Bell 214

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Bell 214
Bell 214B.JPG
A Bell 214B
RoleMedium-lift helicopter
ManufacturerBell Helicopter
First flight1970
Introduction1972
StatusIn service
Primary userIslamic Republic of Iran Army
Produced1970-1981
Developed fromBell 204/205
Developed intoBell 214ST
 
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Bell 214
Bell 214B.JPG
A Bell 214B
RoleMedium-lift helicopter
ManufacturerBell Helicopter
First flight1970
Introduction1972
StatusIn service
Primary userIslamic Republic of Iran Army
Produced1970-1981
Developed fromBell 204/205
Developed intoBell 214ST

The Bell 214 is a medium-lift helicopter derived from Bell Helicopter's ubiquitous UH-1 Huey series. The Bell 214ST shares the same model number, but is a larger, much-modified twin-engine derivative.

Design and development[edit]

The original development of the Model 214 was announced by Bell in 1970 under the name "Huey Plus". The first prototype was based on a Bell 205 airframe equipped with a Lycoming T53-L-702 engine of 1,900 shp.[1]

The first Bell 214A demonstration prototype followed and was evaluated in Iran during field exercises with the Imperial Iranian Armed Forces. The trial was judged successful and an order for 287 214A helicopters followed. The intention was that these aircraft would be constructed by Bell in their Dallas-Fort Worth facility and that a further 50 214As and 350 Bell 214ST helicopters would then be built in Iran. In the event, 296 214A and 39 214C variants were delivered, before the Iranian Revolution in 1979 ended the plans for Iranian production.[2]

Similar in size and appearance to the Bell 205 and Bell 212, the Bell 214 uses a single, more powerful Lycoming LTC4B-8 engine (2,930 shp / 2,185 kW) and upgraded rotor system giving it a high lifting capacity and good performance at high temperatures and high altitudes.[3] It can be identified by the single large exhaust duct and wide chord rotor blades without stabilizer bars.

Bell offered the Bell 214B "BigLifter" for civil use.[3] It received certification in 1976. The 214B was produced until 1981. Powered by a 2,930 shp (2,183 kW) Lycoming T5508D turboshaft, it has the same rotor drive and transmission system as the 214A. The transmission is rated at 2,050 shp (1,528 kW) for take-off, with a maximum continuous power rating of 1,850 shp (1,379 kW). The BigLifter features advanced rotor hub with elastomeric bearings; an automatic flight control system with stability augmentation; and commercial avionics.[4]

Operational history[edit]

As of January 2012, 29 Bell 214s were in military service, including 25 Bell 214As with Iran, and three 214Bs with United Arab Emirates.[5]

Approximately 41 Bell 214Bs are in commercial service. User countries are Australia (6),[6] Canada (10),[7] Norway (2),[8][citation needed] Singapore (3) and United States (15).[9]

Variants[edit]

A Bell 214 of the Islamic Republic of Iran Army Aviation.

Operators[edit]

Military operators[edit]

 Iran
 United Arab Emirates

Former Military operators[edit]

Bell 214 in Oman, 1982
 Ecuador
 Oman

Specifications (214A)[edit]

Bell 214 and 214ST side-view silhouettes.png

Data from The International Directory of Civil Aircraft[17]

General characteristics

Performance

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

  1. ^ Taylor, John W.R., Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1974-75, Jane's Yearbooks, 1974.
  2. ^ Apostolo, Giorgio. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Helicopters, p. 54. Bonanza Books, New York, 1984. ISBN 0-517-43935-2.
  3. ^ a b c d e Frawley, Gerard. The International Directory of Military Aircraft, p. 34. Aerospace Publications Pty Ltd, 2002. ISBN 1-875671-55-2.
  4. ^ a b "Bell 214". Jane's Helicopter Markets and Systems. Jane's, 2007. (online subscription article)
  5. ^ a b "World Military Aircraft Inventory". 2012 Aerospace. Aviation Week and Space Technology, January 2012.
  6. ^ "Helicopters, Our Fleet". McDermott Aviation. 2007. Archived from the original on 17 October 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-21. 
  7. ^ "Civil Aircraft Register". Transport Canada. October 2010. Retrieved 10 October 2010. 
  8. ^ "Our helicopters". Helitrans AS. 2012. Archived from the original on 12 June 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-12. 
  9. ^ "FAA REGISTRY - Make / Model Inquiry Results". Federal Aviation Administration. January 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-07. 
  10. ^ Pelletier, Alain J. Bell Aircraft Since 1935. US Naval Institute Press, 1992. ISBN 1-55750-056-8.
  11. ^ Donald, David, ed. "Bell Model 214". The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. Barnes & Nobel Books, 1997. ISBN 0-7607-0592-5.
  12. ^ Type Certificate Data Sheet, Note 10., "Except for a difference in maximum weight, the Model 214B and 214B-1 are identical to each other.
  13. ^ "IRIAA Bell 214". iraniandefence.com. Retrieved 17 February 2013. 
  14. ^ "Bell 214 c/n 28062 UAEAF". Retrieved 17 February 2013. 
  15. ^ "Ecuadorian Army". orbat.com. 2004. Retrieved 17 February 2013. 
  16. ^ Cooper, Tom; Kuhn, Stefan (2003-09-09). "Arabian Peninsula & Persian Gulf Database: Oman (and Dhofar) 1952-1979". The Air Combat Information Group. 
  17. ^ Frawley, Gerard: The International Directory of Civil Aircraft, 2003-2004, page 44. Aerospace Publications Pty Ltd, 2003. ISBN 1-875671-58-7

External links[edit]