circuit, composed of YouTube bloggers Alex Day and Charlie McDonnell among others, wrote a song about the episode, also entitled "Blink", and released it on their debut eponymous album.[63][64]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Griffiths, Nick (15 June 2007). "Hells Angels". Radio Times (Exponent) (9): 14–15. 
  2. ^ a b Russell, p. 186
  3. ^ a b "Steven Moffat Interview 2007". Radio Times. Exponent. June 2007. Archived from the original on 13 September 2011. Retrieved 4 May 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d Ware, Peter. "Doctor Who – Fact File – "Blink"". BBC. Retrieved 9 June 2007. 
  5. ^ Moffat, Steven (2006). "'What I Did on My Christmas Holidays' by Sally Sparrow". BBC. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  6. ^ "Ask the Execs: Angels and Arrivals". BBC. 21 August 2012. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  7. ^ Burk and Smith, p. 166
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Do You Remember the First Time?". Doctor Who Confidential. Series 3. Episode 10. 9 June 2007. BBC. BBC Three.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Steven Moffat, Murray Gold (9 June 2007). Blink: Episode Commentary (DVD). Doctor Who: The Complete Third Series: BBC Video. 
  10. ^ Allen, Chris (10 June 2010). "Gareth Roberts talks 'Who', 'Sarah Jane'". Digital Spy. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  11. ^ "Doctor Who at the Cavern Club – A Great Success". The Mind Robber. 2007. Retrieved 19 September 2007. 
  12. ^ a b "2007 Awards". Doctor Who Magazine (Royal Tunbridge Wells, Kent: Panini Comics) (389): 40–41. 12 December 2007. 
  13. ^ "Who Horizons". SFX (Future Publishing): 46. January 2007. 
  14. ^ "Here Come The Girls". Doctor Who Confidential. Series 4. Episode 10. 2008-06-21. BBC. BBC Three.
  15. ^ Martin, Dan (10 September 2011). "Doctor Who: THe Girl Who Waited — series 32, episode 10". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  16. ^ "Steven Moffat interview 2008". Radio Times. Exponent. June 2008. Archived from the original on 13 September 2009. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  17. ^ Jusino, Teresa (27 January 2010). "Moffat's Woman #3 – Sally". Tor.com. Macmillan. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  18. ^ "Walesarts, Coal Exchange and Mount Stuart Square, Cardiff Bay". BBC – Wales. BBC. Retrieved 30 May 2010. 
  19. ^ "Fields House". Doctor Who – The Locations Guide. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  20. ^ Moffat, Steven (12 June 2007). "Wester Drumlins". Outpost Gallifrey. Archived from the original on 6 December 2007. Retrieved 14 August 2012.  (subscription required)
  21. ^ Russell, p. 187
  22. ^ Moffat, Steven (12 June 2007). "Re: Moffat hates fans?". Shaun Lyon. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 12 June 2007. "I put in the Windows gag SPECIFICALLY to make this forum laugh. It was for us lot here — the rest of the world didn't notice."  (subscription required)
  23. ^ "Creating the Weeping Angel". Radio Times. Exponent. June 2007. Archived from the original on 14 September 2011. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  24. ^ "Weekly Top 30 Programmes". Broadcasters' Audience Research Board. Retrieved 29 April 2012.  Note: Information is in the section titled "w/e June 04–10, 2007", listed under BBC1
  25. ^ Burk and Smith, p. 167
  26. ^ "Doctor Who: Series 3 Vol. 3". BBCShop. BBC. Retrieved 18 June 2010. 
  27. ^ "Doctor Who: The Complete Series 3 (DVD)". BBCShop. BBC. Retrieved 6 August 2012. 
  28. ^ Brook, Stephen (2 June 2007). "Doctor Who: it's season finale time!". The Guardian (Guardian Media Group). Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  29. ^ Bradley, David (9 June 2007). "Doctor Who 3.10 'Blink'". SFX (Future Publishing). Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  30. ^ a b Fickett, Travis (17 September 2007). "Doctor Who 'Blink' Review". IGN. News Corporation. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  31. ^ Ruedinger, Ross (15 September 2007). "Doctor Who, Season Three, Ep. 10: 'Blink'". Slant Magazine. 
  32. ^ "The 10 Greatest Episodes of Doctor Who Ever". The Daily Telegraph (Telegraph Media Group). 2 July 2008. Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  33. ^ Wales, Matt (5 January 2010). "Top 10 Tennant Doctor Who Stories". IGN. News Corporation. Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  34. ^ McPherson, Sam (2 January 2010). "The Tenth Doctor's Top 5 Doctor Who Episodes". TVOvermind. Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  35. ^ Lawson, Catherine (9 August 2011). "Catch Up With 'Doctor Who': 5 Essential Episodes". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  36. ^ "21 Scariest Doctor Who Moments 7". SFX (Future Publishing). 1 February 2009. Retrieved 14 April 2012. 
  37. ^ "Neil Gaiman: My Top 10 New Classic Monsters". Entertainment Weekly (Time Inc). July 2008. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  38. ^ Wu, Annie (24 October 2007). "All-time scariest TV characters". TV Squad. Weblogs, Inc. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  39. ^ "Doctor Who – The Top Ten Baddies". The Telegraph (London: Telegraph Media Group). 4 May 2011. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  40. ^ "27 Things SFX Loves About New Who 3". SFX (Future Publishing). 1 February 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  41. ^ "BAFTA Cymru success for BBC Wales". BBC. 28 April 2008. Retrieved 13 May 2008. 
  42. ^ "Bafta glory for Channel 4's Boy A". BBC News Online (BBC). 12 May 2008. Retrieved 13 May 2008. 
  43. ^ "2008 Hugo Award Results Announced". Hugo Award. World Science Fiction Society. 9 August 2008. Retrieved 11 August 2008. 
  44. ^ "Looking Back At... The 2008 Constellation Awards". The Constellation Awards. TCON Promotional Society. 15 July 2008. 
  45. ^ Rowe, Josiah (21 January 2008). "'Blink' gets Nebula nod". Outpost Gallifrey. Retrieved 21 January 2008. 
  46. ^ "2007 Nebula Award Winners". Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America, Inc. 26 April 2008. Retrieved 2 June 2008. 
  47. ^ Haines, Lester (17 September 2009). "Doctor Who fans name best episode ever". The Register. Situation Publishing. Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  48. ^ "Monster Hit". BBC. 12 September 2007. Archived from the original on 1 March 2008. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  49. ^ Jones, Paul (9 June 2012). "Doctor Who: Weeping Angels beat The Daleks to be voted fans' favourite ever monsters". Radio Times. Exponent. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  50. ^ Moffat, Steven (22 April 2010). "Doctor Who: The return of the Weeping Angels". BBC. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  51. ^ Jeffery, Morgan (21 March 2012). "'Doctor Who': Weeping Angels return for Amy and Rory exit". Digital Spy. Nat Mags. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  52. ^ "The Power of Three and The Angels Take Manhattan". BBC. 15 August 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2012. 
  53. ^ Jones, Paul (24 May 2012). "Weeping Angels to feature tonight in brand-new Doctor Who adventure". BBC. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  54. ^ "Doctor Who: Touhed by an Angel". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  55. ^ Steven Moffat (writer), Hettie MacDonald (director), Phil Collinson (producer) (9 June 2007). "Blink". Doctor Who. Series 3. Episode 10. Event occurs at 31:18. BBC. BBC One.
  56. ^ "The Angels Have the Phone Box". ThinkGeek. Geeknet. Retrieved 4 May 2011. 
  57. ^ "The Angels Have the Phone Box Gifts". Zazzle. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  58. ^ Hogan, Michael (27 August 2011). "Doctor Who, Let's Kill Hitler, BBC One, review". The Daily Telegraph (Telegraph Media Group). Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  59. ^ Martin, Dan (27 August 2011). "Doctor Who: Let's Kill Hitler — series 32, episode 8". The Guardian (Guardian Media Group). Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  60. ^ Wales, Matt (29 June 2010). "Doctor Who: 'The Big Bang' Review". IGN. News Corporation. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  61. ^ Burk and Smith, p. 227
  62. ^ Muller, Louisa (25 July 2012). "New Doctor Who docs coming to BBC America". Den of Geek. Retrieved 23 August 2012. 
  63. ^ Newitz, Annalee (14 November 2008). "It's Not Filk – It's Trock!". i09. Gawker Media. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  64. ^ Chameleon Circuit (Media notes). Chameleon Circuit. DFTBA Records. 2009.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]