Baybay

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City of Baybay
Dakbayan sa Baybay (Cebuano)
Siyudad han Baybay (Waray-Waray)
Lungsod ng Baybay (Tagalog)
—  Component City  —
Motto: "A Place of Discovery, Beauty and Serenity"
Map of Leyte Island showing the location of Baybay
Baybay is located in Philippines
City of Baybay
Location of the City of Baybay
Coordinates: 10°40′37″N 124°47′57″E / 10.67694°N 124.79917°E / 10.67694; 124.79917
CountryPhilippines
RegionEastern Visayas (Region VIII)
ProvinceLeyte
District5th District of Leyte
Barangays92 Barangays
Founded1620
Incorporated as Town1910
CityhoodJune 16, 2007
Government
 • TypeLocal Government
 • MayorCarmen L. Cari
 • Vice MayorMichael L. Cari
Area
 • Total460.50 km2 (177.80 sq mi)
Elevation3 m (10 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total102,841
 • Density223/km2 (580/sq mi)
DemonymBaybayanons
Time zonePST (UTC+8)
ZIP Code6521
Area code(s)53
Income class4th class city, partially urban
City CharterRepublic Act 9389
 
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City of Baybay
Dakbayan sa Baybay (Cebuano)
Siyudad han Baybay (Waray-Waray)
Lungsod ng Baybay (Tagalog)
—  Component City  —
Motto: "A Place of Discovery, Beauty and Serenity"
Map of Leyte Island showing the location of Baybay
Baybay is located in Philippines
City of Baybay
Location of the City of Baybay
Coordinates: 10°40′37″N 124°47′57″E / 10.67694°N 124.79917°E / 10.67694; 124.79917
CountryPhilippines
RegionEastern Visayas (Region VIII)
ProvinceLeyte
District5th District of Leyte
Barangays92 Barangays
Founded1620
Incorporated as Town1910
CityhoodJune 16, 2007
Government
 • TypeLocal Government
 • MayorCarmen L. Cari
 • Vice MayorMichael L. Cari
Area
 • Total460.50 km2 (177.80 sq mi)
Elevation3 m (10 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total102,841
 • Density223/km2 (580/sq mi)
DemonymBaybayanons
Time zonePST (UTC+8)
ZIP Code6521
Area code(s)53
Income class4th class city, partially urban
City CharterRepublic Act 9389

The City of Baybay, (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Baybay, Waray: Syudad Han Baybay Filipino: Lungsod ng Baybay) is a component city located in the Province of Leyte, Philippines. It is situated on the western coast of the province of Leyte. It is bounded by Camotes Sea on the west, Albuera, Leyte on the north, Inopacan, Leyte on the south, Burauen, Leyte, La Paz, Leyte and MacArthur, Leyte on the northeast, Javier, Leyte on the east, and Abuyog, Leyte and Mahaplag, Leyte on the southeast.

It has a Type 4 climate, which is generally wet. Its topography is generally mountainous in the eastern portion as it slopes down west towards the shore line. Generally an agricultural city, the common means of livelihood are farming and fishing. Some are engaged in hunting and in forestal activities. The most common crops grown are rice, corn, abaca, root crops, fruits, and vegetables. Various cottage industries can also be found in Baybay such as bamboo and rattan craft, ceramics, dress-making, fiber craft, food preservation, mat weaving, metal craft, Philippine furniture manufacturing and other related activities.

Also, it is the home of the premier university of the Visayas and also in Philippines and one of the leading schools in Southeast Asia on agricultural research, and was called as Resort University, the Visayas State University.

Baybay is a major port on the central west coast of Leyte, Philippines, where ferries leave for Cebu and other islands. It has also the Baybay Public Terminal, which serves routes from Tacloban, Ormoc, Maasin, Manila, Davao City and some other major towns in Leyte, Southern Leyte and Samar provinces.

According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 102,841 people. Also, it is the 2nd largest city after Ormoc City in the province in terms of land area. Before, Baybay was the biggest town in Leyte in terms of land area. Covering an area of 46,050 hectares (459.3 km2), Baybay is composed of 92 barangays, 23 of which are in the poblacion, with one barangay jointly located. The remaining 68 are rural barangays.

Contents

Barangays

Baybay is politically subdivided into 92 barangays.

  • Altavista
  • Ambacan
  • Amguhan
  • Ampihanon
  • Balao
  • Banahao
  • Biasong
  • Bidlinan
  • Bitanhuan
  • Bubon
  • Buenavista
  • Candadam
  • Can-ipa
  • Caridad
  • Ciabu
  • Cogon
  • Gaas
  • Gabas
  • Gacat
  • Guadalupe (Utod)
  • Gubang
  • Hibunawan
  • Higulo-an
  • Hilapnitan
  • Hipusngo
  • Igang
  • Imelda
  • Jaena
  • Kabalasan
  • Kabatuan
  • Kabungaan
  • Kagumay
  • Kambonggan
  • Kansungka
  • Kantagnos
  • Kilim
  • Lintaon
  • Maganhan
  • Mahayahay
  • Mailhi
  • Maitum
  • Makinhas
  • Mapgap
  • Marcos
  • Maslug
  • Matam-is
  • Maybog
  • Maypatag
  • Monterico
  • Monteverde
  • Palhi
  • Pangasugan
  • Pansagan
  • Patag
  • Plaridel
  • Poblacion Zone 1
  • Poblacion Zone 2
  • Poblacion Zone 3
  • Poblacion Zone 4
  • Poblacion Zone 5
  • Poblacion Zone 6
  • Poblacion Zone 7
  • Poblacion Zone 8
  • Poblacion Zone 9
  • Poblacion Zone 10
  • Poblacion Zone 11
  • Poblacion Zone 12
  • Poblacion Zone 13
  • Poblacion Zone 14
  • Poblacion Zone 15
  • Poblacion Zone 16
  • Poblacion Zone 17
  • Poblacion Zone 18
  • Poblacion Zone 19
  • Poblacion Zone 20
  • Poblacion Zone 21
  • Poblacion Zone 22
  • Poblacion Zone 23
  • Pomponan
  • Punta
  • Sabang
  • Sapa
  • San Agustin
  • San Isidro
  • San Juan
  • Sta. Cruz
  • Sto. Rosario (located in poblacion)
  • Villa Mag-aso
  • Villa Solidaridad
  • Zacarito

Government

Baybay City Legislative Building and Convention Center.
Baybay City Hall

The executive power of the is vested on the mayor. The Sangguniang Panlungsod[1] or the city council has the legislative power to create city ordinances. It is a unicameral body composed of ten (10) elected councilors and certain numbers of ex officio and sectoral representatives. It is presided by the vice-mayor, the City Mayor and the elected city councilors are elected-at-large every three (3) years.[2] Also, the city has also Regional Trial Court Branch 14 and Municipal Trial Court in Cities whose both located at the city proper in front of the Baybay Legislative Building and Convention Center.

List of Town Mayors of Baybay from 1899 to 2007

"Capitan Municipal" or "Gobernadorcillos" of Baybay during the Spanish Regime

  • Sr. Capitan Bique
  • Sr. Marcelo Galenzoga
  • Sr. Paulino Avellana
  • Sr. Julian Lacerna
  • Pedro Valenzona
  • Sr. Gregorio Loreto
  • Sr. Bartolome Bartolini
  • Sr. Mariano Prado
  • Sr. Alejandro Avellana
  • Sr. Eustiquio Galenzoga
  • Sr. Juan Galenzoga

Presidentes Municipal

  • Quirimon V. Alkuino - 1899-1903
  • Domingo Torres - 1904–1905
  • Eriberto A. Loreto - 1906–1907
  • Filemon Mascariñas - 1908–1909
  • Teodoro Prado - 1910–1911
  • Serafin Loreto - 1912–1915
  • Apolinario Tavera - 1916–1919
  • Pedro de Veyra - 1920–1923
  • Lope Montefolka - 1924–1927
  • Pedro de Veyra - 1928–1931
  • Saturnino Abique - 1932–1935

Town Mayors

  • Serafin Loreto - 1935–1939
  • Juan Baquerfo - 1940–1941
  • Godofredo Modina - 1942–1947
  • Zacarias Pancito - 1948–1949
  • Regino Palermo - 1949–1950
  • Paterno M. Tan - 1951–1959
  • Nello Y. Roa - 1960–1963
  • Eriberto V. Loreto - 1964–1979
  • Jose V. Loreto - 1980–1986
  • Florencio Centino - 1986
  • Marilyn V. de Leon - 1986–1987
  • Rodulfo Torcende - 1987
  • Ma. Cleofe Veloso - 1987
  • Arturo Astorga - 1987
  • Carmen L. Cari - 1988–1995
  • Jose Carlos L. Cari - 1995–2007

City Mayors of Baybay from 2007 - present

People

Population

Based on the 2007 NCSB report, Baybay registered a total population of 102,526 [3] showing an increase of over that of 1990 NSCO report which was established at 82,281. The town has ninety-two (92) barangays. Among the 92 barangays, the poblacion is composed of 23 zones which retained the highest number of 17,391 in population, and 82,289 for the 69 rural barangays. In the latest edition of the CLUP for Baybay, only 10 barangays were identified as urban barangays in accordance with requirements by Philippine National Government.

Urban-Rural Population Distribution

In the year 1990, the urban population of Baybay was 15,034 or 18.27% while the rural population was 67,247 of 81.73% of the total population. The 2000 NCSO population count revealed a population of 17,391 or 17.44% showing a difference of 2,357, which indicates that there is an increase in population. The rural population registered a total of 82,298 or 82.56% of the total population with an increment of 14,941 from that of the 1990 count.

People of Baybay called as Baybayanons or Baybayanos (depending on the usage) which is Cebuano-speaking people. Most of the people are Roman Catholic, almost 90% of the whole population. But, there are also the presence of Baptist and Protestants, and also, Iglesia ni Cristo. Just recently, the presence of Muslims have added the population of the city.

Culture

Potpot, the public transportation in the Baybay Poblacion and southern municipalities of Leyte. Potpot in some places in the Philippines is referred to buses. Hilariously, the word "potpot" is referred to this.

Baybay is known as a hub of business and industry for the western coast of Leyte, with a commercial service sector in the city that includes banks, virtual assistance centers, restaurants, cafes, night spots, sports centers, as well as retail and whole-sale stores. The City's Seaside promenade is the most visited, especially at night-time.

Transportation

Baybay can be reached by different types of transportation. It is 5 hours from Cebu City through Sea trip, 6 hours from Mindanao (via Bachelor Express) & 20 hours from Manila by passenger vessels. It can also be reached by Air from Manila through Daniel Z. Romualdez Airport which is located in Tacloban City. From Tacloban, ride a Public Utility Van and it takes 2 hours or by a BUs which takes 3 hours trip. Also, from Ormoc City, ride a bus and it takes 1 hour trip, same also in Maasin City.

Festivals

Education

Visayas State University Administration Building

The City is home to various reputable colleges and universities in the country. The Visayas State University (VSU) is a zonal agricultural university in the Visayas and is one of the country's largest universities in terms of land area. VSU is also one of the premier universities in Southeast Asia in agricultural research. VSU is the only university in the region recognized by the Department of Tourism in the entire Visayas region as a tourist site for its resorts, convention facilities, and most of all its 180-degree view of Mount Pangasugan and the Camotes Sea. It is the only university acknowledged by the Philippine Department of Tourism as a tourist destination because of its diverse flora and fauna bounding the mainland and sea from side to side.

The city is also home to the Franciscan College of the Immaculate Conception (FCIC), a privately owned college maintained and developed by the Sisters of St. Francis of Perpetual Adoration based in Olpe, Germany through the cooperation of the Sisters of St. Francis of Perpetual Adoration in Mishawaka, Indiana, USA.

Tertiary Education

SchoolAddress
Visayas State University (Main Campus)Visca, Baybay City
Franciscan College of the Immaculate ConceptionA. Bonifacio St., Zone 2, Baybay City

Secondary

The Baybay National High School Administration Building. Baybay NHS is the biggest high school in the city (in terms of land area and population) and also the oldest high school in the city because it is founded in 1945.

Public

SchoolAddress
Baybay National High School30 de Deciembre St., Zone 12, Baybay City
Baybay City National Night High School30 de Deciembre St., Zone 12, Baybay City
Bitanhuan National High SchoolBrgy. Bitanhuan, Baybay City
Bunga National High SchoolBrgy. Bunga, Baybay City
Caridad National High SchoolBrgy. Caridad, Baybay City
Ciabu National High SchoolBrgy. Ciabu, Baybay City
Plaridel National High SchoolBrgy. Plaridel, Baybay City
Pomponan National High SchoolBrgy. Pomponan, Baybay City
Mailhi National High SchoolBrgy. Mailhi, Baybay City
Makinhas National High SchoolBrgy. Makinhas, Baybay City
Visayas State University Laboratory High SchoolVisayas State University Lower Campus, Visca, Baybay City

Elementary

Public

SchoolAddressDistrict
Baybay I Central SchoolA. Bonifacio St., Zone 12, Baybay CityBaybay I District
Baybay II Central SchoolR. Magsaysay St., Zone 9, Baybay CityBaybay II District
Plaridel Central SchoolBrgy. Plaridel, Baybay CityBaybay III District
Gabas Central SchoolBrgy. Gabas, Baybay CityBaybay IV District
Pres. Carlos P. Garcia Elementary SchoolE. Jacinto St., Zone 21, Baybay CityBaybay II District

Private

SchoolAddress
Franciscan College of the Immaculate ConceptionA. Bonifacio St., Zone 2, Baybay City
International Christian School of BaybayE. Jacinto St., Zone 21, Baybay City
Baybay Grace Christian SchoolR. Magsaysay Ave., Zone 17, Baybay City
Baybay Adventist Elementary SchoolA. Bonifacio St., Zone 1, Baybay City
Visca Foundation Elementary SchoolVisayas State University Lower Campus, Visca, Baybay City

Pre-Elementary

SchoolAddress
Franciscan College of the Immaculate ConceptionA. Bonifacio St., Zone 2, Baybay City
Immaculate Conception AngelicumM.H. del Pilar St., Zone 9, Baybay City
Cornerstone Christian SchoolM.H. del Pilar St., Zone 8, Baybay City
Bright and Glorious School of the PhilippinesG.H. del Pilar St., Zone 6, Baybay City
Saint Vincent Learning Center30 de Deciembre St., Zone 23, Baybay City

Healthcare

Shopping Centers

Prince Mall of Baybay

Industries

Fast Food/Restaurants

Jollibee Baybay

Telecommunications

Baybay sunset in baywalk, May 2012.

Landline

Mobile

Accommodation

Palermo Hotel

Banking and Finance

Shipping Lines

Lapu-Lapu Shipping Lines

Cityhood

Recently Baybay lost its cityhood, along with 15 other cities, after the Supreme Court of the Philippines granted a petition filed by the League of Cities of the Philippines, and declared the cityhood law (RA 9389) which allowed the town to acquire its city status, unconstitutional. The said cities, the court ruled, did not meet the requirements for cityhood.

However, more than a year later, on December 22, 2009, acting on the appeal of the so-called "League of 16 Cities" (of which Baybay is a part of), the Supreme Court reversed its earlier ruling as it ruled that "at the end of the day, the passage of the amendatory law (regarding the criteria for cityhood as set by Congress) is no different from the enactment of a law, i.e., the cityhood laws specifically exempting a particular political subdivision from the criteria earlier mentioned. Congress, in enacting the exempting law/s, effectively decreased the already codified indicators."[4] As such, the cityhood status of Baybay is effectively restored.

But on August 24, 2010, in a 16-page resolution, the Supreme Court reinstated its November 18, 2008, decision striking down the Cityhood laws[5] making Baybay a municipality again.

Voting 7-6, with two justices not taking part, the SC reinstated its Nov. 18, 2008 decision declaring as unconstitutional the Republic Acts (RAs) converting 16 municipalities into cities again.

On February 15, 2011, the supreme court upheld for the 3rd time the cityhood of Baybay and 15 other towns in the Philippines.[6] Baybay is a city again.

Geographical Location

External links

References

Coordinates: 10°41′N 124°50′E / 10.683°N 124.833°E / 10.683; 124.833