Bibb County, Georgia

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Bibb County, Georgia
Maconbibbcourthouse.jpg
Bibb County courthouse in Macon, Georgia
Seal of Bibb County, Georgia
Seal
Map of Georgia highlighting Bibb County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
FoundedDecember 9, 1822
Named forWilliam Wyatt Bibb
SeatMacon
Largest cityMacon
Area
 • Total255.13 sq mi (661 km2)
 • Land249.96 sq mi (647 km2)
 • Water5.17 sq mi (13 km2), 2.03%
Population
 • (2010)155,547
 • Density616/sq mi (238/km²)
Congressional districts2nd, 8th
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4
Websitewww.co.bibb.ga.us
 
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Bibb County, Georgia
Maconbibbcourthouse.jpg
Bibb County courthouse in Macon, Georgia
Seal of Bibb County, Georgia
Seal
Map of Georgia highlighting Bibb County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
FoundedDecember 9, 1822
Named forWilliam Wyatt Bibb
SeatMacon
Largest cityMacon
Area
 • Total255.13 sq mi (661 km2)
 • Land249.96 sq mi (647 km2)
 • Water5.17 sq mi (13 km2), 2.03%
Population
 • (2010)155,547
 • Density616/sq mi (238/km²)
Congressional districts2nd, 8th
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4
Websitewww.co.bibb.ga.us

Bibb County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. On July 31, 2012, by a margin of 57% to 43%, voters in the county approved a measure to consolidate Bibb County with the county seat, Macon and dissolve the government of the only other incorporated municipality in the county, Payne City;[1] however, the dissolution of Payne City is currently on hold.[2]

Robert Reichert is to be the first mayor of Macon-Bibb starting January 1, 2014.[3]

As of the 2010 census, the population was 155,547.[4]

Bibb County is part of the Macon Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Bibb County was created by act of the Georgia Legislature on December 9, 1822, with Macon to be incorporated in December 1823; designated the county seat. It was carved from Jones, Monroe, Houston, and Twiggs counties. The county seat has never been changed, and no other county has ever been created out of land from Bibb County. This area was developed by European Americans initially for cotton plantations, after Native Americans had been forcibly removed in what was known as Indian Removal. It was one of the counties included in what was called the Black Belt, referring to the fertile soil of the uplands.

The county was named for Dr. William Wyatt Bibb, a physician from Elbert County, who was elected to and served in the House of Representatives and United States Senate before being elected as the first Governor of Alabama.

During the Civil War, 10% of the white men in the county died in the service.[5]

The first foreign Consulate in the country was established in Macon in 2006, the Royal Danish Consulate of the Kingdom of Denmark. The first ever Honorary Consul to the Principality of Liechtenstein was established in Macon in 2007.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 255.13 square miles (660.8 km2), of which 249.96 square miles (647.4 km2) (or 97.97%) is land and 5.17 square miles (13.4 km2) (or 2.03%) is water.[6]

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2010 census, the population was 155,547.[4]

Government[edit]

Bibb County is currently governed by a five-member County Commission, with four commissioners elected from individual districts in the county and a chairman elected countywide. The chairman is the chief executive of the county, though the role was reduced from full-time to part-time beginning in 2005, with a chief administrative officer appointed by the commission to run the daily affairs of the government. The current (2009) county commission chairman is Sam Hart.

Like all other Georgia counties, Bibb has an elected sheriff responsible for maintaining the jail. Bibb's sheriff also manages the county's law enforcement duties, with his deputies acting as the county police force in the unincorporated area; the city of Macon has its own police department. The current (2013) Bibb sheriff is David Davis. On July 31, 2012, voters in Macon (57.8 percent approval) and Bibb County (56.7 percent approval) passed a referendum to merge the governments of the city of Macon and most of unincorporated Bibb County, based on the authorization of House Bill 1171, passed by the Georgia General Assembly earlier in the year;[7] four previous consolidation attempts (in 1933, 1960, 1972, and 1976) had failed.[8][9][10]

Under the planned consolidation, the governments of Macon and Bibb County will be replaced with a single mayor and a nine-member countywide commission elected to office by county districts. A portion of Macon that extends into nearby Jones County will be deincorporated from Macon.[11][12][13]

Elections[edit]

Robert Reichert will be the first mayor of the consolidated city, January 1, 2014. He had received 49% of the vote from the election on September 17 over the other 5 mayoral candidates. The election required a majority. He won 63% of the vote in a runoff election against C. Jack Ellis who had 30% in October.[3]

Major highways[edit]

Interstate highways[edit]

U.S. highways[edit]

State routes[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18307,154
18409,80237.0%
185012,69929.6%
186016,29128.3%
187021,25530.5%
188027,14727.7%
189042,37056.1%
190050,47319.1%
191056,64612.2%
192071,30425.9%
193077,0428.0%
194083,7838.7%
1950114,07936.2%
1960141,24923.8%
1970143,4181.5%
1980150,2564.8%
1990149,967−0.2%
2000153,8872.6%
2010155,5471.1%
Est. 2012156,4620.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
2012 Estimate[15]

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 153,887 people, 59,667 households, and 39,797 families residing in the county. The population density was 616 people per square mile (238/km²). There were 67,194 housing units at an average density of 269 per square mile (104/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 50.13% White, 47.32% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 1.08% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. 1.31% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 59,667 households out of which 31.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.30% were married couples living together, 20.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.30% were non-families. 28.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county the population was distributed with 26.60% under the age of 18, 10.10% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 85.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.20 males.

The population tables show a dramatic reduction in population growth from 1920 to 1940, less than half the amounts for censuses before and after these dates; during this period, tens of thousands of African Americans left the state for cities in the North and Midwest, as part of the Great Migration for better jobs, education and living conditions. Through such migration, they went from being mostly rural people to being more urbanized than the average in the United States, which has become a mostly suburban population in terms of where residences are located.

Economy[edit]

Personal income[edit]

The median income for a household in the county was $34,532, and the median income for a family was $43,479. Males had a median income of $34,263 versus $25,540 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,058. About 15.50% of families and 19.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.20% of those under age 18 and 13.10% of those age 65 or over.

Tourism[edit]

A view of the calm Lake Tobesofkee in the wintertime. Taken facing Northwest from beside the Lower Thomaston Road Bridge.
Lake Tobesofkee in the Wintertime

Lake Tobesofkee, about 10 miles (16 km) west of Macon, has three parks. Claystone, Sandy Beach, and Arrowhead Parks, each with a beach, and children's playgrounds. Sandy Beach has lighted tennis courts and a softball field.[17]

Cities and towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Macon and Bibb Approve Consolidation". 13WMAZ. August 1, 2012. Retrieved August 2, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Payne City merger dead for 2013". The Macon Telegraph. February 27, 2013. Retrieved August 10, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Mayoral Runoff Results http://www.13wmaz.com/news/elections/results/results.aspx?raceid=100"
  4. ^ a b United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 20 February 2012. 
  5. ^ Cotton, Fire and Dreams
  6. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  7. ^ "HB 1171 - Macon-Bibb County; create and incorporate new political body corporate". 
  8. ^ City-County Consolidation Proposals, 1921 - Present, National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-02-11.
  9. ^ The Effects on City-County Consolidation
  10. ^ Consolidation pass for Macon and Bibb county in the 2012 vote.CONSOLIDATION OF CITY AND COUNTY GOVERNMENTS: ATTEMPTS IN FIVE CITIES. Retrieved 2010-09-14.
  11. ^ Jim Gaines (July 28, 2012). "Last details of Macon-Bibb consolidation debate aired". The Telegraph. 
  12. ^ Mike Stucka (July 31, 2012). "Macon-Bibb County consolidation wins with strong majorities". The Telegraph. 
  13. ^ Erica Lockwood (July 13, 2012). "Consolidation: 3 Areas of Macon and Bibb Affected Differently". 13 WMAZ. 
  14. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 20, 2013. 
  15. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 20, 2013. 
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ "Tobesofkee parks and beaches". Retrieved 2-6-2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°48′N 83°42′W / 32.80°N 83.70°W / 32.80; -83.70