Bay Ridge, Brooklyn

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"Bay Ridge" redirects here. For the unincorporated community in Northampton County, Virginia, see Bay Ridge, Virginia.
Night view of the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge across from John Paul Jones Park
Typical street in Bay Ridge

Bay Ridge is a neighborhood in the southwest corner of the New York City borough of Brooklyn, New York City. It is bounded by Sunset Park on the north, Dyker Heights on the east, The Narrows and the Belt Parkway on the west. and the Verrazano Bridge on the south. While Fort Hamilton is often considered a separate neighborhood, it is part of Bay Ridge. Fort Hamilton and most of Bay Ridge share the ZIP code of 11209; the remainder is in 11220 (actually the Bay Ridge post office is in 11220).[1]

History and description[edit]

History[edit]

George Bradford Brainerd, Bay Ridge, c. 1872 – c. 1887 Brooklyn Museum

Bay Ridge was originally known as Yellow Hook for the hue of the yellowish soil observed by the original Dutch settlers.[2] This name was changed in 1853 after yellow fever struck the area and residents realized what an ill fit it was, given the circumstances.[3][4] The new name was given due to the proximity of the neighborhood to New York Bay, excellent views of which were visible from the ridge that has now become Ridge Boulevard. These views attracted wealthy people, who built extravagant summer homes along Shore Road overlooking the water, many of which are still standing today and worth multiple-millions of dollars.[5] Once the BMT Fourth Avenue Line (now the R train) was extended in 1915, however, many Manhattan workers looking for quieter surroundings began to flow in, transforming the area into a middle-class neighborhood.

During the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, many Norwegian and Danish sailors emigrated to Brooklyn, many specifically to Bay Ridge. Lapskaus Boulevard was the nickname of 8th Avenue, located in a historically Norwegian working-class neighborhood of Bay Ridge. Nordic heritage is still apparent in some sections of the neighborhood. For instance, there is an annual Norwegian Constitution Day Parade, also known as the Syttende Mai Parade, featuring hundreds of people in folk dress who parade along Third Avenue. The parade ends in Leif Ericson Park where "Miss Norway" is crowned near the statue of Leif Ericson. The statue was donated by Crown Prince Olav, Prince of Norway on behalf of the nation of Norway in 1939.[6][7]

Ovington Avenue

Construction of the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge, which connects Bay Ridge to Staten Island, was completed in 1964. Though now a totemic structure beloved by many, it was bitterly opposed by residents upon the announcement of its construction, for it would require the demolition of many homes. In a rare loss for local activists, the challenges failed: the bridge was built and the homes destroyed. The area of the neighborhood around Ovington Avenue (aka 70th Street) was once known as "Ovington Village"; it was ultimately swallowed up as Bay Ridge. Also destroyed was Fort Lafayette, part of New York City's defense system along with Fort Hamilton and Fort Wadsworth in Staten Island, replaced by the base of the bridge's east tower.[8]

The Senator Street Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2002.[9] The Houses at 216-264 Ovington Ave. was listed in 2007.[9]

The 2007 Brooklyn tornado hit this area, specifically 68th and 69th streets between 3rd and 4th avenues.[10] Eleven houses had to be vacated after they suffered significant damage, and many of the trees on the two blocks toppled, landing on cars and stoops. The 4th Avenue Presbyterian Church had its very large stained glass window blown out.[11] As the tornado lifted, it peeled the roof of a nearby Nissan dealership and deforested 40% of Leif Ericson Park. The tornado has been rated an EF-2 on the Enhanced Fujita scale, with winds between 111 and 135 MPH.[12]

Landmarks and points of interest[edit]

Hurricane damage in Owl's Head Park
69th Street Pier
From harbor

Culture[edit]

Bay Ridge is a largely middle-class neighborhood. With its strong family presence, it is not uncommon to see third or fourth generation families living in the region. Until the early 1990s Bay Ridge was a primarily Irish, Italian, and Norwegian[16] neighborhood. Today, Bay Ridge maintains a sizable Irish, Italian, and Greek population, but like other areas in South/Southwest Brooklyn, late in the 20th century it saw an influx of Russian, Polish, and Lebanese, and lesser numbers of Chinese. In recent decades many Middle Eastern and Arab Americans have moved to Bay Ridge. Bay Ridge has many international restaurants and bars, especially along 3rd and 5th Avenue, its main commercial strips. Many refer to the community as "Little Palestine" due to its large Palestinian population and "Brooklyn's Gold Coast."[citation needed]

Bay Ridge has a high elderly population. It has been called a NORC or a naturally occurring retirement community because many of its families have grown up in the neighborhood while their children move away. In 2006 it was reported that 20% of the population of Bay Ridge is 60 or over.[17] Local newspapers include The Home Reporter-Sunset News, The Spectator, The Bay Ridge Paper, The Bay Ridge Courier and The Bay Ridge Eagle.

68th Precinct, NYPD
Firehouse on Third Avenue

Bay Ridge was chosen as an "Editor's Pick" in This Old House magazine April 2011, as a good neighborhood to buy an old house.[18]

Fort Hamilton, an active military base near the Verrazano Bridge, houses one of the neighborhood's few cultural attractions, The Harbor Defense Museum.[19] Another popular neighborhood attraction is the 69th Street Pier, at Bay Ridge Ave (aka 69th Street) and Shore Road. It features a sculpture that emits a beam of light as a memorial to those who lost their lives during the terrorist attacks of September 11. This popular pier is a favorite to the local fishermen who fish there daily. Until the middle 20th century a ferry to Staten Island operated from this pier for a nickel fare. Very close to the pier is Owl's Head Park. This park was once the home of Senator Murphy of the City of Brooklyn and it was also the Bliss Estate. It is a 27-acre (110,000 m2) walking park that has a state of the art skate park, dog run, children's playground and basketball courts.

Services[edit]

Bay Ridge is patrolled by the New York City Police Department's 68th[20] Precinct. It is served by Engine 241, Engine 242, and Ladder 109 of the New York City Fire Department. Bay Ridge is also served by a BRAVO Volunteer Ambulance.

Transportation[edit]

The area is served by the R train of the BMT Fourth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway between Bay Ridge Avenue and 95th Street.

Additionally, there are MTA express bus routes X27 and X37, which mainly serves for the commute to Manhattan, but also runs during off-peak hours on weekdays. The X27 also runs on weekends. The routes X28 and X38 also serve the eastern part of Bay Ridge. Many Bay Ridge commuters opt for the relative comfort and convenience of the express bus. Bay Ridge is readily accessible by car, encircled by the Belt Parkway and Gowanus Expressway. Local bus routes include B1, B4, B8, B9, B16, B37, B63, B64, B70, S53, S79 SBS, and S93.

The freight-only Bay Ridge Branch connects car floats to the Long Island Rail Road.

Education[edit]

Breaking ground on Bay Ridge High School, 1914
High School of Telecommunications

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

New York City Department of Education operates area public schools. Educational institutions in Bay Ridge include; P.S. 102, P.S. 170, P.S. 127, P.S. 185 (Walter Kassenbrock Elementary School), P.S. 104 (called the Fort Hamilton School)Lutheran Elementary School, St. Anselm's Roman Catholic School, I.S. 30 (also known as Mary White Ovington), I.S.259 (also known as William McKinley Junior High School) Holy Angels Catholic Academy Bay Ridge Preparatory School, Fort Hamilton High School, High School of Telecommunications (originally all-girls Bay Ridge High School), Poly Prep Country Day School, Visitation Academy, Adelphi Academy, Fontbonne Hall Academy, St. Patrick Elementary School, D., G. Kaloidis Parochial School, and Xaverian High School. Fort Hamilton High School was erected in the 1940s on the grounds of the former Crescent Athletic Club, an upper crust country club. The High School of Telecommunications was previously known as Bay Ridge High School, which was once an all-girls school.

Public libraries[edit]

Brooklyn Public Library (BPL) operates the Bay Ridge Library. The Bay Ridge Reading Club first organized the library in 1880. It opened on its present site in 1896 and became a BPL branch in 1901. The current two story facility opened in 1960. In 2004 it received a $2.1 million renovation, including new furniture and shelving, new lighting equipment, a new roof, and 27 additional public access computers.[21] A smaller renovated public library is the Fort Hamilton Library, built with money gift from Andrew Carnegie in 1906.

Politics[edit]

Historically, Bay Ridge leans Republican and is recognized as politically conservative. Mike Long, Chairman of the Conservative Party of New York, resides there. However, it has been known to elect Democrats to office as well, such as City Councilman Vincent J. Gentile. Bay Ridge is represented in the New York State Senate by Republican Marty Golden, and New York State Assembly by Republican Nicole Malliotakis and Democrat Alec Brook-Krasny. Republican Michael Grimm was elected to represent the community in Congress in 2010. The neighborhood is served by Brooklyn Community Board 10.

Development is a passionate issue for Bay Ridge residents, as in recent years they saw many of the decades-old two-family houses being demolished, replaced by condominiums known colloquially as "Fedder Homes," after the branded air conditioners poking out from the buildings' facades. In 2005, local community leaders and community activists from across the political spectrum united to issue rezoning laws.

Notable people[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ NYC Dept. of City Planning, District 10.
  2. ^ [1][dead link]
  3. ^ "Owl's Head Park – Historical Sign". 
  4. ^ Donovan, Aaron (June 10, 2001). "If You're Thinking of Living In Red Hook; Isolated Brooklyn Area Starts to Awaken". The New York Times. Retrieved August 27, 2010. 
  5. ^ Fowler, Brenda (July 26, 1987). "If You're Thinking of Living In Bay Ridge". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 24 August 2010. Retrieved August 27, 2010. 
  6. ^ "Leif Ericson Park & Square (New York City Department of Parks & Recreation)". 
  7. ^ "17th of May Parade (Norwegian-American 17th May Committee of Greater New York)". 
  8. ^ "The definitive history of the building of the bridge is Gay Talese's The Bridge". 
  9. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  10. ^ "Photos and a story of the aftermath of the Bay Ridge tornado". 
  11. ^ The Phantom. "Bay Ridge Tornado: Fourth Avenue Presbyterian Church". 
  12. ^ Newman, Andy (August 9, 2007). "That Wind That Left Part of Brooklyn Upside Down? It Was a Tornado, All Right". The New York Times. Retrieved August 27, 2010. 
  13. ^ Step Streets, accessed February 26, 2007
  14. ^ "Project of the Month September 2001; Millennium Skate Park Owl's Head Park". 
  15. ^ "An extensive history of the Farrell House". 17 August 1997. 
  16. ^ "Find the Classic Bay Ridge at Nordic Delicacies". 
  17. ^ Mooney, Jake (January 1, 2006). "Counting Graying Heads". The New York Times. p. 6. Retrieved August 27, 2010. 
  18. ^ "Best for Urbanites - Best Old House Neighborhoods 2011 - This Old House". This Old House. 
  19. ^ "Harbor Defense Museum of Fort Hamilton". 
  20. ^ NYPD 68th Precinct, NYPD.
  21. ^ "Bay Ridge." Brooklyn Public Library. Retrieved on September 23, 2009.
  22. ^ Thomas, Landon Jr. (February 12, 2007). "Questions Grow About a Top CNBC Anchor". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 17 October 2007. Retrieved October 13, 2007. 
  23. ^ Lambert, Bruce (November 11, 1992). "Chuck Connors, Actor, 71, Dies; Starred as Television's 'Rifleman'". The New York Times. Retrieved October 9, 2007. 
  24. ^ Newman, Andy (August 16, 1999). "klyn Mourns Dodger Who Anchored a Borough". The New York Times. Retrieved October 14, 2013. 
  25. ^ Decades-old signs on 5th Avenue, Bay Ridge, Forgotten New York
  26. ^ Fernandez, Manny (February 28, 2011). "When Players Like Duke Snider Were Also Neighbors". The New York Times. Retrieved October 14, 2013. 
  27. ^ Stewart, Henry (August 11, 2014). "Gilbert Sorrentino, the Lost Laureate of Brooklyn". 
  28. ^ Yee, Vivian (October 9, 2013). "A Glimpse of Yellen's Career, Chronicled in Her High School Newspaper". New York Times. 
  29. ^ "White Irish Drinkers Director: "I Love Saturday Night Fever!"". The L Magazine. 

Further reading

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°37′37″N 74°01′52″W / 40.627°N 74.031°W / 40.627; -74.031