Bastogne

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Bastogne
Municipality of Belgium
St Peter's church
St Peter's church
Flag of Bastogne
Flag
Coat of arms of Bastogne
Coat of arms
Bastogne is located in Belgium
Bastogne
Bastogne
Location in Belgium
Coordinates: 50°0.25′N 05°43.2′E / 50.00417°N 5.7200°E / 50.00417; 5.7200Coordinates: 50°0.25′N 05°43.2′E / 50.00417°N 5.7200°E / 50.00417; 5.7200
CountryBelgium
CommunityFrench Community
RegionWallonia
ProvinceLuxembourg
ArrondissementBastogne
Government
 • MayorPhilippe Collard
 • Governing party/iesAvenir
Area
 • Total172.03 km2 (66.42 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2012)[1]
 • Total15,098
 • Density88/km2 (230/sq mi)
Postal codes6600
Area codes061
Websitewww.bastogne.be
 
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Bastogne
Municipality of Belgium
St Peter's church
St Peter's church
Flag of Bastogne
Flag
Coat of arms of Bastogne
Coat of arms
Bastogne is located in Belgium
Bastogne
Bastogne
Location in Belgium
Coordinates: 50°0.25′N 05°43.2′E / 50.00417°N 5.7200°E / 50.00417; 5.7200Coordinates: 50°0.25′N 05°43.2′E / 50.00417°N 5.7200°E / 50.00417; 5.7200
CountryBelgium
CommunityFrench Community
RegionWallonia
ProvinceLuxembourg
ArrondissementBastogne
Government
 • MayorPhilippe Collard
 • Governing party/iesAvenir
Area
 • Total172.03 km2 (66.42 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2012)[1]
 • Total15,098
 • Density88/km2 (230/sq mi)
Postal codes6600
Area codes061
Websitewww.bastogne.be

Bastogne (French pronunciation: ​[bas.tɔɲ], Dutch: Bastenaken, German: Bastenach, Luxembourgish: Baaschtnech) is a Walloon municipality of Belgium located in the province of Luxembourg in the Ardennes. The municipality of Bastogne includes the old communes of Longvilly, Noville, Villers-la-Bonne-Eau, and Wardin. The town is situated on a ridge in the Ardennes at an elevation of 510 m.

History[edit]

At the time of the Roman conquest the region of Bastogne was inhabited by the Treveri, a tribe of Gauls. A form of the name Bastogne was first mentioned only much later, in 634, when the local lord ceded these territories to the St Maximin's Abbey, near Trier. A century later, the Bastogne area went to the nearby Prüm Abbey. The town of Bastogne and its marketplace are again mentioned in an 887 document. By the 13th century, Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor and Count of Luxemburg, was minting coins in Bastogne. In 1332, John the Blind, his son, granted the city its charter and had it encircled by defensive walls, part of which, the current Porte de Trèves, still exists. In 1451, the lands of the county of Luxemburg were absorbed into the Duchy of Burgundy and as a result, Bastogne became part of the lands of the Spanish Crown when the Burgundian heir Charles became King of Spain in 1516.

The city’s walls were quite effective at protecting it during the troubled times that followed. The city’s economy actually flourished thanks to the renown of its agricultural and cattle fairs. The walls repelled a Dutch attack successfully in 1602. In 1688, they were dismantled by order of King Louis XIV when the town was occupied by French forces during the Nine Years War.

The 19th century and Belgium's independence were favourable to Bastogne, as its forest products and cattle fairs became better known abroad. Several railway lines were built to link it to the neighbouring towns. This all came to an end with the German occupation during World War I.

World War II[edit]

Liberated by the Allies in late 1944, Bastogne was attacked by German forces shortly after. Hitler was, again, looking for control of the Ardennes. The goal was to advance to Antwerp, to cut off supply and separate British from American troops. On December 16, taking advantage of the cold and the fog, the German artillery started the so-called Battle of the Bulge by attacking the sparsely deployed American troops around Bastogne. A few days later, Brigadier General McAuliffe and the 101st Airborne Division along with elements of the 10th Armored Division (United States) and the 82nd airborne arrived to counter-attack but, after heavy fighting, became encircled within the town. On December 22, German emissaries asked for the American surrender, to which the General answered quite briefly, “Nuts!” The next day, the weather cleared up, allowing air retaliation and the parachuting of much needed food, medicine, and weaponry. On December 26, troops under the command of General Patton broke the deadlock. The official end of the Battle of Bastogne only occurred three weeks later, when all fighting finally stopped.

Bastogne is also where ends the Liberty Road (France) which marks the victorious route of the Allied forces and of George S. Patton's Third Army.

Localities[edit]

The municipality of Bastogne comprises five sections (Bastogne proper, Longvilly, Noville, Villers-la-Bonne-Eau, and Wardin) which were separate municipalities before a merger in 1977. Each contains a number of villages.

Sights[edit]

The Mardasson Memorial to soldiers who fought in the Battle of the Bulge in 1944

Folklore[edit]

The key character of all legends around Bastogne is the so-called piche-cacaye.[2] This is pronounced pish-cackay.

Transportation[edit]

Bastogne originally had an NMBS/SNCB railway line connecting it to Libramont and to Gouvy. Passenger trains to Gouvy stopped in 1984 [3] and in the 1990s the line to Libramont was taken out of service.[4][5] The two station buildings in Bastogne remain, but are now used for other purposes. Part of the rail line has been converted into a cycle path.However, two bus stations are now open in Bastonge, according to SNCB,Bastogne Nord and Bastonge Sud. The short line that runs is only a rural shuttle line from Bastogne Nord to libramont stopping only at Bastogne Sud

Sports[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

External links[edit]