Big Ten Conference

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Big Ten Conference
(Big Ten)
Big Ten Conference logo
Established1896
AssociationNCAA
DivisionDivision I FBS
Members12 (14 on July 1, 2014)
Sports fielded26 (men's: 13; women's: 13)
Region
Former namesIntercollegiate Conference
of Faculty Representatives
Big Nine
Western Conference
HeadquartersRosemont, Illinois
CommissionerJames Delany (since 1989)
Websitebigten.org
Locations
Big Ten Conference locations
 
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Big Ten Conference
(Big Ten)
Big Ten Conference logo
Established1896
AssociationNCAA
DivisionDivision I FBS
Members12 (14 on July 1, 2014)
Sports fielded26 (men's: 13; women's: 13)
Region
Former namesIntercollegiate Conference
of Faculty Representatives
Big Nine
Western Conference
HeadquartersRosemont, Illinois
CommissionerJames Delany (since 1989)
Websitebigten.org
Locations
Big Ten Conference locations

The Big Ten Conference (B1G), formerly Western Conference and Big Nine Conference, is the oldest Division I collegiate athletic conference in the United States. Its twelve member institutions (which are primarily flagship research universities in their respective states, well-regarded academically, and with relatively large student enrollment) are located primarily in the Midwest, stretching from Nebraska in the west to Pennsylvania in the east. The conference competes in the NCAA's Division I; its football teams compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), formerly known as Division I-A, the highest level of NCAA competition in that sport. Member schools of the Big Ten (or, in two cases, their parent university systems) also are members of the Committee on Institutional Cooperation, a leading educational and research consortium.

Despite the conference's name, the Big Ten actually consists of 12 schools, following the addition of Pennsylvania State University in 1990 and the University of Nebraska–Lincoln in 2011. In 2014, the conference will expand to 14 full members with the additions of the University of Maryland and Rutgers University, and one affiliate member with the addition of Johns Hopkins University in men's lacrosse. It is not to be confused with the Big 12 Conference, which has ten schools and represents a different region of the country, save for the state of Iowa.

Member schools[edit]

Current members[edit]

Big Ten institutions are also, along with charter member the University of Chicago, part of the Committee on Institutional Cooperation (CIC).

InstitutionLocation
(Population)
FoundedJoined
Big Ten
TypeEnrollmentEndowment[1]NicknameColorsVarsity
Teams
NCAA Championships
(As of January 1, 2014)[2]
(excludes football)
Big Ten
Championships
(As of December 21, 2013)[3]
Football
Division
University of Illinois at Urbana–ChampaignUrbana, Illinois
(41,250)
and
Champaign, Illinois
(81,055)
18671896Public41,918[4]$1,925,949,000Fighting
Illini
Orange & Blue[5]
         
2118237West
Indiana UniversityBloomington, Indiana
(80,405)
18201899
(Athletics
since 1900)
Public42,464[6]$1,735,086,000HoosiersCream & Crimson[7]
         
2424168East
University of IowaIowa City, Iowa
(70,133)
18471899
(Athletics
since 1900)
Public31,498[8]$1,094,803,000HawkeyesBlack & Gold[9]
         
2425106West
University of MichiganAnn Arbor, Michigan
(113,934)
18171896
(Inactive
1907–1917)
Public37,197[10][11]$8,382,311,000WolverinesMaize & Blue[12]
         
2735366East
Michigan State UniversityEast Lansing, Michigan
(48,579)[13]
18551950
(Athletics
since 1953)
Public48,906[14]$1,637,164,000SpartansGreen & White[15]
         
251993East
University of MinnesotaMinneapolis, Minnesota
(382,578)
18511896Public51,853[16]$2,757,476,000Golden GophersMaroon & Gold[17]
         
2317160West
University of Nebraska–LincolnLincoln, Nebraska
(258,379)
18692011Public24,593[18]$1,338,728,000CornhuskersScarlet & Cream[19]
         
21176West
Northwestern UniversityEvanston, Illinois
(74,486)
18511896Private14,988[20]$7,883,323,000WildcatsPurple & White[21]
         
19873West
Ohio State UniversityColumbus, Ohio
(787,033)
18701912Public56,867[22]$3,149,169,000BuckeyesScarlet & Gray[23]
         
3525203East
Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity Park, Pennsylvania
(42,034)
18551990
(Athletics
since 1993)
Public44,817[24]$2,956,803,000Nittany
Lions
Blue & White[25]
         
314369East
Purdue UniversityWest Lafayette, Indiana
(29,596)
18691896Public39,637[26]$2,182,171,000BoilermakersOld Gold & Black[27]
         
18371West
University of Wisconsin–MadisonMadison, Wisconsin
(233,209)
18481896Public43,275[28]$2,020,019,000BadgersCardinal & White[29]
         
2328190West

Future members[edit]

These future members are to join the Big Ten conference in all sports.[30]

InstitutionLocation
(Population)
FoundedJoining
Big Ten
TypeEnrollmentEndowmentNicknameColorsVarsity TeamsNCAA Championships
(As of January 1, 2014)[2]
(excludes football)
Football
Division
Current
Conference
Sources
University of MarylandCollege Park, Maryland
(30,413)
18562014Public37,631[31]$867,017,000TerrapinsRed and White & Black and Gold[32]
         
         
2025EastACC[33][34][35]
Rutgers, The State University of New JerseyNew Brunswick, New Jersey
(55,181)
and
Piscataway, New Jersey
(50,482)
17662014Public41,565[36]$783,492,000Scarlet KnightsScarlet[37]
    
271EastBig East (field hockey, men's and women's lacrosse)

Eastern Intercollegiate Wrestling Association (wrestling)
The American (all other sports)

[38]

Future affiliate member[edit]

In June 2013, the conference announced the addition of Johns Hopkins University as an affiliate member for men's lacrosse.[39][40]

InstitutionLocation
(Population)
FoundedTypeEnrollmentJoining
Big Ten
SourcesNicknameColorsSportNCAA Championships
(As of January 1, 2014)[2]
Current Conference
Johns Hopkins UniversityBaltimore, Maryland
(621,342)
1876Private5,066[41]2014[39]Blue JaysColumbia Blue & Black
         
Men's Lacrosse9 In Men's LacrosseIndependent (lacrosse)
Centennial (all sports, NCAA Division III)

Former member[edit]

InstitutionLocationFoundedTypeUndergrad
Enrollment
Joined
Big Ten
Left
Big Ten
NicknameColorsVarsity TeamsNCAA Championships
(as a member)
Big Ten
Championships
University of ChicagoChicago, Illinois
(2,695,598)
1890Private5,02718961946MaroonsMaroon & White[42]
         
19173

Membership timeline[edit]

Johns Hopkins UniversityRutgers UniversityUniversity of MarylandUniversity of Nebraska-LincolnPennsylvania State UniversityMichigan State UniversityOhio State UniversityUniversity of IowaIndiana University BloomingtonUniversity of Wisconsin–MadisonPurdue UniversityNorthwestern UniversityUniversity of MinnesotaUniversity of MichiganUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUniversity Athletic AssociationMidwest ConferenceUniversity of Chicago

Full members Full members (non-football) Sport Affiliate (Men's Lacrosse) Other Conference Other Conference

Sports[edit]

The Big Ten Conference sponsors championship competition in thirteen men's and women's NCAA sanctioned sports.[43] Men's and women's lacrosse will be added in 2014–15.[39]

Teams in Big Ten Conference competition
SportMen'sWomen's
Baseball
11
-
Basketball
12
12
Cross Country
12
12
Field Hockey
-
7
Football
12
-
Golf
12
12
Gymnastics
7
8
Ice Hockey
6
-
Lacrosse
6
6
Rowing
-
7
Soccer
7
12
Softball
-
12
Swimming & Diving
10
12
Tennis
12
12
Track and Field (Indoor)
11
11
Track and Field (Outdoor)
11
11
Volleyball
-
12
Wrestling
12
-

Men's sponsored sports by school[edit]

SchoolBaseballBasketballCross CountryFootballGolfGymnasticsIce HockeyLacrosse1SoccerSwimming
& Diving
TennisTrack & Field
(Indoor)
Track & Field
(Outdoor)
WrestlingTotal
IllinoisGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY10
IndianaGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY11
IowaGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY11
MichiganGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY14
Michigan StateGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY12
MinnesotaGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY12
NebraskaGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY10
NorthwesternGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNGreen tickY8
Ohio StateGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY14
Penn StateGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY14
PurdueGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY10
WisconsinRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY11
Totals111211121276371012111112137
Future Members
MarylandGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickY8
RutgersGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY10
Future Affiliate Member
Johns Hopkins2Red XNRed XNRed XNRed XNRed XNRed XNRed XNGreen tickYRed XNRed XNRed XNRed XNRed XNRed XN1
New Totals131412141476691012121314156

Notes:

1: Lacrosse will be a sponsored sport beginning in 2014–15[44]

2: Johns Hopkins will be joining the Big Ten as an affiliate member in men's lacrosse only, beginning in 2014. It will continue to field its other sports in the NCAA Division III Centennial Conference except women's lacrosse, which will become an independent with the demise of the American Lacrosse Conference as four of its teams move to the Big Ten.[44]

Men's varsity sports not sponsored by the Big Ten Conference which are played by Big Ten schools:

SchoolFencing1Lacrosse2Lightweight Rowing3Pistol4Rifle5Rowing3Volleyball
MichiganNoECACNoNoNoNoNo
Ohio StateIndependentECACNoIndependentPRCNoMIVA
Penn StateIndependentColonialNoNoNoNoEIVA
WisconsinNoNoNoNoEARCNo
Future Members
MarylandNoACC6NoNoNoNoNo
RutgersNoBig East6EARCNoNoEARCNo

Notes:

1: Fencing is officially a coeducational team sport, although a few schools field only a women's team. Ohio State and Penn State, like most NCAA fencing schools, have coed teams.

2: Men's lacrosse will be added in 2014, with five member schools and affiliate member Johns Hopkins.[44]

3: Men's rowing, whether heavyweight or lightweight, is not governed by the NCAA, but instead by the Intercollegiate Rowing Association.

4: Unlike rifle, pistol is not an NCAA-governed sport. It is fully coeducational.

5: Rifle is technically a men's sport, but men's, women's, and coed teams all compete against each other. Ohio State fields a coed team.

6: Maryland and Rutgers lacrosse will join the Big Ten Conference in July 2014.

Women's sponsored sports by school[edit]

SchoolBasketballCross CountryField HockeyGolfGymnasticsLacrosse*RowingSoccerSoftballSwimming
& Diving
TennisTrack & Field
(Indoor)
Track & Field
(Outdoor)
VolleyballTotal
IllinoisGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY11
IndianaGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY12
IowaGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY13
MichiganGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY14
Michigan StateGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY13
MinnesotaGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY12
NebraskaGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY11
NorthwesternGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNRed XNGreen tickY10
Ohio StateGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY14
Penn StateGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY13
PurdueGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYRed XNRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY10
WisconsinGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYRed XNRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY11
Totals121271284712121212111112144
Future Members
MarylandGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYRed XNGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY12
RutgersGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickYGreen tickY14
New Totals1414914106814141314131314170

* Lacrosse will be a sponsored sport beginning with the 2014–15 academic year.[39]

Women's varsity sports not sponsored by the Big Ten Conference which are played by Big Ten schools:

SchoolBowlingFencing[c 1]Ice HockeyLacrosseLightweight Rowing[c 2]Pistol[c 3]Rifle[c 4]Synchronized Swimming[c 5]Water Polo
IndianaNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoCWPA
MichiganNoNoNoALCNoNoNoNoCWPA
MinnesotaNoNoWCHANoNoNoNoNoNo
NebraskaIndependentNoNoNoNoNoGARCNoNo
NorthwesternNoIndependentNoALCNoNoNoNoNo
Ohio StateNoIndependentWCHAALCNoIndependentPRCIndependentNo
Penn StateNoIndependentCHAALCNoNoNoNoNo
WisconsinNoNoWCHANoEARCNoNoNoNo
Future Members
MarylandNoNoNoACCNoNoNoNoNo
RutgersNoNoNoBig EastEARCNoNoNoNo
  1. ^ Fencing is officially a coeducational team sport, although a few schools field only a women's team. Ohio State and Penn State, like most NCAA fencing schools, have coed teams, while Northwestern fields only a women's team.
  2. ^ The only category of rowing that the NCAA governs is women's heavyweight rowing. Women's lightweight rowing, as with all men's rowing, is governed by the Intercollegiate Rowing Association.
  3. ^ Unlike rifle, pistol is not an NCAA-governed sport. It is fully coeducational.
  4. ^ Rifle is technically a men's sport, but men's, women's, and coed teams all compete against each other. Nebraska fields a women-only team, and Ohio State fields a coed team.
  5. ^ Synchronized swimming is not governed by the NCAA. Collegiate competition is governed by United States Synchronized Swimming, the sport's national governing body.

History[edit]

Initiated and led by Purdue University president James Henry Smart,[45] the presidents of University of Chicago, University of Illinois, University of Minnesota, University of Wisconsin, Northwestern University, Purdue University and Lake Forest College met in Chicago on January 11, 1895 to discuss the regulation and control of intercollegiate athletics. The eligibility of student-athletes was one of the main topics of discussion.[46] The Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives was founded at a second meeting on February 8, 1896.[47] Lake Forest was not at the 1896 meeting that established the conference and was replaced by the University of Michigan. At the time, the organization was more commonly known as the Western Conference, consisting of Purdue, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Illinois, Chicago, and Northwestern.

The first reference to the conference as the Big Nine was in 1899 after Iowa and Indiana had joined. Nebraska first petitioned to join the league in 1900 and again in 1911,[48] but was turned away both times. In April 1907, Michigan was voted out of the conference for failing to adhere to league rules.[49] Ohio State was added to the conference in 1912. The first known references to the conference as the Big Ten were in November 1917 after Michigan rejoined following a nine-year absence.[50][51][52]

Big Ten logo (1990–2011). To reflect the addition of the 11th school, Pennsylvania State, the number 11 was disguised in the negative space of the "Big Ten" lettering.

The conference was again known as the Big Nine after the University of Chicago decided to de-emphasize varsity athletics just after World War II. Chicago discontinued its football program in 1939[53] and withdrew from the conference in 1946 after struggling to gain victories in many conference matchups. It was believed that one of several schools, notably Pittsburgh, Nebraska, Michigan State, Marquette, Notre Dame, and Iowa State would replace Chicago at the time.[54] On May 20, 1949,[47] Michigan State ended the speculation by joining and the conference was again known as the Big Ten. The Big Ten's membership would remain unchanged for the next 40 years.

The conference’s official name throughout this period remained the Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives. It did not formally adopt the name Big Ten until 1987, when it was incorporated as a not-for-profit corporation. In 1990, the Big Ten universities voted to expand the conference to 11 teams, and extended an invitation to Pennsylvania State University, which accepted it.[55] When Penn State joined in 1990, it was decided that the conference would continue to be called the Big Ten, but its logo was modified to reflect the change; the number 11 was disguised in the negative space of the traditionally blue "Big Ten" lettering.

Missouri had shown interest in Big Ten membership after Penn State joined.[56] Around 1993, the league explored adding Kansas, Missouri, and Rutgers, or other potential schools, to create a 14-team league with two divisions.[57] These talks died when the Big 8 Conference merged with former Southwest Conference members to create the Big 12.

Locations of the Big Ten member institutions

Following the addition of previously independent Penn State, efforts were made to encourage the University of Notre Dame, the last remaining non-service academy independent, to join the league. Early in the 20th century, Notre Dame briefly considered official entry into the Big Ten but chose to maintain its independence instead.[58] However, in 1999, both Notre Dame and the Big Ten entered into private negotiations concerning a possible membership that would include Notre Dame. Although the Notre Dame faculty senate endorsed the idea with a near unanimous vote, the ND board of trustees decided against joining the conference and Notre Dame ultimately withdrew from negotiations. [1]

In December 2009 Big Ten Conference commissioner Jim Delany announced that the league was looking to expand in what would later be part of a nationwide trend as part of the 2010–13 NCAA conference realignment.[59] On June 11, 2010 the University of Nebraska applied for membership in the Big Ten and was unanimously approved as the conference's 12th school, which became effective July 1, 2011.[60] The conference retained the name "Big Ten".

On September 1, Delany revealed the conference's divisional split and announced the new division names on December 13, 2010: Legends and Leaders.[61] The new "Legends" and "Leaders" names were not met with enthusiasm. Some traditional rivals, including Ohio State and Michigan, were placed in separate divisions.[62] For the football season, each team plays the others in its division, one "cross-over" game, and two rotating cross-divisional games.

On November 19, 2012, the University of Maryland's Board of Regents voted to withdraw from the ACC and to join the Big Ten as its 13th member effective on July 1, 2014.[63] The Big Ten's Council of Presidents approved the move later that day.[64] One day later, Rutgers University of the Big East also accepted an offer for membership from the Big Ten as its 14th member school.[65]

On April 28, 2013, the Big Ten presidents and chancellors unanimously approved a divisional realignment that will take effect when Maryland and Rutgers join in 2014.[66] Under the new plan, the "Leaders" and "Legends" divisions will be replaced with geographic divisions.[66] The West Division will include all member schools in the Central Time Zone plus Purdue, while the East Division will include the other seven schools. The final issue in determining the new divisions was which of the two Indiana schools would be sent to the West; Purdue was chosen because its West Lafayette campus is geographically west of Indiana's home city of Bloomington.[67] In the new divisional alignment, the only protected cross-divisional rivalry game in football will be Indiana–Purdue.[66]

On June 3, 2013, the Big Ten announced the sponsorship of men's and women's lacrosse. The addition of women's lacrosse was possible with the addition of Maryland and Rutgers to the conference, joining existing programs at Northwestern, Michigan, Ohio State, and Penn State.[39] To sponsor men's lacrosse, Johns Hopkins University opted to join the conference as its first affiliate member beginning in 2014. Johns Hopkins had previously been independent in men's lacrosse for 130 years, claiming 44 national championships.[40]

In 2012, the Conference announced it will be moving its headquarters from its current location in Park Ridge, Illinois to neighboring Rosemont by the end of 2013. The new office building is situated within the Rosemont Financial District, right alongside Interstate 294. The move into the building was finalized on October 14, 2013.[68][69][70]

Commissioners[edit]

The office of the commissioner of athletics was created in 1922 "to study athletic problems of the various member universities and assist in enforcing the eligibility rules which govern Big Ten athletics."[46]

NameYearsNotes
John L. Griffith1922–1944died in office
Kenneth L. "Tug" Wilson1945–1961retired
William R. Reed1961–1971died in office
Wayne Duke1971–1989retired
James Delany1989–

Academics & Committee on Institutional Cooperation[edit]

The Big Ten Conference is known for its academics as well as its athletics. Prior to the addition of Nebraska on July 1, 2011, it was the only Division I conference to have all its members in the Association of American Universities (AAU).[71] Nebraska was removed from the AAU in April 2011, due to the AAU no longer allowing Nebraska to include their Medical Center in the AAU formula and the decreased weight given to agricultural research. Commissioner Jim Delany stated that Nebraska's removal from the AAU would have no bearing upon their Big Ten membership. However, Nebraska does lead the NCAA with a record of 291 Academic All-Americans (followed by Notre Dame with 221) .[72][73] All three future Big Ten members—all-sports members Maryland and Rutgers, plus men's lacrosse affiliate Johns Hopkins—are also AAU members. Currently no Division I conference has all its members in the AAU, but a Division III conference, University Athletic Association, is composed of entirely AAU members.

The Big Ten also runs the Committee on Institutional Cooperation along with the University of Chicago, which allows students at participating institutions to take distance courses at other participating institutions.[74] Students at participating schools are also allowed "in-house" viewing privileges at other participating schools' libraries.[75] They also employ collective purchasing, which has saved member institutions $19 million to date.[76]

11 of the 13 public schools in the Big Ten (including Maryland and Rutgers) are considered "Public Ivies."[77] The only members not included are Purdue and Nebraska. As mentioned above, all past, present, and future members of the Big Ten (full members and affiliates) are members of the American Association of Universities and are ranked in the US News & World Report top 100 and the Times Higher Education top 200, with the exception of Nebraska on all three accounts.[78]

Schools ranked by revenue[edit]

The schools below are listed by conference rank of total revenue. Total revenue includes ticket sales, contributions and donations, rights/licensing, student fees, school funds and all other sources including TV income, camp income, food and novelties. Total expenses includes coaching/staff, scholarships, buildings/ground, maintenance, utilities and rental fees and all other costs including recruiting, team travel, equipment and uniforms, conference dues and insurance costs. Net profit is calculated using the total revenue and total expenses data provided by USA Today, individual institutions and the United States Department of Education.[79]

Institution2012 Total Revenue
from Athletics[80]
2012 Total Expenses
on Athletics[80]
2012 Profit/(Loss)2011 Average Spending
per student-athlete[81]
Ohio State University$142,043,057$124,419,412$17,623,645$140,560
University of Michigan$140,131,187$115,200,187$24,921,000$143,390
Pennsylvania State University$108,252,281$107,389,258$863,023Not reported
University of Wisconsin–Madison$103,803,040$102,275,206$1,527,834$121,658
University of Iowa$97,902,974$104,658,746($6,755,772)$135,473
Michigan State University$93,946,707$88,100,432$5,846,275$118,986
University of Minnesota$83,619,526$83,619,526$0$109,923
University of Nebraska–Lincoln$81,631,252$77,037,282$4,593,970$125,446
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign$78,708,250$76,740,736$1,967,514$144,639
Indiana University Bloomington$72,973,954$69,915,060$3,058,894$109,329
Purdue University$70,624,394$68,056,269$2,568,125$124,590
University of Maryland, College Park$68,142,660$68,109,639$33,021$88,935
Rutgers–New Brunswick$64,038,720$64,038,720$0$98,997
Northwestern UniversityNot reportedNot reportedNot reportedNot reported

Awards and honors[edit]

Conference records[edit]

For Big Ten records, by sport (not including football), see footnote[84]

Conference championships[edit]

For Big Ten championships, by year, see footnote[85]

Football[edit]

When Maryland and Rutgers join in 2014, the divisions (as previously noted) will change to "East" and "West", with Purdue and the six schools in the Central Time Zone in the West and Indiana joining the remaining six Eastern Time Zone schools in the East. The only protected cross-division game will be Indiana–Purdue. Also, beginning in 2016, the Big Ten will adopt a nine-game conference schedule.[67][86]

West DivisionEast Division
Purdue*Indiana*
IllinoisMaryland
IowaMichigan
MinnesotaMichigan State
NebraskaOhio State
NorthwesternPenn State
WisconsinRutgers

* The game between Indiana and Purdue will be the only protected game between the East and West divisions. (All other matchups between East and West will occur on a rotating basis.)

All-time school records by wins[edit]

This list goes through the 2013 season.

#TeamRecordsPct.Division Championships
(2011–present)
Big Ten ChampionshipsNational Championships
1Michigan910-321-36.73204211
2Nebraska865-357-40.701105
3Ohio State849-318-53.7182*347
4Penn State **730-370-42.658032
5Michigan State659-437-44.597286
6Minnesota659-492-41.5700187
7Wisconsin652-480-53.5731140
8Iowa606-535-39.5300111
9Purdue593-526-49.529080
10Illinois585-553-50.5130155
11Northwestern489-645-42.434080
12Indiana459-643-44.420020

* Ohio State was awarded the Leaders Division in 2012, however they were ineligible to participate in the 2012 Big Ten Championship Game. Due to Penn State also being ineligible, Wisconsin was selected to participate and went on to defeat Nebraska 70-31.
** Penn State's record is shown net of NCAA penalty, which forced the school to vacate 112 wins. The program's all time record inclusive of vacated wins is 842-370-42; or .695.[87]

Future members records by wins[edit]

This list goes through the 2012 season.

#TeamRecordsPct.Conference ChampionshipsClaimed National Championships
-Rutgers634–615–42.50841
-Maryland623–560–42.526111

Big Ten Conference Champions[edit]

Big Ten Championship Game[edit]

SeasonDateLeaders DivisionLegends DivisionSiteAttendanceMVP
2011December 3, 2011#15 Wisconsin42#11 Michigan State39Lucas Oil Stadium64,152QB Russell Wilson, Wisconsin
2012December 1, 2012Wisconsindagger70#14 Nebraska31Lucas Oil Stadium41,260RB Montee Ball, Wisconsin
2013December 7, 2013#2 Ohio State24#10 Michigan State34Lucas Oil Stadium66,002QB Connor Cook, Michigan State
SeasonDateEast DivisionWest DivisionSiteAttendanceMVP
2014December 6, 2014TBD0TBD0Lucas Oil StadiumTBDTBA

Rankings from the AP Poll.

dagger In 2012 Wisconsin finished third in the Leaders division, but division champion Ohio State and second place Penn State were banned from postseason play due to sanctions.

Big Ten Conference football rivalry games[edit]

Bowl games[edit]

Since 1946, the Big Ten champion has had a tie-in with the Rose Bowl game. Michigan appeared in the first bowl game, the 1902 Rose Bowl. After that, the Big Ten did not allow their schools to participate in bowl games, until the agreement struck with the Pacific Coast Conference for the 1947 Rose Bowl. From 1946 through 1971, the Big Ten did not allow the same team to represent the conference in consecutive years in the Rose Bowl with an exception made after the 1961 season in which Minnesota played in the 1962 Rose Bowl after playing in the 1961 Rose Bowl due to Ohio State declining the bid because of Ohio State faculty concerns about academics. Due to their "Rose Bowl or bust" policy, the 1972, 1973 and 1974 Michigan squads did not play in bowl games despite posting 10 wins in each season.

It was not until the 1975 season that the Big Ten allowed teams to play in bowl games other than the Rose Bowl. Michigan, which had been shut out of the postseason the previous three years, was the first beneficiary of the new rule when it played in the Orange Bowl vs. Oklahoma. Due to the pre-1975 rules, Big Ten teams such as Michigan and Ohio State have lower numbers of all-time bowl appearances than powerhouse teams from the Big 12 Conference (previously Big Eight and Southwest Conferences) and Southeastern Conference, which always placed multiple teams in bowl games every year.

Starting in the 2014-2015 season, a new slate of bowl game selections will include several new bowl games.[88]

NameLocationOpposing Conference
Rose Bowl or PlayoffPasadena, California or Playoff SitePac-12 or Playoff Team
Capital One BowlOrlando, FloridaSEC
Outback BowlTampa, FloridaSEC
Holiday Bowl[89]San Diego, CaliforniaPac-12
Music City Bowl or Gator Bowl[90]Nashville, TN or Jacksonville, FLSEC
Kraft Fight Hunger Bowl[91]San Francisco, CaliforniaPac-12
Pinstripe Bowl[92]New York CityACC
New Detroit Bowl[93]Detroit, MichiganACC
Heart of Dallas Bowl or Armed Forces Bowl ^[89]Fort Worth, TX or Dallas, TXConference USA

†The Big Ten and ACC will switch between the Music City and Gator bowls on alternating years

^The Big Ten and Big 12 will switch between the Heart of Dallas and Armed Forces bowls on alternating years

Bowl selection procedures[edit]

Although the pick order usually corresponds to the conference standings, the bowls are not required to make their choices strictly according to the won-lost records; many factors influence bowl selections, especially the likely turnout of the team's fans. Picks are made after BCS selections; the bowl with the #2 pick will have the first pick of the remaining teams in the conference.

The Capital One (first choice) and Outback (second) Bowls can select any eligible team except a team that has two fewer wins or two more losses, in all games, than another eligible team. If a second conference team is selected for a BCS bowl, the two-win/loss requirement is not applicable for the Outback Bowl. The remaining picks are made in order by the Gator, Buffalo Wild Wings, Meineke Car Care, Heart of Dallas and Little Caesars Pizza Bowls, picking eligible teams without restrictions.[94]

Head coach compensation[edit]

The total pay of head coaches includes university and non-university compensation. This includes base salary, income from contracts, foundation supplements, bonuses and media and radio pay.[95]

Conference RankInstitutionHead Coach2013 Total Pay[96]
1Ohio State UniversityMeyer, UrbanUrban Meyer$4,608,000
2Pennsylvania State UniversityFranklin, JamesJames Franklin$4,250,000
3University of MichiganHoke, BradyBrady Hoke$4,154,000
4University of IowaFerentz, KirkKirk Ferentz$3,985,000
5University of Nebraska–LincolnPelini, BoBo Pelini$2,975,000
6Northwestern UniversityFitzgerald, PatPat Fitzgerald$2,221,153
7Purdue UniversityHazell, DarrellDarrell Hazell$2,160,833
8University of Wisconsin–MadisonAndersen, GaryGary Andersen$2,035,823
9University of Maryland, College ParkEdsall, RandyRandy Edsall$2,025,440
10Michigan State UniversityDantonio, MarkMark Dantonio$1,959,744
11University of Illinois at Urbana–ChampaignBeckman, TimTim Beckman$1,700,000
12Indiana University BloomingtonWilson, KevinKevin Wilson$1,291,220
13University of MinnesotaKill, JerryJerry Kill$1,200,000
14Rutgers UniversityFlood, KyleKyle Flood$860,000

Marching bands[edit]

All Big Ten member schools have marching bands which perform regularly during the football season. Ten of the current twelve member schools have won the Sudler Trophy,[97] generally considered the most prestigious honor a collegiate marching band can receive.[98] The first three Sudler trophies were awarded to Big Ten marching bands — Michigan (1982), Illinois (1983) and Ohio State (1984).[97] The Big Ten also has more Sudler Trophy recipients than any other collegiate athletic conference.[97]

Conference individual honors[edit]

Coaches and media of the Big Ten Conference award individual honors at the end of each football season.

Men's basketball[edit]

The Big Ten has participated in basketball since 1904, and has led the nation in attendance every season since 1978.[99] It has been a national powerhouse in men's basketball, having multiple championship winners and often sending four or more teams to the NCAA Men's Basketball Tournament. Previous NCAA champions include Indiana with five titles, Michigan State with two, and Wisconsin, Michigan, and Ohio State with one each.[100] Maryland, which is joining the Big Ten on July 1, 2014, has won one NCAA title.[101] Ohio State played in the first NCAA tournament national championship game in 1939, losing to Oregon. Despite this, Jimmy Hull of Ohio State was the first NCAA tournament MVP. The first three tournament MVPs came from the Big Ten (Marv Huffman of Indiana in 1940 and John Katz of Wisconsin in 1941).

Big Ten teams have also experienced success in the postseason NIT. Since 1974, 13 Big Ten teams have made it to the championship game, winning eight championships. NIT champions from the Big Ten include Michigan and Ohio State with two, and Indiana, Minnesota, Penn State, and Purdue with one each. Soon-to-be conference member Maryland has won one NIT title.[102]

In addition, the Helms Athletic Foundation recognizes Illinois as the 1915 National Champions, Minnesota as the 1902 and 1919 National Champions, Northwestern as the 1931 National Champion, Purdue as the 1932 National Champions, and Wisconsin as the 1912, 1914 and 1916 National Champions.

Since 1999, the Big Ten has taken part in the ACC–Big Ten Challenge with the Atlantic Coast Conference. The ACC holds a 10–3–2 record against the Big Ten; Purdue, Ohio State and Nebraska are the only Big Ten schools without losing records in the challenge.

All-time school records[edit]

This list goes through the 2012-2013 season.

#Big TenOverall RecordPct.Big Ten Tournament
Championships
Big Ten Regular
Season Championships
NCAA National Championships
1Illinois1688-908.6502170
2Indiana1719-965.6400215
3Purdue1676-957.6371220
4Ohio State1558-1008.6074201
5Michigan State1552-1038.5993132
6Iowa1530-1078.587280
7Michigan1348-977.5800131
8Penn State1361-1066-1.561000
9Wisconsin1440-1136.5592171
10Minnesota1482-1186.555080
11Nebraska1370-1218.529000
12Northwestern960-1424-1.403020

Future members all-time records[edit]

This list goes through the 2012-2013 season.

#TeamOverall RecordPct.Conference Tournament
Championships
Conference Regular
Season Championships
NCAA National Championships
-Maryland1426-973.549461
-Rutgers1170-1105.514100

NCAA tournament champions, runners-up and locations[edit]

† denotes overtime games. Multiple †'s indicate more than one overtime.

YearChampionRunner-upVenue and city
1939Oregon46Ohio State33Patten GymnasiumEvanston, Illinois
1940Indiana60Kansas42Municipal AuditoriumKansas City, Missouri
1941Wisconsin39Washington State34Municipal AuditoriumKansas City, Missouri (2)
1953Indiana (2)69Kansas68Municipal AuditoriumKansas City, Missouri (4)
1956San Francisco (2)83Iowa71McGaw HallEvanston, Illinois (2)
1960Ohio State75California55Cow PalaceDaly City, California
1961Cincinnati70Ohio State65Municipal AuditoriumKansas City, Missouri (8)
1962Cincinnati (2)71Ohio State59Freedom HallLouisville, Kentucky (3)
1965UCLA (2)91Michigan80Memorial ColiseumPortland, Oregon
1969UCLA (5)92Purdue72Freedom HallLouisville, Kentucky (6)
1976Indiana (3)86Michigan68The SpectrumPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania
1979Michigan State75Indiana State64Special Events CenterSalt Lake City, Utah
1981Indiana (4)63North Carolina50SpectrumPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania (2)
1987Indiana (5)74Syracuse73Louisiana SuperdomeNew Orleans, Louisiana (2)
1989Michigan80Seton Hall79KingdomeSeattle, Washington (4)
1992Duke (2)71Michigan[a 1]51MetrodomeMinneapolis, Minnesota
1993North Carolina (3)77Michigan[a 1]71Louisiana SuperdomeNew Orleans, Louisiana (3)
2000Michigan State (2)89Florida76RCA DomeIndianapolis, Indiana (4)
2002Maryland64Indiana52Georgia DomeAtlanta, Georgia (2)
2005North Carolina (4)75Illinois70Edward Jones DomeSt. Louis, Missouri (3)
2007Florida (2)84Ohio State75Georgia DomeAtlanta, Georgia (3)
2009North Carolina (5)89Michigan State72Ford FieldDetroit, Michigan
2013Louisville (3)82Michigan76Georgia DomeAtlanta, Georgia (4)
  1. ^ a b Participation vacated due to major NCAA violations.

Post-season NIT championships and runners-up[edit]

YearChampionRunner-upMVPVenue and city
1974Purdue87Utah81Mike Sojourner, UtahMadison Square GardenNew York City
1979Indiana53Purdue52Butch Carter and Ray Tolbert, IndianaMadison Square GardenNew York City
1980Virginia58Minnesota55Ralph Sampson, VirginiaMadison Square GardenNew York City
1982Bradley68Purdue61Mitchell Anderson, BradleyMadison Square GardenNew York City
1984Michigan83Notre Dame63Tim McCormick, MichiganMadison Square GardenNew York City
1985UCLA65Indiana62Reggie Miller, UCLAMadison Square GardenNew York City
1986Ohio State73Wyoming63Brad Sellers, Ohio StateMadison Square GardenNew York City
1988Connecticut72Ohio State67Phil Gamble, UConnMadison Square GardenNew York City
1993Minnesota62Georgetown61Voshon Lenard, MinnesotaMadison Square GardenNew York City
1996Nebraska60Saint Joseph's56Erick Strickland, NebraskaMadison Square GardenNew York City
1997Michigan[b 1]82Florida State73Louis Bullock, MichiganMadison Square GardenNew York City
2004Michigan62Rutgers55Daniel Horton, MichiganMadison Square GardenNew York City
2006South Carolina76Michigan64Renaldo Balkman, South CarolinaMadison Square GardenNew York City
2008Ohio State92Massachusetts85Kosta Koufos, Ohio StateMadison Square GardenNew York City
2009Penn State69Baylor63Jamelle Cornley, Penn StateMadison Square GardenNew York City
2012Stanford75Minnesota51Aaron Bright, StanfordMadison Square GardenNew York City
2013Baylor74Iowa54Pierre Jackson, BaylorMadison Square GardenNew York City
  1. ^ Participation and title vacated due to major NCAA violations.

Men's gymnastics[edit]

The Big Ten fields seven of the remaining sixteen Division I men's gymnastics. In 2013, Michigan edged out Oklahoma for their 5th NCAA Men's Gymnastics championship, the school's second in four years.[103]

NCAA Championships & Runners-up[edit]

YearChampionRunner-upHost
1938Chicago†IllinoisChicago
1939IllinoisArmyChicago
1940IllinoisNavy/TempleChicago
1941IllinoisMinnesotaChicago
1942IllinoisPenn State††Navy
1948Penn State††TempleChicago
1949TempleMinnesotaCalifornia
1950IllinoisTempleArmy
1951Florida StateIllinois/Southern CalMichigan
1953Penn State††IllinoisSyracuse
1954Penn State††IllinoisIllinois
1955IllinoisPenn State††UCLA
1956IllinoisPenn State††North Carolina
1957Penn State††IllinoisNavy
1958Michigan State†††/IllinoisMichigan State
1959Penn State††IllinoisCalifornia
1960Penn State††Southern CalPenn State
1961Penn State††Southern IllinoisIllinois
1963MichiganSouthern IllinoisPittsburgh
1965Penn State††WashingtonSouthern Illinois
1967Southern IllinoisMichiganSouthern Illinois
1969IowaPenn State††/Colorado StateWashington
1970MichiganIowa State/New Mexico stateTemple
1973Iowa StatePenn State††Oregon
1976Penn State††LSUTemple
1979Nebraska††OklahomaLSU
1980Nebraska††Iowa StateNebraska
1981Nebraska††OklahomaNebraska
1982Nebraska††UCLANebraska
1983Nebraska††UCLAPenn State
1984UCLAPenn State††UCLA
1985Ohio StateNebraska††Nebraska
1986Arizona StateNebraska††Nebraska
1987UCLANebraska††UCLA
1988Nebraska††IllinoisNebraska
1989IllinoisNebraska††Nebraska
1990Nebraska††MinnesotaMinnesota
1991OklahomaPenn State††Penn State
1992StanfordNebraska††Nebraska
1993StanfordNebraska††New Mexico
1994Nebraska††StanfordNebraska
1995StanfordNebraska††Ohio State
1996Ohio StateCaliforniaStanford
1998CaliforniaIowaPenn State
1999MichiganOhio StateNebraska
2000Penn StateMichiganIowa
2001Ohio StateOklahomaOhio State
2002OklahomaOhio StateOklahoma
2003OklahomaOhio StateTemple
2004Penn StateOklahomaIllinois
2005OklahomaOhio StateArmy
2006OklahomaIllinoisOklahoma
2007Penn StateOklahomaPenn State
2009StanfordMichiganMinnesota
2010MichiganStanfordArmy
2012IllinoisOklahomaOklahoma
2013MichiganOklahomaPenn State

†-Chicago left the Big Ten in 1946.

††-Finishes prior to Penn State and Nebraska joining the Big Ten.

†††-Michigan State no longer competes in gymnastics.

Women's basketball[edit]

Women's basketball teams have played a total of ten times in the NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Championship (since 1982) and Women's National Invitation Tournament Championship (since 1998). Big Ten women's teams have also led conference attendance from 1993–1999.[104]

Like the men's teams, the women's basketball teams in the Big Ten participate in the Big Ten–ACC Women's Challenge, which was founded in 2007.

NCAA tournament champions, runners-up and locations[edit]

YearChampionRunner-upVenue and city
1993Texas Tech84Ohio State82The OmniAtlanta, Georgia
1999Purdue62Duke45San Jose ArenaSan Jose, California
2001Notre Dame68Purdue66Savvis CenterSt. Louis, Missouri
2005Baylor84Michigan State62RCA DomeIndianapolis, Indiana

Women's National Invitation Tournament championship games[edit]

YearChampionRunner-upVenue and city
1998Penn State59Baylor56Ferrell CenterWaco, Texas
1999Arkansas67Wisconsin64Bud Walton ArenaFayetteville, Arkansas
2000Wisconsin75Florida74Kohl CenterMadison, Wisconsin
2001Ohio State62New Mexico61University ArenaAlbuquerque, New Mexico
2007Wyoming72Wisconsin56Arena-AuditoriumLaramie, Wyoming
2008Marquette81Michigan State66Breslin CenterEast Lansing, Michigan

Men's ice hockey[edit]

The Big Ten began sponsoring men's ice hockey in the 2013–14 season. The inaugural season includes 6 schools: Michigan, Michigan State and Ohio State joined from the disbanded CCHA; Minnesota and Wisconsin joined from the WCHA; and Penn State joined after playing its first NCAA Division I season (2012-2013) as an independent.[105][106]

NOTE: Overall (win-loss-tie) records shown below are thru the conclusion of 2012-13 season.

#TeamOverall RecordPct.NCAA Tournament
Championships
NCAA Tournament
Frozen Four
NCAA Tournament
Appearances
Conference Tournament
Champions
Conference Regular
Season Champions
1Minnesota1646–938–171.637520341414
2Michigan1593–1019–143.61092435914
3Michigan State1227–903–135.57631127118
4Wisconsin1111–684–118.61961225123
5Penn State*988–347–45.740000*11*7
6Ohio State787–810–128.49301621

* Numbers include Penn State's ACHA records before joining the NCAA in 2012-13. Penn State has won 7 ACHA Tournaments and have appeared in 29 ACHA Tournaments.

NCAA tournament champions, runners-up and locations[edit]

YearWinning teamCoachLosing teamCoachScoreLocationFinals venue
1948MichiganHeyliger, VicVic HeyligerDartmouthJeremiah, EdwardEdward Jeremiah8–4Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
1951Michigan (2)Heyliger, VicVic HeyligerBrownMoulton, WestcottWestcott Moulton7–1Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
1952Michigan (3)Heyliger, VicVic HeyligerColorado CollegeThompson, CheddyCheddy Thompson4–1Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
1953Michigan (4)Heyliger, VicVic HeyligerMinnesotaMariucci, JohnJohn Mariucci7–3Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
1954RensselaerHarkness, NedNed HarknessMinnesotaMariucci, JohnJohn Mariucci5–4 (OT)Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
1955Michigan (5)Heyliger, VicVic HeyligerColorado CollegeThompson, CheddyCheddy Thompson5–3Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
1956Michigan (6)Heyliger, VicVic HeyligerMichigan TechRenfrew, AlAl Renfrew7–5Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
1957Colorado College (2)Bedecki, TomTom BedeckiMichiganHeyliger, VicVic Heyliger13–6Colorado Springs, ColoradoBroadmoor Ice Palace
1959North DakotaMay, BobBob MayMichigan StateBessone, AmoAmo Bessone4–3 (OT)Troy, New YorkRPI Field House
1964Michigan (7)Renfrew, AlAl RenfrewDenverArmstrong, MurrayMurray Armstrong6–3Denver, ColoradoUniversity of Denver Arena
1966Michigan StateBessone, AmoAmo BessoneClarksonCeglarski, LenLen Ceglarski6–1Minneapolis, MinnesotaWilliams Arena
1971Boston UniversityKelley, JackJack KelleyMinnesotaSonmor, GlenGlen Sonmor4–2Syracuse, New YorkOnondaga War Memorial
1973WisconsinJohnson, BobBob JohnsonDenver1Armstrong, MurrayMurray Armstrong4–2Boston, MassachusettsBoston Garden
1974MinnesotaBrooks, HerbHerb BrooksMichigan TechMacInnes, JohnJohn MacInnes4–2Boston, MassachusettsBoston Garden
1975Michigan Tech (3)MacInnes, JohnJohn MacInnesMinnesotaBrooks, HerbHerb Brooks6–1St. Louis, MissouriSt. Louis Arena
1976Minnesota (2)Brooks, HerbHerb BrooksMichigan TechMacInnes, JohnJohn MacInnes6–4Denver, ColoradoUniversity of Denver Arena
1977Wisconsin (2)Johnson, BobBob JohnsonMichiganFarrell, DanDan Farrell6–5 (OT)Detroit, MichiganOlympia Stadium
1979Minnesota (3)Brooks, HerbHerb BrooksNorth DakotaGasparini, GinoGino Gasparini4–3Detroit, MichiganOlympia Stadium
1981Wisconsin (3)Johnson, BobBob JohnsonMinnesotaBuetow, BradBrad Buetow6–3Duluth, MinnesotaDuluth Entertainment Center
1982North Dakota (4)Gasparini, GinoGino GaspariniWisconsinJohnson, BobBob Johnson5–2Providence, Rhode IslandProvidence Civic Center
1983Wisconsin (4)Sauer, JeffJeff SauerHarvardCleary, BillBill Cleary6–2Grand Forks, North DakotaRalph Engelstad Arena
1986Michigan State (2)Mason, RonRon MasonHarvardCleary, BillBill Cleary6–5Providence, Rhode IslandProvidence Civic Center
1987North Dakota (5)Gasparini, GinoGino GaspariniMichigan StateMason, RonRon Mason5–3Detroit, MichiganJoe Louis Arena
1989HarvardCleary, BillBill ClearyMinnesotaWoog, DougDoug Woog4–3 (OT)Saint Paul, MinnesotaSaint Paul Civic Center
1990Wisconsin (5)Sauer, JeffJeff SauerColgateSlater, TerryTerry Slater7–3Detroit, MichiganJoe Louis Arena
1992Lake Superior State (2)Jackson, JeffJeff JacksonWisconsin1Sauer, JeffJeff Sauer5–3Albany, New YorkKnickerbocker Arena
1996Michigan (8)Berenson, RedRed BerensonColorado CollegeLucia, DonDon Lucia3–2 (OT)Cincinnati, OhioRiverfront Coliseum
1998Michigan (9)Berenson, RedRed BerensonBoston CollegeYork, JerryJerry York3–2 (OT)Boston, MassachusettsFleetCenter
2002Minnesota (4)Lucia, DonDon LuciaMaineWhitehead, TimTim Whitehead4–3 (OT)Saint Paul, MinnesotaXcel Energy Center
2003Minnesota (5)Lucia, DonDon LuciaNew HampshireUmile, DickDick Umile5–1Buffalo, New YorkHSBC Arena
2006Wisconsin (6)Eaves, MikeMike EavesBoston CollegeYork, JerryJerry York2–1Milwaukee, WisconsinBradley Center
2007Michigan State (3)Comley, RickRick ComleyBoston CollegeYork, JerryJerry York3–1St. Louis, MissouriScottrade Center
2010Boston College (4)York, JerryJerry YorkWisconsinEaves, MikeMike Eaves5–0Detroit, MichiganFord Field
2011Minnesota–DuluthScott SandelinMichiganRed Berenson3–2 (OT)Saint Paul, MinnesotaXcel Energy Center

^1 Participation in the tournament vacated by the NCAA Committee on Infractions.

Men's lacrosse[edit]

The Big Ten will begin sponsoring men's lacrosse in the 2014–15 season. The Big Ten lacrosse league will include Maryland, Michigan, Ohio State, Penn State, and Rutgers. Johns Hopkins will join the Big Ten conference as an affiliate member in 2014. The teams that will compete in Big Ten men's lacrosse have combined to win 11 NCAA national championships.[107]

With the addition of Johns Hopkins and Maryland to the league, Big Ten men's lacrosse will boast two of the top programs and most heated rivals in the history of the sport. Johns Hopkins (28) and Maryland (21) combine for 49 NCAA Men's Lacrosse Final Four appearances. The media and both schools have called Johns Hopkins–Maryland rivalry the greatest and most historic rivalry in men's lacrosse. Since 1895, the two teams have matched up more than 100 times.[108][109][110]

NOTE: Overall (win-loss) records shown below are through the conclusion of 2012-13 season.

#TeamTotal SeasonsOverall RecordPct.Claimed National
Championships
NCAA Tournament
Runner Up
NCAA Tournament
Final Fours
NCAA Tournament
Appearances
1Johns Hopkins125924–298.7564492841
2Maryland89737–294.7461192135
3Michigan22–26.0713000
4Ohio State61423–381.5260004
5Penn State100488-490.4990003
6Rutgers92557–458.5432005

Rivalries[edit]

Football[edit]

The members of the Big Ten have longstanding rivalries with each other, especially on the football field. Each school has at least one traveling trophy at stake. The following is a list of active rivalries in the Big Ten Conference with totals & records through the completion of the 2013 season.

TeamsRivalry NameTrophyMeetingsRecordSeries leaderCurrent Streak
IllinoisIndianaIllinois–Indiana rivalry6945–22–2IllinoisIllinois lost 2
MissouriIllinois–Missouri football rivalry247–17MissouriIllinois lost 6
NorthwesternIllinois–Northwestern football rivalryLand of Lincoln Trophy10754–48–5IllinoisIllinois lost 2
Ohio StateIllinois–Ohio State football rivalryIllibuck10030–66–4Ohio StateIllinois lost 6
PurdueIllinois–Purdue football rivalryPurdue Cannon8943–40–6IllinoisIllinois won 1
IndianaIllinoisIllinois–Indiana rivalry6922–45–2IllinoisIndiana won 2
KentuckyBourbon Barrel GameBourbon Barrel (retired 1999)3618–17–1IndianaIndiana won 1
Michigan StateIndiana–Michigan State football rivalryOld Brass Spittoon6015–43–2Michigan StateIndiana lost 5
PurdueIndiana–Purdue rivalryOld Oaken Bucket11537–72–6PurdueIndiana won 1
IowaIowa StateIowa–Iowa State football rivalryCy-Hawk Trophy6040–21[111]IowaIowa won 1
MinnesotaIowa–Minnesota football rivalryFloyd of Rosedale10744–61–2MinnesotaIowa won 2
NebraskaIowa–Nebraska football rivalryHeroes Trophy4413–28–3NebraskaIowa won 1
WisconsinIowa–Wisconsin football rivalryHeartland Trophy8742–43–2WisconsinIowa lost 2
MichiganMichigan StateMichigan–Michigan State football rivalryPaul Bunyan Trophy10568–33–5MichiganMichigan lost 1
MinnesotaMichigan–Minnesota football rivalryLittle Brown Jug10073–24–3MichiganMichigan won 6
Notre DameMichigan–Notre Dame football rivalry4024–16–1MichiganMichigan won 1
Ohio StateMichigan–Ohio State football rivalry11058–46–6MichiganMichigan lost 2
Michigan StateIndianaIndiana–Michigan State football rivalryOld Brass Spittoon6043–15–2Michigan StateMichigan State won 5
MichiganMichigan–Michigan State football rivalryPaul Bunyan Trophy10533–68–5MichiganMichigan State won 1
Notre DameMichigan State–Notre Dame football rivalryMegaphone Trophy7728–48–1Notre DameMichigan State lost 3
Penn StateMichigan State–Penn State football rivalryLand Grant Trophy2813–14–1Michigan StateMichigan State won 1
MinnesotaIowaIowa–Minnesota football rivalryFloyd of Rosedale10761–44–2MinnesotaMinnesota lost 2
MichiganMichigan–Minnesota football rivalryLittle Brown Jug10024–73–3MichiganMinnesota lost 6
Penn StateMinnesota–Penn State football rivalryGovernor's Victory Bell135–8Penn StateMinnesota won 1
WisconsinMinnesota–Wisconsin football rivalrySlab of Bacon/Paul Bunyan's Axe12358–57–8MinnesotaMinnesota lost 10
NebraskaIowaIowa–Nebraska football rivalryHeroes Trophy4428–13–3NebraskaNebraska lost 1
Penn StateNebraska-Penn State rivalry148–6NebraskaNebraska won 3
NorthwesternIllinoisIllinois–Northwestern football rivalryLand of Lincoln Trophy10748–54–5IllinoisNorthwestern won 2
Ohio StateIllinoisIllinois–Ohio State football rivalryIllibuck10066–30–4Ohio StateOhio State won 6
MichiganMichigan–Ohio State football rivalry11046–58–6MichiganOhio State won 2
Penn StateOhio State–Penn State football rivalry2916–13Ohio StateOhio State won 2
Penn StateMichigan StateMichigan State–Penn State football rivalryLand Grant Trophy2814–13–1Penn StatePenn State lost 1
MinnesotaMinnesota–Penn State football rivalryGovernor's Victory Bell138–5Penn StatePenn State lost 1
NebraskaNebraska-Penn State rivalry148–6NebraskaPenn State lost 3
Ohio StateOhio State–Penn State football rivalry2913–16Ohio StatePenn State lost 2
University of PittsburghPenn State–Pittsburgh football rivalry9648-42-4Penn StatePenn State lost 1
TemplePenn State-Temple rivalry4137–3–1Penn StatePenn State won 30
PurdueIllinoisIllinois–Purdue football rivalryPurdue Cannon8940–43–6IllinoisPurdue lost 1
IndianaIndiana–Purdue rivalryOld Oaken Bucket11572–37–6PurduePurdue lost 1
Notre DameNotre Dame–Purdue football rivalryShillelagh Trophy8526–57–2Notre DamePurdue lost 6
WisconsinIowaIowa–Wisconsin football rivalryHeartland Trophy8743–42–2WisconsinWisconsin won 2
MinnesotaMinnesota–Wisconsin football rivalrySlab of Bacon/Paul Bunyan's Axe12357–58–8MinnesotaWisconsin won 10

[112]

From 1993 through 2010, the Big Ten football schedule was set up with each team having two permanent matches within the conference, with the other eight teams in the conference rotating out of the schedule in pairs for two-year stints. Permanent matches were as follows:[citation needed]

This system was discontinued after the 2010 season, as teams became grouped into two divisions, and would play all teams in their division once, with one protected cross-over game, and two games rotating against the other five opponents from the opposing division.

Most of the above permanent rivalries were maintained. By virtue of the new alignment, a handful of new permanent divisional opponents were created, as all pairs of teams within the same division would face off each season. Furthermore, three new permanent inter-divisional matches resulted from the realignment: Purdue-Iowa, Michigan State-Indiana, and Penn State-Nebraska. The following past permanent matches were maintained across divisions: Minnesota-Wisconsin, Michigan-Ohio State, and Illinois-Northwestern.

The new alignment, however, caused some of the above permanent rivalries to be discontinued. These were: Iowa-Wisconsin, Northwestern-Purdue, and Michigan State-Penn State. These matchups would continue to be played, but only twice every five years on average. More rivalries could be disrupted, or some resumed on a yearly basis, when the league realigns into East and West Divisions for the 2014 season with the addition of Maryland and Rutgers. The two new schools will be placed in the new East Division with Penn State, and the two Indiana schools will be divided (Indiana to the East and Purdue to the West). With the move to a nine-game conference schedule in 2016, all cross-division games will be held at least once in a four-year cycle except for Indiana–Purdue, which will be the only protected cross-division game.[66]

Basketball[edit]

Men's ice hockey[edit]

Men's soccer[edit]

Extra-conference rivalries[edit]

Three Big Ten teams—Purdue, Michigan State and Michigan—had rivalries in football with Notre Dame. After the University of Southern California with 35 wins (including a vacated 2005 win), the Michigan State Spartans have the most wins against the Irish, with 28. The Purdue Boilermakers follow with 26, and Michigan ranks fourth all-time with 23.

Penn State had a longstanding rivalry with Pittsburgh of the ACC, but the two schools have not met since 2000. Penn State also had long histories with independent Notre Dame; Rutgers, and Temple of the The American; Syracuse, Maryland and Boston College of the ACC; and West Virginia, a member of the Big 12 Conference. Penn State also has strong intrastate rivalries with Patriot League universities Bucknell in men's basketball and men's lacrosse, and Lehigh in wrestling. Most of these rivalries were cultivated while Penn State operated independent of conference affiliation; the constraints of playing a full conference schedule, especially in football, have reduced the number of meetings between Penn State and its non-Big Ten rivals. The rivalries with Maryland and Rutgers will become annual football matchups when those schools join Penn State in the Big Ten, since all three schools will be in the new East Division.

Iowa has an in-state rivalry with Iowa State of the Big 12, with the winner getting the Cy-Hawk Trophy in football. Iowa and Iowa State also compete annually in the Cy-Hawk Series sponsored by Hy-Vee (as of 2011 this series is now sponsored by The Iowa Corngrowers Association), the competition includes all head-to-head regular season competitions in all sports. Iowa also holds rivalries in basketball with the state's other two Division I programs, Drake and Northern Iowa.

Indiana has an out-of conference rivalry with Kentucky of the SEC (see Indiana–Kentucky rivalry). While the two schools played in football for many years, the rivalry was rooted in their decades of national success in men's basketball. The two no longer play one another in football, but their basketball rivalry continued until a dispute about game sites ended the series after 2011. In the last season of the rivalry (2011–12), the teams played twice. During the regular season, then-unranked Indiana defeated then-#1 ranked Kentucky 73–72 at Assembly Hall. The Wildcats avenged the loss in the NCAA tournament, defeating Indiana 102–90 in the South Regional final in Atlanta on their way to a national title.

Illinois has a longstanding basketball rivalry with the SEC's Missouri Tigers, with the two men's teams squaring off annually in the "Braggin' Rights" game. It was originally held at the St. Louis Arena from 1980 until 1993. Since 1994, the game has been played at the Scottrade Center in St. Louis. This rivalry has been carried over into football as "The Arch Rivalry" with games played at the Edward Jones Dome in St. Louis in 2002 and 2003 and four games in 2007 through 2010.[2]

Wisconsin has a long-standing, in-state basketball rivalry with Marquette. The series has intensified as of late with both teams having made the Final Four in recent years. The schools also played an annual football game before Marquette abandoned its football program in 1961.

Minnesota men's ice hockey has a prolific and fierce border rivalry with the University of North Dakota. The two teams played annually between 1948 and 2013 as members of the WCHA Conference prior to the inception of the Big Ten Conference. The rivalry will resume in 2016 in non-conference action.

In the early days of the Big Ten, the Chicago-Michigan game was played on Thanksgiving, usually with conference championship implications and was considered one of the first major rivalries of the conference.

Also in the early days of the conference, and at Knute Rockne's insistence, Northwestern and Notre Dame had a yearly contest, with the winner taking home a shillelagh, much like the winner of the USC-Notre Dame and Purdue-Notre Dame contests now receive. The Northwestern-Notre Dame shillelagh was largely forgotten by the early 1960s and is now solely an element of college football's storied past.[114]

Facilities[edit]

The Big Ten has the distinction of being the conference with the most stadiums seating over 100,000, at three of the stadiums (Beaver Stadium, Michigan Stadium, and Ohio Stadium). Only three other college football stadiums have such a capacity: Neyland Stadium at the University of Tennessee and Bryant–Denny Stadium of the University of Alabama in the Southeastern Conference, and Darrell K Royal-Texas Memorial Stadium at the University of Texas at Austin in the Big 12 Conference.

The three stadiums are three of the four largest football stadiums in the United States, as well as the third, fourth, and seventh largest sports stadiums in the world.

SchoolFootball stadiumCapacityBasketball arenaCapacityBaseball stadiumCapacity
IllinoisMemorial Stadium, Champaign60,670State Farm Center16,618Illinois Field3,000
IndianaMemorial Stadium, Bloomington52,929Assembly Hall, Bloomington17,472Bart Kaufman Field2,500
IowaKinnick Stadium70,585Carver-Hawkeye Arena15,400Duane Banks Field3,000
MarylandByrd Stadium51,902Comcast Center17,950Shipley Field2,500
MichiganMichigan Stadium109,901Crisler Center12,707Ray Fisher Stadium4,000
Michigan StateSpartan Stadium75,005Breslin Student Events Center14,797Drayton McLane Baseball Stadium at John H. Kobs Field
Cooley Law School Stadium
2,500
7,527
MinnesotaTCF Bank Stadium50,805Williams Arena14,625Siebert Field
Target Field
1,500
39,504
NebraskaMemorial Stadium, Lincoln87,091Pinnacle Bank Arena15,147Hawks Field8,486
NorthwesternRyan Field47,130Welsh-Ryan Arena8,117Rocky Miller Park1,000
Ohio StateOhio Stadium102,329Value City Arena18,809Bill Davis Stadium4,450
Penn StateBeaver Stadium106,572Bryce Jordan Center15,261Medlar Field at Lubrano Park5,406
PurdueRoss–Ade Stadium62,500Mackey Arena14,240Alexander Field1,500 (expandable to 2,500)
RutgersHigh Point Solutions Stadium52,454Louis Brown Athletic Center8,000Bainton Field1,500
WisconsinCamp Randall Stadium80,321Kohl Center17,249Non-baseball school

Future members in gray.

Ice hockey arenas[edit]

SchoolMen's arenaCapacityWomen's arenaCapacity
MichiganYost Ice Arena6,600No varsity team
Michigan StateMunn Ice Arena6,470No varsity team
MinnesotaMariucci Arena10,000Ridder Arena3,400
Ohio StateValue City Arena17,500OSU Ice Rink1,415
Penn StatePegula Ice Arena6,000Pegula Ice Arena6,000
WisconsinKohl Center15,237LaBahn Arena2,273

Media[edit]

As of 2010, the Big Ten has carriage agreements with the following broadcast and cable networks.[115]

Broadcast television[edit]

Cable television[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]