Bill Withers

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Bill Withers
Bill Withers 1976.JPG
Withers in a 1976 publicity shot
Background information
Birth nameWilliam Harrison Withers, Jr.
Born(1938-07-04) July 4, 1938 (age 75)
Slab Fork, West Virginia
United States
OriginLos Angeles, California
United States
GenresSoul, R&B, smooth soul, blues
OccupationsMusician, singer-songwriter, record producer
InstrumentsVocals, guitar, keyboards
Years active1963 - present
LabelsSussex
Columbia
Associated actsGrover Washington Jr.
Websitewww.billwithersmusic.com
 
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Bill Withers
Bill Withers 1976.JPG
Withers in a 1976 publicity shot
Background information
Birth nameWilliam Harrison Withers, Jr.
Born(1938-07-04) July 4, 1938 (age 75)
Slab Fork, West Virginia
United States
OriginLos Angeles, California
United States
GenresSoul, R&B, smooth soul, blues
OccupationsMusician, singer-songwriter, record producer
InstrumentsVocals, guitar, keyboards
Years active1963 - present
LabelsSussex
Columbia
Associated actsGrover Washington Jr.
Websitewww.billwithersmusic.com

William Harrison "Bill" Withers, Jr. (born July 4, 1938) is an American singer-songwriter and musician who performed and recorded from 1970 until 1985.[1] He recorded a number of major hits including "Lean on Me", "Ain't No Sunshine", "Use Me", "Just the Two of Us", "Lovely Day", and "Grandma's Hands". His life was the subject of the 2009 documentary film Still Bill.[1]

Early life[edit]

Withers was born the youngest of six children in the small coal-mining town of Slab Fork, West Virginia. Raised in nearby Beckley, West Virginia, he was thirteen years old when his father died.[2] Withers enlisted with the United States Navy at the age of eighteen and served for nine years, during which time he became interested in singing and writing songs. Discharged from the Navy in 1965, he relocated to Los Angeles in 1967 for a musical career.[3]

Withers worked as an assembler for several different companies, including Douglas Aircraft Corporation, while recording demo tapes with his own money, shopping them around and performing in clubs at night. When he debuted with the song "Ain't No Sunshine" he refused to resign his job because of his belief that the music business was a fickle industry and that he was still a novice compared to other acts.

Career[edit]

Sussex Records[edit]

During early 1970, Withers' demonstration tape was auditioned favorably by Clarence Avant, owner of Sussex Records. Avant signed Withers to a record deal and assigned former Stax Records stalwart, Booker T. Jones to produce Withers' first album. Four three-hour studio sessions were planned to record the album, but funding caused the album to be recorded in three sessions with a six-month break between the second and final sessions. Just as I Am was released in 1971 with the tracks, "Ain't No Sunshine" and "Grandma's Hands" as singles. The album features Stephen Stills playing lead guitar.[4]

The album was a success and Withers began touring with a band assembled from members of The Watts 103rd Street Rhythm Band: drummer James Gadson, guitarist Benorce Blackmon, keyboardist Ray Jackson, and bassist Melvin Dunlap.

At the 14th annual Grammy Awards on Tuesday, March 14, 1972, Withers won a Grammy Award for Best R&B Song for "Ain't No Sunshine." The track had already sold over one million copies and was awarded a platinum disc by the R.I.A.A. in September 1971.[5]

During a hiatus from touring, Withers recorded his second album, Still Bill. The single, "Lean on Me" went to number one the week of July 8, 1972. It was Withers' second gold single with confirmed sales in excess of three million.[5] His follow-up, "Use Me" released in August 1972, became his third million seller, with the R.I.A.A. gold disc award taking place on October 12, 1972.[5] His performance at Carnegie Hall on October 6, 1972, was recorded, and released as the live album Bill Withers, Live at Carnegie Hall on November 30, 1972. In 1974, Withers recorded the album +'Justments. Due to a legal dispute with the Sussex company, Withers was unable to record for some time thereafter.

During this time, he wrote and produced two songs on the Gladys Knight & the Pips record I Feel a Song, and in October 1974 performed in concert together with James Brown, Etta James, and B. B. King four weeks prior to the historic Rumble in the Jungle fight between Foreman and Ali in Zaire.[6] Footage of his performance was included in the 1996 documentary film When We Were Kings, and he is heard on the accompanying soundtrack. Other footage of his performance is included in the 2008 documentary film Soul Power which is based on archival footage of the 1974 Zaire concert.

Columbia Records[edit]

After Sussex Records folded, Withers signed with Columbia Records in 1975. His first release with the label, Making Music, Making Friends, included the single "She's Lonely", which was featured in the film Looking for Mr. Goodbar. During the next three years he released an album each year with Naked & Warm (1976), Menagerie (1977, containing the successful "Lovely Day"), "Bout Love" (1978) and "Get On Down"; the latter song also included on the Looking for Mr. Goodbar soundtrack.

In 1976, Withers performed "Ain't No Sunshine" on Saturday Night Live.[7]

Due to problems with Columbia, he concentrated on joint projects between 1977 and 1985, including the successful "Just the Two of Us", with jazz saxophonist Grover Washington, Jr., which was released during June 1980. It won a Grammy on February 24, 1982. Withers next did "Soul Shadows" with The Crusaders, and "In the Name of Love" with Ralph MacDonald, the latter being nominated for a Grammy for vocal performance.

In 1985 came Watching You Watching Me, which featured the Top 40-rated R&B single "Oh Yeah", and ended Withers' business association with Columbia Records.

Post-Columbia career[edit]

In 1988, a new version of "Lovely Day" from the 1977 Menagerie album, entitled "Lovely Day (Sunshine Mix)" and remixed by Ben Liebrand, reached the Top 10 in the United Kingdom, leading to Withers' performance on the long-running Top of the Pops that year. The original release had reached #7 in the UK in early 1978, and the re-release climbed higher to #4.

In 1987, he received his ninth Grammy Award nomination and on March 2, 1988, his third Grammy for Best Rhythm and Blues Song as songwriter for the re-recording of "Lean On Me" by Club Nouveau on their debut album Life, Love and Pain, released in 1986 on Warner Bros. Records.

In 1996, a portion of his song "Grandma's Hands" was sampled in the song "No Diggity" by BLACKstreet, featuring Dr. Dre. The single went to Number 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and sold 1.6 million copies and won a Grammy in 1999 for Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals.

Withers contributed two songs to Jimmy Buffett's 2004 release License to Chill. Following the reissues of Still Bill on January 28, 2003, and Just As I Am on March 8, 2005, there was speculation of previously unreleased material being issued as a new album.[8] In 2006, Sony gave back to Withers his previously unreleased tapes.

In 2007, "Lean On Me" was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame.

Personal life[edit]

Withers married actress Denise Nicholas in 1973, during her stint as the main actress of the popular sitcom Room 222. The couple divorced the following year.[9]

During the professional semi-hiatus which began in the late 1970s, Withers concentrated more on personal matters than on professional recording. In 1976, he married Marcia Johnson and they had two children, Todd and Kori. Marcia eventually assumed the direct management of his Beverly Hills-based publishing companies, in which his children also became involved as they became adults.[10]

Discography[edit]

Studio albums[edit]

YearAlbumPeak chart positionsCertifications
(sales threshold)
Record label
US
[11]
US
R&B

[11]
CAN
[12]
UK
[13]
1971Just as I Am35937Sussex
1972Still Bill4171
1974+'Justments677
1975Making Music817Columbia
1976Naked & Warm16941
1977Menagerie39165527
1979'Bout Love13450
1985Watching You Watching Me1434260
"—" denotes the album failed to chart or was not certified

Live albums[edit]

YearAlbumPeak chart positionsRecord label
US
[11]
US
R&B

[11]
1973Live at Carnegie Hall636Sussex
"—" denotes the album failed to chart

Compilation albums[edit]

YearAlbumPeak chart positionsCertifications
(sales threshold)
Record label
US
[11]
US
R&B

[11]
UK
[13]
1975The Best of Bill Withers18233Sussex
1980The Best of Bill WithersColumbia
1981Greatest Hits1835890
1994Lean on Me: The Best of Bill WithersLegacy
2000The Best of Bill Withers: Lean on Me
2005Lovely Day: The Very Best of Bill Withers35Sony Music
2008Ain't No Sunshine: The Best of Bill WithersMusic Club Deluxe
2009Playlist: The Very Best of Bill WithersSussex/Columbia/Legacy
2013The Essential Bill Withers (2CD)
"—" denotes the album failed to chart or was not certified

Singles[edit]

YearSinglePeak chart positions
US
[15]
US
R&B

[15]
US
A/C

[15]
AUS
[16]
CAN
[12]
UK
[13]
1971"Ain't No Sunshine" [A]36217940
"Grandma's Hands"42181637
1972"Lean on Me"114122018
"Use Me"221433
"Let Us Love"47173375
1973"Kissing My Love"311265
"Friend of Mine"8025
1974"The Same Love That Made Me Laugh"501039
"You"15
"Heartbreak Road"8913
1975"It's All Over Now" (with Bobby Womack)68
"Make Love to Your Mind"7610
1976"I Wish You Well"54
"Hello Like Before"
"If I Didn't Mean You Well"74
1977"Close to Me"88
"Lovely Day"30625237
1978"Lovely Night for Dancing"75
1979"Don't It Make It Better"30
"You Got the Stuff (Part 1)"85
1981"Just the Two of Us" (with Grover Washington, Jr.)232311034
"I Want to Spend the Night"
"U.S.A."83
1984"In the Name of Love" (with Ralph MacDonald)5813695
1985"Oh Yeah!"106224060
"Something That Turns You On"46
"We Could Be Sweet Lovers"
1987"Lovely Day" (re-release)92
1988"Lovely Day" (Sunshine Mix)4
"Ain't No Sunshine" (The Total Eclipse Mix)82
1990"Harlem" (Street Mix)98
"—" denotes the release failed to chart

Awards[edit]

YearAwardResultCategorySong
1971Grammy AwardWinBest Rhythm & Blues Song"Ain't No Sunshine"
1972NominatedGrammy Award for Best New Artist
1981WinBest Rhythm & Blues Song"Just the Two of Us" (Shared with songwriters Ralph MacDonald and William Salter)
1982NominatedGrammy Award for Song of the Year"Just the Two of Us"
1982NominatedGrammy Award for Record of the Year"Just the Two of Us"
1987WinBest Rhythm & Blues Song"Lean On Me" (as covered by Club Nouveau)
1972NAACP Image AwardsWinMale Singer of the Year
-

Honors[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hale, Mike (January 26, 2010). "Still Bill (2009) A Singer Who Stopped His Showing Off". The New York Times. 
  2. ^ Biography Official website. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
  3. ^ "Biography, Awards and Credits". Billwithersmusic.com. 1972-07-08. Retrieved 2011-01-12. 
  4. ^ "Bill Withers biography". Billboard. Retrieved 2011-01-12. 
  5. ^ a b c Murrells, Joseph (1). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins. p. 306 & 322. ISBN 0-214-20512-6. 
  6. ^ "Bill Withers' web site". Billwithersmusic.com. 1972-07-08. Retrieved 2011-01-12. 
  7. ^ Michaels, Lorne (January 17, 1976). Saturday Night Live Season 1, Ep. 10 "Saturday Night Live (SNL) January 17, 1976 - Buck Henry / Bill Withers, Toni Basil" (Streaming video). Amazon.com. ASIN B000XJSL4K. 
  8. ^ Mitchell, Gail (2005-10-14). "Withers In No Hurry To Make New Album". Billboard.
  9. ^ Jet, May 2, 1974, p. 15.
  10. ^ Elsworth, Catherine (2006-10-08). "Still A Lovely Day". Telegraph.
  11. ^ a b c d e f "US Albums Charts > Bill Withers". Billboard. Retrieved 2009-07-02. 
  12. ^ a b "CAN Charts > Bill Withers". RPM. Retrieved 2012-01-19. 
  13. ^ a b c "UK Charts > Bill Withers". Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on 2013-01-19. Retrieved 2011-10-06. 
  14. ^ a b c "US Certifications > Bill Withers". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 2012-01-19. 
  15. ^ a b c "US Singles Charts > Bill Withers". Billboard. Retrieved 2009-07-02. 
  16. ^ David Kent (1993). Australian Charts Book 1970—1992. Australian Chart Book Pty Ltd, Turramurra, N.S.W. ISBN 0-646-11917-6. 
  17. ^ Associated Press (2006-06-02). "LL Cool J, Bill Withers to Be Honored"
  18. ^ Morris, Edward (2007-11-12). "Little Jimmy Dickens Joins West Virginia Music Hall of Fame". cmt.com. 

External links[edit]