Bhadran

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Bhadran
ભાદરણ
Village
Bhadran is located in Gujarat
Bhadran
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 22°21′33″N 72°54′02″E / 22.3593°N 72.9005°E / 22.3593; 72.9005Coordinates: 22°21′33″N 72°54′02″E / 22.3593°N 72.9005°E / 22.3593; 72.9005
Country India
StateGujarat
DistrictAnand
Area
 • Total5 km2 (2 sq mi)
Elevation30 m (100 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total10,147
 • Density2,029/km2 (5,260/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati, Hindi
Time zoneIST (UTC+5:30)
PIN388 530
Telephone code02696-288/289
Vehicle registrationGJ 23
 
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Bhadran
ભાદરણ
Village
Bhadran is located in Gujarat
Bhadran
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 22°21′33″N 72°54′02″E / 22.3593°N 72.9005°E / 22.3593; 72.9005Coordinates: 22°21′33″N 72°54′02″E / 22.3593°N 72.9005°E / 22.3593; 72.9005
Country India
StateGujarat
DistrictAnand
Area
 • Total5 km2 (2 sq mi)
Elevation30 m (100 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total10,147
 • Density2,029/km2 (5,260/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati, Hindi
Time zoneIST (UTC+5:30)
PIN388 530
Telephone code02696-288/289
Vehicle registrationGJ 23

Bhadran is a village in the state of Gujarat, in far western India. It is in the Anand district. Bhadran was nicknamed the "Paris of Gaekwad state" due to its prosperity and civil works carried out by Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III, the visionary ruler of Baroda.

Legend[edit]

Years ago in Padampur, nearly two kilometres away (1.2 miles) from Bhadran town, there used to live two very strong brothers named Bhadrasur and Aghasur. The majority of the people here were very cruel. They defeated Devas with a power graced by Mahadevji. Agonized Devas prayed to the mighty goddess Uma and two Shakties named Bhadrakali and Ambaji, were created.

Bhadrakali and Ambaji killed Bhdrasur and Aghasur respectively so Devas established temples of both Matajis. In due course Padampur was destroyed. In Samvat 1232 (1176 AC) on Sunday the sudi 11(before full moon) of month Vaishakh Bhadrapur, later known as Bhadrn and finally as the time passed, today's Bhadran, was officially formed. Garasia and Patidar communities were the main population.

According to the data for the family tree of the Patels of the seven towns, published in 1925 CE, the first Patel, named Ananda, came from Anklav in Samvat 1415 and lived here.

Gradually his generations, as new Patels, used to live and settle with them. From the eleventh generation of four brothers, eldest and the second number named Revandas and Dhanjibhai, respectively, started to live in a section called Moti Khadki. Third and fourth numbers named Harkhjibhai and Manjibhai, in another section called Nani Khadki. Together with the above, now, Bhadran is flourishing with the influx of all different communities with new Patels from different places.

Geography and climate[edit]

Bhadran is located at 22° 21′ 33.48″ N, 72° 54′ 1.8″ E. The total area of Bhadran is around 5 square kilometres (2 sq mi). The village is located on the fertile plains of Mahi river, 10 km (6 mi) north of mouth of Mahi river where it meets Gulf of Khambhat.

There are three main seasons: Summer, Monsoon and Winter. Aside from the monsoon season, the climate is dry. The weather is hot through the months of March to July — the average summer maximum is 36 °C (97 °F), and the average minimum is 23 °C (73 °F). From November to February, the average maximum temperature is 30 °C (85 °F), the average minimum is 15 °C (59 °F), and the climate is extremely dry. Cold northerly winds are responsible for a mild chill in January. The southwest monsoon brings a humid climate from mid-June to mid-September. The average rainfall is 93 cm (36.7 inches), but infrequent heavy torrential rains cause the river to flood.

MonthDaily Minimum (C)Daily Maximum (C)Ave. total Rainfall (mm)Ave. # of Rainy days
Jan11.728.42.60.3
Feb13.831.31.10.2
Mar18.836.01.00.1
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sept
Oct
Nov
Dec

Recent history[edit]

Before India's independence, due to advancements in all aspects, Bhadran was known as the Paris of Vadodara State, under the rule of Maharaja Sayajirao Gayakwad. In those days, there was a water supply system. Gayakwad Narrow Gauge Railway used to start from here to Vaso, the same huge Town Hall surrounded by beautiful garden now occupied by Gram Panchayat, on the bank of a huge pond. The town was fortunate to have a drainage system first, when most of the other towns had no dream that such a thing ever existed. People from all over the surrounding areas used to get treatment in the State-run hospital. This is now run by Bhadran Mitramandal (Mumbai Sanchalit) and has been transformed into a small but ideal hospital. It is in the process of expansion to offer all possible types of specialized services, within the capacity of available funds from the donors. For organizing this system, the real credit goes to late Dr. Jamanadas Patel. There is a veterinary hospital for animals too.

Places for social activities include a Guest House, a Rest House, Nani Khadki Dharmshala, Brahman Vadi, Shree Bhadrakali Mataji's Vadi, and Central Hall in Town Hall and Shree Annkshetra.

At different main centres in Bhadran, there are leadership memorials: statues of Shree Sayajirao Gayakwad, Mahatma Gandhi, Sardar Vallbhbhai Patel, Shivabhai Ashabhai Patel, Manubhai Mehta (diwan), and Shree Ratilal Patel, a martyr and victim of a shooting at Adas Station, as a secret agent distributing Freedom Movement leaflets.

Lt. Shivabhai Ashabhai Patel was the follower of Mahatma Gandhi, and the main leader during the Freedom Fighters movement. After Independence (MLA), he used to serve as a president of Grampanchayat and Pragati Mandal. With him, there were two other pioneers of Pragati Mandal, Somabhai Chaturbhai Patel, and Dahyabhai Mathurbhai Patel.

After Independence another freedom fighter, Ambubhai Haribhai Patel, settled in Nairobi, Kenya. There he spent his whole life supporting Jomo Kenyatta to achieve independence for Kenya, without any greed or grabbing for high status from the Prime Minister.

P.C. Patel had offered two precious rooms near Model Cinema on Gandhi road, free of charge for Six Gam Patidar Mandal Office use from 1968 to 1971. Later, Lt. Madhubhai C Patel, a past secretary (1969) had offered a spacious underground room, free of charge for running this office for many years. Lt. Madhubhai was also a freedom fighter, a strict follower of Mahatma Gandhi and wore Khadi dress for his whole life.

Brother of Shivabhai Ashabhai Patel, Hirabhai had donated for small-scale home industries for women and General Dispensary. Maganbhai Shankerbhai Patel had donated for the maternity home. Lallubhai shah built a beautiful tower in the centre of bazaar. From then until recent times, it has kept people aware of time. Hardly some were lucky to possess a timepiece then.

Naranbhai Zaverbhai Patel of Laxmi Kooi, went to Africa in 1920, his son Hariharbhai born there in 1927, Naranbhai passed away two months before his birth. His mother Maniben return to Bhadran in 1928 and lived there till her death in 1995. Hariharbhai moved to Mumbai at age of 15, struggled throughout his life but gave good education to all his four children namely Daksha, Hemanti, Prakash & Pankaj now all children are settled in USA.

On station road, Darwaji Bhagol, a triple arch structure, donated by Lt. used to please people passing through it. Recently, Sarvshree Lt. Ramanbhai Patel (Founder of Cadila, Ahmdavad) has donated a large, beautiful triple arch to change the facia (entry) of Bhadran. This leads with double-track road to Chamerda Bhagol. Sarvshree Ramanbhai, as past president (1975; 1981) and a trustee of Chh Gam Patidar Mandal, had played a key role in developing multidirectional progressive social activity reforms and bringing Mandal to latest status. Of course, he had received full cooperation from Ratibhai Rambhai Patel and Madhubhai Chottabhai Patel of Sojitra, Narenbhai Madhubhai Patel of Nadiad and Lt. Pramukhbhai Bhikhabhai Patel (very well known as a chief Engineer of Gujarat, and past president, 1993–1994) of Bhadran. In addition, Ramanbhai used to serve as a trustee of Charutar Vidya Mandal, Vallbh Vidyanagar. He has published a book, "Maha Gujarat Na Gauravshali Patidar". This familiarizes the youth of today about the great ancestors.

Spiritual Aspect[edit]

For religion, there are temples of every faith such as; Bhdrakali, Mahakali, Ambaji Khodiar, Chamunda, Gayatri, Khaldevi, Ranchhodrayji, Nilkanth Mahadev, Baliadev, Purushottam Bhagvan, Harkhaba's Vaishnav Mandir, Ramji Mandir, Masjid, and Vadtal and Bochasanvasi Swaminarayan temples, for men and women separately. Over and above, there are ashrams of Shreemad Rajchndra, Shree Madhvanandji, Shree Muktanandji, Shree Kupanand Swami, Shree Shanti Ashram and Sthanakvasi Upashray. Here, people enjoy and celebrate every religious occasion.

Bhadran is proud to be a holy town. Consider the Patel families had given fifteen St. Jewels. They are no more in this world. The list:

1. Khushalji
2. Mithaji
3. Ramji
4. Lalluji
5. Narottamji

           

6. Purushottamji
7. Zaverji
8. Hathiji
9. Natha Rakhji

           

10. Mulji Rakhji
11. Shankerji
12. Parshottamji
13. Ishwarlaji
14. Bhanuchandraji

Who was the fifteenth? In recent times, he has been seen on every wall in Bhadran: Dada Bhagwan (Patel Ambalal), in the form of slogans of wisdom.

Economy[edit]

The main economy of this village is agriculture. The main cash crop is tobacco, and tobacco processing is an important industry. The other crops with considerable area are bananas, rice, bajra, and cotton to some extent.

Bhadran is a rural financial center of Anand district. Banking and customer services are offered at Bank of Baroda, Dena Bank, Peoples Co-op Bank, Mercantile Co-op Bank, Kheda-Jilla Madhyasth Co-op Bank, the post office, Landing and customer Co-op, and at societies as, Seva Co-op, and Milk Producers' Co-op. Its sound co-operative banks have helped the region prosper and progress.

Education[edit]

Bhadran has educational institutions for the development of children at every level. There are both free and paid schools, with all types of facilities for education from kindergarten to graduation. These include boys' and girls' separate schools at the primary level, Tulsibhai Bakorbhai Amin High School, Science and Commerce College, Computer Centre, English Medium School from Nursery to H.S.C. classes, Gymnasium Centre and Jethabhai Narayanbhai Patels, and the Shambhuprasad Boarding House for students from out of town. In addition, we have Kankuba Women's Library with an industrial training center for women, Maganbhai Kashibhai Patel Public Library, and the M.D. Khhakhhar Children's Library. All different establishments are well managed by Pragati Mandal, Mitra Mandal, Nagarik Mandal etc.

Param pujya Pramukh Swami Maharaj had studied Sanskrit in Bhadran, in Sanskrit Pathsala.

Neighborhoods of Bhadran[edit]

The neighborhoods: Bhadrania, Sisva, Vadeli, Valvod, Vachchiel, Vasna(Borsad), Borsad, Pipli, Gajna, Sarol, Umlav, Kankapura, Dehwan, Khedasa, Kinkhlod, Chamara, Gambhira, Kothiakhad, Navakhal, Bamangam, Tolwad,

Projects for Development[edit]

The following are some of the projects that have been completed and some which are under construction:

The following projects are already designed and will be built in near future when the funds are available:

The following projects are to be designed and plans are to be drawn in the near future:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Template:Anand District, Gujarat