Bebington

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Bebington
StAndrewsBebinton1.jpg
St Andrew's Church, Lower Bebington
Bebington is located in Merseyside
Bebington
Bebington
 Bebington shown within Merseyside
Population13,720 (2001 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceSJ333841
Metropolitan boroughWirral
Metropolitan countyMerseyside
RegionNorth West
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWIRRAL
Postcode districtCH62, CH63
Dialling code0151
PoliceMerseyside
FireMerseyside
AmbulanceNorth West
EU ParliamentNorth West England
UK ParliamentWirral South
List of places
UK
England
Merseyside
 
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Coordinates: 53°21′00″N 3°00′11″W / 53.350°N 3.003°W / 53.350; -3.003

Bebington
StAndrewsBebinton1.jpg
St Andrew's Church, Lower Bebington
Bebington is located in Merseyside
Bebington
Bebington
 Bebington shown within Merseyside
Population13,720 (2001 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceSJ333841
Metropolitan boroughWirral
Metropolitan countyMerseyside
RegionNorth West
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWIRRAL
Postcode districtCH62, CH63
Dialling code0151
PoliceMerseyside
FireMerseyside
AmbulanceNorth West
EU ParliamentNorth West England
UK ParliamentWirral South
List of places
UK
England
Merseyside

Bebington is a small town and electoral ward within the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, in Merseyside, England. It lies 5 miles (8 km) south of Liverpool, close to the River Mersey on the eastern side of the Wirral Peninsula. Nearby towns include Birkenhead and Wallasey to the north northwest, and Heswall to the west southwest. Bebington railway station opened in 1838 and is situated on the Wirral Line of the Merseyrail network.

The electoral ward, which includes the original village centres of Higher Bebington and Lower Bebington, had a total resident population of 13,720 at the 2001 Census.[1] Some definitions of Bebington include adjoining areas such as Port Sunlight (an early planned factory town), New Ferry, Spital and Storeton. The former municipal borough of Bebington, a local authority between 1937 and 1974, also included within its boundaries Bromborough, Eastham, Raby, Thornton Hough and Brimstage, which now fall within the electoral wards of Bromborough, Eastham and Clatterbridge.[2]

History[edit]

Thought to be the site of the "Birth of England" at The Battle of Brunanburh in 937.[3] an English victory by the army of Æthelstan, King of England, and his brother Edmund in the year 937 over the combined armies of Olaf III Guthfrithson, the Norse-Gael King of Dublin, Constantine II, King of Scots, and Owen I, King of Strathclyde. Though relatively little known today, it was called "the greatest single battle in Anglo-Saxon history before Hastings."[1] Michael Livingston claimed that Brunanburh marks "the moment when Englishness came of age."[2]The Brackenwood golf course was cited in 2004 as the most likely site for the Battle of Brunanburh.[3] Mention of the battle is made in dozens of sources, in Old English, Latin, Irish, Welsh, Anglo-Norman, and Middle English, and there are many later accounts or responses to the battle. [3] A contemporary record of the battle is found in the Old English poem Battle of Brunanburh, preserved in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.

The Church of St. Andrew, on a site occupied since Saxon times, dates from the 14th and 16th centuries.[4]

In 1838, the footprints of an archosaur later called the Chirotherium storetonese were found in a sandstone bed at Storeton Quarry. Examples can be seen at the Liverpool Museum and at Christ Church within the parish of Higher Bebington. Also a small example can be seen at Higher Bebington Junior School, in their reception area.

Stone quarried at Bebington was used for the construction of Birkenhead Town Hall, some of the villas around Birkenhead and Rock Parks and most famously of all the Empire State Building in New York City. The stone is considered to be a high quality sandstone which is creamy in appearance. The Quarries were eventually filled in with debris removed during the construction of the two Mersey Tunnels.

Mayer Hall, Bebington Village, was formerly an art gallery built by Bebington philanthropist Joseph Mayer[1], a noted antiquarian, whose collection of Anglo-Saxon antiquaries helped in the development of British archaeology. He made Pennant House his home, and although the Labour council have allowed it to fall into poor repair. It is still a community resource and boasts many of its original features.

Education[edit]

Bebington contains eight main schools; Wirral Grammar School for Boys, Wirral Grammar School for Girls, St. John Plessington Catholic College, Higher Bebington Junior School, Bebington High Sports College, Brackenwood Junior School, Stanton Road Primary School, St Andrew's Primary School, Town Lane Infants School, Church Drive Primary School.

Cultural references[edit]

The Oval Sports Centre was used in the film, Chariots of Fire, to portray the 1924 Colombes Olympic Stadium in Paris.[5]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 2001 Census: Bebington (Ward), Office for National Statistics, retrieved 7 December 2007 
  2. ^ Boundaries of former Bebington municipal borough
  3. ^ a b Brunanburgh: Birthplace of Englishness 'found', BBC News, 20 December 2004, retrieved 7 December 2007 
  4. ^ Our History, Bebington Parish Church, retrieved 29 November 2009 
  5. ^ Chariots of Fire (1981), Where Did They Film That?, retrieved 7 December 2007 

External links[edit]