Belmont Stakes

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Grade I race
Belmont Stakes
= Belmont8 1999-05.jpg
The final and longest leg of the
United States Triple Crown
LocationBelmont Park
Elmont, New York
Inaugurated1867
Race typeThoroughbred
Websitebelmontstakes.com
Race information
Distance1½ miles (12 furlongs)
Record2:24, Secretariat (1973)
TrackDirt, Left-handed
Qualification3-year-olds
WeightColt/Gelding: 126 pounds (57 kg); Filly: 121 pounds (55 kg)
PurseUS$1.5 million
1st: $800,000
 
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Grade I race
Belmont Stakes
= Belmont8 1999-05.jpg
The final and longest leg of the
United States Triple Crown
LocationBelmont Park
Elmont, New York
Inaugurated1867
Race typeThoroughbred
Websitebelmontstakes.com
Race information
Distance1½ miles (12 furlongs)
Record2:24, Secretariat (1973)
TrackDirt, Left-handed
Qualification3-year-olds
WeightColt/Gelding: 126 pounds (57 kg); Filly: 121 pounds (55 kg)
PurseUS$1.5 million
1st: $800,000

The Belmont Stakes is an American grade I stakes Thoroughbred horse race held every June at Belmont Park in Elmont, New York. It is a 1.5 miles (2.4 km) horse race, open to three-year-old Thoroughbreds. Colts and geldings carry a weight of 126 pounds (57 kg); fillies carry 121 pounds (55 kg). The race is the third and final leg of the US Triple Crown, following exactly five weeks after the Kentucky Derby, and three weeks after the Preakness Stakes. Consequently, it is run on Saturday, but never before June 5, nor after June 11. It is nicknamed "The Test of the Champion".

The attendance at the Belmont Stakes ranks fourth in North America. The attendance at the Belmont Stakes typically trails only the Kentucky Derby, the Preakness Stakes and the Kentucky Oaks. For more information, see American Thoroughbred Racing top Attended Events. The 2004 Belmont Stakes drew a massive television audience of 21.9 million viewers and had the highest household viewing rate since 1977 when Seattle Slew won the Triple Crown.[1]

The 2014 Belmont Stakes will be run on Saturday, June 7, 2014.

History[edit]

The first Belmont Stakes was held at Jerome Park Racetrack in The Bronx, built in 1866 by stock market speculator Leonard Jerome (1817–1891) and financed by August Belmont, Sr. (1816–1890), for whom the race was named. The race continued to be held at Jerome Park until 1890, when it was moved to the nearby facility, Morris Park Racecourse. The race remained there until the May 1905 opening of the new Belmont Park, 430 acres (1.7 km2) racetrack in Elmont, New York, on Long Island just outside the New York City borough of Queens.[2]

When anti-gambling legislation was passed in New York State, Belmont Racetrack was closed, and the race was cancelled in 1911 and 1912.

The first post parade in the United States was at the 14th Belmont, in 1880. Before 1921, the race was run in the clockwise tradition of English racing. Since then, the race has been run in the American, or counter-clockwise, direction. The winner of the Belmont Stakes is presented the August Belmont Trophy, one of the most prestigious trophies in the country.

Because of its length (one lap around the enormous Belmont main track), and because it is the final race of the Triple Crown, it is called the "Test of the Champion". Most three-year-olds are unaccustomed to the distance, and lack the experience, if not the stamina, to maintain a winning speed for so long. In a long race such as the Belmont, positioning of the horse and the timing of the move to chase for the lead can be critical.

The race was held at Aqueduct Racetrack from 1963 to 1967, while the track at Belmont was restored and renovated.

Evolution of the Triple Crown series[edit]

Since 1931, the order of Triple Crown races has been the Kentucky Derby first, followed by the Preakness Stakes, and then the Belmont Stakes. Prior to 1931, eleven times the Preakness was run before the Derby. On May 12, 1917 and again on May 13, 1922, the Preakness and the Derby were run on the same day. On eleven occasions, the Belmont Stakes was run before the Preakness Stakes.[3]

The Belmont Stakes is held on the first Saturday that falls on or after June 5. The Kentucky Derby is always held on the first Saturday in May; the Preakness Stakes is held two weeks later; and the Belmont Stakes is held three weeks after the Preakness. The earliest possible date for the Derby is May 1, and the latest is May 7; the earliest possible date for the Belmont is June 5, and the latest is June 11.

The first winner of the Triple Crown was Sir Barton, in 1919. On June 9, 1973, Secretariat won the Belmont Stakes by thirty-one lengths, in a record time of 2:24, becoming a U.S. Triple Crown champion that year. His record still stands as the fastest speed for the Belmont Stakes. Count Fleet won the race by the large margin of twenty-five lengths in 1943.

Belmont Park saw its largest crowd in its history when 120,139 people witnessed the Belmont Stakes in 2004 when Smarty Jones was seeking the Triple Crown but was upset by Birdstone. The largest crowd of the 20th century was in 1971 with over 80.000 people, supplemented by the city's Latino community, there to cheer on Canonero II their new hero, the Venezuelan colt who had won the Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes and was poised to win the U.S. Triple Crown. However, due to a foot infection that had bothered the horse for several days, Canonero II failed to win the Triple Crown when struggled across the finish line in 4th place behind Pass Catcher rode by Walter Blum. Despite this loss, Canonero II was named the winner of the first Eclipse Award for Outstanding Three-Year-Old Male Horse.

Changes in distance[edit]

The Belmont Stakes was run at a mile and five furlongs from 1867 to 1873; a mile and a quarter in 1890, 1891, 1892, 1895, 1904 and 1905; a mile and a furlong in 1893 and 1894; a mile and three furlongs from 1896 to 1903 and from 1906 to 1925. The current distance of a mile and half was established in 1926.

Traditions[edit]

The Belmont Stakes is traditionally called "The Test of The Champion" or "Run for the Carnations" because the winning horse is blanketed with white carnations. Through 1996, the post parade song was "Sidewalks of New York". From 1997 to 2009, the audience was invited to sing the "Theme from New York, New York" following the call to the post. In 2010, the song was changed to a solo version of Jay-Z's "Empire State of Mind"[4] before reverting to "Theme from New York, New York" for 2011[5] through the present. This tradition is similar to the singing of the state song at the post parades of the first two Triple Crown races: "My Old Kentucky Home" at the Kentucky Derby and "Maryland, My Maryland" at the Preakness Stakes.[2]

Despite the fact that the Belmont Stakes is the oldest of the Triple Crown races, its traditions have been more subject to change. The switch of theme song from "The Sidewalks of New York" to "New York, New York" was an attempt to appeal to younger fans.[6] That same year the official drink was also changed, from the "White Carnation" to the "Belmont Breeze."[7] The New York Times reviewed both cocktails unfavorably, calling the Belmont Breeze "a significant improvement over the nigh undrinkable White Carnation" despite the fact that it "tastes like a refined trashcan punch."[8]

More longstanding traditions are the trophy and blanket of flowers. The winning owner is ceremonially presented with the silver winner's trophy, designed by Paulding Farnham for Tiffany and Co. It was first presented to August Belmont, Jr. in 1896 and donated by the Belmont family for annual presentation in 1926. The winning horse is draped with a blanket of white carnations after the race, in similar fashion to the blanket of roses and black-eyed susans for the Derby and Preakness, respectively.

Broadcasting history[edit]

From 1986 until 2005, the Triple Crown television rights comprised a single package. In late 2004, the New York Racing Association withdrew from that agreement to negotiate independently.[9] As a result of this NBC, who was the rights holder for all three events, was only able to keep its broadcast rights to the Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes. ABC regained the rights to the Belmont Stakes as part of a five-year contract that expired following the 2010 race; NBC has since regained the rights to the race.

Records[edit]

Speed record:

Record Victory Margin:

Most wins by a jockey:

Most wins by a trainer:

Most wins by an owner:

Other records:

Fillies in the Belmont[edit]

Three fillies have won the Belmont in 144 races:

Three fillies have won the Kentucky Derby in 138 races, and three fillies have won the Belmont stakes in 144 races. On average, fillies have won between 2% and 3% of the Triple Crown races, with similar numbers for geldings; while about 95% of these high-stakes races have been won by uncastrated male horses, colts or stallions. (Until 1957 geldings were not allowed to run in the Belmont Stakes and that, due to the belief that fillies could not compete against colts, they were seldom entered into races in which primarily males ran.)

Foreign-born winners[edit]

Belmont Stakes winners[edit]

Belmont Stakes winners since 1926
YearWinnerJockeyTrainerOwnerTime
2013 BSPalace MaliceMike SmithTodd PletcherDogwood Stable2:30.70
2012 BSUnion RagsJohn VelazquezMichael MatzPhyllis M. Wyeth2:30.42
2011 BSRuler on IceJose Valdivia, Jr.Kelly BreenGeorge and Lori Hall2:30.88
2010 BSDrosselmeyerMike SmithWilliam MottWinStar Farm LLC2:31.57
2009 BSSummer BirdKent DesormeauxTim IceKalarikkal & Vilasini Jayaraman2:27.54
2008 BSDa'TaraAlan GarciaNick ZitoRobert V. LaPenta2:29.65
2007 BSRags to RichesJohn VelazquezTodd PletcherM. Tabor & D. Smith2:28.74
2006JazilFernando JaraKiaran McLaughlinShadwell Farm2:27.81
2005Afleet AlexJeremy RoseTimothy RitcheyCash is King LLC2:28.75
2004BirdstoneEdgar PradoNick ZitoMarylou Whitney Stables2:27.50
2003Empire MakerJerry BaileyRobert FrankelJuddmonte Farms2:28.26
2002SaravaEdgar PradoKenneth McPeekNew Phoenix Stable2:29.71
2001Point GivenGary StevensBob BaffertThe Thoroughbred Corp.2:26.80
2000CommendablePat DayD. Wayne LukasBob & Beverly Lewis2:31.20
1999Lemon Drop KidJose SantosScotty SchulhoferJeanne G. Vance2:27.80
1998Victory GallopGary StevensW. Elliott WaldenPrestonwood Farm2:29.00
1997Touch GoldChris McCarronDavid HofmansFrank Stronach2:28.80
1996Editor's NoteRene R. DouglasD. Wayne LukasOverbrook Farm2:28.80
1995Thunder GulchGary StevensD. Wayne LukasMichael Tabor2:32.00
1994Tabasco CatPat DayD. Wayne LukasReynolds/Overbrook2:26.80
1993Colonial AffairJulie KroneScotty SchulhoferCentennial Farms2:29.80
1992A.P. IndyEd DelahoussayeNeil DrysdaleTomonori Tsurumaki2:26.13
1991HanselJerry BaileyFrank L. BrothersLazy Lane Farm2:28.00
1990Go And GoMichael KinaneDermot K. WeldMoyglare Stud Farm2:27.20
1989Easy GoerPat DayC. R. McGaughey IIIOgden Phipps2:26.00
1988Risen StarEd DelahoussayeLouie J. Roussel IIILouie J. Roussel III2:26.40
1987Bet TwiceCraig PerretJimmy CrollBlanche P. Levy2:28.20
1986Danzig ConnectionChris McCarronWoody StephensHenryk de Kwiatkowski2:29.80
1985Creme FraicheEddie MapleWoody StephensBrushwood Stables2:27.00
1984SwaleLaffit Pincay, Jr.Woody StephensClaiborne Farm2:27.20
1983CaveatLaffit Pincay, Jr.Woody StephensAugust Belmont IV2:27.80
1982Conquistador CieloLaffit Pincay, Jr.Woody StephensHenryk de Kwiatkowski2:28.20
1981SummingGeorge MartensLuis BarreraCharles T. Wilson, Jr.2:29.00
1980Temperence HillEddie MapleJoseph B. CanteyLoblolly Stable2:29.80
1979CoastalRuben HernandezDavid A. WhiteleyWilliam Haggin Perry2:28.60
1978AffirmedSteve CauthenLaz BarreraHarbor View Farm2:26.80
1977Seattle SlewJean CruguetWilliam H. Turner, Jr.Karen L. Taylor2:29.60
1976Bold ForbesAngel Cordero, Jr.Laz BarreraE. Rodriguez Tizol2:29.00
1975AvatarBill ShoemakerTommy DoyleArthur A. Seeligson, Jr.2:28.20
1974Little CurrentMiguel A. RiveraLou RondinelloDarby Dan Farm2:29.20
1973SecretariatRon TurcotteLucien LaurinMeadow Stable2:24.00
1972Riva RidgeRon TurcotteLucien LaurinMeadow Stud2:28.00
1971Pass CatcherWalter BlumEddie YowellOctober House Farm2:30.40
1970High EchelonJohn L. RotzJohn W. JacobsEthel D. Jacobs2:34.00
1969Arts and LettersBraulio BaezaJ. Elliott BurchRokeby Stables2:28.80
1968Stage Door JohnnyHeliodoro GustinesJohn M. Gaver, Sr.Greentree Stable2:27.20
1967DamascusBill ShoemakerFrank Y. Whiteley, Jr.Edith W. Bancroft2:28.80
1966AmberoidWilliam BolandLucien LaurinReginald N. Webster2:29.60
1965Hail To AllJohnny SellersEddie YowellZelda Cohen2:28.40
1964QuadrangleManuel YcazaJ. Elliott BurchRokeby Stables2:28.40
1963ChateaugayBraulio BaezaJames P. ConwayDarby Dan Farm2:30.20
1962JaipurBill ShoemakerBert MulhollandGeorge D. Widener, Jr.2:28.80
1961SherluckBraulio BaezaHarold YoungJacob Sher2:29.20
1960Celtic AshBill HartackThomas J. BarryJoseph E. O'Connell2:29.20
1959Sword DancerBill ShoemakerJ. Elliott BurchBrookmeade Stable2:28.40
1958CavanPete AndersonThomas J. BarryJoseph E. O'Connell2:30.20
1957Gallant ManBill ShoemakerJohn A. NerudRalph Lowe2:26.60
1956NeedlesDavid ErbHugh L. FontaineD & H Stable2:29.80
1955NashuaEddie ArcaroJim FitzsimmonsBelair Stud2:29.00
1954High GunEric GuerinMax HirschKing Ranch2:30.80
1953Native DancerEric GuerinBill WinfreyAlfred G. Vanderbilt II2:28.60
1952One CountEddie ArcaroOscar WhiteSarah F. Jeffords2:30.20
1951CounterpointDavid GormanSylvester VeitchC. V. Whitney2:29.00
1950MiddlegroundWilliam BolandMax HirschKing Ranch2:28.60
1949CapotTed AtkinsonJohn M. Gaver, Sr.Greentree Stable2:30.20
1948CitationEddie ArcaroHorace A. JonesCalumet Farm2:28.20
1947PhalanxRuperto DonosoSylvester VeitchC. V. Whitney2:29.40
1946AssaultWarren MehrtensMax HirschKing Ranch2:30.80
1945PavotEddie ArcaroOscar WhiteWalter M. Jeffords, Sr.2:30.20
1944Bounding HomeGayle SmithMatt BradyWilliam Ziegler, Jr.2:32.20
1943Count FleetJohnny LongdenDon CameronFannie Hertz2:28.20
1942Shut OutEddie ArcaroJohn M. Gaver, Sr.Greentree Stable2:29.20
1941WhirlawayEddie ArcaroBen A. JonesCalumet Farm2:31.00
1940BimelechFred A. SmithWilliam A. HurleyEdward R. Bradley2:29.60
1939JohnstownJames StoutJim FitzsimmonsBelair Stud2:29.60
1938PasteurizedJames StoutGeorge M. OdomCarol Harriman Plunkett2:29.40
1937War AdmiralCharley KurtsingerGeorge ConwayGlen Riddle Farm2:28.60
1936GranvilleJames StoutJim FitzsimmonsBelair Stud2:30.00
1935OmahaWillie SaundersJim FitzsimmonsBelair Stud2:30.60
1934Peace ChanceWayne D. WrightPete CoyneJoseph E. Widener2:29.20
1933HurryoffMack GarnerHenry McDanielJoseph E. Widener2:32.60
1932FairenoTommy MalleyJim FitzsimmonsBelair Stud2:32.80
1931Twenty GrandCharley KurtsingerJames G. Rowe, Jr.Greentree Stable2:29.60
1930Gallant FoxEarl SandeJim FitzsimmonsBelair Stud2:31.60
1929Blue LarkspurMack GarnerHerbert J. ThompsonEdward R. Bradley2:32.80
1928VitoClarence KummerMax HirschAlfred H. Cosden2:33.20
1927Chance ShotEarl SandePete CoyneJoseph E. Widener2:32.40
1926CrusaderAlbert JohnsonGeorge ConwayGlen Riddle Farm2:32.20
Belmont Stakes winners from 1867 to 1925
YearWinnerJockeyTrainerOwnerTime
1925American FlagAlbert JohnsonGwyn R. TompkinsGlen Riddle Farm2:16.80
1924Mad PlayEarl SandeSam HildrethRancocas Stable2:18.80
1923ZevEarl SandeSam HildrethRancocas Stable2:19.00
1922PilloryC. H. MillerThomas J. HealeyRichard T. Wilson, Jr.2:18.80
1921Grey LagEarl SandeSam HildrethRancocas Stable2:16.80
1920Man o' WarClarence KummerLouis FeustelGlen Riddle Farm2:14.20
1919Sir BartonJohnny LoftusH. Guy BedwellJ. K. L. Ross2:17.40
1918JohrenFrank RobinsonAlbert SimonsHarry P. Whitney2:20.40
1917HourlessJames H. ButwellSam HildrethAugust Belmont, Jr.2:17.80
1916Friar RockEverett HaynesSam HildrethAugust Belmont, Jr.2:22.00
1915The FinnGeorge ByrneEdward W. HeffnerHenry C. Hallenbeck2:18.40
1914Luke McLukeMerritt BuxtonJohn F. SchorrJohn W. Schorr2:20.00
1913Prince EugeneRoscoe TroxlerJames G. Rowe, Sr.Harry P. Whitney2:18.00
1912No race was held
1911
1910SweepJames H. ButwellJames G. Rowe, Sr.James R. Keene2:22.00
1909Joe MaddenEddie DuganSam HildrethSam Hildreth2:21.60
1908ColinJoe NotterJames G. Rowe, Sr.James R. KeeneN/A
1907Peter PanGeorge MountainJames G. Rowe, Sr.James R. KeeneN/A
1906BurgomasterLucien LyneJohn W. RogersHarry P. Whitney2:20.00
1905TanyaGene HildebrandJohn W. RogersHarry P. Whitney2:08.00
1904DelhiGeorge M. OdomJames G. Rowe, Sr.James R. Keene2:06.60
1903AfricanderJohn BullmanRichard O. MillerHampton Stable2:21.75
1902MastermanJohn BullmanJohn J. HylandAugust Belmont, Jr.2:22.60
1901CommandoHenry SpencerJames G. Rowe, Sr.James R. Keene2:21.00
1900IldrimNash TurnerH. Eugene LeighH. Eugene Leigh2:21.25
1899Jean BereaudRichard ClawsonSam HildrethSydney Paget2:23.00
1898Bowling BrookFred LittlefieldR. Wyndham WaldenA. H. & D. H. Morris2:32.00
1897Scottish ChieftainJoe ScherrerMatt ByrnesMarcus Daly2:23.25
1896HastingsHenry GriffinJohn J. HylandBlemton Stable2:24.50
1895BelmarFred TaralEdward FeakesPreakness Stables2:11.50
1894Henry of NavarreWillie SimmsByron McClellandByron McClelland1:56.50
1893CommancheWillie SimmsGus HannonEmpire Stable1:53.25
1892PatronWilliam HaywardLewis StuartLewis Stuart2:17.00
1891FoxfordEdward R. GarrisonM. DonavanC. E. Rand2:08.75
1890BurlingtonPike BarnesAlbert CooperHough Bros.2:07.75
1889EricWilliam HaywardJohn HugginsA. J. Cassatt2:47.25
1888Sir DixonJim McLaughlinFrank McCabeDwyer Bros. Stable2:40.25
1887HanoverJim McLaughlinFrank McCabeDwyer Bros. Stable2:43.50
1886Inspector BJim McLaughlinFrank McCabeDwyer Bros. Stable2:41.00
1885TyrantPaul DuffyC. ClaypoolJames B. A. Haggin2:43.00
1884PaniqueJim McLaughlinJames G. Rowe, Sr.Dwyer Bros. Stable2:42.00
1883George KinneyJim McLaughlinJames G. Rowe, Sr.Dwyer Bros. Stable2:42.50
1882ForesterJim McLaughlinLewis StuartAppleby & Johnson2:43.00
1881SauntererTom CostelloR. Wyndham WaldenGeorge L. Lorillard2:47.00
1880GrenadaW. HughesR. Wyndham WaldenGeorge L. Lorillard2:47.00
1879SpendthriftGeorge EvansThomas PuryearJames R. Keene2:42.75
1878Duke of MagentaW. HughesR. Wyndham WaldenGeorge L. Lorillard2:43.50
1877CloverbrookC. HollowayJeter WaldenE. A. Clabaugh2:46.00
1876AlgerineBilly DonohueThomas W. DoswellDoswell & Co.2:40.50
1875CalvinBobby SwimAnsel WilliamsonHal P. McGrath2:42.25
1874SaxonGeorge BarbeeW. PriorPierre Lorillard IV2:39.50
1873SpringbokJames G. Rowe, Sr.David McDanielDavid McDaniel3:01.75
1872Joe DanielsJames G. Rowe, Sr.David McDanielDavid McDaniel2:58.25
1871Harry BassettWalter MillerDavid McDanielDavid McDaniel2:56.00
1870KingfisherEdward D. BrownRollie ColstonDaniel Swigert2:59.50
1869FenianC. MillerJacob PincusAugust Belmont3:04.25
1868General DukeBobby SwimA. ThompsonMcConnell & Co.3:02.00
1867RuthlessGilbert PatrickA. Jack MinorFrancis Morris3:05.00

A † designates a Triple Crown Winner.
A ‡ designates a filly.

Note: D. Wayne Lukas swept the 1995 Triple Crown with two different horses.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Viewership of 2008 Belmont Stakes". 
  2. ^ a b "Belmont Stakes Records & Traditions". New York Racing Association. Retrieved 2011-11-04. 
  3. ^ "Preakness Stakes". Turfnsport.com. Retrieved 2010-10-07. 
  4. ^ The Associated Press (June 4, 2010). "The Belmont Stakes singing a new tune". newsobserver.com. Retrieved June 19, 2012. 
  5. ^ The Associated Press (June 4, 2011). "Sinatra’s voice returns to Belmont Stakes". boston.com. Retrieved June 19, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Belmont Stakes Traditions". Horseracing.about.com. 2010-06-15. Retrieved 2010-10-07. 
  7. ^ "Belmont Stakes Traditions". Horseracing.about.com. 2010-06-15. Retrieved 2010-10-07. 
  8. ^ Powell, Julie (June 8, 2005). "The Summer Cook; The Appetites Are Nearing the Gate". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-06-09. 
  9. ^ a b Scheinman, John (October 5, 2004). "ABC Will Broadcast Belmont Stakes Starting in 2006". The Washington Post. 
  10. ^ Novy, Eben (February 22, 2011). "NBC Gets Belmont TV Rights to Complete Horse Racing's Triple Crown Package". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2012-05-08. 
  11. ^ "Belmont Stakes Attendance, Wagering Set Records". BloodHorse.com. Retrieved 2010-10-07. 
  12. ^ Dandrea, Phil. www.ShamHorse.com. Acanthus Publishing. 

External links[edit]