Big Ten Conference

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Big Ten Conference
(Big Ten)
Big Ten Conference logo
Established1896
AssociationNCAA
DivisionDivision I FBS
Members14
Sports fielded28 (men's: 14; women's: 14)
Region
Former namesIntercollegiate Conference
of Faculty Representatives
Big Nine
Western Conference
HeadquartersRosemont, Illinois
CommissionerJames Delany (since 1989)
Websitebigten.org
Locations
Big Ten Conference locations
 
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"Big Ten" redirects here. For other uses, see Big Ten (disambiguation).
Big Ten Conference
(Big Ten)
Big Ten Conference logo
Established1896
AssociationNCAA
DivisionDivision I FBS
Members14
Sports fielded28 (men's: 14; women's: 14)
Region
Former namesIntercollegiate Conference
of Faculty Representatives
Big Nine
Western Conference
HeadquartersRosemont, Illinois
CommissionerJames Delany (since 1989)
Websitebigten.org
Locations
Big Ten Conference locations

The Big Ten Conference (B1G), formerly Western Conference and Big Nine Conference, is the oldest Division I collegiate athletic conference in the United States. The conference competes in the NCAA's Division I; its football teams compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), formerly known as Division I-A, the highest level of NCAA competition in that sport. The Big Ten Conference established itself almost 120 years ago as the premiere collective of academic institutions in the country when then-Purdue University president James H. Smart and representatives from the University of Chicago, University of Illinois, University of Michigan, University of Minnesota, Northwestern University and University of Wisconsin gathered to set policies aimed at regulating intercollegiate athletics at the Palmer House hotel in Chicago in 1896. In 1905, the conference was officially incorporated as the "Intercollegiate Conference Athletic Association".[1] The conference uses the "B1G" character combination in its branding, noting that it "allows fans to see 'BIG' and '10' in a single word."[2]

Big Ten member institutions are predominantly major flagship research universities that have large financial endowments and are well-regarded academically. Large student enrollment is also a hallmark of Big Ten universities, as thirteen of the fourteen members feature enrollments of 30,000 or more students. Northwestern University, the conference's only full member with a total enrollment of less than 30,000 students, is the lone private university among Big Ten membership. Collectively, Big Ten universities educate more than 520,000 total students and have 5.7 million living alumni.[3] Big Ten universities engage in $9.3 billion in funded research each year.[4] Though the Big Ten existed for nearly a century as an assemblage of universities located primarily in the Midwest, the conference now has a geographic footprint which spans from the state of Nebraska in the west to the Atlantic Ocean in the east.

Big Ten universities -- or, in two cases, their parent university systems -- are also members of the Committee on Institutional Cooperation (CIC), a leading academic consortium of Big Ten universities and the University of Chicago. In 2012, CIC members generated over $10 billion in research expenditures.[5] Eleven of the conference's thirteen public universities are considered "Public Ivies", publicly funded universities considered comparable to the quality of education at an Ivy League institution.[6][7] Despite the conference's name, the Big Ten actually consists of fourteen member institutions, following the addition of Pennsylvania State University in 1990, the University of Nebraska–Lincoln in 2011, the University of Maryland, and Rutgers University in 2014. Johns Hopkins University joined the Big Ten in 2014 as an associate member participating in men's lacrosse only.

Contents

Member schools[edit]

Members[edit]

InstitutionLocation
(Population)[8]
FoundedJoinedTypeEnrollmentEndowment[9]NicknameColorsVarsity TeamsNCAA Championships
(As of June 1, 2014)[10]
(excludes football)
Football
Division
University of Illinois at Urbana–ChampaignUrbana, Illinois
(41,752)
and
Champaign, Illinois
(83,424)
18671896[11]Public41,918[12]$1,925,949,000Fighting
Illini
Orange & Blue[13]
         
2118West
Indiana UniversityBloomington, Indiana
(82,575)
18201899[14]
(Athletics
since 1900)
Public42,464[15]$1,735,086,000HoosiersCream & Crimson[16]
         
2424East
University of IowaIowa City, Iowa
(71,591)
18471899[17]
(Athletics
since 1900)
Public31,498[18]$1,094,803,000HawkeyesBlack & Gold[19]
         
2425West
University of MarylandCollege Park, Maryland
(31,274)
18562014Public37,631[20]$874,000,000TerrapinsRed, White, Black & Gold[21]
         
         
2026East
University of MichiganAnn Arbor, Michigan
(117,025)
18171896[22]
(Inactive
1907–1917)
Public37,197[23][24]$8,382,311,000WolverinesMaize & Blue[25]
         
2737East
Michigan State UniversityEast Lansing, Michigan
(48,554)
18551950[26]
(Athletics
since 1953)
Public48,906[27]$2,003,100,000SpartansGreen & White[28]
         
2519East
University of MinnesotaMinneapolis, Minnesota
(400,070)
and St. Paul, Minnesota
(294,873)
18511896[29]Public51,853[30]$2,757,476,000Golden GophersMaroon & Gold[31]
         
2317West
University of Nebraska–LincolnLincoln, Nebraska
(268,738)
18692011[32]Public24,593[33]$1,338,728,000CornhuskersScarlet & Cream[34]
         
2117West
Northwestern UniversityEvanston, Illinois
(75,570)
18511896[35]Private14,988[36]$7,883,323,000WildcatsPurple & White[37]
         
198West
Ohio State UniversityColumbus, Ohio
(822,553)
18701912[38]Public56,867[39]$3,149,169,000BuckeyesScarlet & Gray[40]
         
3727East
Pennsylvania State UniversityState College, Pennsylvania
(41,757)
18551990[41]
(Athletics
since 1991)
Public44,817[42]$2,956,803,000Nittany
Lions
Blue & White[43]
         
3146East
Purdue UniversityWest Lafayette, Indiana
(30,875)
18691896[44]Public39,637[45]$2,182,171,000BoilermakersOld Gold & Black[46]
         
183West
Rutgers UniversityNew Brunswick, New Jersey
(55,831)
Piscataway, New Jersey
(58,405)
17662014Public41,565[47]$783,492,000Scarlet KnightsScarlet[48]
    
271East
University of Wisconsin–MadisonMadison, Wisconsin
(243,344)
18481896[49]Public43,275[50]$2,020,019,000BadgersCardinal & White[51]
         
2328West

Associate member[edit]

On July 1, 2014, Johns Hopkins University joined the conference as an associate member in men's lacrosse.

InstitutionLocation
(Population)[52]
FoundedJoinedTypeEnrollmentEndowment[53]NicknameColorsParticipating sportsBig Ten
Championships
Primary conference
Johns Hopkins UniversityBaltimore, Maryland
(622,104)
18762014Private5,066[54]$2,990,000,000Blue JaysColumbia Blue & Black
         
Men's lacrosse0Centennial Conference (Div. III)

Former member[edit]

InstitutionLocationFoundedTypeUndergrad
Enrollment
EndowmentJoined
Big Ten
Left
Big Ten
NicknameColorsVarsity TeamsNCAA Championships
(as a member)
Big Ten
Championships
Current Conference
University of ChicagoChicago, Illinois
(2,718,782)
1890Private5,027$6,670,000,00018961946MaroonsMaroon & White[55]
         
19173University Athletic Association
(NCAA Division III)

Membership timeline[edit]

Johns Hopkis UniversityRutgers UniversityUniversity of MarylandUniversity of Nebraska-LincolnPennsylvania State UniversityMichigan State UniversityOhio State UniversityUniversity of IowaIndiana University BloomingtonUniversity of Wisconsin–MadisonPurdue UniversityNorthwestern UniversityUniversity of MinnesotaUniversity of MichiganUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUniversity Athletic AssociationMidwest ConferenceUniversity of Chicago

Full members Full members (non-football) Sport Affiliate (Men's Lacrosse) Other Conference Other Conference

Sports[edit]

The Big Ten Conference sponsors championship competition in thirteen men's and women's NCAA sanctioned sports.[56]

Teams in Big Ten Conference competition
SportMen'sWomen's
Baseball
13
-
Basketball
14
14
Cross Country
12
14
Field Hockey
-
9
Football
14
-
Golf
14
14
Gymnastics
7
10
Ice Hockey
6
-
Lacrosse
6
6
Rowing
-
8
Soccer
9
14
Softball
-
14
Swimming & Diving
10
13
Tennis
12
14
Track and Field (Indoor)
12
13
Track and Field (Outdoor)
13
13
Volleyball
-
14
Wrestling
14
-

Men's sponsored sports by school[edit]

SchoolBaseballBasketballCross CountryFootballGolfGymnasticsIce HockeyLacrosseSoccerSwimming
& Diving
TennisTrack & Field
(Indoor)
Track & Field
(Outdoor)
WrestlingTotal
IllinoisGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY10
IndianaGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY11
IowaGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY11
MarylandGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickY8
MichiganGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY14
Michigan StateGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY12
MinnesotaGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY12
NebraskaGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY10
NorthwesternGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNGreen tickY8
Ohio StateGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY14
Penn StateGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY14
PurdueGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY10
RutgersGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY10
WisconsinRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY11
Totals1314121414765+1*91012121314155+1

Notes:

Men's varsity sports not sponsored by the Big Ten Conference which are played by Big Ten schools:

SchoolFencing1Lightweight Rowing2Pistol3Rifle4Rowing2Volleyball
Ohio StateIndependentNoIndependentPRCNoMIVA
Penn StateIndependentNoNoNoNoEIVA
WisconsinNoNoNoEARCNo
RutgersNoEARCNoNoEARCNo

Notes:

1: Fencing is officially a coeducational team sport, although a few schools field only a women's team. Ohio State and Penn State, like most NCAA fencing schools, have coed teams.

2: Men's rowing, whether heavyweight or lightweight, is not governed by the NCAA, but instead by the Intercollegiate Rowing Association.

3: Unlike rifle, pistol is not an NCAA-governed sport. It is fully coeducational.

4: Rifle is technically a men's sport, but men's, women's, and coed teams all compete against each other. Ohio State fields a coed team.

Women's sponsored sports by school[edit]

SchoolBasketballCross CountryField HockeyGolfGymnasticsLacrosseRowingSoccerSoftballSwimming
& Diving
TennisTrack & Field
(Indoor)
Track & Field
(Outdoor)
VolleyballTotal
IllinoisGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY11
IndianaGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY12
IowaGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY13
MarylandGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY12
MichiganGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY14
Michigan StateGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY13
MinnesotaGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY12
NebraskaGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY11
NorthwesternGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNGreen tickY10
Ohio StateGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY14
Penn StateGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY13
PurdueGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYRed XNRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY10
RutgersGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY14
WisconsinGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY11
Totals1414914106814141314131314170

Women's varsity sports not sponsored by the Big Ten Conference which are played by Big Ten schools:

SchoolBowlingFencing[c 1]Ice HockeyLightweight Rowing[c 2]Pistol[c 3]Rifle[c 4]Synchronized Swimming[c 5]Water Polo
IndianaNoNoNoNoNoNoNoCWPA
MichiganNoNoNoNoNoNoNoCWPA
MinnesotaNoNoWCHANoNoNoNoNo
NebraskaIndependentNoNoNoNoGARCNoNo
NorthwesternNoIndependentNoNoNoNoNoNo
Ohio StateNoIndependentWCHANoIndependentPRCIndependentNo
Penn StateNoIndependentCHANoNoNoNoNo
WisconsinNoNoWCHAEARCNoNoNoNo
  1. ^ Fencing is officially a coeducational team sport, although a few schools field only a women's team. Ohio State and Penn State, like most NCAA fencing schools, have coed teams, while Northwestern fields only a women's team.
  2. ^ The only category of rowing that the NCAA governs is women's heavyweight rowing. Women's lightweight rowing, as with all men's rowing, is governed by the Intercollegiate Rowing Association.
  3. ^ Unlike rifle, pistol is not an NCAA-governed sport. It is fully coeducational.
  4. ^ Rifle is technically a men's sport, but men's, women's, and coed teams all compete against each other. Nebraska fields a women-only team, and Ohio State fields a coed team.
  5. ^ Synchronized swimming is not governed by the NCAA. Collegiate competition is governed by United States Synchronized Swimming, the sport's national governing body.

History[edit]

Initiated and led by Purdue University president James Henry Smart,[58] the presidents of University of Chicago, University of Illinois, University of Minnesota, University of Wisconsin, Northwestern University, Purdue University and Lake Forest College met in Chicago on January 11, 1895 to discuss the regulation and control of intercollegiate athletics. The eligibility of student-athletes was one of the main topics of discussion.[59] The Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives was founded at a second meeting on February 8, 1896.[60] Lake Forest was not at the 1896 meeting that established the conference and was replaced by the University of Michigan. At the time, the organization was more commonly known as the Western Conference, consisting of Purdue, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Illinois, Chicago, and Northwestern.

The first reference to the conference as the Big Nine was in 1899 after Iowa and Indiana had joined. Nebraska first petitioned to join the league in 1900 and again in 1911,[61] but was turned away both times. In April 1907, Michigan was voted out of the conference for failing to adhere to league rules.[62] Ohio State was added to the conference in 1912. The first known references to the conference as the Big Ten were in November 1917 after Michigan rejoined following a nine-year absence.[63][64][65]

Big Ten logo (1990–2011). To reflect the addition of the 11th school, Pennsylvania State, the number 11 was disguised in the negative space of the "Big Ten" lettering.

The conference was again known as the Big Nine after the University of Chicago decided to de-emphasize varsity athletics just after World War II. Chicago discontinued its football program in 1939[66] and withdrew from the conference in 1946 after struggling to gain victories in many conference matchups. It was believed that one of several schools, notably Pittsburgh, Nebraska, Michigan State, Marquette, Notre Dame, and Iowa State would replace Chicago at the time.[67] On May 20, 1949,[60] Michigan State ended the speculation by joining and the conference was again known as the Big Ten. The Big Ten's membership would remain unchanged for the next 40 years. The conference’s official name throughout this period remained the Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives. It did not formally adopt the name Big Ten until 1987, when it was incorporated as a not-for-profit corporation.

1990 expansion: Penn State[edit]

In 1990, the Big Ten universities voted to expand the conference to 11 teams, and extended an invitation to Pennsylvania State University, which accepted it.[68] When Penn State joined in 1990, it was decided that the conference would continue to be called the Big Ten, but its logo was modified to reflect the change; the number 11 was disguised in the negative space of the traditionally blue "Big Ten" lettering.

Missouri had shown interest in Big Ten membership after Penn State joined.[69] Around 1993, the league explored adding Kansas, Missouri, and Rutgers, or other potential schools, to create a 14-team league with two divisions.[70] These talks died when the Big 8 Conference merged with former Southwest Conference members to create the Big 12.

Locations of the Big Ten member institutions

Following the addition of previously independent Penn State, efforts were made to encourage the University of Notre Dame, the last remaining non-service academy independent, to join the league. Early in the 20th century, Notre Dame briefly considered official entry into the Big Ten but chose to maintain its independence instead.[71] However, in 1999, both Notre Dame and the Big Ten entered into private negotiations concerning a possible membership that would include Notre Dame. Although the Notre Dame faculty senate endorsed the idea with a near unanimous vote, the ND board of trustees decided against joining the conference and Notre Dame ultimately withdrew from negotiations. [1]

2010–2013 expansion: Nebraska, Maryland, Rutgers[edit]

In December 2009, Big Ten Conference commissioner Jim Delany announced that the league was looking to expand in what would later be part of a nationwide trend as part of the 2010–13 NCAA conference realignment.[72] On June 11, 2010 the University of Nebraska applied for membership in the Big Ten and was unanimously approved as the conference's 12th school, which became effective July 1, 2011.[73] The conference retained the name "Big Ten".

On September 1, Delany revealed the conference's divisional split and announced the new division names on December 13, 2010: Legends and Leaders.[74] The new "Legends" and "Leaders" names were not met with enthusiasm. Some traditional rivals, including Ohio State and Michigan, were placed in separate divisions.[75] For the football season, each team plays the others in its division, one "cross-over" game, and two rotating cross-divisional games.

On November 19, 2012, the University of Maryland's Board of Regents voted to withdraw from the ACC and to join the Big Ten as its 13th member effective on July 1, 2014.[76] The Big Ten's Council of Presidents approved the move later that day.[77] One day later, Rutgers University of the Big East also accepted an offer for membership from the Big Ten as its 14th member school.[78]

On April 28, 2013, the Big Ten presidents and chancellors unanimously approved a divisional realignment that will take effect when Maryland and Rutgers join in 2014.[79] Under the new plan, the "Leaders" and "Legends" divisions will be replaced with geographic divisions.[79] The West Division will include all member schools in the Central Time Zone plus Purdue, while the East Division will include the other seven schools. The final issue in determining the new divisions was which of the two Indiana schools would be sent to the West; Purdue was chosen because its West Lafayette campus is geographically west of Indiana's home city of Bloomington.[80] In the new divisional alignment, the only protected cross-divisional rivalry game in football will be Indiana–Purdue.[79]

On June 3, 2013, the Big Ten announced the sponsorship of men's and women's lacrosse. The addition of women's lacrosse was possible with the addition of Maryland and Rutgers to the conference, joining existing programs at Northwestern, Michigan, Ohio State, and Penn State.[81] To sponsor men's lacrosse, Johns Hopkins University opted to join the conference as its first affiliate member beginning in 2014. Johns Hopkins had previously been independent in men's lacrosse for 130 years, claiming 44 national championships.[82]

In 2012, the conference announced it will be moving its headquarters from its current location in Park Ridge, Illinois to neighboring Rosemont by the end of 2013. The new office building is situated within the Rosemont Financial District, right alongside Interstate 294. The move into the building was finalized on October 14, 2013.[83][84][85]

Commissioners[edit]

The office of the commissioner of athletics was created in 1922 "to study athletic problems of the various member universities and assist in enforcing the eligibility rules which govern Big Ten athletics."[59]

NameYearsNotes
John L. Griffith1922–1944died in office
Kenneth L. "Tug" Wilson1945–1961retired
William R. Reed1961–1971died in office
Wayne Duke1971–1989retired
James Delany1989–

Academics & Committee on Institutional Cooperation[edit]

The Big Ten Conference is known for its commitment to academic excellence as well as its proud athletic tradition. Eleven of the thirteen public schools in the Big Ten (Purdue and Nebraska excepted) are considered "Public Ivies".[86] Each Big Ten institution (Nebraska excepted) is a member of the American Association of Universities and is ranked in the US News & World Report top-100 and the Times Higher Education top-200.[87] Nebraska joined the AAU in 1909 but was removed in April 2011 when the AAU disallowed University of Nebraska Medical Center data points to be included in the AAU formula and began to decrease the weight given to agricultural research. Commissioner Jim Delany stated that Nebraska's removal from the AAU would have no bearing upon their Big Ten membership. Nebraska does, however, lead the NCAA with a record of 314 Academic All-Americans (followed by Notre Dame with 221).[88][89] Currently, no Division I conference is comprised exclusively of AAU members. However, the University Athletic Association, a Division III conference is composed of entirely AAU members.

All Big Ten members are, along with charter member the University of Chicago which withdrew from the conference in 1946, part of the Committee on Institutional Cooperation (CIC), an academic consortium which allows students at Big Ten institutions to take distance courses at other participating institutions.[90] Students at participating schools are also allowed "in-house" viewing privileges at other participating schools' libraries.[91] The CIC also employs collective purchasing, which has saved member institutions $19 million to date.[92]

Schools ranked by revenue[edit]

The schools below are listed by conference rank of total revenue. Total revenue includes ticket sales, contributions and donations, rights/licensing, student fees, school funds and all other sources including TV income, camp income, food and novelties. Total expenses includes coaching/staff, scholarships, buildings/ground, maintenance, utilities and rental fees and all other costs including recruiting, team travel, equipment and uniforms, conference dues and insurance costs. Surplus (or deficit) is calculated using the total revenue and total expenses data provided by USA Today, individual institutions and the United States Department of Education.[93]

Institution2012 Total Revenue
from Athletics[94]
2012 Total Expenses
on Athletics[94]
2012 Surplus/(Deficit)2012 Average Spending
per student-athlete[95]
Ohio State University$142,043,057$124,419,412$17,623,645$158,901
University of Michigan$140,131,187$115,200,187$24,921,000$133,488
Pennsylvania State University$108,252,281$107,389,258$863,023Not reported
University of Wisconsin–Madison$103,803,040$102,275,206$1,527,834$116,487
University of Iowa$97,902,974$104,658,746($6,755,772)$154,592
Michigan State University$93,946,707$88,100,432$5,846,275$120,356
University of Minnesota$83,619,526$83,619,526$0$102,980
University of Nebraska–Lincoln$81,631,252$77,037,282$4,593,970$128,182
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign$78,708,250$76,740,736$1,967,514$154,719
Indiana University Bloomington$72,973,954$69,915,060$3,058,894$110,102
Purdue University$70,624,394$68,056,269$2,568,125$135,301
University of Maryland, College Park$68,142,660$68,109,639$33,021$113,706
Rutgers–New Brunswick$64,038,720$64,038,720$0$104,638
Northwestern UniversityNot reportedNot reportedNot reportedNot reported

Awards and honors[edit]

Big Ten Athlete of the Year[edit]

The Big Ten Athlete of the Year award is given annually to the athletes voted as the top male and female athlete in the Big Ten Conference.

Big Ten Medal of Honor[edit]

Big Ten Medal of Honor (annual; at each school; one male scholar-athlete and one female scholar-athlete)[96]

Final NACDA Learfield Sports Directors' Cup Rankings[edit]

The NACDA Learfield Sports Directors' Cup is an annual award given by the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics to the U.S. colleges and universities with the most success in collegiate athletics. Big Ten universities typically finish ranked in the top-50 of the final Directors' Cup annual rankings.

Institution2013-20142012-20132011-20122010-20112009-20102008-20092007-20082006-20072005-20062004-200510-yr Avg.
Illinois4731212335203442403633
Indiana3632382843553950384040
Iowa7865484355455068533954
Maryland3244271728285240272832
Michigan13410152553424411
Michigan State2930344239272934463334
Minnesota2122222918142820162221
Nebraska2324403317313127192127
Northwestern5040444650444030292940
Ohio State2516428101114121211
Penn State561213419921152012
Purdue4842474954383535354643
Rutgers91120111158969212654766699
Wisconsin1829262621411816221924

Conference records[edit]

For Big Ten records, by sport (not including football), see footnote[98]

Championships[edit]

For Big Ten championships, by year, see footnote[99]
InstitutionBig Ten
Championships
(As of July 1, 2014)[100]
NCAA Championships
(As of July 1, 2014)[10]
University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign23718
Indiana University16924
University of Iowa10625
Johns Hopkins University109
University of Maryland2026
University of Michigan37236
Michigan State University9519
University of Minnesota16317
University of Nebraska–Lincoln3717
Northwestern University738
Ohio State University20627
Pennsylvania State University7346
Purdue University713
Rutgers University401
University of Wisconsin–Madison19228

Notes:

  1. ^ Johns Hopkins was added in 2014 as an associate member that competes in men's lacrosse only.
  2. ^ Maryland won 192 conference championships as a member of the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC), second most in ACC history.
  3. ^ Nebraska won 80 conference championships as a member of the Big 12 Conference, second most in Big 12 history. Nebraska also won 230 conference championships as a member of the Big 8 Conference, the most in Big 8 history.
  4. ^ Rutgers won 6 conference championships as a member of the Middle Three Conference, the Middle Atlantic Conference, the Atlantic 10 Conference, the Big East Conference, and the American Athletic Conference.

Football[edit]

When Maryland and Rutgers joined the Big Ten in 2014, the division names were changed to "East" and "West", with Purdue and the six schools in the Central Time Zone in the West and Indiana joining the remaining six Eastern Time Zone schools in the East. The only protected cross-division game will be Indiana–Purdue. Beginning in 2016, the Big Ten will adopt a nine-game conference schedule.[80][101]

West DivisionEast Division
Purdue*Indiana*
IllinoisMaryland
IowaMichigan
MinnesotaMichigan State
NebraskaOhio State
NorthwesternPenn State
WisconsinRutgers

* The game between Indiana and Purdue will be the only protected game between the East and West divisions. (All other matchups between East and West will occur on a rotating basis.)

All-time school records[edit]

This list goes through the 2013 season.

#TeamRecordsPct.Division ChampionshipsBig Ten ChampionshipsClaimed National Championships
1Michigan910-321-36.73204211
2Ohio State837-318-53.7152†347
3Nebraska865-357-40.701105
4Penn State730-370-42.658012
5Michigan State659-437-44.597286
6Wisconsin652-480-53.5731140
7Minnesota659-492-41.5700187
8Iowa606-535-39.5300111
9Purdue593-526-49.529080
10Maryland623-560-42.526001
11Illinois585-553-50.5130155
12Rutgers634-615-42.508001
13Northwestern489-645-42.434080
14Indiana459-643-44.420020

† Ohio State was awarded the Leaders Division in 2012; however, they were ineligible to participate in the 2012 Big Ten Championship Game.[citation needed] Due to Penn State also being ineligible, Wisconsin was selected to participate and went on to defeat Nebraska 70-31.

Big Ten Conference Champions[edit]

Big Ten Championship Game[edit]

SeasonDateLeaders DivisionLegends DivisionSiteAttendanceMVP
2011December 3, 2011#15 Wisconsin42#11 Michigan State39Lucas Oil Stadium64,152QB Russell Wilson, Wisconsin
2012December 1, 2012Wisconsindagger70#14 Nebraska31Lucas Oil Stadium41,260RB Montee Ball, Wisconsin
2013December 7, 2013#2 Ohio State24#10 Michigan State34Lucas Oil Stadium66,002QB Connor Cook, Michigan State
SeasonDateEast DivisionWest DivisionSiteAttendanceMVP
2014December 6, 2014TBD0TBD0Lucas Oil StadiumTBDTBD

Rankings from the AP Poll.

dagger In 2012 Wisconsin finished third in the Leaders division, but division champion Ohio State and second place Penn State were banned from postseason play due to sanctions.

Big Ten Conference football rivalry games[edit]

Bowl games[edit]

Since 1946, the Big Ten champion has had a tie-in with the Rose Bowl game. Michigan appeared in the first bowl game, the 1902 Rose Bowl. After that, the Big Ten did not allow their schools to participate in bowl games, until the agreement struck with the Pacific Coast Conference for the 1947 Rose Bowl. From 1946 through 1971, the Big Ten did not allow the same team to represent the conference in consecutive years in the Rose Bowl with an exception made after the 1961 season in which Minnesota played in the 1962 Rose Bowl after playing in the 1961 Rose Bowl due to Ohio State declining the bid because of Ohio State faculty concerns about academics. Due to their "Rose Bowl or bust" policy, the 1972, 1973 and 1974 Michigan squads did not play in bowl games despite posting 10 wins in each season.

It was not until the 1975 season that the Big Ten allowed teams to play in bowl games other than the Rose Bowl. Michigan, which had been shut out of the postseason the previous three years, was the first beneficiary of the new rule when it played in the Orange Bowl vs. Oklahoma. Due to the pre-1975 rules, Big Ten teams such as Michigan and Ohio State have lower numbers of all-time bowl appearances than powerhouse teams from the Big 12 Conference (previously Big Eight and Southwest Conferences) and Southeastern Conference, which always placed multiple teams in bowl games every year.

Starting in the 2014-2015 season, a new slate of bowl game selections will include several new bowl games.[102]

NameLocationOpposing Conference
Rose Bowl or PlayoffPasadena, California or Playoff SitePac-12 or Playoff Team
Capital One Bowl or Orange BowlOrlando, Florida or Miami Gardens, FloridaSEC or ACC
Outback BowlTampa, FloridaSEC
Holiday Bowl[103]San Diego, CaliforniaPac-12
Music City Bowl or Gator Bowl[104]Nashville, TN or Jacksonville, FLSEC
Fight Hunger Bowl[105]Santa Clara, CaliforniaPac-12
Pinstripe Bowl[106]New York CityACC
Quick Lane Bowl[107]Detroit, MichiganACC
Heart of Dallas Bowl or Armed Forces Bowl^[103]Dallas or Fort Worth, TXConference USA

† The Big Ten, along with the SEC, will be eligible to face the ACC representative in the Orange Bowl at least three out of the eight seasons that it does not host a semifinal for the Playoff over a 12-year span. Notre Dame will be chosen the other two years if eligible.

‡ The Big Ten and ACC will switch between the Music City and Gator bowls on alternating years.

^ The Big Ten and Big 12 will switch between the Heart of Dallas and Armed Forces bowls on alternating years.

Bowl selection procedures[edit]

Although the pick order usually corresponds to the conference standings, the bowls are not required to make their choices strictly according to the won-lost records; many factors influence bowl selections, especially the likely turnout of the team's fans. Picks are made after BCS selections; the bowl with the #2 pick will have the first pick of the remaining teams in the conference.

The Capital One (first choice) and Outback (second) Bowls can select any eligible team except a team that has two fewer wins or two more losses, in all games, than another eligible team. If a second conference team is selected for a BCS bowl, the two-win/loss requirement is not applicable for the Outback Bowl. The remaining picks are made in order without restrictions.[108]

Head coach compensation[edit]

The total pay of head coaches includes university and non-university compensation. This includes base salary, income from contracts, foundation supplements, bonuses and media and radio pay.[109]

Conference RankInstitutionHead Coach2013 Total Pay[110]
1Ohio State UniversityMeyer, UrbanUrban Meyer$4,608,000
2Pennsylvania State UniversityFranklin, JamesJames Franklin$4,250,000
3University of MichiganHoke, BradyBrady Hoke$4,154,000
4University of IowaFerentz, KirkKirk Ferentz$3,985,000
5University of Nebraska–LincolnPelini, BoBo Pelini$2,975,000
6Northwestern UniversityFitzgerald, PatPat Fitzgerald$2,221,153
7Purdue UniversityHazell, DarrellDarrell Hazell$2,160,833
8University of Wisconsin–MadisonAndersen, GaryGary Andersen$2,035,823
9University of Maryland, College ParkEdsall, RandyRandy Edsall$2,025,440
10Michigan State UniversityDantonio, MarkMark Dantonio$1,959,744
11University of Illinois at Urbana–ChampaignBeckman, TimTim Beckman$1,700,000
12Indiana University BloomingtonWilson, KevinKevin Wilson$1,291,220
13University of MinnesotaKill, JerryJerry Kill$1,200,000
14Rutgers UniversityFlood, KyleKyle Flood$860,000

Marching bands[edit]

All Big Ten member schools have marching bands which perform regularly during the football season. Ten of fourteen member schools have won the Sudler Trophy,[111] generally considered the most prestigious honor a collegiate marching band can receive.[112] The first three Sudler trophies were awarded to Big Ten marching bands — Michigan (1982), Illinois (1983) and Ohio State (1984).[111] The Big Ten also has more Sudler Trophy recipients than any other collegiate athletic conference.[111]

Conference individual honors[edit]

Coaches and media of the Big Ten Conference award individual honors at the end of each football season.

Men's basketball[edit]

The Big Ten has participated in basketball since 1904, and has led the nation in attendance every season since 1978.[113] It has been a national powerhouse in men's basketball, having multiple championship winners and often sending four or more teams to the NCAA Men's Basketball Tournament. Previous NCAA champions include Indiana with five titles, Michigan State with two, and Wisconsin, Maryland, Michigan, and Ohio State with one each.[114][115] Ohio State played in the first NCAA tournament national championship game in 1939, losing to Oregon. Despite this, Jimmy Hull of Ohio State was the first NCAA tournament MVP. The first three tournament MVPs came from the Big Ten (Marv Huffman of Indiana in 1940 and John Katz of Wisconsin in 1941).

Big Ten teams have also experienced success in the postseason NIT. Since 1974, 13 Big Ten teams have made it to the championship game, winning nine championships. Michigan, Ohio State, and Minnesota have won two NIT championships, while Indiana, Nebraska, Maryland, Penn State, and Purdue have won one each. In addition, the Helms Athletic Foundation recognizes Illinois as the 1915 National Champions, Minnesota as the 1902 and 1919 National Champions, Northwestern as the 1931 National Champion, Purdue as the 1932 National Champions, and Wisconsin as the 1912, 1914 and 1916 National Champions.

Since 1999, the Big Ten has taken part in the ACC–Big Ten Challenge with the Atlantic Coast Conference. The ACC holds a 10–3–2 record against the Big Ten; Maryland, Nebraska, Ohio State, Purdue, and are the only Big Ten schools without losing records in the challenge.

All-time school records[edit]

This list goes through the 2013-14 season.

#Big TenOverall RecordPct.Big Ten Tournament
Championships
Big Ten Regular
Season Championships
NCAA National Championships
1Illinois1708-923.6492170
2Indiana1736-980.6390215
3Purdue1691-974.6351220
4Ohio State1583-1018.6094†201
5Michigan State1581-1047.6024132
6Maryland1443-988.594001
7Iowa1550-1091.587280
8Michigan1376-985.5830†141
9Wisconsin1470-1144.5622171
10Penn State1377-1084-1.560000
11Minnesota1507-1199.557080
12Nebraska1389-1231.530000
13Rutgers1182-1126.512000
14Northwestern974-1443-1.403020

† Michigan and Ohio State vacated their 1998 and 2002 Big Ten Tournament Championships, respectively, due to NCAA sanctions.

National championships, Final Fours, and NCAA tournament appearances[edit]

SchoolNCAA Men's ChampionshipsMen's NCAA Final FoursMen's NCAA
Elite Eights
Men's NCAA
Sweet Sixteens
Men's NCAA Tournament Appearances
Illinois5
(1949, 1951-52, 1989, 2005)
9
(1942, 1949, 1951-52, 1963, 1984, 1989, 2001, 2005)
11
(1951-52, 1963, 1981, 1984-85, 1989, 2001-02, 2004-05)
30
(1942, 1949, 1951-52, 1963, 1981, 1983-90, 1993-95, 1997-98, 2000-09, 2011, 2013)
Indiana5
(1940, 1953, 1976, 1981, 1987)
8
(1940, 1953, 1973, 1976, 1981, 1987, 1992, 2002)
11
(1940, 1953, 1973, 1975, 1976, 1981, 1984, 1987, 1992, 1993, 2002)
21
(1953-54, 1958, 1967, 1973, 1975-76, 1978, 1980-81, 1983-84, 1987, 1989, 1991-94, 2002, 2012-13)
37
(1940, 1953-54, 1958, 1967, 1973, 1975-76, 1978, 1980-84, 1986-2003, 2006-08, 2012-13
Iowa3
(1955-56, 1980)
4
(1955-56, 1980, 1987)
8
(1955-56, 1970, 1980, 1983, 1987-88, 1999)
23
(1955-56, 1970, 1979-83, 1985-89, 1991-93, 1996-97, 1999, 2001, 2005, 2006, 2014)
Maryland1
(2002)
2
(2001, 2002)
5
(1958, 1973, 1975, 2001, 2002)
13
(1958, 1973, 1975, 1980, 1984-85, 1994-95, 1998-99, 2001-03)
23
(1958, 1973, 1975, 1980-81, 1983-86, 1994-2004, 2007, 2009, 2010)
Michigan1
(1989)
5
(1964-65, 1976, 1989, 2013)
12
(1948, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1974, 1976, 1977, 1989, 1992, 1994, 2013, 2014)
12
(1964, 1965, 1966, 1974, 1976, 1977, 1988, 1989, 1992, 1994, 2013, 2014)
21
(1948, 1964-66, 1974-77, 1985-90, 1994-95, 2009, 2011-14)
Michigan State2
(1979, 2000)
8
(1957, 1979, 1999-01, 2005, 2009-10)
12
(1957, 1959, 1978-79, 1999-01, 2003, 2005, 2009-10, 2014)
18
(1957, 1959, 1978-79, 1986, 1990, 1998-2001, 2003, 2005, 2008-10, 2012-14)
28
(1957, 1959, 1978-79, 1985-86, 1990-92, 1994-95, 1998-2014)
Minnesota1
(1990)
3
(1982, 1989, 1990)
8
(1972, 1982, 1989, 1990, 2005, 2009, 2010, 2013)
Nebraska7
(1986, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1998, 2014)
Northwestern
Ohio State1
(1960)
10
(1939, 1944-46, 1960, 1961-62, 1968, 2007, 2012)
14
(1939, 1944-46, 1950, 1960-62, 1968, 1971, 1992, 2007, 2012-13)
14
(1960-62, 1968, 1971, 1980, 1983, 1991-92, 2007, 2010-13)
26
(1939, 1944-46, 1950, 1960-62, 1968, 1971, 1980, 1982-83, 1985, 1987, 1990-92, 2006-07, 2009-14)
Penn State1
(1954)
2
(1942, 1954)
4
(1952, 1954-55, 2001)
9
(1942, 1952, 1954-55, 1965, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2011)
Purdue2
(1969, 1980)
4
(1969, 1980, 1994, 2000)
9
(1969, 1980, 1988, 1994, 1998-99, 2000, 2009-10)
9
(1969, 1977, 1980-88, 1990-91, 1993-2000, 2003-12)
Rutgers1
(1976)
1
(1976)
2
(1976, 1979)
6
(1975-76, 1979, 1983, 1989, 1991)
Wisconsin1
(1941)
3
(1941, 2000, 2014)
5
(1941, 1947, 2000, 2005, 2014)
9
(2000, 2003, 2005, 2008, 2011, 2012, 2014)
20
(1941, 1947, 1994, 1997, 1999-2014)

NCAA tournament champions, runners-up and locations[edit]

† denotes overtime games. Multiple †'s indicate more than one overtime.

YearChampionRunner-upVenue and city
1939Oregon46Ohio State33Patten GymnasiumEvanston, Illinois
1940Indiana60Kansas42Municipal AuditoriumKansas City, Missouri
1941Wisconsin39Washington State34Municipal AuditoriumKansas City, Missouri (2)
1953Indiana (2)69Kansas68Municipal AuditoriumKansas City, Missouri (4)
1956San Francisco (2)83Iowa71McGaw HallEvanston, Illinois (2)
1960Ohio State75California55Cow PalaceDaly City, California
1961Cincinnati70Ohio State65Municipal AuditoriumKansas City, Missouri (8)
1962Cincinnati (2)71Ohio State59Freedom HallLouisville, Kentucky (3)
1965UCLA (2)91Michigan80Memorial ColiseumPortland, Oregon
1969UCLA (5)92Purdue72Freedom HallLouisville, Kentucky (6)
1976Indiana (3)86Michigan68The SpectrumPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania
1979Michigan State75Indiana State64Special Events CenterSalt Lake City, Utah
1981Indiana (4)63North Carolina50SpectrumPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania (2)
1987Indiana (5)74Syracuse73Louisiana SuperdomeNew Orleans, Louisiana (2)
1989Michigan80Seton Hall79KingdomeSeattle, Washington (4)
1992Duke (2)71Michigan[a 1]51MetrodomeMinneapolis, Minnesota
1993North Carolina (3)77Michigan[a 1]71Louisiana SuperdomeNew Orleans, Louisiana (3)
2000Michigan State (2)89Florida76RCA DomeIndianapolis, Indiana (4)
2002Maryland (2)64Indiana52Georgia DomeAtlanta, Georgia (2)
2005North Carolina (4)75Illinois70Edward Jones DomeSt. Louis, Missouri (3)
2007Florida (2)84Ohio State75Georgia DomeAtlanta, Georgia (3)
2009North Carolina (5)89Michigan State72Ford FieldDetroit, Michigan
2013Louisville (3)82Michigan76Georgia DomeAtlanta, Georgia (4)
  1. ^ a b Participation vacated due to major NCAA violations.

Post-season NIT championships and runners-up[edit]

YearChampionRunner-upMVPVenue and city
1972Maryland100Niagara69Tom McMillan, MarylandMadison Square GardenNew York City
1974Purdue87Utah81Mike Sojourner, UtahMadison Square GardenNew York City
1979Indiana53Purdue52Butch Carter and Ray Tolbert, IndianaMadison Square GardenNew York City
1980Virginia58Minnesota55Ralph Sampson, VirginiaMadison Square GardenNew York City
1982Bradley68Purdue61Mitchell Anderson, BradleyMadison Square GardenNew York City
1984Michigan83Notre Dame63Tim McCormick, MichiganMadison Square GardenNew York City
1985UCLA65Indiana62Reggie Miller, UCLAMadison Square GardenNew York City
1986Ohio State73Wyoming63Brad Sellers, Ohio StateMadison Square GardenNew York City
1988Connecticut72Ohio State67Phil Gamble, UConnMadison Square GardenNew York City
1993Minnesota62Georgetown61Voshon Lenard, MinnesotaMadison Square GardenNew York City
1996Nebraska60Saint Joseph's56Erick Strickland, NebraskaMadison Square GardenNew York City
1997Michigan[b 1]82Florida State73Robert Traylor, MichiganMadison Square GardenNew York City
1998Minnesota[c 1]79Penn State72Kevin Clark, MinnesotaMadison Square GardenNew York City
2004Michigan62Rutgers55Daniel Horton, MichiganMadison Square GardenNew York City
2006South Carolina76Michigan64Renaldo Balkman, South CarolinaMadison Square GardenNew York City
2008Ohio State92Massachusetts85Kosta Koufos, Ohio StateMadison Square GardenNew York City
2009Penn State69Baylor63Jamelle Cornley, Penn StateMadison Square GardenNew York City
2012Stanford75Minnesota51Aaron Bright, StanfordMadison Square GardenNew York City
2013Baylor74Iowa54Pierre Jackson, BaylorMadison Square GardenNew York City
2014Minnesota65SMU63Austin Hollins, MinnesotaMadison Square GardenNew York City
  1. ^ Participation and title vacated due to major NCAA violations.
  1. ^ Participation and title vacated due to major NCAA violations.

Women's basketball[edit]

Women's basketball teams have played a total of ten times in the NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Championship (since 1982) and Women's National Invitation Tournament Championship (since 1998). Maryland and Purdue are the only current Big Ten members that have won the NCAA women's basketball national title. Big Ten women's basketball led conference attendance from 1993–1999.[116]

Like the men's teams, the women's basketball teams in the Big Ten participate in the Big Ten–ACC Women's Challenge, which was founded in 2007.

National championships, Final Fours, and NCAA tournament appearances[edit]

SchoolAIAW/NCAA Women's ChampionshipsWomen's AIAW/NCAA Final FoursWomen's AIAW/NCAA
Elite Eights
Women's AIAW/NCAA
Sweet 16s
Women's AIAW/NCAA
Tournament Appearances
Illinois2
(1997, 1998)
8
(1982, 1986, 1987, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2003)
Indiana4
(1983, 1994, 1995, 2002)
Iowa1
(1993)
3
(1987, 1988, 1993)
5
(1987, 1988, 1989, 1993, 1996)
19
(1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2001, 2002, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2013)
Maryland1
(2006)
5
(1978, 1982, 1989, 2006, 2014)
13
(1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1988, 1989, 1992, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2012, 2014)
15
(1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1988, 1989, 1992, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2012, 2013, 2014)
26
(1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1997, 2001, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014)
Michigan6
(1990, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2012, 2013)
Michigan State1
(2005)
1
(2005)
3
(2005, 2006, 2009)
12
(1991, 1996, 1997, 2003, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013)
Minnesota1
(2004)
1
(2004)
4
(1977, 2003, 2004, 2005)
11
(1977, 1981, 1982, 1994, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2009)
Nebraska2
(2010, 2013)
12
(1988, 1993, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2013, 2014)
Northwestern6
(1982, 1987, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1997)
Ohio State1
(1993)
4
(1975, 1985, 1987, 1993)
9
(1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1993, 2005, 2009, 2011)
22
(1975, 1978, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1993, 1996, 1999, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012)
Penn State1
(2000)
4
(1983, 1994, 2000, 2004)
13
(1982, 1983, 1985, 1986, 1992, 1994, 1996, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2012, 2014)
26
(1976, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014)
Purdue1
(1999)
3
(1994, 1999, 2001)
8
(1994, 1995, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2007, 2009)
12
(1990, 1992, 1994, 1995, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2009)
23
(1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013)
Rutgers2
(2000, 2007)
5
(1999, 2000, 2005, 2007, 2008)
9
(1986, 1987, 1998, 1999, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009)
22
(1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012)
Wisconsin1
(1982)
1
(1982)
8
(1982, 1992, 1995, 1996, 1998, 2001, 2002, 2010)

NCAA tournament champions, runners-up and locations[edit]

YearChampionRunner-upVenue and city
1993Texas Tech84Ohio State82The OmniAtlanta, Georgia
1999Purdue62Duke45San Jose ArenaSan Jose, California
2001Notre Dame68Purdue66Savvis CenterSt. Louis, Missouri
2005Baylor84Michigan State62RCA DomeIndianapolis, Indiana
2006Maryland78Duke75TD Banknorth GardenBoston, Massachusetts

Women's National Invitation Tournament championship games[edit]

YearChampionRunner-upVenue and city
1998Penn State59Baylor56Ferrell CenterWaco, Texas
1999Arkansas67Wisconsin64Bud Walton ArenaFayetteville, Arkansas
2000Wisconsin75Florida74Kohl CenterMadison, Wisconsin
2001Ohio State62New Mexico61University ArenaAlbuquerque, New Mexico
2007Wyoming72Wisconsin56Arena-AuditoriumLaramie, Wyoming
2008Marquette81Michigan State66Breslin CenterEast Lansing, Michigan
2014Rutgers56UTEP54Don Haskins CenterEl Paso, Texas

Field hockey[edit]

Big Ten field hockey programs have won 10 NCAA Championships in field hockey. Maryland won eight national championships as a member of the ACC, second most in the sport all-time.

SchoolNCAA Women's Championships
Maryland1987, 1993, 1999, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2011
Michigan2001
Iowa1986

Men's gymnastics[edit]

The Big Ten fields seven of the remaining fifteen Division I men's gymnastics teams. In 2014, Michigan edged out Oklahoma for their 6th NCAA Men's Gymnastics championship, the school's third in five years.[117]

NCAA Championships & Runners-up[edit]

YearChampionRunner-upHost
1938Chicago†IllinoisChicago
1939IllinoisArmyChicago
1940IllinoisNavy/TempleChicago
1941IllinoisMinnesotaChicago
1942IllinoisPenn State††Navy
1948Penn State††TempleChicago
1949TempleMinnesotaCalifornia
1950IllinoisTempleArmy
1951Florida StateIllinois/Southern CalMichigan
1953Penn State††IllinoisSyracuse
1954Penn State††IllinoisIllinois
1955IllinoisPenn State††UCLA
1956IllinoisPenn State††North Carolina
1957Penn State††IllinoisNavy
1958Michigan State†††/IllinoisMichigan State
1959Penn State††IllinoisCalifornia
1960Penn State††Southern CalPenn State
1961Penn State††Southern IllinoisIllinois
1963MichiganSouthern IllinoisPittsburgh
1965Penn State††WashingtonSouthern Illinois
1967Southern IllinoisMichiganSouthern Illinois
1969IowaPenn State††/Colorado StateWashington
1970MichiganIowa State/New Mexico stateTemple
1973Iowa StatePenn State††Oregon
1976Penn State††LSUTemple
1979Nebraska††OklahomaLSU
1980Nebraska††Iowa StateNebraska
1981Nebraska††OklahomaNebraska
1982Nebraska††UCLANebraska
1983Nebraska††UCLAPenn State
1984UCLAPenn State††UCLA
1985Ohio StateNebraska††Nebraska
1986Arizona StateNebraska††Nebraska
1987UCLANebraska††UCLA
1988Nebraska††IllinoisNebraska
1989IllinoisNebraska††Nebraska
1990Nebraska††MinnesotaMinnesota
1991OklahomaPenn State††Penn State
1992StanfordNebraska††Nebraska
1993StanfordNebraska††New Mexico
1994Nebraska††StanfordNebraska
1995StanfordNebraska††Ohio State
1996Ohio StateCaliforniaStanford
1998CaliforniaIowaPenn State
1999MichiganOhio StateNebraska
2000Penn StateMichiganIowa
2001Ohio StateOklahomaOhio State
2002OklahomaOhio StateOklahoma
2003OklahomaOhio StateTemple
2004Penn StateOklahomaIllinois
2005OklahomaOhio StateArmy
2006OklahomaIllinoisOklahoma
2007Penn StateOklahomaPenn State
2009StanfordMichiganMinnesota
2010MichiganStanfordArmy
2012IllinoisOklahomaOklahoma
2013MichiganOklahomaPenn State
2014MichiganOklahomaMichigan

†-Chicago left the Big Ten in 1946.

††-Finishes prior to Penn State and Nebraska joining the Big Ten.

†††-Michigan State no longer competes in gymnastics.

Men's ice hockey[edit]

The Big Ten began sponsoring men's ice hockey in the 2013–14 season. The inaugural season includes 6 schools: Michigan, Michigan State and Ohio State joined from the disbanded CCHA; Minnesota and Wisconsin joined from the WCHA; and Penn State joined after playing its first NCAA Division I season (2012-2013) as an independent.[118][119]

All-time school records[edit]

This list goes through the 2013-14 season

#TeamOverall RecordPct.NCAA Tournament ChampionshipsNCAA Tournament Frozen FourNCAA Tournament AppearancesConference Tournament ChampionsConference Regular Season Champions
1Minnesota1683–955–176.629521351415
2Wisconsin1157–708–127.61361226133
3Michigan1592–1014–145.60592435914
4Michigan State1238–921–142.56931127118
5Ohio State821–841–140.49401621
6Penn State21–40–2.34900000

NCAA tournament champions, runners-up and locations[edit]

YearWinning teamCoachLosing teamCoachScoreLocationFinals venue
1948MichiganHeyliger, VicVic HeyligerDartmouthJeremiah, EdwardEdward Jeremiah8–4Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
1951Michigan (2)Heyliger, VicVic HeyligerBrownMoulton, WestcottWestcott Moulton7–1Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
1952Michigan (3)Heyliger, VicVic HeyligerColorado CollegeThompson, CheddyCheddy Thompson4–1Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
1953Michigan (4)Heyliger, VicVic HeyligerMinnesotaMariucci, JohnJohn Mariucci7–3Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
1954RensselaerHarkness, NedNed HarknessMinnesotaMariucci, JohnJohn Mariucci5–4 (OT)Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
1955Michigan (5)Heyliger, VicVic HeyligerColorado CollegeThompson, CheddyCheddy Thompson5–3Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
1956Michigan (6)Heyliger, VicVic HeyligerMichigan TechRenfrew, AlAl Renfrew7–5Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
1957Colorado College (2)Bedecki, TomTom BedeckiMichiganHeyliger, VicVic Heyliger13–6Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
1959North DakotaMay, BobBob MayMichigan StateBessone, AmoAmo Bessone4–3 (OT)Troy, New YorkRPI Field House
1964Michigan (7)Renfrew, AlAl RenfrewDenverArmstrong, MurrayMurray Armstrong6–3Denver, ColoradoUniversity of Denver Arena
1966Michigan StateBessone, AmoAmo BessoneClarksonCeglarski, LenLen Ceglarski6–1Minneapolis, MinnesotaWilliams Arena
1971Boston UniversityKelley, JackJack KelleyMinnesotaSonmor, GlenGlen Sonmor4–2Syracuse, New YorkOnondaga War Memorial
1973WisconsinJohnson, BobBob JohnsonDenver1Armstrong, MurrayMurray Armstrong4–2Boston, MassachusettsBoston Garden
1974MinnesotaBrooks, HerbHerb BrooksMichigan TechMacInnes, JohnJohn MacInnes4–2Boston, MassachusettsBoston Garden
1975Michigan Tech (3)MacInnes, JohnJohn MacInnesMinnesotaBrooks, HerbHerb Brooks6–1St. Louis, MissouriSt. Louis Arena
1976Minnesota (2)Brooks, HerbHerb BrooksMichigan TechMacInnes, JohnJohn MacInnes6–4Denver, ColoradoUniversity of Denver Arena
1977Wisconsin (2)Johnson, BobBob JohnsonMichiganFarrell, DanDan Farrell6–5 (OT)Detroit, MichiganOlympia Stadium
1979Minnesota (3)Brooks, HerbHerb BrooksNorth DakotaGasparini, GinoGino Gasparini4–3Detroit, MichiganOlympia Stadium
1981Wisconsin (3)Johnson, BobBob JohnsonMinnesotaBuetow, BradBrad Buetow6–3Duluth, MinnesotaDuluth Entertainment Center
1982North Dakota (4)Gasparini, GinoGino GaspariniWisconsinJohnson, BobBob Johnson5–2Providence, Rhode IslandProvidence Civic Center
1983Wisconsin (4)Sauer, JeffJeff SauerHarvardCleary, BillBill Cleary6–2Grand Forks, North DakotaRalph Engelstad Arena
1986Michigan State (2)Mason, RonRon MasonHarvardCleary, BillBill Cleary6–5Providence, Rhode IslandProvidence Civic Center
1987North Dakota (5)Gasparini, GinoGino GaspariniMichigan StateMason, RonRon Mason5–3Detroit, MichiganJoe Louis Arena
1989HarvardCleary, BillBill ClearyMinnesotaWoog, DougDoug Woog4–3 (OT)Saint Paul, MinnesotaSaint Paul Civic Center
1990Wisconsin (5)Sauer, JeffJeff SauerColgateSlater, TerryTerry Slater7–3Detroit, MichiganJoe Louis Arena
1992Lake Superior State (2)Jackson, JeffJeff JacksonWisconsin1Sauer, JeffJeff Sauer5–3Albany, New YorkKnickerbocker Arena
1996Michigan (8)Berenson, RedRed BerensonColorado CollegeLucia, DonDon Lucia3–2 (OT)Cincinnati, OhioRiverfront Coliseum
1998Michigan (9)Berenson, RedRed BerensonBoston CollegeYork, JerryJerry York3–2 (OT)Boston, MassachusettsFleetCenter
2002Minnesota (4)Lucia, DonDon LuciaMaineWhitehead, TimTim Whitehead4–3 (OT)Saint Paul, MinnesotaXcel Energy Center
2003Minnesota (5)Lucia, DonDon LuciaNew HampshireUmile, DickDick Umile5–1Buffalo, New YorkHSBC Arena
2006Wisconsin (6)Eaves, MikeMike EavesBoston CollegeYork, JerryJerry York2–1Milwaukee, WisconsinBradley Center
2007Michigan State (3)Comley, RickRick ComleyBoston CollegeYork, JerryJerry York3–1St. Louis, MissouriScottrade Center
2010Boston College (4)York, JerryJerry YorkWisconsinEaves, MikeMike Eaves5–0Detroit, MichiganFord Field
2011Minnesota–DuluthScott SandelinMichiganRed Berenson3–2 (OT)Saint Paul, MinnesotaXcel Energy Center
2014UnionRick BennettMinnesotaDon Lucia7-4Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaWells Fargo Center

^1 Participation in the tournament vacated by the NCAA Committee on Infractions.

Awards[edit]

At the conclusion of each regular season schedule the coaches of each Big Ten team, as well as a media panel, vote which players they choose to be on the three All-Conference Teams:[120] first team, second team and rookie team. Additionally they vote to award the 5 individual trophies to an eligible player at the same time. The Big Ten also awards a Tournament Most Outstanding Player which is voted on after the conclusion of the conference tournament. Each team also names one of their players to be honored for the conference Sportsmanship Award. All of the awards were created for the inaugural season (2013–14).

Men's lacrosse[edit]

The Big Ten will begin sponsoring men's lacrosse in the 2015 season. The Big Ten lacrosse league will include Maryland, Michigan, Ohio State, Penn State, and Rutgers. Johns Hopkins will join the Big Ten conference as an affiliate member in 2014. The teams that will compete in Big Ten men's lacrosse have combined to win 11 NCAA national championships.[121]

With the addition of Johns Hopkins and Maryland to the league, Big Ten men's lacrosse will boast two of the top programs and most heated rivals in the history of the sport. Johns Hopkins (28) and Maryland (22) combine for 50 NCAA Men's Lacrosse Final Four appearances. The media and both schools have called Johns Hopkins–Maryland rivalry the greatest and most historic rivalry in men's lacrosse. Since 1895, the two teams have matched up more than 100 times.[122][123][124]

All-time school records[edit]

This list goes through the 2013-14 season

#TeamTotal SeasonsOverall RecordPct.Claimed National
Championships
NCAA Tournament
Runner Up
NCAA Tournament
Final Fours
NCAA Tournament
Appearances
1Johns Hopkins127944–308–15.7514492842
2Maryland89737–249.7471192236
3Rutgers98557–458–13.5482005
4Ohio State62442–393–5.5290004
5Penn State101488-490.4990003
6Michigan37–37.1590000

Women's lacrosse[edit]

Women's lacrosse will become a Big Ten-sponsored sport in the 2015 season. The Big Ten women's lacrosse league will include Maryland, Michigan, Northwestern, Ohio State, Penn State, and Rutgers. Big Ten women's lacrosse will include programs that have 20 of the 33 all-time NCAA championships, including nine of the last ten. Maryland has won 11 NCAA national championships, including seven straight from 1995 to 2001 and most recently in 2014. Northwestern has claimed seven NCAA titles, including five straight from 2005 to 2009. Penn State has earned two NCAA titles in 1987 and 1989.

All-time school records[edit]

This list goes through the 2013-14 season

#TeamTotal SeasonsOverall RecordNCAA National
Championships
NCAA Tournament
Runner Up
NCAA Tournament
Final Fours
NCAA Tournament
Appearances
1Maryland40623-132-31172230
2Michigan14–130000
3Northwestern24275-8871916
4Ohio State18151-1350002
5Penn State49472-229-522619
6Rutgers37272–286–130000

Men's soccer[edit]

In 2014, the Big Ten men's soccer league will include Indiana, Maryland, Michigan, Michigan State, Northwestern, Ohio State, Penn State, Rutgers, and Wisconsin. The teams that will compete in Big Ten men's soccer have combined to win 14 NCAA national championships.

All-time school records[edit]

This list goes through the 2013-14 season.

#TeamTotal SeasonsOverall RecordNCAA National
Championships
NCAA Tournament
Runner Up
NCAA Tournament
College Cup Appearances
NCAA Tournament
Appearances
1Indiana41677-162-76861838
2Maryland67681-316-91331333
3Michigan14141-115-260015
4Northwestern34268-370-870008
5Ohio State61406-439-1040008
6Penn State103776-359-12111^0131
7Rutgers41541-391-1080135
8Wisconsin37381-271-741016
^ 11 consensus and ISFA (pre-NCAA) national championships

Rivalries[edit]

Football[edit]

The members of the Big Ten have longstanding rivalries with each other, especially on the football field. Each school has at least one traveling trophy at stake. The following is a list of active rivalries in the Big Ten Conference with totals & records through the completion of the 2013 season.

TeamsRivalry NameTrophyMeetingsRecordSeries leaderCurrent Streak
IllinoisIndianaIllinois–Indiana rivalry7045–23–2IllinoisIllinois lost 2
MissouriIllinois–Missouri football rivalry247–17MissouriIllinois lost 6
NorthwesternIllinois–Northwestern football rivalryLand of Lincoln Trophy10754–48–5IllinoisIllinois lost 2
Ohio StateIllinois–Ohio State football rivalryIllibuck10030–66–4Ohio StateIllinois lost 6
PurdueIllinois–Purdue football rivalryPurdue Cannon8943–40–6IllinoisIllinois won 1
IndianaIllinoisIllinois–Indiana rivalry7023–45–2IllinoisIndiana won 2
KentuckyBourbon Barrel GameBourbon Barrel (retired 1999)3618–17–1IndianaIndiana won 1
Michigan StateIndiana–Michigan State football rivalryOld Brass Spittoon6014–44–2Michigan StateIndiana lost 5
PurdueIndiana–Purdue rivalryOld Oaken Bucket11638–72–6PurdueIndiana won 1
MarylandNavyCrab Bowl ClassicCrab Bowl Trophy217–14NavyMaryland won 2
Penn StateMaryland–Penn State football rivalry371–35–1Penn StateMaryland lost 4
VirginiaMaryland–Virginia football rivalryTydings Trophy (retired 1945)7844–32–2MarylandMaryland won 2
West VirginiaMaryland–West Virginia football rivalry5026–22–2West VirginiaMaryland won 1
MichiganMichigan StateMichigan–Michigan State football rivalryPaul Bunyan Trophy10668–33–5MichiganMichigan lost 1
MinnesotaMichigan–Minnesota football rivalryLittle Brown Jug10073–24–3MichiganMichigan won 6
Notre DameMichigan–Notre Dame football rivalry4124–16–1MichiganMichigan won 1
Ohio StateMichigan–Ohio State football rivalry11058–46–6MichiganMichigan lost 2
Michigan StateIndianaIndiana–Michigan State football rivalryOld Brass Spittoon6044-14–2Michigan StateMichigan State won 5
MichiganMichigan–Michigan State football rivalryPaul Bunyan Trophy10633–68–5MichiganMichigan State won 1
Notre DameMichigan State–Notre Dame football rivalryMegaphone Trophy7728–48–1Notre DameMichigan State lost 3
Penn StateMichigan State–Penn State football rivalryLand Grant Trophy2813–14–1Michigan StateMichigan State won 1
MinnesotaIowaIowa–Minnesota football rivalryFloyd of Rosedale10761–44–2MinnesotaMinnesota lost 2
MichiganMichigan–Minnesota football rivalryLittle Brown Jug10024–73–3MichiganMinnesota lost 6
Penn StateMinnesota–Penn State football rivalryGovernor's Victory Bell135–8Penn StateMinnesota won 1
WisconsinMinnesota–Wisconsin football rivalryPaul Bunyan's Axe12359–56–8MinnesotaMinnesota lost 10
NebraskaIowaIowa–Nebraska football rivalryHeroes Trophy4428–13–3NebraskaNebraska lost 1
Penn StateNebraska-Penn State rivalry169–7NebraskaNebraska won 4
NorthwesternIllinoisIllinois–Northwestern football rivalryLand of Lincoln Trophy10748–54–5IllinoisNorthwestern won 2
Ohio StateIllinoisIllinois–Ohio State football rivalryIllibuck10066–30–4Ohio StateOhio State won 6
MichiganMichigan–Ohio State football rivalry11046–58–6MichiganOhio State won 2
Penn StateOhio State–Penn State football rivalry2916–13Ohio StateOhio State won 2
Penn StateMichigan StateMichigan State–Penn State football rivalryLand Grant Trophy2814–13–1Penn StatePenn State lost 1
MinnesotaMinnesota–Penn State football rivalryGovernor's Victory Bell138–5Penn StatePenn State lost 1
NebraskaNebraska-Penn State rivalry167–9NebraskaPenn State lost 4
Ohio StateOhio State–Penn State football rivalry2913–16Ohio StatePenn State lost 2
PittsburghPenn State–Pittsburgh football rivalry9650-42-4Penn StatePenn State lost 1
TemplePenn State-Temple rivalry4238–3–1Penn StatePenn State won 30
PurdueIllinoisIllinois–Purdue football rivalryPurdue Cannon8940–43–6IllinoisPurdue lost 1
IndianaIndiana–Purdue rivalryOld Oaken Bucket11672–38–6PurduePurdue lost 1
Notre DameNotre Dame–Purdue football rivalryShillelagh Trophy8526–57–2Notre DamePurdue lost 6
WisconsinIowaIowa–Wisconsin football rivalryHeartland Trophy8743–42–2WisconsinWisconsin won 2
MinnesotaMinnesota–Wisconsin football rivalryPaul Bunyan's Axe12356–59–8MinnesotaWisconsin won 10

[125]

From 1993 through 2010, the Big Ten football schedule was set up with each team having two permanent matches within the conference, with the other eight teams in the conference rotating out of the schedule in pairs for two-year stints. Permanent matches were as follows:[citation needed]

This system was discontinued after the 2010 season, as teams became grouped into two divisions, and would play all teams in their division once, with one protected cross-over game, and two games rotating against the other five opponents from the opposing division.

Most of the above permanent rivalries were maintained. By virtue of the new alignment, a handful of new permanent divisional opponents were created, as all pairs of teams within the same division would face off each season. Furthermore, three new permanent inter-divisional matches resulted from the realignment: Purdue-Iowa, Michigan State-Indiana, and Penn State-Nebraska. The following past permanent matches were maintained across divisions: Minnesota-Wisconsin, Michigan-Ohio State, and Illinois-Northwestern.

The new alignment, however, caused some of the above permanent rivalries to be discontinued. These were: Iowa-Wisconsin, Northwestern-Purdue, and Michigan State-Penn State. These matchups would continue to be played, but only twice every five years on average. More rivalries could be disrupted, or some resumed on a yearly basis, when the league realigns into East and West Divisions for the 2014 season with the addition of Maryland and Rutgers. The two new schools will be placed in the new East Division with Penn State, and the two Indiana schools will be divided (Indiana to the East and Purdue to the West). With the move to a nine-game conference schedule in 2016, all cross-division games will be held at least once in a four-year cycle except for Indiana–Purdue, which will be the only protected cross-division game.[79]

Basketball[edit]

Men's ice hockey[edit]

Men's soccer[edit]

Extra-conference rivalries[edit]

Three Big Ten teams—Purdue, Michigan State and Michigan—had rivalries in football with Notre Dame. After the University of Southern California with 35 wins (including a vacated 2005 win), the Michigan State Spartans have the most wins against the Irish, with 28. The Purdue Boilermakers follow with 26, and Michigan ranks fourth all-time with 24.

Penn State had a longstanding rivalry with Pittsburgh of the ACC, but the two schools have not met since 2000. Penn State also had long histories with independent Notre Dame; Rutgers, and Temple of the The American; Syracuse, Maryland and Boston College of the ACC; and West Virginia, a member of the Big 12 Conference. Penn State also has strong intrastate rivalries with Patriot League universities Bucknell in men's basketball and men's lacrosse, and Lehigh in wrestling. Most of these rivalries were cultivated while Penn State operated independent of conference affiliation; the constraints of playing a full conference schedule, especially in football, have reduced the number of meetings between Penn State and its non-Big Ten rivals. The rivalries with Maryland and Rutgers will become annual football matchups when those schools join Penn State in the Big Ten, since all three schools will be in the new East Division.

Iowa has an in-state rivalry with Iowa State of the Big 12, with the winner getting the Cy-Hawk Trophy in football. Iowa and Iowa State also compete annually in the Cy-Hawk Series sponsored by Hy-Vee (as of 2011 this series is now sponsored by The Iowa Corngrowers Association), the competition includes all head-to-head regular season competitions in all sports. Iowa also holds rivalries in basketball with the state's other two Division I programs, Drake and Northern Iowa.

Indiana has an out-of conference rivalry with Kentucky of the SEC (see Indiana–Kentucky rivalry). While the two schools played in football for many years, the rivalry was rooted in their decades of national success in men's basketball. The two no longer play one another in football, but their basketball rivalry continued until a dispute about game sites ended the series after 2011. In the last season of the rivalry (2011–12), the teams played twice. During the regular season, then-unranked Indiana defeated then-#1 ranked Kentucky 73–72 at Assembly Hall. The Wildcats avenged the loss in the NCAA tournament, defeating Indiana 102–90 in the South Regional final in Atlanta on their way to a national title.

Illinois has a longstanding basketball rivalry with the SEC's Missouri Tigers, with the two men's teams squaring off annually in the "Braggin' Rights" game. It has been held in St. Louis since 1980, first at the St. Louis Arena and since 1994 at the Scottrade Center. This rivalry has been carried over into football as "The Arch Rivalry" with games played at the Edward Jones Dome in St. Louis in 2002 and 2003 and four games in 2007 through 2010.[2]

Wisconsin has a long-standing, in-state basketball rivalry with Marquette. The series has intensified as of late with both teams having made the Final Four in recent years. The schools also played an annual football game before Marquette abandoned its football program in 1961. The school also has minor rivalries in basketball with the two other Division I members of the University of Wisconsin System, which include the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee and University of Wisconsin–Green Bay.

Minnesota men's ice hockey has a prolific and fierce border rivalry with the University of North Dakota. The two teams played annually between 1948 and 2013 as members of the Western Collegiate Hockey Association prior to the inception of the Big Ten Conference. The rivalry will resume in 2016 in non-conference action.

In the early days of the Big Ten, the Chicago-Michigan game was played on Thanksgiving, usually with conference championship implications and was considered one of the first major rivalries of the conference.

Also in the early days of the conference, and at Knute Rockne's insistence, Northwestern and Notre Dame had a yearly contest, with the winner taking home a shillelagh, much like the winner of the USC-Notre Dame and Purdue-Notre Dame contests now receive. The Northwestern-Notre Dame shillelagh was largely forgotten by the early 1960s and is now solely an element of college football's storied past.[126]

Facilities[edit]

The Big Ten and Southeastern Conference share the distinction of being the conference with the most stadiums seating over 100,000, with each league playing host to three. The Big Ten's 100,000-seat stadiums are Beaver Stadium, Michigan Stadium, and Ohio Stadium. Only four other college football stadium have such a capacity: Neyland Stadium at the University of Tennessee, Bryant–Denny Stadium of the University of Alabama and LSU's Tiger Stadium in the Southeastern Conference, and Darrell K Royal-Texas Memorial Stadium at the University of Texas at Austin in the Big 12 Conference. The three stadiums are three of the four largest football stadiums in the United States, as well as the third, fourth, and seventh largest sports stadiums in the world.

The Big Ten is home to two of the top-10 largest on-campus basketball arenas in the country: Ohio State's Value City Arena and Maryland's XFINITY Center. Additionally, arenas at Indiana, Wisconsin, Illinois, Iowa, and Penn State rank among the top-20 largest on-campus basketball facilities in the United States. The Big Ten Conference features more on-campus basketball arenas with seating capacities of 15,000 or more than any other conference in the country.

Football, Basketball, and Baseball facilities[edit]

SchoolFootball stadiumCapacityBasketball arenaCapacityBaseball stadiumCapacity
IllinoisMemorial Stadium60,670State Farm Center16,618Illinois Field3,000
IndianaMemorial Stadium52,929Assembly Hall17,472Bart Kaufman Field2,500
IowaKinnick Stadium70,585Carver-Hawkeye Arena15,400Duane Banks Field3,000
MarylandByrd Stadium51,902XFINITY Center17,950Shipley Field2,500
MichiganMichigan Stadium109,901Crisler Center12,707Ray Fisher Stadium4,000
Michigan StateSpartan Stadium75,005Breslin Student Events Center14,797Drayton McLane Baseball Stadium at John H. Kobs Field
Cooley Law School Stadium
4,000
7,527
MinnesotaTCF Bank Stadium50,805Williams Arena14,625Siebert Field
Target Field
1,500
39,504
NebraskaMemorial Stadium, Lincoln87,091Pinnacle Bank Arena15,147Hawks Field8,486
NorthwesternRyan Field47,130Welsh-Ryan Arena8,117Rocky Miller Park1,000
Ohio StateOhio Stadium102,329Value City Arena18,809Bill Davis Stadium4,450
Penn StateBeaver Stadium106,572Bryce Jordan Center15,261Medlar Field at Lubrano Park5,406
PurdueRoss–Ade Stadium62,500Mackey Arena14,240Alexander Field1,500
RutgersHigh Point Solutions Stadium52,454Louis Brown Athletic Center8,000Bainton Field1,500
WisconsinCamp Randall Stadium80,321Kohl Center17,249Non-baseball school

Ice hockey arenas[edit]

SchoolMen's arenaCapacityWomen's arenaCapacity
MichiganYost Ice Arena6,600No varsity team
Michigan StateMunn Ice Arena6,470No varsity team
MinnesotaMariucci Arena10,000Ridder Arena3,400
Ohio StateValue City Arena17,500OSU Ice Rink1,415
Penn StatePegula Ice Arena6,000Pegula Ice Arena6,000
WisconsinKohl Center15,237LaBahn Arena2,273

Media[edit]

As of 2010, the Big Ten has carriage agreements with the following broadcast and cable networks.[127]

Broadcast television[edit]

Cable television[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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