Bergall

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Bergall
Tautogolabrus adspersus (line art).jpg
Cunner.jpg
T. adspersus in Terra Nova, Canada
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Labridae
Genus:Tautogolabrus
Günther, 1862
Species:T. adspersus
Binomial name
Tautogolabrus adspersus
(Walbaum, 1792)
Synonyms
  • Labrus adspersus Walbaum, 1792
  • Ctenolabrus brandaonis Steindachner, 1867
  • Tautogolabrus brandaonis (Steindachner, 1867)
 
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For information about two submarines from the United States Navy, see USS Bergall.
Bergall
Tautogolabrus adspersus (line art).jpg
Cunner.jpg
T. adspersus in Terra Nova, Canada
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Labridae
Genus:Tautogolabrus
Günther, 1862
Species:T. adspersus
Binomial name
Tautogolabrus adspersus
(Walbaum, 1792)
Synonyms
  • Labrus adspersus Walbaum, 1792
  • Ctenolabrus brandaonis Steindachner, 1867
  • Tautogolabrus brandaonis (Steindachner, 1867)
Cunner occupy a rocky reef in New England

The bergall, also known as the cunner, conner or chogset, Tautogolabrus adspersus, is a species of wrasse native to the western Atlantic, where it is found from the Gulf of St. Lawrence and Newfoundland to the Chesapeake Bay. They inhabit inshore waters living near the sea floor at depths from 10 to 128 m (33 to 420 ft), preferring areas with beds of seaweed, shipwrecks, or wharf pilings. They spend the winter months in a state of torpor underneath rocks. They can reach 38 cm (15 in) in total length, and the greatest weight recorded for this species is 1 kg (2.2 lb). They can also be found in the aquarium trade.[2]

Often, bergall is mixed in with blackfish (tautog), living on or near the same structures. Much of the food eaten by those bergall living among blackfish are the leftovers from the blackfishes prey.[citation needed] They can be distinguished from the tautog by their pointed snouts. Bergall are generally smaller, so are usually thrown back by anglers who think they caught a "short" tautog. In past years, they have been important commercial fish, but now are considered pests. They can be confused with black sea bass and other grouper, as well as tautog, for their ability to change color.

Tautogolabrus adspersus is currently the only known member of its genus.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Choat, J.H. 2010. Tautogolabrus adspersus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 17 November 2013.
  2. ^ a b Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Tautogolabrus adspersus" in FishBase. October 2013 version.