Bill Shoemaker

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Bill (The Shoe) Shoemaker
Bill Shoemaker 1986.jpg
Shoemaker in 1986
OccupationJockey
Born(1931-08-19)August 19, 1931
Fabens, Texas, United States
DiedOctober 12, 2003(2003-10-12) (aged 72)
Career wins8,833
Major racing wins, honours and awards
Major racing wins

Arlington Handicap (4)
Bing Crosby Handicap (3)
Blue Grass Stakes (6)
Carleton F. Burke Handicap (7)
Clement L. Hirsch Handicap (4)
Del Mar Debutante Stakes (5)
Del Mar Futurity (6)
Del Mar Handicap (8)
Del Mar Oaks (4)
Hollywood Derby (8)
Hollywood Gold Cup (8)
Jockey Club Gold Cup (4)
Oak Tree Invitational Stakes (8)
Palomar Breeders' Cup Handicap (5)
Ramona Handicap (5)
San Diego Handicap (4)
San Luis Obispo Handicap (8)
Santa Anita Derby (8)
Santa Anita Handicap (11)
United Nations Handicap (3)

American Classics / Breeders' Cup wins:

Kentucky Derby (1955, 1959, 1965, 1986)
Preakness Stakes (1963, 1967)
Belmont Stakes (1957, 1959, 1962, 1967, 1975)
Breeders' Cup Classic (1987)
Racing awards
United States Champion Jockey by earnings (10 years)
United States Champion Jockey by wins
(1950, 1953, 1954, 1958, 1959)
George Woolf Memorial Jockey Award (1951)
Big Sport of Turfdom Award (1969)
Eclipse Award for Outstanding Jockey (1981)
Eclipse Award of Merit (1981)
Mike Venezia Memorial Award (1990)
Honours
National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame (1958)
Shoemaker Breeders' Cup Stakes at Hollywood Park
Lifesize bust at Santa Anita Park
Significant horses
Swaps, Round Table, Northern Dancer, Buckpasser, Ack Ack, Ferdinand, Cicada, Damascus, Gallant Man, Sword Dancer, Forego, Jaipur, John Henry, Spectacular Bid, Gamely, Silky Sullivan
 
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Bill (The Shoe) Shoemaker
Bill Shoemaker 1986.jpg
Shoemaker in 1986
OccupationJockey
Born(1931-08-19)August 19, 1931
Fabens, Texas, United States
DiedOctober 12, 2003(2003-10-12) (aged 72)
Career wins8,833
Major racing wins, honours and awards
Major racing wins

Arlington Handicap (4)
Bing Crosby Handicap (3)
Blue Grass Stakes (6)
Carleton F. Burke Handicap (7)
Clement L. Hirsch Handicap (4)
Del Mar Debutante Stakes (5)
Del Mar Futurity (6)
Del Mar Handicap (8)
Del Mar Oaks (4)
Hollywood Derby (8)
Hollywood Gold Cup (8)
Jockey Club Gold Cup (4)
Oak Tree Invitational Stakes (8)
Palomar Breeders' Cup Handicap (5)
Ramona Handicap (5)
San Diego Handicap (4)
San Luis Obispo Handicap (8)
Santa Anita Derby (8)
Santa Anita Handicap (11)
United Nations Handicap (3)

American Classics / Breeders' Cup wins:

Kentucky Derby (1955, 1959, 1965, 1986)
Preakness Stakes (1963, 1967)
Belmont Stakes (1957, 1959, 1962, 1967, 1975)
Breeders' Cup Classic (1987)
Racing awards
United States Champion Jockey by earnings (10 years)
United States Champion Jockey by wins
(1950, 1953, 1954, 1958, 1959)
George Woolf Memorial Jockey Award (1951)
Big Sport of Turfdom Award (1969)
Eclipse Award for Outstanding Jockey (1981)
Eclipse Award of Merit (1981)
Mike Venezia Memorial Award (1990)
Honours
National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame (1958)
Shoemaker Breeders' Cup Stakes at Hollywood Park
Lifesize bust at Santa Anita Park
Significant horses
Swaps, Round Table, Northern Dancer, Buckpasser, Ack Ack, Ferdinand, Cicada, Damascus, Gallant Man, Sword Dancer, Forego, Jaipur, John Henry, Spectacular Bid, Gamely, Silky Sullivan

William Lee "Bill" Shoemaker (August 19, 1931 – October 12, 2003) was an American jockey. For 29 years he held the world record of number of professional jockey victories.

Biography[edit]

Referred to as "Bill", "Willie," and "The Shoe", William Lee Shoemaker was born in the town of Fabens, Texas. At 2.5 pounds (1.1 kg), Shoemaker was so small at birth that he was not expected to survive the night. Put in a shoebox in the oven to stay warm, he survived, but remained small, growing to 4 feet 11 inches (1.50 m) and weighing only 105 pounds (47.6 kg). His diminutive size proved an asset as he went on to become a giant in thoroughbred horse racing, despite being a high school dropout at El Monte High School.

His career as a jockey began in his teenage years, with his first professional ride on March 19, 1949. The first of his eventual 8,833 career victories came a month later, on April 20, aboard a racer named Shafter V, at the Golden Gate Fields in Albany, California.[1] In 1951, he won the George Woolf Memorial Jockey Award. At the age of 19, he was making so much money (as much as $2,500 each week) that Los Angeles Superior Court appointed attorney Horace Hahn as his guardian, with the consent of his parents.[2] 30 years later he won the Eclipse Award for Outstanding Jockey in the United States. Shoemaker won 11 Triple Crown races during his career, spanning four different decades, but the Crown itself eluded him. The breakdown of these wins is as follows:

Two of Shoemaker's most noted rides were in the Kentucky Derby. He lost the 1957 Kentucky Derby aboard Gallant Man, when he stood up in the stirrups too soon, having misjudged the finish line. Gallant Man finished second to Iron Liege, ridden by Bill Hartack. At the 1986 Kentucky Derby, Shoemaker became the oldest jockey ever to win the race (at age 54) aboard the 18-1 outsider Ferdinand. The following year, he rode Ferdinand to a victory over Alysheba in the Breeders' Cup Classic; Ferdinand later captured Horse of the Year honors.

Shoemaker rode the popular California horse Silky Sullivan, about which he is quoted as saying: "You just had to let him run his race ... and if he decided to win it, you'd better hold on because you'd be moving faster than a train."[citation needed]

When Shoemaker earned his 6,033rd victory in September 1970, he broke jockey Johnny Longden's record. In 1999, Shoemaker's own record of 8,833 career victories was broken by Panamanian-born Laffit Pincay Jr.; the record is currently held by Russell Baze.

Win number 8,833, Shoemaker's last, came at Gulfstream Park, Florida on January 20, 1990 aboard Beau Genius. Two weeks later, on February 3, Shoemaker rode his last race on Patchy Groundfog, at Santa Anita Park. He finished 4th in front of a record crowd, to Eddie Delahoussaye. All told, Bill Shoemaker rode in a record 40,350 races. In 1990, he was voted the Mike Venezia Memorial Award for "extraordinary sportsmanship and citizenship".

The Marlboro Cup of 1976 at Belmont Park proved to be maybe his greatest racing achievement and it was upon the mighty Forego. Forego's drive started from eighth position out of eleven horses on the backstretch, culminating with a tremendous charge through the muddy, middle of the track stretch run, led to a victory by a nose over the dead-game Honest Pleasure was a performance unmatched on any American track till this day. Bill Shoemaker is quoted as saying that Forego was best horse he had ever ridden.

After retirement[edit]

Soon after retiring as a jockey, Shoemaker returned to the track as a trainer, where he had modest success, training for such clients as Gulfstream magnate Allen Paulson and composer Burt Bacharach. Shoemaker was involved in a solo drunk-driving car accident on April 8, 1991, in San Dimas, California, when he rolled over the Bronco II he was driving. The accident left him paralyzed from the neck down, and he thereafter used a wheelchair. Shoemaker sued Ford and Ford settled for US$1,000,000. He continued to train racehorses until his retirement on Nov. 2, 1997. His final stats as a trainer were 90 wins from 714 starters and earnings of $3.7 million.

Shoemaker was inducted into the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame in 1958. He was immortalized as part of a series of portraits by Andy Warhol in the mid-1970s.[3]

References[edit]

Preceded by
Mike Venezia
Jockeys' Guild President
1981-1989
Succeeded by
Jerry Bailey