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Bdellium // (Hebrew bedolach), also bdellion, is an aromatic gum like myrrh that is exuded from a tree. An Arab writer first made the identification with gum guggul, the species Commiphora wightii, although "bdellium" has also been used to identify the African species Commiphora africana and at least one other Indian species, C. stocksiana. Bdellium was an adulterant of the more costly myrrh (Commiphora myrrha); guggul is still used as a binder in perfumes.
The word bedolach occurs only twice in the Hebrew Bible. The first is in Genesis 2:12, where it is described as a product of the land of Havilah; the context has led some readers to link bedolach with pearls or other precious stones. Bdellium is mentioned once again, as something familiar, in Numbers 11:7, where manna is compared to it in color:
Bdellium appears in a number of ancient sources. In Akkadian, it was known as budulhu, in Sanskrit gulgulu. Theophrastus is perhaps the first classical author to mention it, if the report that came back from his informant in Alexander's expedition refers to Commiphora wightii: "In the region called Aria there is a thorn tree which produces a tear of resin, resembling myrrh in appearance and odour. It liquifies when the sun shines upon it." Plautus in his play Curculio refers to it. Pliny the Elder describes the best bdellium coming from Bactria as a "tree black in colour, and the size of the olive tree; its leaf resembles that of the oak and its fruit the wild fig", but his descriptions seem to cover a range of strongly perfumed resins. The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, of the 2nd century CE, reports that bdella are exported from the port of Barbarice at the mouth of the Indus. In China, bdellium, known as an hsi hsiang or "Parthian aromatic", was among the varieties of incense that reached China either along the Silk Route from Central Asia, or by sea. Later an hsi hsiang was applied to an East Indian substitute, gum benzoin from Sumatra.
Middle English, from Latin, from Greek bdellion, variant of bdolkhon, of Semitic origin; akin to Akkadian budulhu.
Genesis 2:11-12 The name of the first is Pishon; that is it which compasseth the whole land of Hav'ilah, where there is gold; And the gold of that land is good; there is bdellium and the onyx stone. New Scofield Reference Edition Concerning the Garden of Eden.
Numbers 11:7 (ESV) Now the manna was like coriander seed, and its appearance like that of bdellium.
Its tempered sages according to traditional medicine is very hot and dry. In India, the gum resin as an astringent, antiseptic, and thoracic medicine to increase sex drive, enrich the blood, carminative, and the rule is binding. Also in scorpion and snakebite cases are also used for healing.