Bernalillo County, New Mexico

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Bernalillo County, New Mexico
Bernalillo County New Mexico Courthouse.jpg
Bernalillo County Courthouse in Albuquerque, New Mexico
Seal of Bernalillo County, New Mexico
Seal
Map of New Mexico highlighting Bernalillo County
Location in the state of New Mexico
Map of the United States highlighting New Mexico
New Mexico's location in the U.S.
Founded1852
SeatAlbuquerque
Largest cityAlbuquerque
Area
 • Total1,169 sq mi (3,028 km2)
 • Land1,166 sq mi (3,020 km2)
 • Water3 sq mi (8 km2)
Population (Est.)
 • (2010)662,564
 • Density566.8/sq mi (219/km²)
Websitewww.bernco.gov
 
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Bernalillo County, New Mexico
Bernalillo County New Mexico Courthouse.jpg
Bernalillo County Courthouse in Albuquerque, New Mexico
Seal of Bernalillo County, New Mexico
Seal
Map of New Mexico highlighting Bernalillo County
Location in the state of New Mexico
Map of the United States highlighting New Mexico
New Mexico's location in the U.S.
Founded1852
SeatAlbuquerque
Largest cityAlbuquerque
Area
 • Total1,169 sq mi (3,028 km2)
 • Land1,166 sq mi (3,020 km2)
 • Water3 sq mi (8 km2)
Population (Est.)
 • (2010)662,564
 • Density566.8/sq mi (219/km²)
Websitewww.bernco.gov

Bernalillo County is the most populous county in the U.S. state of New Mexico.[1] It is located within the Albuquerque, New Mexico Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the population was 662,564.[2] The county seat is Albuquerque.[3]

Geography[edit]

Bernalillo County is in central New Mexico, and "stretches from the East Mountain area (just east of the Sandia Mountains) to the Volcano Cliffs on the west mesa."[4] According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,169 square miles (3,028 km2), of which 1,166 square miles (3,020 km2) is land and 3 square miles (8 km2) (0.22%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Localities[edit]

A local geographical oddity is that the town of Bernalillo, north of Albuquerque, is not actually in Bernalillo County. It is the county seat of Sandoval County.

Cities[edit]

Town[edit]

Villages[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other communities[edit]

History[edit]

Bernalillo County was one of seven partidos established during Mexican rule; in 1852, within two years of the creation of the New Mexico Territory, Bernalillo became one of that territory's nine original counties.[1] In 1876, it absorbed Santa Ana County.

In 1906, years after the Land Revision Act of 1891 provided for the setting aside of forest reserves, the parts of Bernalillo County currently known as Cibola National Forest were established as reserves.[6]

USS LST-306, a World War II tank landing ship which participated in the Allied invasion of Italy, was renamed USS Bernalillo County in 1955. Sandia Mountain Wilderness was created in 1978 and the Petroglyph National Monument was established in June 1990.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18507,751
18608,76913.1%
18707,591−13.4%
188017,225126.9%
189020,91321.4%
190028,63036.9%
191023,606−17.5%
192029,85526.5%
193045,43052.2%
194069,39152.7%
1950145,673109.9%
1960262,19980.0%
1970315,77420.4%
1980419,70032.9%
1990480,57714.5%
2000556,67815.8%
2010662,56419.0%
Est. 2012673,4601.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2012 Estimate[2]

2010[edit]

According to the 2010 U.S. Census, the racial and ethnic makeup of the county was as follows:

2000[edit]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 556,678 people, 220,936 households, and 141,178 families residing in the county, making Bernalillo the most populous county in the state.[1] The population density was 477 people per square mile (184/km²). There were 239,074 housing units at an average density of 205 per square mile (79/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 70.75% White, 2.77% Black or African American, 4.16% Native American, 1.93% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 16.07% from other races, and 4.22% from two or more races. 41.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 220,936 households out of which 31.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.00% were married couples living together, 12.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.10% were non-families. 28.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 30.40% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 11.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,788, and the median income for a family was $46,613. Males had a median income of $33,720 versus $26,318 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,790. About 10.20% of families and 13.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.90% of those under age 18 and 9.10% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

New Mexico Senate[edit]

DistrictNamePartyTook office
9John SapienDemocratic2009
10John RyanRepublican2005
11Linda M. LopezDemocratic1997
12Jerry Ortiz y PinoDemocratic2005
13Bill B. O'NeillDemocratic2013
14Michael PadillaDemocratic2013
15Daniel Ivey-SotoDemocratic2013
16Cisco McSorleyDemocratic1997
17Timothy M. KellerDemocratic2009
18Lisa TorracoRepublican2013
19Sue Wilson BeffortRepublican1997

County offices[edit]

OfficeNamePartyTook office
SheriffDan HoustonRepublican2010
AssessorTanya R. GiddingsDemocratic2012
ClerkMaggie Toulouse–OliverDemocratic2006
TreasurerManny OrtizDemocratic2012

County Commission[edit]

DistrictNamePartyTook office
1Debra O'MalleyDemocratic2012
2Art De La CruzDemocratic2006
3Maggie Hart–StebbinsDemocratic2010
4Lonnie C. TalbertDemocratic2012
5Wayne A. JohnsonRepublican2010

Congressional[edit]

Michelle Lujan Grisham (D) is the representative for the 1st Congressional District.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Bernalillo County from the website of the New Mexico Office of the State Historian
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 27, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Bernalillo County Extension Office from a New Mexico State University website
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ Southwestern Region Initial Forest Reserves and National Forests, from a U.S. Forest Service website
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 27, 2013. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Coordinates: 35°03′N 106°40′W / 35.05°N 106.67°W / 35.05; -106.67