Bill de Blasio

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Bill de Blasio
Bill de Blasio 11-2-2013.jpg
De Blasio during his electoral campaign in November 2013
109th Mayor of New York City
Incumbent
Assumed office
January 1, 2014
Preceded byMichael Bloomberg
3rd New York City Public Advocate
In office
January 1, 2010 – December 31, 2013
Preceded byBetsy Gotbaum
Succeeded byLetitia James
Member of the New York City Council
from the 39th District
In office
January 1, 2002 – December 31, 2009
Preceded byStephen DiBrienza
Succeeded byBrad Lander
Personal details
BornWarren Wilhelm, Jr.
(1961-05-08) May 8, 1961 (age 52)
Manhattan, New York City
Political partyDemocratic
Working Families
Spouse(s)Chirlane McCray (1994–present)
ChildrenDante
Chiara
Alma materNew York University (BA)
Columbia University (MIA)
ReligionUnaffiliated[1]
Signature
WebsiteGovernment website
Personal website
 
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Bill de Blasio
Bill de Blasio 11-2-2013.jpg
De Blasio during his electoral campaign in November 2013
109th Mayor of New York City
Incumbent
Assumed office
January 1, 2014
Preceded byMichael Bloomberg
3rd New York City Public Advocate
In office
January 1, 2010 – December 31, 2013
Preceded byBetsy Gotbaum
Succeeded byLetitia James
Member of the New York City Council
from the 39th District
In office
January 1, 2002 – December 31, 2009
Preceded byStephen DiBrienza
Succeeded byBrad Lander
Personal details
BornWarren Wilhelm, Jr.
(1961-05-08) May 8, 1961 (age 52)
Manhattan, New York City
Political partyDemocratic
Working Families
Spouse(s)Chirlane McCray (1994–present)
ChildrenDante
Chiara
Alma materNew York University (BA)
Columbia University (MIA)
ReligionUnaffiliated[1]
Signature
WebsiteGovernment website
Personal website

Bill de Blasio (born Warren Wilhelm, Jr.;[2] May 8, 1961) is the 109th and current mayor of New York City. From 2010 to 2013, he held the citywide office of New York City Public Advocate, which serves as an ombudsman between the electorate and the city government. He formerly served as a New York City Council member, representing the 39th District in Brooklyn (Borough Park, Carroll Gardens, Cobble Hill, Gowanus, Kensington, Park Slope, and Windsor Terrace). He was the Democratic Party nominee in the 2013 election to become mayor of New York City. On November 5, 2013, de Blasio won the mayoral election by a landslide over his opponent, Republican Joe Lhota, receiving over 73% of the vote. He is the first Democratic mayor of the city since 1993.[3]

Early life and education[edit]

De Blasio was born Warren Wilhelm, Jr. in Manhattan, the son of Maria (née De Blasio) and Warren Wilhelm.[2] His father was of German ancestry, and his maternal grandparents, Giovanni and Anna, were Italian immigrants[4][5] from the city of Sant'Agata de' Goti in the province of Benevento.[6] He was raised in Cambridge, Massachusetts.[7] De Blasio's mother graduated from Smith College in 1938, and his father graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Yale University. His mother was 44 years old when he was born, and he has two older brothers, Steven and Donald.[8] De Blasio's grandfather, Donald Wilhelm, an author, graduated from Harvard University.[8] Although he was baptized Catholic, de Blasio is nonpracticing. He speaks Italian.[8]

De Blasio has stated that he was 7 years old when his father first left home and 8 years old when his parents divorced.[9] In a 2012 interview, de Blasio described his upbringing: "[My dad] was an officer in the Pacific in the army, [and fought] in an extraordinary number of very, very difficult, horrible battles, including Okinawa…. And I think honestly, as we now know about veterans who return, [he] was going through physically and mentally a lot…. He was an alcoholic, and my mother and father broke up very early on in the time I came along, and I was brought up by my mother's family—that's the bottom line—the de Blasio family."[10] In September 2013, de Blasio revealed that his father committed suicide in 1979 while suffering from incurable lung cancer.[11]

In 1983, he legally changed his name to Warren de Blasio-Wilhelm, which he described in April 2012: "I started by putting the name into my diploma, and then I hyphenated it legally when I finished NYU, and then, more and more, I realized that was the right identity." By the time he appeared on the public stage in 1990, he was using the name Bill de Blasio as he explained he had been called "Bill" or "Billy" in his personal life.[10] He did not legally change over to this new name until 2002, when the discrepancy was noted during an election.[12]

De Blasio received a B.A. from New York University, majoring in metropolitan studies, a program in urban studies with courses such as Politics of Minority Groups and The Working Class Experience, and a Master of International Affairs from Columbia University's School of International and Public Affairs.[not in citation given][13] He is a 1981 Harry S. Truman Scholar.[14]

Early career[edit]

De Blasio's first job was part of the Urban Fellows Program for the New York City Department of Juvenile Justice in 1984.[15][16] In 1987, shortly after completing graduate school at Columbia University, de Blasio was hired to work as a political organizer by the Quixote Center in Maryland. In 1988, de Blasio traveled with the Quixote Center to Nicaragua for 10 days to help distribute food and medicine during the Nicaraguan Revolution. De Blasio was an ardent supporter of the ruling Sandinista government, which was at that time opposed by the Reagan administration.[16]

After returning from Nicaragua, de Blasio moved to New York City where he worked for a nonprofit organization focused on improving health care in Central America.[16] De Blasio continued to support the Sandinistas in his spare time, joining a group called the Nicaragua Solidarity Network of Greater New York, which held meetings and fundraisers for the Sandinista political party.[16] De Blasio's introduction to city politics came during David Dinkins' 1989 mayoral campaign, for which he was a volunteer coordinator.[17] Following the campaign, de Blasio served as an aide in City Hall.[18]

In 1997, he was appointed to serve as the Regional Director for the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) for New York and New Jersey under the administration of President Bill Clinton. As the tri-state region’s highest-ranking HUD official, de Blasio led a small executive staff and took part in outreach to residents of substandard housing.[19][20] In 1999, he was elected a member of Community School Board 15.[21] He was tapped to serve as campaign manager for Hillary Rodham Clinton's successful United States Senate bid in 2000.[21]

New York City Council (2001–2009)[edit]

Elections[edit]

In 2001, de Blasio decided to run for the New York City Council's 39th district, which includes the Brooklyn neighborhoods of Borough Park, Carroll Gardens, Cobble Hill, Gowanus, Kensington, Park Slope, and Windsor Terrace. He won the crowded primary election with 32% of the vote.[22] In the general election, he defeated Republican Robert A. Bell by 71%–17%.[23] In 2003, he won re-election to a second term with 72% of the vote.[24] In 2005, he won re-election to a third term with 83% of the vote.[25]

Tenure[edit]

On the City Council, de Blasio passed legislation to prevent landlord discrimination against tenants who hold federal housing subsidy vouchers and helped pass the HIV/AIDS Housing Services Law, improving housing services for low income New Yorkers living with HIV/AIDS.[26][27] As head of the City Council’s General Welfare Committee, de Blasio helped pass the Gender-Based Discrimination Protection Law to protect transgender New Yorkers and passed the Domestic Partnership Recognition Law to ensure that same sex couples in a legal partnership could enjoy the same legal benefits as heterosexual couples in New York City.[28] During his tenure, the General Welfare Committee also passed the Benefits Translation for Immigrants Law, which helped non-English speakers access free language assistance services when accessing government programs.[29]

Committee assignments[edit]

New York City Public Advocate (2010–2013)[edit]

Election[edit]

De Blasio speaking after being inaugurated as New York City Public Advocate

In November 2008, he announced his candidacy for Public Advocate, entering a crowded field of candidates vying for the Democratic nomination, which included former Public Advocate Mark J. Green. The New York Times endorsed de Blasio in an editorial published during the primary, praising his efforts to improve public schools and “[help] many less-fortunate New Yorkers with food stamps, housing, and children's health” as a councilmember. The editorial went on to declare de Blasio the best candidate for the job “because he has shown that he can work well with Mayor Bloomberg when it makes sense to do so while vehemently and eloquently opposing him when justified”.[35] His candidacy was endorsed by then Public Advocate Betsy Gotbaum, former Mayor Ed Koch, former Governor Mario Cuomo, and Reverend Al Sharpton.[36]

On September 15, 2009, de Blasio came in first in the Democratic primary, garnering 33% of the vote.[37] He won the run-off primary election on September 29, 2009 defeating Mark Green 62%–38%.[38] On November 3, 2009, he defeated Republican Alex Zablocki 78%–18%.[39][40]

De Blasio was inaugurated as New York City's third Public Advocate on January 1, 2010. In his inauguration speech, he challenged the administration of Mayor Michael Bloomberg, specifically criticising Mayor Bloomberg's homelessness and education policies.[41]

Education[edit]

As Public Advocate, de Blasio repeatedly criticized Mayor Bloomberg’s education policies. He called for Cathie Black, Mayor Bloomberg's nominee for New York City Schools Chancellor, to take part in public forums and criticized her for not sending her own children to public schools.[42][43] In March 2010, he spoke against an MTA proposal to eliminate free MetroCards for students, arguing the measure would take a significant toll on school attendance.[44] Three months later, he voiced opposition to the mayor's proposed budget containing more than $34 million in cuts to childcare services.[45]

In June 2011, de Blasio outlined a plan to improve the process of school co-location, by which multiple schools are housed in one building. His study found community input was often ignored by the mayor's Department of Education, resulting in top-down decisions made without sufficient regard for negative impact. He outlined eight solutions to improve the process and incorporate community opinion into the decision-making process.[46] The same month, he also criticized a proposal by the Bloomberg administration to lay off more than 4,600 teachers to balance the city's budget, organizing parents and communities against the proposed cuts and staging a last-minute call-a-thon. Bloomberg restored the funding, agreeing to find savings elsewhere in the budget.[47]

During his mayoral campaign, de Blasio outlined a plan to raise taxes on residents earning over $500,000 a year to pay for universal pre-kindergarten programs and to expand after-school programs at middle schools.[48][49] He also plans to invest $150 million annually into the City University of New York to lower tuition and improve degree programs.[49]

In September 2013, de Blasio voiced his opposition to charter schools, maintaining that their funding saps resources from classes like art and physical education and after-school programs. He outlined a plan to discontinue the policy of offering rent-free space to the city's 183 charter schools and to place a moratorium on the co-location of charters schools in public school buildings. "I won’t favor charters," says de Blasio. "Our central focus is traditional public schools."[50] In October 2013, nearly 20,000 demonstrators marched across the Brooklyn Bridge to protest de Blasio's proposal to charge rent to charter schools.[51]

Housing[edit]

In June 2010, de Blasio opposed a New York City Housing Authority decision to cut the number of Section 8 vouchers issued to low-income New Yorkers. The cut was announced after the NYCHA discovered it could not pay for approximately 2,600 vouchers that had already been issued. The Housing Authority reversed its decision a month later.[52] Two months later, he launched an online “NYC's Worst Landlords Watchlist” to track landlords who failed to repair dangerous living conditions. The list drew widespread media coverage and highlighted hundreds of landlords across the city. "We want these landlords to feel like they're being watched", de Blasio told the Daily News. "We need to shine a light on these folks to shame them into action."[53]

Campaign finance[edit]

De Blasio has been a vocal opponent of Citizens United, the January 2010 U.S. Supreme Court decision which overturned portions of the 2002 McCain-Feingold Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act. He argued that “corporations should not be allowed to buy elections” and launched a national campaign by elected officials to reverse the effects of the court decision.[54]

Mayor of New York City (2014-present)[edit]

2013 Election[edit]

On January 27, 2013, de Blasio announced his candidacy for Mayor of New York City in the fall election.[55][56]

The Democratic primary race included nine candidates, among them Council Speaker Christine Quinn, former U.S. Representative Anthony Weiner, and former New York City Comptroller and 2009 mayoral nominee Bill Thompson.[57][58] After Weiner joined the race in April, early polls showed de Blasio in fourth or fifth place.[59]

Bill de Blasio with his wife (left) and children (right) at a rally in New York City in 2013.

Despite this poor starting position, de Blasio was able to gain the endorsements of major Democratic clubs such as the Barack Obama Democratic Club of Upper Manhattan as well as New York City's largest trade union, SEIU Local 1199. Celebrities such as Alec Baldwin and Sarah Jessica Parker and prominent politicians such as former Vermont Governor Howard Dean and U.S. Congresswoman Yvette Clarke also gave endorsements.[60][61][62] By August, Harry Belafonte and Susan Sarandon had endorsed de Blasio.[63]

De Blasio gained media attention during the campaign when he and a dozen others, including City Councilman Stephen Levin, were arrested while protesting the closing of Long Island College Hospital.[64] Fellow Democratic mayoral hopefuls Anthony Weiner and City Comptroller John Liu were also at the protest but were not arrested. De Blasio and Levin were released a few hours later with disorderly conduct summonses.[65]

Over time, de Blasio moved up in the polls and in mid-August, for the first time, a poll showed him taking the Democratic lead.[66] He reached 43 percent in a Quinnipiac poll released September 3.[67]

Preliminary results showed de Blasio winning the September 10 primary election with 40.12% of the votes, slightly more than the 40% needed to avoid a runoff.[68] On September 16, second-place finisher Bill Thompson conceded, citing the unlikelihood of winning a runoff even if uncounted absentee and military ballots pushed de Blasio below the 40% threshold. Thompson's withdrawal cleared the way for de Blasio to become the Democratic nominee against Republican Joe Lhota in the general election.[69] After the Democratic primary, de Blasio was announced as the nominee on the Working Families Party line.[70] The issue that most aided de Blasio's primary victory was his unequivocal opposition to "stop and frisk."[71]

In the general election, de Blasio defeated Lhota in a landslide, winning 73.3% to 24.3%.[72] Voter turnout for the 2013 election set a new record low of only 24 percent of registered voters, which experts attributed to the expectation of a landslide.[73]

At a December news conference, de Blasio announced that he would outlaw Central Park's iconic horse-drawn carriages once he took office, saying that he believes they are inhumane. He said, "We are going to get rid of horse carriages, period." He confirmed to the media that he hired legal counsel who will deal with the legislative approach. To replace them, de Blasio has proposed electric antique cars.[74][75]

Tenure[edit]

De Blasio was sworn into office on January 1, 2014 by former President Bill Clinton. In his inaugural address, he reiterated his campaign pledge to address "economic and social inequalities" within the city.[76] The New York Times noted that "The elevation of an assertive, tax-the-rich liberal to the nation's most prominent municipal office has fanned hopes that hot-button causes like universal prekindergarten and low-wage worker benefits… could be aided by the imprimatur of being proved workable in New York".[77] De Blasio selected Bill Bratton to be New York City Police Commissioner, a position he previously held under Mayor Rudy Giuliani. Bratton, who introduced stop-and-frisk under Giuliani, promised it would be used "legally, respectfully" and less frequently.[78][79] Some de Blasio supporters were disappointed with Bratton's appointment.[80]

In the first weeks of de Blasio's mayorship New York was struck by a series of snowstorms.[81] In January, De Blasio was criticized by Upper East Side residents when snow clearing seemed to be lagging in the wealthy neighborhood.[82] The mayor apologized the next day, admitting that "more could have been done to serve the Upper East Side."[82] On February 13, 2014, heavy snowstorms again hit the East Coast. Under instructions from the mayor and the school chancellor, Carmen Fariña, the city's public schools were kept open. The decision was criticized by teacher unions, parents and the media as the city saw up 9.5 inches of snow that day.[83] By the middle of February, the city had been forced to add $35 million to the Sanitation Department's budget for snow removal costs.[81]

Personal life[edit]

De Blasio and his wife, activist and poet Chirlane McCray, met while both were working for the Dinkins administration.[84] They married in 1994 and honeymooned in Cuba.[16] They live in Park Slope, Brooklyn, with their two children, Dante, a high school junior, and Chiara, a college student in California.[84][85] Both children either attended or still attend public schools.[86] His daughter Chiara addressed her own challenges with substance abuse and depression in late December 2013, through a 4-minute video that the mayor's transition team released.[87]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mayor Elect Bill De Blasio Quashes Atheism Rumors, Says He's Spiritual But Unaffiliated". The Huffington Post. November 11, 2013. Retrieved November 11, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Janison, Dan (August 17, 2013). "A refresher on candidate Bill de Blasio". Long Island Newsday. Retrieved September 20, 2013. 
  3. ^ Barbaro, Michael, and Chen, David W. (November 6, 2013). "De Blasio Is Elected New York City Mayor in Landslide". The New York Times. Retrieved November 6, 2013. 
  4. ^ Cassidy, John (August 14, 2013). "Bill de Blasio's Moment: Can He Handle It?". The New Yorker. Retrieved September 20, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Paid Notice: Deaths: Wilhelm, Maria (Nee De Blasio)". The New York Times. January 28, 2007. Retrieved September 20, 2013. 
  6. ^ In Benevento, de Blasio's surname is spelled with a capital "D": De Blasio Ancestry.com[unreliable source?]
  7. ^ Hernández, Javier C. (August 20, 2013). "That Boston Fan? He Wants to Run New York". The New York Times. Retrieved August 28, 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c "25 facts about New York City’s new Mayor Bill de Blasio". New York Daily News. January 1, 2014. 
  9. ^ Fermino, Jennifer (June 10, 2013). "Bill de Blasio mayoral campaign ad tells of demons of an alcoholic father". New York Daily News. Retrieved November 6, 2013. 
  10. ^ a b Wolper, Allan, "Bill de Blasio and Allan Wolper", Conversations with Allan Wolper (Public Radio Exchange), retrieved January 21, 2012 
  11. ^ Sale, Anna (September 30, 2013). "WNYC News Exclusive: Bill de Blasio Speaks with WNYC About His Father's Suicide". wnyc.org (New York Public Radio). Retrieved October 1, 2013. 
  12. ^ Smith, Greg (September 22, 2013). "Mayoral hopeful Bill de Blasio has had three different legal names, court records show". New York Daily News. 
  13. ^ "New York City mayoral candidates: A look at Bill de Blasio". New York Daily News. April 15, 2013. Retrieved August 13, 2013. 
  14. ^ "The 2012 Annual Report of the Harry S. Truman Scholarship Foundation". The Harry S. Truman Scholarship Foundation. Retrieved September 20, 2013. 
  15. ^ "New York City Public Advocate Bill de Blasio". New York Daily News. March 30, 2013. Retrieved September 20, 2013. 
  16. ^ a b c d e Hernández, Javier C. (September 22, 2013). "A Mayoral Hopeful Now, de Blasio Was Once a Young Leftist". The New York Times. Retrieved September 24, 2013. 
  17. ^ Campbell, Colin (December 6, 2012). "Bill de Blasio For NYC Mayor: Can The Public Advocate Go From Master Strategist To Mister Mayor?". New York Observer. Retrieved August 13, 2013. 
  18. ^ Dickter, Adam (July 17, 2013). "The Political Education Of Bill de Blasio". The Jewish Week. Retrieved August 13, 2013. 
  19. ^ Warren, James (October 27, 2013). "De Blasio’s early audition". New York Daily News. Retrieved 6 November 2013. 
  20. ^ Pacenza, Matt (April 1, 2001). "Dream Off?". City Limits. 
  21. ^ a b "About Bill De Blasio". Office of the Public Advocate. Retrieved August 13, 2013. 
  22. ^ "NYC Council 39 - D Primary Race - September 25, 2001". Our Campaigns. Retrieved September 20, 2013. 
  23. ^ "New York City Council 39 Race - November 6, 2001". Our Campaigns. Retrieved September 20, 2013. 
  24. ^ "New York City Council 39 Race - November 4, 2003". Our Campaigns. Retrieved September 20, 2013. 
  25. ^ "New York City Council 39 Race - November 8, 2005". Our Campaigns. Retrieved September 20, 2013. 
  26. ^ "Filing, on behalf of the Council, an amicus brief in support of the plaintiffs in the litigation between individual tenants and landlords captioned Rosario v. Diagonal Realty LLC. (Res 0803-2007)". New York City Council Legislative Research Center. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  27. ^ "Processing of applications for permanent housing for clients of the HIV and AIDS Services Administration. (Int 0535-2005)". New York City Council Legislative Research Center. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  28. ^ "Domestic Partnerships. (Int 0501-2007)". New York City Council Legislative Research Center. Retrieved January 20, 2013. 
  29. ^ "Provision of language assistance services. (Int 0038-2002)". New York City Council Legislative Research Center. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  30. ^ The New York City Council – Committee on Education
  31. ^ The New York City Council – Committee on Environmental Protection
  32. ^ The New York City Council – Committee on Finance;
  33. ^ The New York City Council – Committee on General Welfare
  34. ^ The New York City Council – Committee on Technology
  35. ^ "For New York City Public Advocate". The New York Times. August 29, 2009. Retrieved August 13, 2013. 
  36. ^ Chen, David W. (July 16, 2009). "Snubbing Green (Gently), Sharpton Backs de Blasio". The New York Times. Retrieved November 6, 2013. 
  37. ^ Bosman, Julie (September 16, 2009). "De Blasio and Green in Runoff for Advocate". The New York Times. 
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  39. ^ "New York City Public Advocate Race - November 3, 2009". Our Campaigns. Retrieved September 20, 2013. 
  40. ^ "2009 Election Results". The New York Times. November 9, 2009. Retrieved August 8, 2013. 
  41. ^ Bosman, Julie (January 1, 2010). "Public Advocate Takes a Challenging Tone, and Thoughts of 2013 Are Near". The New York Times. Retrieved May 11, 2010. 
  42. ^ de Blasio, Bill (December 8, 2010). "Statement by Public Advocate de Blasio on Cathie Black's Doubts About Sending Her Children to Public School" (Press release). Office of the Public Advocate. Archived from the original on October 17, 2013. Retrieved October 16, 2013. 
  43. ^ Colvin, Jill (November 15, 2010). "Public Advocate Wants Cathie Black to Hold Open Meeting With Parents, Administrators". DNAinfo New York. Retrieved October 16, 2013. 
  44. ^ "Protects Against the MTA Continue in Effort to Save Student MetroCards" (Press release). Office of the Public Advocate. February 18, 2010. Archived from the original on July 13, 2012. 
  45. ^ "Public Advocate de Blasio & NYC Parents Fight to Protect City's Daycare Centers". Office of the Public Advocate. 
  46. ^ "Consensus for Reform: A Plan for Collaborative School Co-Locations" (Press release). Office of the Public Advocate. July 20, 2011. 
  47. ^ "In 11th Hour Push, Public Advocate de Blasio Brings Voice of Parents to City Hall" (Press release). Office of the NYC Public Advocate. June 20, 2011. Archived from the original on 14 July 2012. Retrieved January 1, 2014. 
  48. ^ Goldman, Henry (October 4, 2012). "De Blasio Proposes NYC Tax Surcharge on Wealthy for Schools". Bloomberg News. Retrieved August 14, 2013. 
  49. ^ a b Pierret, Ann (August 12, 2013). "Up Close With NYC's Mayoral Candidates: Bill de Blasio (D)". WFUV 90.7 FM Public Radio from Fordham University. Retrieved August 14, 2013. 
  50. ^ Hernández, Javier C. (October 8, 2013). "City’s Charter Schools Fear Having de Blasio for a Landlord". The New York Times. Retrieved November 6, 2013. 
  51. ^ Sutherland, Amber; Gonen, Yoav; Greene, Leonard (October 9, 2013). "Thousands rally against charter-school rent plan". New York Post. Retrieved November 6, 2013. 
  52. ^ Lombino, Rich, and Lombino, Elizabeth (July 8, 2010). "Section 8 Vouchers Restored for Thousands of At-Risk New Yorkers". change.org. Archived from the original on July 12, 2012. 
  53. ^ Chapman, B.; Einhorn, E. (August 30, 2010). "New website aims to shine light on city's worst slumlords". New York Daily News. Retrieved July 21, 2012. 
  54. ^ "Citizens United and the 2010 Midterm Elections" (Press release). Office of the Public Advocate. December 10, 2010. Archived from the original on July 16, 2012. 
  55. ^ Chen, David W. (January 27, 2013). "De Blasio, Announcing Mayoral Bid, Pledges to Help People City Hall Forgot". The New York Times. Retrieved July 30, 2013. 
  56. ^ "De Blasio Announces Mayoral Campaign". CBS News New York. January 27, 2013. Retrieved January 27, 2013. 
  57. ^ "Candidates 2013 Citywide Elections". New York City Campaign Finance Board. 
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  59. ^ Schuppe, Jon (April 17, 2013). "Anthony Weiner at 2nd Place in Democratic Mayoral Poll by NBC New York/Marist". NBC New York. Retrieved September 20, 2013. 
  60. ^ Durkin, E. (April 23, 2013). "Sarah Jessica Parker backs Bill de Blasio: The former 'Sex and the City' actress is the second from the show to lend her support for the New York mayoral candidate". New York Daily News. Retrieved July 31, 2013. 
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  62. ^ "Endorsements". Bill de Blasio for Mayor. Retrieved July 30, 2013. 
  63. ^ Coscarelli, Joe (August 27, 2013). "All the Celebrities in Bill de Blasio’s New Ad - Daily Intelligencer". New York Magazine. Retrieved September 20, 2013. 
  64. ^ Weichselbaum, S. (July 18, 2013). "Bill de Blasio, Dan Squadron and other Brooklyn pols storm LICH after SUNY sends in closure plan". New York Daily News. Retrieved July 31, 2013. 
  65. ^ Hartocollis, Anemona (July 10, 2013). "De Blasio Arrested, Just as He Wanted". The New York Times. Retrieved July 30, 2013. 
  66. ^ Chen, David W. (August 14, 2013). "New Poll Suggests That de Blasio Is Now First Among Voters". The New York Times. Retrieved September 20, 2013. 
  67. ^ Quinnipiac
  68. ^ Kumar, Nikhil (September 11, 2013). "Race for New York Mayor’s office sees Bill De Blasio edging it". The Independent. Retrieved September 11, 2013. 
  69. ^ Grynbaum, Michael M. (September 16, 2013). "A Display of Democratic Unity as Thompson Cedes to de Blasio". The New York Times. Retrieved September 20, 2013. 
  70. ^ "Working Families Party Leaders Back Bill de Blasio for Mayor of New York City" (Press release). Working Families Party. September 12, 2013. Retrieved September 16, 2013. 
  71. ^ Michael Greenberg (September 23, 2013). "How Different is de Blasio?". New York Review of Books. 
  72. ^ "New York City Mayor". The New York Times. Retrieved November 17, 2013. 
  73. ^ Roberts, Sam (November 6, 2013). "New York: Voter Turnout Appears to Be Record Low". The New York Times. 
  74. ^ Malloy, Allie (January 1, 2014). "Bill de Blasio: Central Park's horse-drawn carriages should ride into history". CNN. Retrieved December 31, 2013. 
  75. ^ Malloy, Allie (January 1, 2014). "Bill de Blasio: Central Park's horse-drawn carriages should ride into history". CNN. Retrieved December 31, 2013. 
  76. ^ Grynbaum, Michael M. (January 1, 2014). "Taking Office, de Blasio Vows to Fix Inequity". The New York Times. 
  77. ^ Grynbaum, Michael M. (December 31, 2013). "De Blasio Draws All Liberal Eyes to New York City". The New York Times. 
  78. ^ Shoshana Davis (January 9, 2014). "NYPD's Bratton, Miller on stop-and-frisk and job qualifications". CBS News. 
  79. ^ Saki Knafo (December 27, 2013). "New Group Launches Fight Against de Blasio's Top Cop". The Huffington Post. 
  80. ^ Thompson, Nicole Akoukou (December 15, 2013). "Bill de Blasio Mayor: NYC Mayor-elect Selects Stop-and-Frisk Innovator William Bratton as Police Commissioner; Latino Candidates Snubbed?". Latin Post. 
  81. ^ a b Weill, Kelly (12 February 2014). "De Blasio Adds $35 Million to Snow Removal Budget". Politicker. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  82. ^ a b Karni, Annie, Sandoval, Edgar, and Siamaszko, Corky (23 January 2014). "Mayor de Blasio admits mistakes in snow removal on New York’s Upper East Side". New York Daily News. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  83. ^ Santora, Marc (13 February 2014). "Winter Offensive Takes Toll on East Coast". New York Times. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  84. ^ a b Saul, Michael Howard (January 1, 2013). "Family in the Spotlight". Wall Street Journal. 
  85. ^ Chen, David W. (January 27, 2013). "De Blasio, Announcing Mayoral Bid, Pledges to Help People City Hall Forgot". The New York Times. Retrieved November 20, 2013. 
  86. ^ Rubinstein, Dana (August 23, 2013). "Bill de Blasio and a brief history of public-school parents for mayor". Capital New York. Retrieved September 8, 2013. 
  87. ^ "NY Mayor-elect’s Daughter Tells Of Substance Abuse". USAHerald. Associated Press. December 24, 2013. Retrieved December 26, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Civic offices
Preceded by
Stephen DiBrienza
Member of the New York City Council
from the 39th District

2002–2009
Succeeded by
Brad Lander
Political offices
Preceded by
Betsy Gotbaum
New York City Public Advocate
2010–2013
Succeeded by
Letitia James
Preceded by
Michael Bloomberg
Mayor of New York City
2014–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Bill Thompson
Democratic nominee for Mayor of New York City
2013
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